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International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition

Donato Angelino, Justyna Godos, Francesca Ghelfi, Maria Tieri, Lucilla Titta, Alessandra Lafranconi, Stefano Marventano, Elena Alonzo, Angelo Gambera, Salvatore Sciacca, Silvio Buscemi, Sumantra Ray, Fabio Galvano, Daniele Del Rio, Giuseppe Grosso
The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive evaluation of current evidence on fruit and vegetable consumption and health outcomes. A systematic search for quantitative syntheses was performed. Several criteria, including study design, dose-response relationship, heterogeneity and agreement of results over time, and identification of potential confounding factors, were used to assess the level of evidence. The strongest (probable) evidence was found for cardiovascular disease protection; possible evidence for decreased risk of colon cancer, depression and pancreatic diseases was found for fruit intake; and colon and rectal cancer, hip fracture, stroke, depression and pancreatic diseases was found for vegetable intake...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
M P Valdecantos, P Pérez-Matute, P Prieto-Hontoria, M J Moreno-Aliaga, J A Martínez
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of α-lipoic acid (α-LA) on liver mitochondrial bioenergetics and oxidative status for 8 weeks in normal-healthy animals. A pair-fed group was included to differentiate between α-LA direct effects and those changes due to reduced food intake. α-LA decreased body weight gain, liver weight and insulin levels with no differences compared to its pair-fed group. α-LA significantly reduced energy efficiency, the activity of the electron transport chain complexes and induced a lower efficiency of oxidative phosphorylation with reduced ATP production...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Qi Jin, David Rainey, Maria Coyle, Stefanos N Kales
The primary health concerns among US firefighters are cardiovascular disease, cancer, and depression and occur in an occupational setting where dietary habits are suboptimal. To understand if a diet or lifestyle modification works in a fire academy training setting, it is important to evaluate the cultural barriers and challenges that might be faced. A semi-structured telephone interview method followed by a focus group was used to gather common themes among fire service leaders. Twelve leaders participated in the telephonic interviews and a subset of five in the subsequent group session...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Zsófia Budai, László Balogh, Zsolt Sarang
Dietary food, depending on timing, amount and composition can influence gene expression in various tissues. Here, we investigated the effect of high-fat meal diets of different compositions on the gene expression pattern of human skeletal muscle. Gene expression data of skeletal muscle samples from human volunteers prior and 4 h after the consumption of high lipid-containing meal consisting of either saturated-, monounsaturated- or polyunsaturated fatty acids were downloaded from the public repository. List of 843 differently expressed genes (DEGs) was generated...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Giorgio Bedogni, Graziano Grugni, Gabriella Tringali, Sofia Tamini, Paolo Marzullo, Alessandro Sartorio
We have recently shown that population-specific formulae are required to estimate fat-free mass (FFM) from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in obese women with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) matched by age and percent fat mass (FM) to non-PWS women. The present cross-sectional study was aimed at developing generalised BIA equations that could be used in PWS subjects independently of sex and FM. We used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure FFM and BIA to measure whole-body impedance at 50 kHz (Z50 ) in 34 women and 21 men with PWS...
February 4, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Valentina Picchi, Roberto Lo Scalzo, Elisabeth Kurze, Marta Fibiani, Eivind Vangdal, Wilfried Schwab
The present work studied the effect of the year of harvest, the genotype and the cultivation method on the nutritional quality and the allergen content of three plum cultivars. The common quality parameters and the phytochemical content strongly varied with the year and the cultivar, while the system of cultivation had a minor influence. In particular, ascorbic acid greatly decreased in 2016 compared to 2015, while polyphenols were higher in 2016. The health-promoting compounds, and particularly phenolics, were significantly correlated with the antioxidant capacity...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Cláudia Afonso, Iris Bernardo, Narcisa M Bandarra, Luísa Louro Martins, Carlos Cardoso
Fish contain healthy nutrients, such as ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, particularly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which protect against cardiovascular disease, and selenium (Se), which reduces methylmercury (MeHg) toxicity. Fish are also a dietary source of MeHg. This requires an assessment of the benefits versus risks. A risk-benefit evaluation showed that blue shark regardless of the way it is cooked generated high probabilities of surpassing the MeHg tolerable weekly intake (TWI), >22%...
January 14, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Siew Li Teoh, Surachat Ngorsuraches, Nai Ming Lai, Mukdarut Bangpan, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
There is a high and increasing global prevalence of nutraceuticals use. This study aims to systematically review and critically appraise all available evidence to identify the factors affecting consumers' decisions in taking nutraceuticals. Questionnaire, interview or focus group studies which directly reported factors affecting consumers' decisions in using nutraceuticals were included. A thematic synthesis method was employed to synthesis the findings from the included studies. Out of the 76 studies included, the key factors identified as the most important factors motivating consumers to take nutraceuticals were the perceived health benefits and safety of nutraceuticals, as well as the advice from healthcare professionals, friends and family...
January 11, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Izabela Koss-Mikołajczyk, Barbara Kusznierewicz, Wiesław Wiczkowski, Tomasz Sawicki, Agnieszka Bartoszek
Betalains are a group of plant originated pigments with chemopreventive potential. The aim of this study was to relate the composition of betalains and chosen biological activities (antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-genotoxic and influence on enzymatic activities) for extracts from differently pigmented varieties of prickly pear (yellow, orange and red) and beetroot (white and red). The assumption was that phytocomplexes of tested varieties of the same plant species would exhibit generally similar chemical composition differing mostly in betalain content, which will be reflected by their biological activity...
January 11, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Tian-Dong Li, Hong-Wei Yang, Peng Wang, Chun-Hua Song, Kai-Juan Wang, Li-Ping Dai, Jian-Xiang Shi, Jian-Ying Zhang, Hua Ye
The association between coffee consumption and pancreatic cancer risk has been extensively studied; however, there is no consistent conclusion. Therefore, this meta-analysis study sought to evaluate dose-response relationship between them. A search was conducted using the PubMed and Web of Science databases. Thirteen high-quality cohort studies were identified, involving in 959,992 study participants and 3831 pancreatic cancer cases. Comparing the highest with lowest categories of coffee intake, the pooled relative risk (RR) was 1...
January 11, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Monique Heller, Luke Gemming, Chin Tung, Ross Grant
Fish oils oxidise readily, forming primary and secondary oxidation products, which may be harmful for humans. Some recent studies reported that fish oil supplements in Australasia are oxidised above acceptable international limits, however other studies reported low levels of oxidation. This study employed peroxide and p-anisidine values determination to measure primary and secondary oxidation of fish oils in the Australian market. Of 26 supplements tested, 38% exceeded the limit for primary oxidation, 25% exceeded the limit for secondary oxidation and 33% exceeded the limit for total oxidation, according to international recommendations...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Swapnil Pandey, Suresh Chandra Phulara, Anubhuti Jha, Puneet Singh Chauhan, Pratima Gupta, Virendra Shukla
The present investigation demonstrates the longevity-promoting effects of 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol (isoprenol) in the animal model Caenorhabditis elegans that might be served as a lead nutraceutical in geriatric research. Our results showed that 0.5 mM isoprenol extended the mean lifespan of worms by 25% in comparison to control worms. Isoprenol also significantly enhanced survival of the worms under various stress conditions. It was found that the longevity-promoting effects of isoprenol were associated with improved age-associated physiological behaviour and reduced intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Miaomiao Ge, Lu Zhang, Lina Cao, Chunfeng Xie, Xiaoting Li, Yuan Li, Yu Meng, Yue Chen, Xiaoqian Wang, Jiaqi Chen, Qi Zhang, Jihong Shao, Caiyun Zhong
Sulforaphane (SFN) is the major component extracted from broccoli/broccoli sprouts. It has been shown to possess anti-cancer activity. Gastric cancer is common cancer worldwide. The objective of this work was to evaluate the inhibitory effect of SFN on gastric cancer by Sonic hedgehog (Hh) Pathway. The results found that tumorsphere formation and the expression levels of gastric cancer stem cells (CSCs) markers were significantly decreased after SFN treatment. SFN also exerted inhibitory effects by suppressing proliferation and inducing apoptosis in gastric CSCs...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Hui Chen, Yue Du, Shuai Liu, Baojin Ge, Yong Ji, Guowei Huang
To examine the association between blood cholesterol concentrations and Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the Chinese elderly. A case-control study was implemented between November 2011 and November 2017. Elderly patients aged ≥ 55 years with (n = 117) and without AD (control participants; n = 117) were recruited from the Neurology Central Hospital of Tianjin, China. The associations between AD and blood parameters were assessed using multiple binary logistic regression analyses adjusted for multiple covariates...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Deborah Armborst, Christine Metzner, Norman Bitterlich, Martin Lemperle, Roswitha Siener
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of a 3-month weight-loss-stabilization phase (phase 2) following a successful 3-month weight-loss phase (phase 1), including a conventional energy-restricted diet with (MR) or without (C) meal replacement, on the cardiometabolic risk profile in 80 overweight women. In phase 2, both groups continued to significantly reduce weight and sustained the significant decreases in waist circumference and LDL-C. During the study, folic acid concentration significantly increased in the MR-group, while homocysteine concentration significantly worsened in the C-group...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Fernanda G Santos, Etiene V Aguiar, Vanessa D Capriles
This study aimed at evaluating the ingredients and nutritional information of commercially-available gluten-free bread (GFB) in Brazil. A total of 128 products were studied, of which 87% presented the sandwich loaf shape. Traditional GFBs (n = 114) had as main ingredient the refined rice flour and starches, whereas alternative ones (n = 14) presented whole rice flour. Raw materials suggested by science to improve nutrients and bioactive compounds of gluten-free foodstuffs were observed in the ingredient list of most products (n = 86); however, they were used in lower levels, thus no significant differences were observed for nutritional information between the different categories of GFB...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Sondos Njoumi, Marie Josephe Amiot, Isabelle Rochette, Sihem Bellagha, Claire Mouquet-Rivier
The effects of soaking and cooking on soluble sugars, alpha-galacto-oligosaccharides (α-GOS) and soluble dietary fibres (SDF) and insoluble dietary fibres (IDF) were assessed in five legumes (lentil, chickpea, fenugreek, faba bean and Egyptian faba bean). In raw seeds, total α-GOS content ranged from 2500 mg/100 g (chickpea) to over 4000 mg/100 g (fenugreek). Stachyose was predominant in fenugreek, lentil and chickpea, whereas verbascose was the main α-GOS in faba bean and Egyptian faba bean. IDF represented 69-87% of the total dietary fibres in all studied legumes, while SDF content varied noticeably...
January 7, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Marijana Popović, Antonela Matana, Vesela Torlak, Dubravka Brdar, Ivana Gunjača, Vesna Boraska Perica, Maja Barbalić, Ivana Kolčić, Ante Punda, Ozren Polašek, Caroline Hayward, Tatijana Zemunik
Although the effect of isolated nutrients on plasma parathyroid hormone (PTH) is somewhat familiar, the effect of multiple nutrients on plasma PTH level has not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to identify groups of food items that are associated with the plasma PTH level in healthy individuals. This cross-sectional study enrolled 1180 healthy individuals from Croatia with plasma PTH levels inside the referent values. A food frequency questionnaire containing 58 food items was completed to evaluate the dietary intake...
January 7, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Danielle McCartney, Keanne Langston, Ben Desbrow, Saman Khalesi, Christopher Irwin
Smoothies are popular breakfast foods. This study examined the effect of consuming Cereal & Milk (CM) or a nutritionally-comparable Fruit Smoothie (FS) for breakfast on daily energy intake (EI) in free-living adults and the extent to which individuals compensated for calories ingested in a High Energy Fruit Smoothie (HE). Ten participants (28.4 ± 2.2y; 23.3 ± 1.0 kg·m -2 , Mean ± SEM) attended the laboratory on 3 consecutive days per week for 3 weeks. Each week, they received a CM, FS or HE breakfast, then recorded all food/beverages consumed across the remainder of the day...
January 2, 2019: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
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