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Journals Neurogastroenterology and Moti...

Neurogastroenterology and Motility : the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38622838/psychological-comorbidities-are-more-prevalent-amongst-pregnant-and-postpartum-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yuying Luo, Christie Lee Luo, Rachel Meislin, Eunyoung Yang, Xiaotao Zhang
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of data on the epidemiology of IBS in pregnant and postpartum patients in the United States. METHODS: A retrospective claims analysis was conducted in a cohort of 1,618,379 patients with ≥1 delivery hospitalization between 2013-2019 utilizing ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes after merging inpatient and outpatient claims. Obstetric, psychological, and other medical comorbidities were also examined. KEY RESULTS: The prevalence of IBS in our cohort was 1...
April 15, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606723/presence-and-characteristics-of-disordered-eating-and-orthorexia-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nessmah Sultan, Mandy Foyster, Matilda Tonkovic, Danielle Noon, Helen Burton-Murray, Jessica R Biesiekierski, Caroline J Tuck
INTRODUCTION: Orthorexia, a harmful obsession with eating healthily, may develop from illnesses characterized by dietary restriction, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and eating disorders (ED). Evidence of disordered eating in IBS exists, but orthorexia has not been assessed. This cross-sectional study in adults (≥18 years) assessed presence and characteristics of disordered eating and orthorexia in IBS, compared to control subjects (CS) and ED. METHODS: IBS participants met Rome IV, and ED participants met DSM-5 criteria...
April 12, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606696/prevalence-of-extra-intestinal-symptoms-according-to-irritable-bowel-syndrome-subtype
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Facundo Pereyra, Luis María Bustos Fernández, Francisco Schlottmann, Rafael Zamora, Agustina Marconi, Leandro Steinberg, Lisandro Pereyra
BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional disorder commonly associated with extra-intestinal symptoms. However, the prevalence of these symptoms according to IBS subtype is not well established. AIM: To compare the prevalence of extra-intestinal symptoms among patients with different subtypes of IBS. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study including patients with IBS according to Rome IV criteria was performed between July 2022 and April 2023...
April 12, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38606691/glucose-breath-test-for-the-detection-of-small-intestine-bacterial-overgrowth-impact-of-diet-prior-to-the-test
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nastasia Mattio, Pierre Pradat, Christelle Machon, Anne Mialon, Sabine Roman, Charlotte Cuerq, François Mion
BACKGROUND: Glucose breath test (GBT) is used for the diagnosis of small intestine bacterial overgrowth. A restrictive diet without fibers and/or fermentable food is recommended on the day before the test. The aim of our retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of two different restrictive diets on the results of GBT. METHODS: A change of the pretest restrictive diet was applied in our lab on September 1, 2020. The recommended diet was a fiber-free diet before this date, and a fiber-free diet plus restriction of all fermentable food afterward...
April 12, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587128/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-reflux-esophagitis-after-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elise M Wessels, Gwen M C Masclee, Barbara A J Bastiaansen, Paul Fockens, Albert J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an effective and safe treatment for achalasia, but often leads to posttreatment gastroesophageal reflux disease. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and severity of reflux esophagitis after POEM and to identify associated predictive factors. METHODS: Patients who underwent POEM between August 2011 and December 2022 were included. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess predictive factors for reflux esophagitis after POEM...
April 8, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587047/a-comparison-of-function-lumen-imaging-probe-measurements-of-anal-sphincter-function-in-fecal-incontinence
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexander O'Connor, Donghua Liao, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Abhiram Sharma, Dipesh H Vasant, John McLaughlin, Edward Kiff, Karen Telford
BACKGROUND: The functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP) is a test of anal sphincter distensibility under evaluation by specialist centers. Two measurement protocols termed "stepwise" and "ramp" are used, risking a lack of standardization. This study aims to compare the performance of these protocols to establish if there are differences between them. METHODS: Patients with fecal incontinence were recruited and underwent measurement with both protocols at a tertiary pelvic floor referral unit...
April 8, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563201/the-prevalence-of-rumination-syndrome-and-rumination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jordan J Haworth, Sam Treadway, Anthony R Hobson
BACKGROUND: Rumination is characterized by the repeated regurgitation of food. Rumination syndrome is a disorder of gut-brain interaction diagnosed by Rome criteria, whereas rumination disorder is a feeding and eating disorder diagnosed by DSM-5 criteria. We aimed to determine the global prevalence of rumination according to these criteria across all age groups. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting the prevalence of rumination syndrome according to Rome III and Rome IV and rumination disorder according to the following validated DSM-5 assessments: PARDI, EDA-5, EDY-Q, STEP, and STEP-CHILD...
April 2, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38558295/prevalence-and-determinants-of-postprandial-diarrhea-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rafla Hassan, Prashant Singh, Sarah Ballou, Vikram Rangan, Johanna Iturrino, Jesse Katon, Anthony Lembo, Judy Nee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Postprandial diarrhea (PPD) is commonly seen in patients with disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI), but the factors associated with it have not been well studied. In this study, we aim to study the burden, impact, and predictors of PPD using a clinical cohort of DGBI patients. METHODS: This study included patients with chronic diarrhea fulfilling ROME IV criteria for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or functional diarrhea (FDiarr). PPD was defined as patients reporting mushy/watery stools following meals ≥30% of the time in the last 3 months using a ROME IV question on PPD...
April 1, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38545701/exploring-the-diagnostic-accuracy-and-applicability-of-the-gugging-swallowing-screen-in-children-with-feeding-and-or-swallowing-disorders
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rafaella Georgiou, Louiza Voniati, Andri Papaleontiou, Alexandros Gryparis, Nafsika Ziavra, Dionysios Tafiadis
BACKGROUND: The Gugging Swallowing Screen (GUSS) is a bedside dysphagia screening tool that has been designed to determine the risk of aspiration in acute stroke patients. There is no evidence in the literature for the GUSS for the pediatric population. The present study aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of GUSS as a screening tool in the Greek language for children with dysphagia. METHODS: Eighty-Greek-Cypriot children aged 3-12 years who had dysphagia participated in this retrospective study...
March 28, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38523356/the-impact-of-lung-transplantation-on-esophageal-motility-and-inter-relationships-with-reflux-and-lung-mechanics-in-patients-with-restrictive-and-obstructive-respiratory-disease
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali Alghubari, Ramsah Cheah, Sadia Z Shah, Abdel-Rahman N Naser, Augustine S Lee, Kenneth R DeVault, Lesley A Houghton
BACKGROUND: For many patients with lung disease the only proven intervention to improve survival and quality of life is lung transplantation (LTx). Esophageal dysmotility and gastroesophageal reflux (GER) are common in patients with respiratory disease, and often associate with worse prognosis following LTx. Which, if any patients, should be excluded from LTx based on esophageal concerns remains unclear. Our aim was to understand the effect of LTx on esophageal motility diagnosis and examine how this and the other physiological and mechanical factors relate to GER and clearance of boluses swallowed...
March 24, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38523349/do-we-perceive-sensations-inside-and-outside-of-our-body-differently-perceptual-emotional-and-behavioral-differences-between-visceral-and-somatic-sensation-discomfort-and-pain
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Livia Guadagnoli, Yannick Hoffert, Sofie Den Hond, Erwin Dreesen, Dimitri van Ryckeghem, Stefaan Van Damme, Jonas Zaman, Lukas Van Oudenhove
BACKGROUND: Experimental research evaluating differences between the visceral and somatic stimulation is limited to pain and typically uses different induction methods for visceral and somatic stimulation (e.g., rectal balloon distention vs. tactile hand stimulation). Our study aimed to compare differences in response time, intensity, unpleasantness, and threat between identical electrical visceral and somatic stimulations at both painful and non-painful perceptual thresholds. METHODS: Electrical stimulation was applied to the wrist and distal esophagus in 20 healthy participants...
March 24, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38523321/effect-of-esophageal-body-recoil-on-clinical-outcomes-in-non-spastic-achalasia
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Domenico A Farina, Dylan A Olson, Dustin A Carlson, Peter J Kahrilas, Edoardo Vespa, Andree H Koop, Yadis Arroyo, Eric Goudie, John E Pandolfino
BACKGROUND: Despite the established efficacy of achalasia treatments on symptomatic outcomes, there are limited data evaluating the treatment effect on esophageal dilatation. This study aimed to assess the effect achalasia treatment on esophageal dilatation and the effect of esophageal width reduction ("recoil") on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients with type I or type II achalasia that completed high-resolution manometry (HRM), functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP), and timed barium esophagram (TBE) pre and post treatment were included...
March 24, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38523297/assessing-impaired-gastric-accommodation-in-children-with-functional-constipation-using-the-water-load-test
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mauro Batista de Morais, Sabine N Boilesen, Francine C Dias, Soraia Tahan, Lígia C F L Melli
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate gastric accommodation in pediatric patients with functional constipation using the water load test. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional case-control study. Herein, the water load test results of children aged >4 years with functional constipation referred to a Pediatric Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinic (functional constipation group) were compared with those of a control group (without functional constipation or chronic abdominal pain) recruited from two public schools...
March 24, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488253/clinical-validation-of-the-vipun%C3%A2-gastric-monitoring-system-versus-manometry-for-the-evaluation-of-gastric-motility
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karlien Raymenants, I-Hsuan Huang, Nick Goelen, Pieter Janssen, Nico Van Tichelen, Duane Burton, Jan Tack
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal dysmotility is frequently suspected in patients with gastroparesis, functional dyspepsia, and ileus, and in the intensive care unit. Monitoring of gastric motility in clinical practice remains challenging. A novel technology was developed to meet the medical need for a widely available bedside tool to monitor gastric motility continuously. The VIPUN™ Gastric Monitoring System (GMS) comprises a nasogastric feeding tube with intragastric balloon to allow for measuring gastric contractions...
March 15, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488234/huanglian-banxia-promotes-gastric-motility-of-diabetic-rats-by-modulating-brain-gut-neurotransmitters-through-mapk-signaling-pathway
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wei Chen, Qiong Chen, Jiayi Huang, Xianmin Shen, Lurong Zhang, Guorong Jiang, Tingting Wu, Fei Wang, Xudong Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gastric motility disorder is an increasingly common problem among people with diabetes. Neurotransmitters have been recognized as critical regulators in the process of gastric motility. Previous study has shown that herb pair huanglian-banxia (HL-BX) can improve gastric motility, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. The aim of this study was to further investigate the role of HL-BX in modulating brain-gut neurotransmission to promote gastric motility in diabetic rats, and to explore its possible mechanism...
March 15, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488182/gastrointestinal-diagnoses-in-patients-with-eating-disorders-a-retrospective-cohort-study-2010-2020
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mariana N Almeida, Micaela Atkins, Isabelle Garcia-Fischer, Imani E Weeks, Casey J Silvernale, Ahmad Samad, Fatima Rao, Helen Burton-Murray, Kyle Staller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are common in patients with eating disorders. However, the temporal relationship between GI and eating disorder symptoms has not been explored. We aimed to evaluate GI disorders among patients with eating disorders, their relative timing, and the relationship between GI diagnoses and eating disorder remission. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with an eating disorder diagnosis who had a GI encounter from 2010 to 2020...
March 15, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488172/use-of-a-footstool-improves-rectal-balloon-expulsion-in-some-patients-with-defecatory-disorders
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauren Ulsh, Houssam Halawi, George Triadafilopoulos, Brooke Gurland, Linda Nguyen, Patricia Garcia, Irene Sonu, Nielsen Fernandez-Becker, Laren Becker, Vipul Sheth, Leila Neshatian
BACKGROUND: Whether patients with defecatory disorders (DDs) with favorable response to a footstool have distinctive anorectal pressure characteristics is unknown. We aimed to identify the clinical phenotype and anorectal pressure profile of patients with DDs who benefit from a footstool. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of patients with high resolution anorectal manometry (HR-ARM) and balloon expulsion test (BET) from a tertiary referral center. BET was repeated with a 7-inch-high footstool in those who failed it after 120 s...
March 15, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38487993/a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-identifying-and-managing-heterotopic-gastric-inlet-patches
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
L Ayres, S Perring, S A R Nouraei
INTRODUCTION: Gastric inlet patches are often incidental, but can also be a treatable cause of laryngo-esophageal symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients whose gastric inlet patches were diagnosed following assessment for laryngopharyngeal and swallowing symptoms. Improvement following Argon Plasma Coagulation (APC) was assessed using Minimum Clinically-Important Difference methodology combining voice, throat, and swallowing domains. Correlations between APC response and measures of reflux and mucosal barrier integrity, measured during 24-h pH-impedance manometry, were obtained...
March 15, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38462678/prokinetics-safety-and-efficacy-the-european-society-of-neurogastroenterology-and-motility-the-american-neurogastroenterology-and-motility-society-expert-review
#19
REVIEW
Serhat Bor, İsmail H Kalkan, Edoardo Savarino, Satish Rao, Jan Tack, Jay Pasricha, David Cangemi, Jolien Schol, Tennekon Karunaratne, Matteo Ghisa, Nitin K Ahuja, Brian Lacy
BACKGROUND: Prokinetics are a class of pharmacological drugs designed to improve gastrointestinal (GI) motility, either regionally or across the whole gut. Each drug has its merits and drawbacks, and based on current evidence as high-quality studies are limited, we have no clear recommendation on one class or other. However, there remains a large unmet need for both regionally selective and/or globally acting prokinetic drugs that work primarily intraluminally and are safe and without systemic side effects...
March 10, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38462669/epidemiology-of-functional-dyspepsia-and-gastroparesis-as-diagnosed-in-flemish-belgian-primary-care-a-registry-based-study-from-the-intego-database
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
I-Hsuan Huang, Jolien Schol, Guohao Lin, Yaozhu J Chen, Florencia Carbone, Bert Vaes, Jan Tack
BACKGROUND: Dyspepsia is a prevalent condition in the general population. Besides organic causes, the differential diagnosis of dyspepsia includes functional dyspepsia (FD) and gastroparesis (GP) which share similar pathophysiological mechanisms and clinical presentation. So far, no study investigated the prevalence of FD and GP in a primary care in Belgium. METHODS: Data were obtained from Intego, a Flemish-Belgian general practice-based morbidity registration network...
March 10, 2024: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
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