Amir Hassankhani, Parya Valizadeh, Melika Amoukhteh, Payam Jannatdoust, Nikoo Saeedi, Paniz Sabeghi, Delaram J Ghadimi, Jennifer H Johnston, Ali Gholamrezanezhad
Pediatric blunt trauma is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and computed tomography (CT) imaging is vital for accurate evaluation and management. Pediatric trauma centers (PTCs) have selective CT practices, while non-PTCs may differ, resulting in potential variations in CT utilization. The objective of this study is to delineate disparities in CT utilization for pediatric blunt trauma patients between PTCs and non-PTCs. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted following established guidelines, searching PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science up to March 3, 2023...
September 23, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Jonathan Nguyen, Krystal Archer-Arroyo, Joel A Gross, Scott D Steenburg, Clint W Sliker, Courtney H Meyer, Mari T Nummela, Fredric M Pieracci, Adam J Kaye
PURPOSE: Chest wall injury taxonomy and nomenclature are important components of chest wall injury classification and can be helpful in communicating between providers for treatment planning. Despite the common nature of these injuries, there remains a lack of consensus regarding injury description. The Chest Wall Injury Society (CWIS) developed a taxonomy among surgeons in the field; however, it lacked consensus and clarity in critical areas and collaboration with multidisciplinary partners...
September 12, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Steven P Rowe, Gabriella Kaddu, Linda C Chu, Elliot K Fishman
Inflammatory conditions that affect long segments of bowel and/or the mesentery and mesenteric vasculature are a common cause of emergency department visits and evaluation by cross-sectional imaging. Inflammatory bowel disease, specifically Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, can be unsuspected at presentation and may only be eventually diagnosed based on initial imaging findings. Traditional 2D axial reconstructions and multi-planar reformations can be limited in their ability to globally assess the extent of disease...
September 4, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Madhurima Sharma, Shayeri Roy Choudhury, Mahesh Prakash, Anindita Sinha, Rishabh Sheth, Manavjit Singh Sandhu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of distal radius fractures (DRFs) in patients undergoing multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) and their association with carpal and distal ulnar fractures. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed 120 patients, who underwent MDCT for evaluation of DRFs. Two radiologists independently evaluated the data for various fracture characteristics and for associated carpal and distal ulnar fractures...
September 1, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Daphne J Theodorou, Stavroula J Theodorou, Ekaterini Ahnoula
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Zhao Hui Chen Zhou, Gerardo Ayala Calvo, Elena Martínez Chamorro, Laín Ibáñez Sanz, Raquel Sanz de Lucas, Susana Borruel Nacenta
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively review cases of intestinal anisakiasis diagnosed by CT over a 10-year period and to evaluate imaging findings associated with the disease. METHODS: This retrospective study included 71 patients with clinical suspicion of intestinal anisakiasis in whom an abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) was performed at a single institution between June 2011 and December 2021. To identify the cases, we used medical term search engines and the hospital's radiology case database...
August 23, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Caterina Bernetti, Andrea Buoso, Bruno Beomonte Zobel, Carlo Augusto Mallio
The recommended treatment for patients with locally advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) or other pelvic neoplasms often comprises extensive abdominal surgery and radiation therapy (RT). The major complications of these treatments are radiation enteritis and empty pelvis syndrome, which is the displacement of bowel loops in the pelvic dead space created after the intervention. To avoid these complications, diverse methods of pelvic floor reconstruction have been attempted, one of them being the silicon breast prosthesis pelvic placement...
August 15, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Mohsin Hussein, Nathan Jenko, Alok Kumar Mittal, Sameer Raniga, Karthikeyan P Iyengar, Madava Djearaman, Rajesh Botchu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the displacement of the supinator fat pad in radial head and neck fractures and to validate its significance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred two adult patients from the Royal Orthopaedic Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom and Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman with confirmed radial head and/or neck fractures were included. Fractures were classified using the Mason-Johnston classification. The displacement of the supinator fat pad from the radius was measured on anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral radiographs and correlated to fracture classification...
August 4, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Ahmet Gürkan Erdemir, Nursel Yurttutan, Mehmet Ruhi Onur, İlkay Sedakat İdilman, Mehmet Halil Öztürk, Şükrü Mehmet Ertürk, Can Çevikol, Erhan Akpınar
Two major earthquakes measuring 7.8 and 7.7 on the Richter scale struck Turkey and Northern Syria on February 6, claiming more than 50,000 lives. In such an unprecedented disaster, radiologists were confronted with very critical tasks of stepping out of the routine reporting process, performing radiological triage, managing acute adverse events, and optimizing imaging protocols. In our experience, radiologists can take three different positions in such disasters: (1) in the scene of the disaster, (2) serving in teleradiology, and (3) working in tertiary hospital for transported patients...
August 3, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Shannon Zhou, Tarek Hanna, Tianwen Ma, Timothy D Johnson, Christine Lamoureux, Scott Weber, Jamlik-Omari Johnson, Scott D Steenburg, Jeffrey W Dunkle, Suzanne T Chong
PURPOSE: To assess the influence of time of day when a study is interpreted on discrepancy rates for common and advanced studies performed in the acute community setting. METHODS: This retrospective study used the databank of a U.S. teleradiology company to retrieve studies between 2012 and 2016 with a preliminary report followed by a final report by the on-site client hospital. Neuroradiology, abdominal radiology, and musculoskeletal radiology studies were included...
July 31, 2023: Emergency Radiology
C Floridi, L M Cacioppa, N Rossini, C Ventura, M Macchini, M Rosati, P Boscarato, M Torresi, R Candelari, A Giovagnoni
PURPOSE: Transarterial embolization of renal artery branches (RTE) is a minimally invasive procedure commonly performed in life-threatening renal bleeding of different etiologies. Despite the widespread use of RTE, no consensus guidelines are currently available. Our aim was to investigate clinical and technical efficacy and to identify potential predictors for clinical failure of this procedure. METHODS: All the RTE procedures performed in our Interventional Radiology unit in last 10 years were retrospectively collected and analyzed...
July 22, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Jason J Lee, Amanda L Rugg, Crystal K Wu, Garrett J Hamblin, Michael C Larson
PURPOSE: The management of foreign body ingestion proves to be a challenge. Magnets pose a unique set of risks when ingested due to their attractive forces and subsequent risk of adherence, pressure necrosis, and perforation complications. Radiographs only provide a limited snapshot in the setting of multiple magnet ingestion when the risk of complication is highest. We hypothesize that abdominal ultrasound (US) has the potential to supplement radiographs in assessing ingested magnets by determining the presence of bowel loop entrapment and of any extraluminal fluid...
July 22, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Sathish Kumar Dundamadappa
Artificial intelligence tools in radiology practices have surged, with modules developed to target specific findings becoming increasingly prevalent and proving valuable in the daily emergency room radiology practice. The number of US Food and Drug Administration-cleared radiology-related algorithms has soared from just 10 in early 2017 to over 200 presently. This review will concentrate on the present utilization of AI tools in clinical ER radiology setting, including a brief discussion of the limitations of the technique...
July 8, 2023: Emergency Radiology
Sudheer Balakrishnan
While aortic injury is the most commonly cited thoracic arterial injury, non-aortic arterial injuries represent an uncommon but significant source of morbidity and mortality in blunt and penetrating thoracic trauma patients. Knowledge of the spectrum of vascular injury and anatomic considerations that dictate patterns of associated thoracic hemorrhage will assist the radiologist in the accurate and efficient diagnosis of these injuries. This article provides a review of anatomy, pertinent clinical exam and CT angiography findings, as well as therapeutic options for non-aortic thoracic arterial trauma...
October 2023: Emergency Radiology
Christine Lamoureux, Tarek N Hanna, Edward Callaway, Michael A Bruno, Scott Weber, Devin Sprecher, Timothy D Johnson
PURPOSE: Previous investigations into the causes of error by radiologists have addressed work schedule, volume, shift length, and sub-specialization. Studies regarding possible associations between radiologist errors and radiologist age and timing of residency training are lacking in the literature, to our knowledge. The aim of our study was to determine if radiologist age and residency graduation date is associated with diagnostic errors. METHODS: Our retrospective analysis included 1...
October 2023: Emergency Radiology
Mordechai Weitz, Carly Schwartz, Meir H Scheinfeld
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to identify the locations at which hip and pelvic fractures are commonly missed on radiographs. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed at four non-Level 1 trauma center emergency departments. IRB approval was obtained. All emergency department hip or pelvic radiographs with subsequent CT performed within 48 h were identified from 2017 to 2022. Reports for each radiograph and CT were scored for the presence or the absence of fracture in the following locations: ilium, sacrum, superior pubic ramus, inferior pubic ramus, pubis, acetabulum, subcapital femoral, femoral neck, greater trochanter, lesser trochanter, intertrochanteric, and subtrochanteric...
October 2023: Emergency Radiology
Kendall S Cooper, Garret M Powell, Francis I Baffour, Matthew P Johnson, Matthew A Frick
PURPOSE: Determine incidence of shoulder arthroplasty complications identified on computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective institutional database review of patients with shoulder arthroplasties who underwent CT between 01/2006-11/2021 at a tertiary academic referral center with subspecialized orthopedic shoulder surgeons. CT reports were reviewed for arthroplasty type and complication. Data were stratified and summarized. Associations between complications and arthroplasty types were determined with Chi-squared goodness of fit test...
August 2023: Emergency Radiology
Rahim Ismail, Mark Manganaro, Derrek Schartz, Logan Worley, Alexander Kessler
The diagnosis of cervical spine injury in the emergency department remains a critical skill of emergency room physicians as well as radiologists. Such diagnoses are often associated with high morbidity and mortality unless readily identified and treated appropriately. Both computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) often are crucial in the workup of spinal injury and play a key role in arriving at a diagnosis. Unfortunately, missed cervical spine injuries are not necessarily uncommon and often precede detrimental neurologic sequalae...
August 2023: Emergency Radiology
Kajari Bhattacharya, Kunal Nigam, Amit Kumar J Choudhari, Nitin Sudhakar Shetty, Kunal Gala, Daksh Chandra, Suyash Kulkarni
Central nervous system (CNS) may be predisposed to devastating complications in cancer patients which may add to morbidity and mortality in this group. Majority of the complications are vascular in nature due to the altered coagulation profile and pro-inflammatory state in these patients. However, there are a host of other conditions which may affect the clinical course of these patients including metabolic and toxic encephalopathies, infections, and paraneoplastic syndromes. Moreover, multimodality management of these patients, which is often used in majority of the cancers, exposes them to treatment related complications...
August 2023: Emergency Radiology
Ranjan Kumar Patel, Alamelu Alagappan, Taraprasad Tripathy, Prayas Vats, Pulkit Rangarh, Satyapriya Mohanty, Siddhartha Sathia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2023: Emergency Radiology
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