Roland M Biedert, Philippe M Tscholl
BACKGROUND: Chronic proximal patellar tendinosis with partial tendon tears represents a multifactorial overuse injury. Several surgical techniques have been described with various outcomes and the return to sports may fail. HYPOTHESIS: Reconstruction of the proximal patellar tendon with augmentation using a quadriceps tendon-bone (QTB) graft improves knee function in patients presenting with proximal patellar tendinosis and partial tendon tears. METHODS: Forty-seven patients (32 males, 15 females) with chronic proximal patellar tendinosis and tendon tears grade 3 and 4 were treated between 1992 and 2018...
October 6, 2023: Knee
Alex J Anatone, Daniel A Driscoll, Dimitrios A Flevas, Elexis C Baral, Brian P Chalmers, Peter K Sculco
BACKGROUND: Metaphyseal cones are used to manage bone loss in revision total knee arthroplasty with increasing popularity. Post-operative radiographs and explant procedures suggest that cement may extrude around the cone implant into the cone-bone interface and prevent biologic in- or on-growth. The purpose of this study was to perform a retrieval analysis to describe the pattern of direct cementation onto the porous surface area of metaphyseal cones. METHODS: Eighteen tibial and femoral cones were identified in an institutional implant retrieval registry...
October 6, 2023: Knee
Jade Pei Yuik Ho, Seong Yun Park, Hee Seung Nam, Joon Hee Cho, Yong Seuk Lee
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were (1) to compare in vivo coverage and rotational alignment of 2 tibial component designs: anatomic and symmetrical; and (2) to determine if coronal deformity and tibial torsion were related to rotation and coverage. METHODS: Postoperative CT scans of 200 propensity score-matched patients who underwent TKA with either an anatomic (ATC) or symmetrical tibia component (STC) were analyzed. Rotation was measured using four axes: surgical transepicondylar axis (sTEA), Berger's protocol, medio-lateral (ML) axis and posterior borders of the tibial plateau, while coverage was assessed by measuring fit and surface area...
September 27, 2023: Knee
Ken Hayashi, Goro Tajima, Ryunosuke Oikawa, Moritaka Maruyama, Atsushi Sugawara, Shinya Oikawa, Yasutaka Oya, Minoru Doita
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to clarify the morphology of the proximal tibiofibular joint (PTFJ), insertion sites of the proximal tibiofibular ligaments (PTFLs), and related osseous landmarks on three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) images. METHODS: Cadaveric knees were evaluated by dissection and 3D CT imaging. The anterior PTFL (A-PTFL) and posterior PTFL (P-PTFL) were isolated, and their tibial and fibular insertion sites were identified. The morphology and location of insertion sites and their positional relationships with osseous structures were analyzed on 3D CT images...
September 26, 2023: Knee
Hyunho Lee, Masahiko Yanagisawa, Takanobu Sumino, Yutaka Sano, Yingshih Chang, Junichiro Kan, Hirohisa Fujimaki, Keinosuke Ryu, Kazuyoshi Nakanishi
BACKGROUND: Obtaining an accurate tibial lateral view is important during high tibial osteotomy. This study investigated whether the posterior edge of the medial/lateral tibial condyle (PEMTC/PELTC) and the posterior edge of the fibular head (PEFH) in a lateral view could be a reference for determining the accurate tibial lateral view. METHODS: A total of 75 lower limbs in 38 subjects were evaluated in this study. In order to target healthy knees, subjects undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty were selected...
September 19, 2023: Knee
Keerati Chareancholvanich, Swist Chatmaitri, Sutthichon Benjawilaikul, Pakpoom Ruangsomboon, Rapeepat Narkbunnam, Chaturong Pornrattanamaneewong
BACKGROUND: Routine patellar resurfacing is a controversial issue in total knee replacement (TKR), especially for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Anterior knee pain (AKP) is a common complaint after TKR that may be related to patellofemoral joint condition. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with AKP after TKR for RA compared between non-resurfaced patella (NRP) and resurfaced patella (RP). METHODS: This retrospective study included RA patients who underwent TKR at our institute from 2002 to 2019...
September 18, 2023: Knee
Guillaume Demey, Edoardo Giovannetti de Sanctis, Guillaume Mesnard, David H Dejour
BACKGROUND: Excessive posterior tibial slope (PTS) is an independent risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) failure, but it remains unclear how PTS relates to other proximal tibial morphologic parameters. The purpose of this study was to analyse sagittal tibial metaphysis morphology, and to calculate the correlation coefficients of PTS with anatomical features. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed lateral radiographs of 350 patients that were scheduled to receive primary ACLR to digitize 15 landmarks on the patella, femur, fibula, and tibia, and measure PTS, patellar height, as well as metaphysis height and inclination...
September 16, 2023: Knee
Kenneth H Levy, Peter J Fusco, Stephanie A Salazar-Restrepo, Dave M Mathew, Roshan Pandey, Sarah Ahmed, Kathryn S Varghese, Dillon O Rogando, Adham Ahmed, Mitchell K Ng
BACKGROUND: Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) offers a less invasive alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but is accompanied by a high revision risk. The aim of our study was to perform a meta-analysis comparing outcomes of UKA revised to TKA versus primary TKA, to assess if UKA is an effective treatment option, despite its potential need for revision. METHODS: Studies comparing matched cohorts of patients with UKA revised to TKA versus primary TKA were identified via the PubMed, Ovid EMBASE, and Scopus databases...
September 12, 2023: Knee
Hee Seung Nam, Jade Pei Yuik Ho, Seong Yun Park, Joon Hee Cho, Yong Seuk Lee
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction following primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a crucial part to evaluate the success of the procedure. The purpose of this study was to develop to predict patient satisfaction following TKA. METHODS: Satisfaction outcome data after 435 consecutive conventional TKAs performed between August 2020 and December 2021 were retrospectively collected. The total 26 input data were collected. The most favorable algorithm was first found using logistic regression (LR) and machine learning (ML) algorithms...
September 11, 2023: Knee
Hiroyasu Ogawa, Yutaka Nakamura, Kazu Matsumoto, Haruhiko Akiyama
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were (1) to compare the incidence of lateral hinge fractures (LHFs) in medial opening-wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and medial opening-wedge distal tibial tuberosity osteotomy (DTO), and (2) to investigate the risk factors for LHFs. The incidence of LHFs was hypothesized to be higher in the DTO group than the OWHTO group. The DTO procedure is also a risk factor for LHFs. METHODS: A total of 167 knees that underwent OWHTO (n = 65) and DTO (n = 102) were subjected to propensity score matching for the comparison of the groups...
September 6, 2023: Knee
Xiangyu Long, Jianhua Ren, Qian Liu, Shaoshen Zhu, Xi Chen, Wenhui Zhang, Tangzhao Liang, Zhe Wang, Yuhang Li, Jianfeng Hou, Kun Wang, Ronghan He
BACKGROUND: Tibial vertical cut is crucial for rotational position and bony coverage in Oxford mobile-bearing medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). This study aimed to determine whether the footprint of the anterior horn of medial meniscus (FAM) is a reliable landmark for tibial vertical cut. METHODS: The FAM and the line through FAM and the edge of anterior cruciate ligament insertion (FAMA line) were identified by dissection five knee joint specimens...
September 5, 2023: Knee
Xunpeng Zhu, Hui Xu, Lin Wang, Haigang Zhang, Hongwei Chen, Jun Wang, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND: The significance of lateral meniscus injury and its impact on success rates with medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is still debated among scholars. This study aims to investigate whether preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of lateral meniscus injury influence midterm outcomes following UKA. METHODS: This study recruited 104 patients who underwent medial mobile-bearing UKA. Based on the extent of lateral meniscus injury indicated by the preoperative MRI and Stoller's classification system, patients were divided into two groups: the normal group (grade 0), and the lateral meniscus injury group (grade 3)...
September 5, 2023: Knee
Hersh Deo, Ramy Mohamed, Genena Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Recurrent patella instability is a common and debilitating condition which affects mainly adolescents and young adults. Medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is the most popular surgical treatment for recurrent patella instability. The most common graft choice in the literature is ipsilateral hamstring tendon (gracilis or semitendinosis) but the complication rate remains high (11-26%). Conversely, there are very few papers on the use of modern, synthetic grafts...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Felipe F Gonzalez, Gustavo Leporace, Carlos Franciozi, Marcos Cockrane, Leonardo Metsavaht, Felipe P Carpes, Jorge Chahla, Marcus Luzo
BACKGROUND: Previous authors have utilized gait kinematics to categorize knee osteoarthritis patients into four distinct profiles: (1) flexed knee; (2) externally rotated knee; (3) stiff knee; and (4) knee varus thrust and rotational rigidity. However, the relationship between these gait profiles and patients' characteristics remains poorly understood. Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether differences in clinical and radiographic characteristics were associated with these four gait profiles...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Mette Garval, Charlotte Runge, Carsten F Holm, Lone R Mikkelsen, Asger R Pedersen, Trine A B Vestergaard, Søren T Skou
BACKGROUND: Approximately 20% of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) do not experience long-term improvements. Our aim was to identify prognostic factors of knee pain and function 12 months after TKA. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 1026 patients underwent primary TKA between 2018 and 2020. Main outcome was measured by the Oxford Knee Score (OKS) categorized in five categories (0-9, 10-19, 20-29, 30-39 and 40-48). Potential prognostic factors obtained at baseline included sex, age, baseline OKS, pain catastrophizing scale, EuroQol 5 dimensions, previous surgery, BMI, ASA classification, opioid consumption, living and employment conditions as well as educational level...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Fahd Mahmood, Jon Clarke, Philip Riches
BACKGROUND: Deteriorating meniscal function is thought to play a role in knee osteoarthritis. Meniscal proteoglycans maintain mechanical stiffness of the tissue through electrostatic effects. This study aimed to investigate whether the mechanical properties of macroscopically intact meniscus are preserved in osteoarthritis. METHODS: Discs of lateral meniscal tissue two millimetres thick and of five millimetres diameter from osteoarthritic knees and from healthy donors were placed within a confined compression chamber, mounted in a materials testing machine and bathed in isotonic 0...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Yuki Ishibashi, Hidetoshi Naganuma, Hiroshi Shinbori, Hiroshi Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Rotating-platform posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty (PS-TKA) has become a commonly used procedure. It has the potential risk of causing mobile-bearing spinout. In our study, we investigated the factors affecting the bearing thickness when performing rotating-platform PS-TKA. METHODS: This single-arm, prospective, single-hospital cohort study included 100 consecutive patients who underwent rotating-platform PS-TKA between September 2020 and August 2022...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Hasan Ali Ekşili, Uğur Toprak, Emre Emekli
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted with patients with anterior and medial extrusion of the medial meniscus (MM-AE, MM-ME) to investigate the relationship of the amount of extrusion with damage to the meniscus, meniscofemoral ligament (MFL), meniscotibial ligament (MTL), presence of effusion, osteoarthritis (OA) grade and other medial stablizers. A cut-off value for significant MM-ME was also suggested. METHODS: All patients aged 18 and above who had measurable MM extrusion on knee MRI were included...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Brian P Chalmers, Tracy M Borsinger, Fernando J Quevedo Gonzalez, Jonathan M Vigdorchik, Steven B Haas, Michael P Ast
BACKGROUND: During robotic and computer-navigated primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the center of the femoral head is utilized as the proximal reference point for femoral component position rather than the intramedullary axis. We sought to analyze the effect on femoral component flexion-extension position between these two reference points. METHODS: We obtained CT 3D-reconstructions of 50 cadaveric intact femurs. We defined the navigation axis as the line from center of the femoral head to center of the knee (lowest point of the trochlear groove) and the intramedullary axis as the line from center of the knee to center of the canal at the isthmus...
September 4, 2023: Knee
Sheng Xu, Ming Han Lincoln Liow, Xuan Eric Liu, Hee-Nee Pang, Shi-Lu Chia, Keng Jin Darren Tay, Seng Jin Yeo, Jerry Yongqiang Chen
BACKGROUND: This study describes the implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with day-surgery protocol to assess the outcome of ERAS day surgery TKA compared with traditional ERAS inpatient TKA in terms of length of stay (LOS), 30-day readmission, complications, and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). METHODS: Patients who underwent unilateral primary TKA from August 2020 to July 2021 were followed up. All TKAs were performed with the ERAS protocol...
September 4, 2023: Knee
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