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Journal of Gambling Studies

Jérémie Richard, Alexa Martin-Storey, Erin Wilkie, Jeffrey L Derevensky, Thomas Paskus, Caroline E Temcheff
Gambling disorder has serious negative consequences for individual health and wellbeing, while being more prevalent among college student-athletes compared to the general college population. While previous research reports that sexual minority (i.e., gay, lesbian and bisexual) populations have higher rates of addictive behaviors such as alcohol and drug abuse, no previous research has explored risk for gambling disorder symptomatology by sexual identity status. The aim of the current study is to identify differences in the severity of gambling disorder symptomatology between sexual minority and heterosexual student-athletes...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Lisa Jeffrey, Matthew Browne, Vijay Rawat, Erika Langham, En Li, Matthew Rockloff
This study compared the experience of gambling related harms between gamblers and spouses, whilst taking into account gender and problem gambling severity. Participants (N = 5036, 2603 females) from Australia and New Zealand completed a retrospective survey that probed the prevalence of specific harms from gambling within six harm domains (financial, work/study, health, emotional/psychological, relationship, and social deviance). Overall there was a similar count of total harms reported across all domains experienced by spouses (vs gamblers), however the types and patterns of harms reported were markedly different...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
David C Hodgins, John A Cunningham, Robert Murray, Sylvia Hagopian
Self-directed treatments for gambling disorder have been developed to attract individuals who are reluctant to seek formal treatment. Self-directed treatments provide individuals with information and support to initiate a recovery program without attending formal treatment. In this study, an online version of a previously evaluated telephone-based intervention package is compared to a brief online normative feedback intervention called Check Your Gambling. In a randomized controlled trial design, participants with gambling problems who were not interested in formal treatment (N = 181) were recruited through media announcements...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Simone N Rodda, Kathleen L Bagot, Victoria Manning, Dan I Lubman
Although most gamblers set limits on their gambling and stick to them most of the time, there are times when limits are breached (a 'bust'). Little is known about the prevalence, reasons for and strategies to address busts despite associated harms with a single bust. This mixed methods study used an online survey with a sample of electronic gaming machine gamblers. A total of 104 gamblers were recruited from 11 Australian gambling venues and almost half (45%) reported a bust in the past 12 months. The amount of money spent on the bust ranged from $20 to $1500 AUD (M = $446, SD = $402)...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Louisa Detez, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Rebecca Segrave, Elliott Wilson, Thomas Chandler, Teresa Ries, Mitchell Stevenson, Rico S C Lee, Murat Yücel
During slot machine gambling, near-miss outcomes occur when the final winning icon lands one position off the pay-line. To understand how near-misses promote gambling behaviour in healthy populations, autonomic arousal is often used to index outcome response valence. Findings remain equivocal, possibly owing to the limited ecological validity of computer simulations. Relevant psychological traits, such as impulsivity, which increase the risk of problem gambling, are often not examined. Here, we used immersive virtual reality (VR) to investigate near-miss-induced changes in physiological arousal and VR gambling behaviour...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Thomas Scheidemantel, Ashley Braun-Gabelman, Kristina Stefanac, Stephen Ruedrich, Margaret Kotz
Problem gambling (PG) is associated with significant personal and societal loss. These losses may be exacerbated when a person with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), who may not fully appreciate the inherent risks, engages in such behavior. Literature on this particular population is scarce, leaving the scientific community and treatment providers at a loss as to best practices. The present paper reviews three cases that illustrate common challenges faced by people with IDD and PG. Suggestions for effective prevention and treatment efforts are offered...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Magali Dufour, Adèle Morvannou, Natacha Brunelle, Sylvia Kairouz, Émélie Laverdière, Louise Nadeau, Djamal Berbiche, Élise Roy
Despite the popularity in poker-related activities in recent years, few studies have focused on the evolution of gambling habits of poker players over a long period of time. The aim of this study is to examine factors influencing trajectories of poker players. The results are based on data collected at a four-time measurement of a prospective cohort study conducted in Quebec (n = 304 poker players). A latent class growth analysis was performed to identify trajectories based on the Problem Gambling Severity Index score...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Cristina Scavone, Barbara Stelitano, Concetta Rafaniello, Francesco Rossi, Liberata Sportiello, Annalisa Capuano
Pathological gambling has been reported as a direct complication of Parkinson's disease and its pharmacological treatment based on dopamine agonists. Moreover, further medications (not dopamine agonists) were associated to the occurrence of gambling disorder. We aim to analyze the spontaneous reports of gambling disorder on the whole Italian territory with a focus on Campania Region (Southern Italy) from January 1st 2002 to July 31st 2018. We analyzed gambling disorder's reports across the 2002-2018 period in the Italian spontaneous reporting database (Rete Nazionale di Farmacovigilanza-RNF), with a focus on Campania region...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Joshua R Freeman, Rachel A Volberg, Martha Zorn
Few studies have examined problem gambling among veterans and, of those studies, there are conflicting conclusions surrounding correlates of problem gambling in veterans. Our study aims to assess problem gambling prevalence among veterans using non-Veterans Affairs data and to evaluate correlates of problem gambling among veterans in a general population sample. We obtained a probability sample of adult Massachusetts residents using address based sampling in 2013-2014. Participants completed a questionnaire on demographics, veteran status, and gambling behaviors and motivations...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Pei Wang, Cheng-Hao Tang
Through a series of three experiments, this study explored the possible influence of social class on the decision-making tendency of prestige-seeking in a Prestige-Money Game, and further explored the internal sources of such influence. In Experiment 1, the participants' social class was manipulated to examine whether there were class effects in prestige-seeking when individuals of different social classes were paired together in a Prestige-Money Game. In Experiment 2, social rank, which only contained ranking differences, was adopted as a more abstract proxy variable for social class to investigate whether class effects still existed in prestige-seeking in a Prestige-Money Game...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Lydia A Chapman, Maree J Hunt, Lorance F Taylor, Anne C Macaskill
Across two experiments, the current study investigated whether the balance displayed on slot-machine screens affects gamblers' decision making in a manner similar to the "house-money effect" observed in other gambling modes. The balance indicates the total amount the gambler has available to wager from. We manipulated initial slot-machine balance within a simulated slot-machine task. Participants gambled on each of two machines and then were able to switch between the two allowing us to assess the effect of machine balance on both preference and bet amounts...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Jonathan Mond, Sarah Skromanis, Terry Purton, Nick Cooling, Frances Fan, Keith Harris, Heather Bridgman, Jennifer Presser, Bryan Rodgers
Individuals who undertake tertiary study outside their home countries ("international students") may be at increased risk of problem gambling behaviour. To inform this issue, we examined gambling behaviour, problem gambling behaviour and reasons for gambling among international students, primarily from Asian countries, attending university in Tasmania, Australia. Online surveys that included established measures of each outcome were completed by these students (n = 382) along with a comparison group of domestic students (n = 1013)...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Guyonne Rogier, Giancarlo Picci, Patrizia Velotti
A number of studies have suggested that depressive mood might lead to the development and/or maintenance of a gambling disorder (GD). The pathways by which such relationships are fostered may involve deficits in emotional regulation capacity and dysfunctional coping styles. This study aims to explore the role played by depressive symptomatology and the regulation of positive emotion in GD. We administered the South Oaks Gambling Inventory (SOGS, Lesieur and Blume in Am J Psychiatry 144(9):1184-1188, 1987), the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21, Lovibond and Lovibond in Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Samuel C Peter, Emma I Brett, Matthew T Suda, Eleanor L S Leavens, Mary Beth Miller, Thad R Leffingwell, James P Whelan, Andrew W Meyers
Personal Feedback Interventions (PFIs) have been widely used to reduce the amount of time and money individuals spend on gambling. A central component of these interventions is personalized information about an individual's gambling behavior, often in comparison to others' gambling. The purpose of the present review and meta-analysis was to evaluate these interventions in terms of content, mode of delivery, target sample, and efficacy. Sixteen interventions from 11 studies were reviewed. We found a small, statistically significant effect in favor of PFIs versus control (d = 0...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Sarah E Nelson, Timothy C Edson, Pradeep Singh, Matthew Tom, Ryan J Martin, Debi A LaPlante, Heather M Gray, Howard J Shaffer
Daily fantasy sports (DFS), a rapidly growing industry, allows players to create fantasy teams of real-life players and potentially win cash prizes, derived from entry fees. Some stakeholders have expressed concern that DFS's accelerated nature and other features might promote excessive play and related harm. We conducted the first descriptive summary of actual DFS play using records from a cohort of subscribers to a dominant operator, DraftKings. Participants (N = 10,385) initially entered paid National Football League (NFL) contests...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Mary Cuadrado, Ibrahim S Malick
Studies have found that the main reasons provided by problem gamblers for calling a gambling help hotline are financial, legal, or relationship problems, but no study has looked into whether these motivators vary by ethnicity. In particular, this study sought to find if Hispanics were more likely to call due to relationship problems. Using data gathered by the Florida Council on Compulsive Gambling from problem gamblers calling for help (N = 826), it was found that the most common reason for calling the hotline by all ethnic groups was financial...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Nerilee Hing, Alex M T Russell, Anna Thomas, Rebecca Jenkinson
A proliferation of wagering advertising has raised concerns about its effects, especially on vulnerable gamblers. This study examined exposure to wagering advertisements and inducements, and their reported influence on the size, frequency and riskiness of bets placed-amongst regular bettors and by gambler risk group. An Ecological Momentary Assessment design minimised recall bias. After completing a baseline survey, 722 regular bettors completed up to 15 surveys administered on 5 days per week over three non-consecutive weeks...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Cătălin Bărboianu
The near-miss has been considered an important factor of reinforcement in gambling behavior, and previous research has focused more on its industry-related causes and effects and less on the gaming phenomenon itself. The near-miss has usually been associated with the games of slots and scratch cards, due to the special characteristics of these games, which include the possibility of pre-manipulation of award symbols in order to increase the frequency of these "engineered" near-misses. In this paper, we argue that starting from a basic mathematical description of the classical (by pure chance) near-miss, generalizable to any game, and focusing equally on the epistemology of its constitutive concepts and their mathematical description, we can identify more precisely the fallacious elements of the near-miss cognitive effects and the inadequate perception and representation of the observational-intentional "I was that close...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Víctor Martínez-Loredo, Aris Grande-Gosende, Sergio Fernández-Artamendi, Roberto Secades-Villa, José Ramón Fernández-Hermida
Although alcohol, tobacco and cannabis are the most prevalent drugs used by adolescents, gambling is a growing concern due to its increasing popularity. To date there have been few studies exploring the existing patterns of concurrent use of drugs and gambling in adolescents. This study aims to identify subpopulations of adolescents using different substances and gambling activities, to explore gender differences and to examine impulsivity as a predictor of class membership. A cross-sectional survey was carried out in 22 high-schools, and 1644 adolescents were assessed (54...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Gambling Studies
Martina Goslar, Max Leibetseder, Hannah M Muench, Stefan G Hofmann, Anton-Rupert Laireiter
Disordered gambling is a public health concern associated with detrimental consequences for affected individuals and social costs. Currently, opioid antagonists are considered the first-line treatments to reduce symptoms of uncontrolled gambling. Only recently, glutamatergic agents and combined pharmacological and psychological treatments have been examined appearing promising options for the management of gambling disorder. A multilevel literature search yielded 34 studies including open-label and placebo-controlled trials totaling 1340 participants to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the short- and long-term efficacies of pharmacological and combined treatments...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
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