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Research on Social Work Practice

Jill M Chonody, Jacqui Gabb, Mike Killian, Priscilla Dunk-West
Objective: This study reports on the operationalization and testing of the newly developed Relationship Quality (RQ) scale, designed to assess an individual's perception of his or her RQ in their current partnership. Methods: Data were generated through extended sampling from an original U.K.-based research project, Enduring Love? Couple relationships in the 21st century . This mixed methods study was designed to investigate how couples experience, understand, and sustain their long-term relationships...
November 2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Elizabeth A Stuart, Benjamin Ackerman, Daniel Westreich
Randomized trials play an important role in estimating the effect of a policy or social work program in a given population. While most trial designs benefit from strong internal validity, they often lack external validity, or generalizability, to the target population of interest. In other words, one can obtain an unbiased estimate of the study sample average treatment effect (SATE) from a randomized trial; however, this estimate may not equal the target population average treatment effect (TATE) if the study sample is not fully representative of the target population...
July 2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Sean Joe, Marquisha Lawrence Scott, Andrae Banks
We reviewed the controlled studies that report outcome findings for Black adolescent males 24 years of age and younger at risk of suicide. Our review identified 48 articles published from 2000 to 2015, 33 that met our initial criteria for full-text articles review, resulting in 6 that met all inclusion criteria. We sought to understand what works for Black males experiencing suicide ideation or engaging in suicidal behaviors (e.g., attempts). We identified crossover effects for multisystemic therapy for reducing the risk for suicide ideation and attempts...
March 2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Michael A Lindsey, Andrae Banks, Catherine F Cota, Marquisha Lawrence Scott, Sean Joe
The objective was to qualitatively examine the treatment effects of depression interventions on young, Black males (YBM) across treatment providers and settings via a review. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) seeking to ameliorate depressive symptomology in Black males ages 12-29 were eligible for inclusion. After review of 627 abstracts and 212 full-text articles, 12 studies were selected. These RCTs were organized into five categories based on the intervention method. We isolated only one study that targeted YBM exclusively...
March 1, 2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Megan Moore, Melissa L Martinson, Paula S Nurius, Susan P Kemp
Background: Early career faculty experiences and perspectives on transdisciplinary research are important yet understudied. Methods: Assistant professors at 50 top-ranked social work programs completed an online survey assessing perspectives on the salience of transdisciplinary training in their field, obstacles to or negative impacts of transdisciplinary training, and current environments. Content analysis and descriptive statistics were used. Results: A large majority of all participants (N ¼ 118) believed that transdisciplinary research is important, that greater training is needed, and that they are relatively well prepared in related skill sets...
2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Kelli A Komro
For the past 25 years, I have led multiple group-randomized trials, each focused on a specific underserved population of youth and each one evaluated health effects of complex interventions designed to prevent high-risk behaviors. I share my reflections on issues of intervention and research design, as well as how research results fostered my evolution toward addressing fundamental social determinants of health and well-being. Reflections related to intervention design emphasize the importance of careful consideration of theory of causes and theory of change, theoretical comprehensiveness versus fundamental determinants of population health, how high to reach, and health in all policies...
2018: Research on Social Work Practice
Cathleen E Willging, Elise M Trott, Danielle Fettes, Lara Gunderson, Amy E Green, Roseann Myers, Michael S Hurlburt, Gregory A Aarons
OBJECTIVE: We examine how frontline workers and supervisors delivering a research supported intervention (RSI) to reduce child neglect negotiated system-related challenges, the pragmatics of RSI implementation, and their professional identities and relationships with clients. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews, small group discussions, and focus groups with frontline workers and supervisors in one large county over two time periods. We used iterative coding to analyze qualitative data...
October 2017: Research on Social Work Practice
Tracy Wharton
Dissemination of research is the most challenging aspect of building the evidence base. Despite peer-review, evidence suggests that a substantial proportion of papers leave out details that are necessary to judge bias, consider replication, or initiate meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Reporting guidelines were created to ensure minimally adequate reporting of research and have become increasingly popular since the 1990s. There are over 200 guidelines for authors to assist in reporting a range of study methodologies...
July 2017: Research on Social Work Practice
Erin J Stringfellow
OBJECTIVE: Innovation will be key to the success of the Grand Challenges Initiative in social work. A structural systems framework based in system dynamics could be useful for considering how to advance innovation. METHOD: Diagrams using system dynamics conventions were developed to link common themes across concept papers written by social work faculty members and graduate students (N = 19). RESULTS: Transdisciplinary teams and ethical partnerships with communities and practitioners will be needed to responsibly develop high-quality innovative solutions...
March 2017: Research on Social Work Practice
Andrae Banks, Lashawnda Fields, Curtis O'Dwyer, Marquisha Lawrence Scott, Sean Joe
Objective: To examine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for treatment evidence for Black male adolescents suffering from comorbid mental illness and diabetes mellitus. Method: A review of the studies published in English-language journals was conducted. Results: We found no RCT focused on Black males with diabetes mellitus Type 2 (DMT2). However, we found RCT inclusive of Black male adolescents with diabetes mellitus Type 1 (DMT1). Multisystemic therapy appears to be the best supported overall treatment for DMT1 management and psychosocial functioning followed by an enhanced form of behavioral family systems therapy for diabetics...
2017: Research on Social Work Practice
Renske J M van der Zwet, Deirdre M Beneken Genaamd Kolmer, René Schalk
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses social workers' orientation toward the evidence-based practice (EBP) process and explores which specific variables (e.g. age) are associated. METHODS: Data were collected from 341 Dutch social workers through an online survey which included a Dutch translation of the EBP Process Assessment Scale (EBPPAS), along with 13 background/demographic questions. RESULTS: The overall level of orientation toward the EBP process is relatively low...
October 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Hanno Hoven, Rebecca Ford, Anne Willmot, Stephanie Hagan, Johannes Siegrist
OBJECTIVE: People who are homeless experience many barriers that affect their ability to gain and sustain work. In this study, we investigate whether personal job coaching support contributes toward employment success. METHODS: The short- and long-term employment outcomes of 2,480 clients participating in a labor market program were analyzed. RESULTS: Clients being supported by a job coach have significantly higher chances of gaining employment than those not being supported...
October 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Lawrence A Palinkas, Antonio R Garcia, Gregory A Aarons, Megan Finno-Velasquez, Ian W Holloway, Thomas I Mackie, Laurel K Leslie, Patricia Chamberlain
OBJECTIVES: This article describes the Standard Interview for Evidence Use (SIEU), a measure to assess the level of engagement in acquiring, evaluating, and applying research evidence in health and social service settings. METHOD: Three scales measuring input, process, and output of research evidence and eight subscales were identified using principal axis factor analysis and parallel analysis of data collected from 202 state and county child welfare, mental health, and juvenile justice systems leaders...
September 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Sang Jung Lee, Geetha Gopalan, Donna Harrington
OBJECTIVES: There has been little examination of the structural validity of the Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF) for minority populations in clinical contexts in the Unites States. This study aimed to test prespecified factor structures (one-factor, two-factor, and three-factor models) of the PSI-SF. METHODS: This study used confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of 240 predominantly Black and Latino caregivers of children with behavioral difficulties...
July 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Traci Marie Schwinn, Jessica Elizabeth Hopkins, Steven Paul Schinke
OBJECTIVES: Girls' rates of drug use have met up with, and in some instances, surpassed boys' use. Though girls and boys share risk and protective factors associated with drug use, girls also have gender-specific risks. Interventions to prevent girls' drug use must be tailored to address the dynamics of female adolescence. METHODS: One such intervention, called RealTeen, is a 9-session, web-based drug abuse prevention program designed to address such gender-specific risk factors associated with young girls' drug use as depressed mood, low self-esteem, and high levels of perceived stress as well as general drug use risk factors of peer and social influences...
January 1, 2016: Research on Social Work Practice
Douglas C Smith, Jordan P Davis, Daniel J Ureche, Karen M Tabb
For adolescents with substance use problems, it is unknown whether the provision of normative feedback is a necessary active ingredient in motivational interviewing (MI). This study investigated the impact of normative feedback on adolescents' readiness to change and perceptions of MI quality. Adolescents referred for substance use disorder (SUD) assessments were randomized to MI with normative feedback (NF; MI + NF, n = 26) or MI only (MI, n = 22). There were no significant differences between the MI + NF or MI conditions with reference to changes in readiness, and although not significant, there was a decline in readiness for the overall sample...
November 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Steven P Schinke, Traci M Schwinn, Hilary A Hursh
Intervention research is essential to help Hispanic American adolescents avoid drug use. This article describes an intervention research program aimed at preventing drug use among these youths. Grounded in salient epidemiological data, the program is informed by bicultural competence, social learning, and motivational interviewing theories. The program, called Vamos, is aimed at the risk and protective factors as well as the cultural prerogatives that demark the adolescent years of Hispanic American youths...
October 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Mary C Acri, Kimberly Eaton Hoagwood
PURPOSE: Untreated parent mental health problems have deleterious effects upon the family, yet caregivers are unlikely to receive services for their emotional health. We conducted a review of treatments and services for children and adolescents that also offered services to parents. METHODS: Child treatment and service studies were included in the present study if they analyzed parent symptoms or diagnoses over time, and the intervention contained a parent component...
September 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Geetha Gopalan, Ashley Fuss, Jennifer P Wisdom
Among children who remain at home with their permanent caregivers following a child welfare investigation, few who manifest emotional and behavioral difficulties actually engage in mental health treatment. The Multiple Family Group service delivery model to reduce childhood disruptive behavior disorders (MFG) has shown promise in engaging child welfare-involved families. This qualitative study examines caregiver perceptions of factors that influence retention in MFGs among child welfare-involved families. METHODS: Twenty-five predominantly Black and Hispanic adult (ages 26-57) female caregivers with child welfare services involvement participated in individual, in-depth interviews about their experience with MFGs...
September 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
Mandy McGuire-Schwartz, Latoya A Small, Gary Parker, Patricia Kim, Mary McKay
Homelessness affects a large and increasing number of families in the United States, and exposure to violence and other potentially traumatic events is common among homeless families. It is important to understand more about this population and, more specifically, about the relationship between youth mental health and caregiver mental health and trauma exposure among homeless families, in order to better serve the needs of this vulnerable population. The objective of this study is to explore the relationships between caregiver exposure to violence, caregiver depression, and youth depression and behavioral problems among homeless families...
September 1, 2015: Research on Social Work Practice
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