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Psychiatria Danubina

Alwin Schönberger
Deadly shark attacks, cancer from meat, toxic beer: Our health seems to be threatened seriousely all the time. But do we fear the real dangers? And how can we identify the big risks? How to deal with numbers and statistics.
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Theresa Lahousen, Hans-Peter Kapfhammer
Anxiety disorders are considered among the most common psychiatric disorders in general population. They may be characterized by prominent subjective suffering, frequent chronic courses of illness, increased rates of comorbid other psychiatric disorders and somatic diseases, a distressing amount of psychosocial disabilities, in all, a challenging high burden of disease. Anxiety disorders have principally to be conceptualized within a multifactorial biopsychosocial model. Various psychological and psychosocial approaches have contributed to a multi-layered understanding of various major predisposing, eliciting, and maintaining factors in the course of illness...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Jelena Juri Mandić, Petra Kristina Ivkić, Krešimir Mandić, Dina Lešin, Tomislav Jukić, Jasenka Petrović Jurčević
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess subjective, human aspect of the medical condition, evaluate the quality of life (QOL) and level of depressive symptoms in patients with watery eye and compare it with patients with two most common causes of visual deterioration: cataract and macular region pathology. The results of this study may serve to raise awareness of watery eye impact on a large number of patients and subsequently promote their treatment in order to restore full visual and life quality necessary for normal human functioning...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Miroslav Sikora, Željko Verzak, Marko Matijević, Aleksandar Včev, Stjepan Siber, Larisa Musić, Andreja Carek
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome is a condition of unknown etiology, characterized by burning symptoms on the otherwise clinically healthy oral mucosa. Central and/or peripheral neuropathy is one of the proposed causes for this condition. Psychological component in these patients is also very present, as it is known that BMS patients exhibit high levels of pain, anxiety, and depression. The aim of this study was to evaluate anxiety and depression among patients with burning mouth syndrome and a control group...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Huilan Bao, Junru Liu, Jun Ye
BACKGROUND: Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) are required to have long-term treatment regimen and strict self-management, which thus might lead to the Diabetes Distress (DD). Patients' DD varies in different regions with different levels of medical conditions. For improving the treatment effect of the patients with the Type-2-Diabetes-Mellitus (T2DM), this study explores the influencing factors of the patients' DD in the regions where the medical treatment are at low level. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study, 167 adult patients with T2DM were selected from the People's Hospital of Jinhua city, an A-grade hospital of a small-mid-sized city in Eastern China...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Iva Žagar, Valentina Delimar, Mislav Pap, Doroteja Perić, Nadica Laktašić Žerjavić, Porin Perić
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune and disabling disease that significantly affects the quality of life. Additionally, significant number of patients with RA suffer from depressive disorders, which are commonly underrecognised and undertreated. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in Croatian RA patients and to assess the relationship between them and clinical correlates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-four RA patients treated at the Clinic for Rheumatic Diseases and Rehabilitation at the University Hospital Centre Zagreb were prospectively enrolled in the study and evaluated for functional status using the Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS-28), Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain and health related quality of life (HRQL) measurement...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Jasminka Juretić
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to propose new models in understanding the relationship between social anxiety and experiencing positive and negative emotions and satisfaction with life in general. Its main focus is to explore the roles of different types of close relationships in these models. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 521 female students attending University of Rijeka and University of Pula (average age 21.21 years). The participants completed The Big Five Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, Social Phobia Scale, Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, Attitudes Towards Emotional Expression Questionnaire, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule - Expanded Form, Satisfaction with Life Scale, Quality of Relationship Inventory and Friendship Quality Questionnaire...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Gulseren Daglar, Naim Nur
BACKGROUND: Bonding is the process of an emotional relationship between mothers and babies. Pregnancy and postpartum periods are most important of developing a mother-child bonding. Here we aimed to determine the level of mother-baby bonding and identify the influencing factors during pregnancy and the postpartum period and to examine the relationship between bonding level during pregnancy and the postpartum period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study included twelve districts across a range of socioeconomic structures...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Petra Šuljić, Iva Sorta-Bilajac Turina, Željko Sesar, Uroš Šuljić, Aleksandar Džakula, Lovorka Bilajac, Ksenija Vitale, Vladimir Mićović
BACKGROUND: The connection between socio-economic status and health is documented, yet not fully understood. The goal of this research was to analyze the relationship between socio-economic status, lifestyle and health status, availability of health-care, social capital, and satisfaction with life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were 1117 women aged 25-65 years divided in two groups. Group 1 consisted of women who receive public assistance (N1=591), while Group 2 consisted of women who do not (N2=526)...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Meltem Idig-Camuroglu, Z Belma Gölge
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of gender and childhood abuse on non-suicidal self-injurious (NSSI) behaviors among university students in Turkey. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study convenience sampling technique was used, the sample consisted of 1000 young adults who were from the eight universities in two big cities; Istanbul and Ankara. Besides with demographic questionnaire, Inventory of Statements about Self-Injury and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire were used...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Przemysław Maciej Waszak, Patryk Górski, Janusz Springer, Wioleta Kasprzycka-Waszak, Marta Duży, Paweł Zagożdżon
BACKGROUND: Literature demonstrates that analysis of internet search data is a useful tool in predicting the occurrence of illnesses and health-related behaviors. The aim of the study was to quantitatively present the trends in Google searches for the keyword "suicide" and to analyze its correlation with the number of suicides in Poland. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We used the Google Trends tool to compile data for years 2004-2016. Statistical analysis was performed for annual, monthly, daily and hourly data...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Halit Necmi Uçar, Şafak Eray, Ömer Kocael, Lütfi Uçar, Müslüm Kaymak, Emanuele Lettieri, Ayşe Pinar Vural
BACKGROUND: Fascinating developments in big data technologies and unprecedented diffusion of social networking sites (SNSs) generate unseen opportunities for scientific fields, including psychiatry. This study focuses on the use of SNSs by adolescent psychiatric patients and the potential use of SNS-generated data to help medical practitioners diagnose and treat patients' mental health. Our objective is to understand and measure the psychiatric and individual conditions in which symptom-sharing occurs on SNSs and the frequency of these conditions...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Bruce Kirkcaldy, James Athanasou
This paper provides a framework for addressing the stressors in modern medical health care, especially those that relate to psychology and psychiatry. Despite its advances, organized medicine is beset with inefficiencies and imperfections. The extent of burnout and stress for health professionals is documented in this scoping review. The impact on mental health is described and an approach based on a slower medicine is advocated.
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Gentian Vyshka, Anila Kazaferi, Ilda Kapo, Tedi Mana
The authors discuss the issue of psychiatric care and patients during the second half of XX century in Albania, when the country was under an absolute regime of communism. Completely isolated from the rest of the world, the territory remained a prohibited area for scholars, and local authors due to censorship or self-censorship, offered very scarce information. The general feeling of the public was that of a denial of psychic disorders in total, combined with the fear that this kind of disorders has ever since provoked...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Miro Jakovljevic
Different ways of thinking about policy-making for public and global mental health are constantly emerging. Turning patients into consumers and mental health into commodity may open the door for dystopic future of mental health care. Research has indicated that practicing love, kindness, and compassion for ourselves and others builds our confidence and sense of coherence, helps us create meaningful, caring relationships, increases individual and community resilience and well-being, promotes human rights, physical and mental health...
December 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Giuseppe Tavormina
The relationship between the art forms of photography and poetry and mental wellbeing is described, both for the psychiatrist and for the patient. These, as well as other art forms, improve the experience of human persons interior life. It is suggested that these art forms, as well as music and dance, can be helpful in the treatment of Depression.
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Moreno Marchiafava, Massimo Piccirilli, Chiara Bedetti, Antonella Baglioni, Marina Menna, Sandro Elisei
Neurodevelopmental disorders often result in disabilities associated with auto- and / or hetero-aggressive behaviors, that can be defined as "problem behaviors" (Lacy 2007). Therapeutic interventions are mainly directed towards the use of neuroleptic drugs or benzodiazepines, to ensure a rapid and significant sedation in most of cases. These pharmacological devices exposes the patient to clinical risks and/or long-term management difficulties. The main problem of the chronic use of benzodiazepines is the development of tolerance and dependence; furthermore benzodiazepine withdrawal or their abrupt reduction may lead to rebound effect...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Ankit Chadha
Autobiographical and clinical accounts of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have highlighted that these individuals experience several difficulties during the decision making process. A review of the experimental based studies assessing performance in decision making tasks compared to controls emphasizes key differences including altered risk preferences, decreased sensitivity to social rewards, increased deliberative reasoning and atypical integration of emotional cues. Despite several attempts to devise cognitive theories to explain these differences, none so far can account for all the differences seen...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Mildred Ngaage, Mark Agius
Scars can result from a range of causes: accidents, surgery, and even acne. The resultant change in appearance can negatively affect body image and self-confidence. Scarring is stigmatised in society because of the premium placed on beauty - disfigurement or unsightly features are still used to portray evil in horror films, comic strips, and fairy tales. Patients describe scars as living with the trauma and sufferers can feel devalued by society. Scars are inflexible and cause functional impairment which may prompt a change in career and have financial repercussions...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Tanvi Acharya, Mark Agius
With only half of individuals prescribed medication actually taking it, the reasons behind non-compliance warrant a thorough understanding. This paper reviews the factors behind medication non-adherence with a special interest in the link between depression and non-compliance. Whilst this link has been evidenced, we propose that non-compliance could be a presenting sign of underlying depression. Implications of the role of depression as a cause of non-compliance - in particular, why a patient might suddenly stop taking their medication - are discussed; further, early intervention to circumvent a major depressive episode could be implemented if recognition of sudden non-compliance is used by clinicians as a diagnostic tool to alert them to screen the patient for depression...
November 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
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