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Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica

Margaret M Coffey, Neil Tolley, David Howard, Mary Hickson
BACKGROUND: The Sunderland Tracheosophageal Voice Perceptual scale (SToPS) is the only perceptual rating scale designed specifically for tracheosophageal voice [Hurren et al.: Clin Otolaryngol. 2009 Dec; 34(6): 533-8]. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the inter rater reliability of the SToPS when analyzing alaryngeal voice. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of inter rater reliability of the SToPS based on audio recordings of 230 voice samples from 41 laryngectomy patients rated by 3 experts...
2019: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Manwa L Ng, Eric Tik-Sang Tong, Karen M Yu
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the articulatory contact pressure during the production of bilabial plosives by esophageal (ES), tracheoesophageal (TE), and laryngeal speakers. METHODS: The peak contact pressure (PCP) during bilabial plosive production of /CVCVCVCVCV/ syllable strings of /p/ and /ph/ was obtained from 10 ES, 10 TE, and 10 laryngeal speakers of Cantonese. PCP values were obtained by using a pressure transduction system (Iowa Oral Performance Instrument) during speech production...
2019: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Ceki Paltura, Kürşat Yelken
PURPOSE: To investigate the formant frequency (FF) features of transgender females' (TFs) voice after Wendler's glottoplasty surgery and compare these levels with age-matched healthy males and females. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled prospective. METHODS: 20 TFs and 20 genetically male and female age-matched healthy controls were enrolled in the study. The fundamental frequency (F0) and FFs F1-F4 were obtained from TF speakers 6 months after surgery...
December 12, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Bijan Shafiei, Salar Faramarzi, Ahmad Abedi, Ali Dehqan, Ronald C Scherer
PURPOSE: The present study explored the effectiveness of the Lidcombe Program, the parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) approach, and an integrated (Lid-PCIT) program on the treatment of children who stutter. METHODS: The present research was a single-subject study with an alternative treatment design. Participants were 6 preschool children who were randomly assigned into three groups. Each group received the entire indirect (PCIT), direct (Lidcombe), or integrated (Lid-PCIT) program and were assessed through severity rating (SR), and percent stuttered syllables (%SS), and video analysis...
December 12, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Teenu Sanjeevan, Elina Mainela-Arnold
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Specific language impairment (SLI) is characterized by deficits in language ability. However, studies have also reported motor impairments in SLI. It has been proposed that the language and motor impairments in SLI share common origins. This exploratory study compared the gross, fine, oral, and speech motor skills of children with SLI and children with typical development (TD) to determine whether children with SLI would exhibit difficulties on particular motor tasks and to inform us about the underlying cognitive deficits in SLI...
December 12, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Vanessa Evellin Fernandes Isidro Gomes, Denise da Costa Batista, Leonardo Wanderley Lopes, Raynero Aquino, Anna Alice Almeida
AIMS: To assess the frequency of vocal symptoms and risk factors in individuals with high and low anxiety and to investigate the relationships among vocal symptoms, risk factors, and anxiety levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 201 patients of both sexes with a mean age of 42.88 years (SD = 15.78) served as participants. The patients were divided into two groups according to the level of trait anxiety: a low-anxiety group (n = 108) and a high-anxiety group (HAG, n = 93)...
November 27, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Yunjung Kim, Geoffrey Coalson, Jeffrey Berry
PURPOSE: This study investigated coarticulatory effects on schwa. The purpose was to establish a viable phonetic environment and analysis for future studies of coarticulation, particularly in motor speech disorders. METHOD: Seven female adults read 2 phrases containing 4 target words in a CVC structure embedded in the carrier phrases, "Put a CVC here" and "Get CVC a puppy." A 3D electromagnetic articulography system was used to track lingual movements during schwa production...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Lara Emilia Mendonsa, Shivani Tiwari
BACKGROUND: Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are significant team members in the identification, assessment, and rehabilitation of children with autism. With a recent upsurge in the number of children with autism, there arises a need to examine SLPs knowledge and skills in identification and intervention of children with autism. AIM: The present study is, thus, a novel attempt aimed to investigate knowledge and belief of SLPs in the assessment and intervention of autism in the Indian context...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Monique Tardif, Larissa Cristina Berti, Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Jennifer Pardo, Tim Bressmann
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Anecdotal clinical reports have stated that hypernasal speech sounds monotonous. However, the relationship between the perception of intonation (i.e., the fundamental frequency variation across an utterance) and hypernasality (excessive nasal resonance during the production of non-nasal sounds) has not been investigated in research. We hypothesized that auditory-perceptual ratings of intonation would be significantly lower for more hypernasal stimuli. METHODS: One male and one female voice actor simulated 3 levels of intonation (monotone, normal, and exaggerated) at 4 different levels of hypernasality (normal, mild, moderate, and severe)...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Sheng-Yang Tsui, Yu Tsao, Chii-Wann Lin, Shih-Hau Fang, Feng-Chuan Lin, Chi-Te Wang
BACKGROUND: Studies have used questionnaires of dysphonic symptoms to screen voice disorders. This study investigated whether the differential presentation of demographic and symptomatic features can be applied to computerized classification. METHODS: We recruited 100 patients with glottic neoplasm, 508 with phonotraumatic lesions, and 153 with unilateral vocal palsy. Statistical analyses revealed significantly different distributions of demographic and symptomatic variables...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Elise Baker, Sarah Masso, Sharynne McLeod, Yvonne Wren
AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe the nutritive and non-nutritive oral sucking habits (breastfeeding, bottle use, pacifier/dummy/soother use, thumb/finger sucking) of preschoolers with and without phonological impairment, and to determine whether oral sucking habits are associated with the presence and severity of phonological impairment. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 199 Australian English-speaking preschoolers with and without phonological impairment...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Jérôme R Lechien, Dominique Morsomme, Camille Finck, Kathy Huet, Véronique Delvaux, Myriam Piccaluga, Bernard Harmegnies, Sven Saussez
OBJECTIVE: To study the differences in perceptual ratings of mild and moderate dysphonia related to the speech task, and their impact on intrarater and interrater reliabilities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Voice recordings of 15 outpatients with mild or moderate dysphonia related to laryngopharyngeal reflux were presented to 6 female experienced judges blinded to the clinical state of the patients. From these, the GRBASI (Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain, and Instability) evaluations were performed on connected speech and sustained vowel of the pretreatment voice recordings and absolute agreement, and both intrarater and interrater reliabilities were assessed...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Marco Guzman, Patricio Saldivar, Rodrigo Pérez, Daniel Muñoz
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at observing the influence of tube phonation into water on objective voice characteristics in elderly subjects. METHODS: Thirty elderly subjects with presbyphonia were randomly assigned to one of two voice exercise groups: (1) voice exercises with water resistance therapy at 4 and 8 cm of water depth (experimental group), and (2) voice exercises with vowel [a:]. Aerodynamic, electroglottographic, and acoustic voice assessments were conducted before and after exercises...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Junichiro Wada, Masayuki Hideshima, Shusuke Inukai, Azusa Katsuki, Hiroshi Matsuura, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Speech impairment during the initial phase of removable partial denture (RPD) treatment can prevent patient adaptation to RPDs. This study was undertaken to investigate the influence of oral morphology on speech production in subjects wearing RPDs with major connectors. METHODS: Two types of connectors were fabricated for 17 subjects with normal dentitions: covering the middle palate (M-bar) and the anterior/posterior palate (AP-bar). Four target sounds ([∫i], [t∫i], [çi], and [ki]) were evaluated under 3 recording conditions: no connector, M-bar, and AP-bar...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Maria W L J Olthof-Nefkens, Hannes Kruse, Els Derksen, Bert J M de Swart, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Johanna G Kalf
OBJECTIVE: To identify the essential elements of a newly developed, practice-based logopaedic intervention, which focuses on communication between persons with dementia (PwDs) and their caregivers. METHODS: The intervention of 6 one-hour sessions was conducted and evaluated with 4 PwD-caregiver dyads. Eighteen therapy sessions were video recorded and semi-structured interviews with all dyads and an interview with the speech-language therapist (SLT) were audio recorded...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Donia Ayman Zakaria, Meram M Bekhet, Mona S Khodeir, Samia S Bassiouny, Marwa M Saleh
BACKGROUND: Although diabetes mellitus is a well-researched systemic endocrinal disease, literature is scarce addressing the co-occurrence of oropharyngeal dysphagia with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to screen Egyptian diabetic patients for symptoms suggestive of oropharyngeal dysphagia using the validated Arabic version of the Eating Assessment Tool (A-EAT-10). PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: 200 Egyptian adult diabetic patients, aged from 18 to 59 years participated in the study...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Irene Battel, Irene Calvo, Margaret Walshe
Outcome measures and scales translated into other languages according to conventions are important for international clinical research in dysphagia. Typically, assessments and scales are translated locally without cultural adaptation and validation. The Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) is widely used in dysphagia research and clinical practice in English-speaking countries. Nevertheless, it is not available in Italian. The aim of this study was to translate the FOIS into Italian and validate it, allowing the FOIS to be available to speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and clinicians working with individuals with dysphagia in Italy...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Kim Bettens, Astrid Verbrugge, Leen Aper, Lieven Danneels, Kristiane M Van Lierde
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Peer tutoring may advance learning experiences and academic performances of students. Moreover, it seems to be an effective strategy to develop new skills. This study aimed to explore the effects of peer tutoring on the competencies of first-year students (tutees) and final-year students (tutors) of a master program in speech-language pathology. METHODS: Questionnaires were used to investigate the motivation, expectations, learning success, and competencies of 69 tutees and 32 tutors regarding a peer-tutoring project to optimize the speech sound proficiency skills of the tutees...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Jong-Chi Oh, Jae-Sung Kwon
OBJECTIVE: The effect of a resistive jaw-opening exercise using an elastic band on suprahyoid muscle activity and tongue strength was examined in healthy volunteers. METHODS: Twenty-one adults wore an elastic loop around their head and mandible. To prescribe the appropriate elastic band resistance, the 10-repetition maximum (10 RM) was measured among 4 bands at baseline. Band loops, starting with the highest resistance value band, were sequentially applied to determine the suitability for 10 RM...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Viviane Cristina de Castro Marino, Vanessa Moraes Cardoso, Gillian de Boer, Jeniffer de Cássia Rillo Dutka, Eliana Maria Gradim Fabbron, Tim Bressmann
OBJECTIVES: This study establishes normative nasalance values for middle-aged and elderly Brazilian Portuguese-speakers and investigates age and gender effects across the life span. METHODS: Nasalance scores were obtained from 62 middle-aged (45-59 years) and 60 elderly (60-79 years) participants with normal speech for 3 nonnasal, 1 phonetically balanced, and 2 nasal-loaded test sentences using the Nasometer II 6400. The data were combined with a published data set of 237 speakers in 4 groups: children (5-9 years), adolescents (10-19 years), young adults (20-24 years), and mature adults (25-35 years)...
2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
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