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Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications

F C Chiu, K Raymond
Previously reported methods for the determination of celiprolol in plasma could not be satisfactorily employed due to interference from plasma components. Thus, an improved, convenient and efficient method for the determination of the plasma concentration of celiprolol was developed using a simple solvent extraction step followed by high-performance liquid chromatography on a silanol deactivated C18 column with fluorescence detection. The plasma interference was resolved from celiprolol and the typical trailing of basic compounds on reversed-phase HPLC was eliminated...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
R S Plumb, R D Gray, A J Harker, S Taylor
A high-performance liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination in human urine of GI138870X, the sulphoxide metabolite of a novel dideoxynucleoside analogue, 2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (lamivudine). GI138870X was extracted from human urine using Empore SDB RPS solid-phase extraction disks prior to reversed-phase chromatography with UV detection. The method has shown to be valid over the concentration range 0.5-100 micrograms/ml using a 0.5-ml sample volume.
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
D Compas, D J Touw, P N de Goede
An assay for the determination of itraconazole and its active metabolite hydroxyitraconazole in serum has been developed, using ketoconazole as internal standard. The procedure involved a one-step liquid-liquid extraction of the drug, its metabolite and the internal standard, followed by their separation by reversed-phase HPLC. In this paper the validation of this method is described.
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
E Urbánková, A Vacek, J Chmelík
Gravitational field-flow fractionation is a relatively simple experimental technique. This method was used for the characterization of stem cells from mouse bone marrow. Because these cells are bigger than the other cells in bone marrow, it is possible to separate them from the mixture. The fractions collected after passing through the separation channel were characterized using a Coulter Counter and used for transplantation into irradiated mice.
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
H Kajiwara, A M Hemmings, H Hirano
A tetradecapeptide from ginseng (Panax ginseng) root showing anti-lipolytic activity in an isolated rat fat cell assay was chemically synthesized for analysis of metal binding activities in vitro. Binding activities against several metal ions were analysed by measuring mobility shifts during capillary zone electrophoresis experiments. The ginseng polypeptide (GPP) showed the greatest increase in effective molecular electrophoretic mobility in the presence of Mg2+. Mobility was also affected in the presence of La3+, Mn2+, Ca2+ and Zn2+ ions...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
L D Masnatta, L A Cuniberti, R H Rey, J P Werba
A selective high-performance liquid chromatographic method to assess either bezafibrate, ciprofibrate or fenofibric acid plasma levels is described. Drugs are extracted with diethyl ether, after acidification with HCL. An isocratic acetonitrile 0.02 M H3PO4 (55:45) mobile phase, a C18 microns) column and UV detection are used. The LOQ found was 0.25 microgram/ml for the three fibrates. Intra- and inter-assay accuracy ranges were 90-107% and 82-111%: 96-115% and 94-107%: 94-114% and 94-126% for bezafibrate, ciprofibrate and fenofibric acid, respectively...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
D J Fletouris, N A Botsoglou, I E Psomas, A I Mantis
Analytical methodology for determination of albendazole and its sulphoxide and sulphone metabolites in milk at levels down to 2-5 ng/ml has been developed. Extraction was carried out with ethyl acetate under alkaline conditions, and extracts were analyzed on a silica-based C18 column in the presence of positively-charged pairing ions. Accuracy data showed overall recoveries ranged from 78.4% to 100%, whereas precision data, based on within and between-day variation, suggested overall precision values better than 4...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
H Hasegawa, E Takahara, T Yamada, O Nagata
A simple and sensitive method for quantitation of HSR-609 (I) in human plasma and urine was developed using HPLC with the fluorescence labelling reagent 4-(N,N-dimethylaminosulfonyl)-7-N-piperazino-2,1,3-benzox adi azole (DBD-PZ). Compound I was extracted from human plasma and urine, and derivatized by reaction with DBD-PZ in the presence of Mukaiyama reagent A, an equimolar solution of 2,2'-dipyridyl disulfide (DPDS) and triphenylphosphine (TPP) in acetonitrile. The reaction mixture was cleaned up by liquid liquid extraction following the derivatization...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
T Ohkubo, T Uno, K Sugawara
A highly sensitive and selective method for determining a dihydropyridine calcium antagonist, manidipine, by liquid chromatography using column switching with electrochemical detection was developed. Manidipine in serum was extracted by a rapid and simple procedure based on C8 bonded-phase extraction and then silica extraction. Manidipine and nilvadipine as an internal standard were separated on a C8 bonded-phase HPLC column and detected by high conversion efficiency amperometric detection at +0.7 V. Manidipine and nilvadipine (I...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
W Luo, B Yin, C Y Ang, L Rushing, H C Thompson
A sensitive method for the determination of lincomycin residues in fish tissues is described. Lincomycin was extracted from fish tissues with phosphate buffer (pH 4.5). The extract was concentrated with a C18 solid-phase extraction cartridge and further cleaned up by solvent extraction. Lincomycin was derivatized with N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide to form a trimethylsilyl derivative before being analyzed by gas chromatography with nitrogen-phosphorus detection. Coumaphos was used as the internal standard...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
T Fujii, K Hatanaka, G Sato, Y Yasui, H Arimoto, Y Mitsutsuka
Surface ionization organic mass spectrometry (SIOMS) has been performed on the clinically important drug haloperidol using quadrupole mass spectrometry in which the thermal ion source has a rhenium oxide emitter. The surface ionization (SI) mass spectrum is presented, interpreted in a purely empirical way by means of evidence from previous investigations, and then compared to results from conventional electron impact (EI) ionization. An approach to detection of this drug in serum by gas chromatography (GC) with a surface ionization detector (SID) and GC-SIOMS is described...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
L Maestri, S Ghittori, M Imbriani
A method for the determination of urinary N-acetyl-S-(1-phenyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine (M1) and N-acetyl-S-(2-phenyl-2-hydroxyethyl)-L-cysteine (M2) in man was developed. Clean-up of urine samples was obtained by a chromatographic technique, using a short reversed-phase precolumn; purified samples were then deacetylated with porcine acylase I for 16 h at 37 degrees C and deproteinized by centrifugal ultrafiltration. Derivatization was performed with o-phthaldialdehyde and 2-mercaptoethanol and the fluorescent derivatives were separated on a reversed-phase analytical column with a gradient mobile phase consisting of 50 mM acetate buffer (pH 6...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
T Einig, L Dunemann, W Dehnen
A method was developed for sensitive determination of the specific benzene metabolite S-phenylmercapturic acid and the corresponding toluene metabolite S-benzylmercapturic acid in human urine for non-occupational and occupational exposure. The sample preparation procedure consists of liquid extraction of urine samples followed by precolumn derivatization and a clean-up by normal-phase HPLC. Determination of analytes occurs by gas chromatography with electron-capture detection. With this highly sensitive method (detection limits 60 and 65 ng/l, respectively) urinary S-phenylmercapturic and S-benzylmercapturic acid concentrations for non-occupationally exposed persons (e...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
T Seppänen-Laakso, I Laakso, P Backlund, H Vanhanen, J Viikari
Octadecenoic (18:1) trans-fatty acid fractions from margarine, butter and plasma phospholipids (PL) were isolated by silver ion TLC, and nine positional isomers (n-11-n-3) were identified by GC-MS based on their ozonolysis products. The GC analysis of the isolated fractions gave similar peak profiles and separated seven trans-isomers (n-11-n-6 and n-3). Without a preceding isolation step, the reproducibility of the GC method for plasma PL elaidic (18:1 n 9 trans) and trans-vaccenic acids (n-7) was 3.4 and 2...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
S J Lillard, E S Yeung
A modified version of capillary isoelectric focusing (cIEF) was developed to separate hemoglobin variants contained within single human erythrocytes. Laser-induced native fluorescence with 275 nm excitation was used to detect the separated hemoglobins. In this method, baseline fluctuations were minimized and detection sensitivity was improved by using dilute solutions of anolyte, catholyte, and carrier ampholytes (with methylcellulose). Since electroosmotic flow was used for mobilization of the focused bands, separation and detection were integrated into a single step...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
J Müthing, H Ziehr
Enhancement in separation of gangliosides on silica gel precoated high-performance TLC plates has been obtained by automated multiple development chromatography. A less polar mixture of the standard solvent chloroform-methanol-20 mM aqueous CaCl2 (120:85:20, v/v) was used. Lowering the water content achieved separation of two complex monosialoganglioside fractions, isolated from murine YAC 1 T lymphoma and MDAY-D2 lymphoreticular cells. Three-fold chromatography in the solvent chloroform-methanol-20 mM aqueous CaCl2 (120:85:14, v/v) resulted in TLC separation of GM1b-type gangliosides, substituted with C24 and C16 fatty acids and with Neu5Ac and Neu5Gc as well, which could not be achieved by unidirectional standard chromatography...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
E Bissé, P Huaman-Guillen, P Hörth, A Busse-Grawitz, M Lizama, A Krämer-Guth, W Haehnel, H Wieland
We have separated and quantified two new minor hemoglobins named HbA1d3a and HbA1d3b. The level of HbA1d3a was significantly higher in uremic than in non-uremic patients (3.00 +/- 0.50% vs. 1.28 +/- 0.26% of total hemoglobin). It correlated well with carbamylated hemoglobin (r = 0.80, n = 81, p < 0.002) and with plasma urea concentration (r = 0.78, n = 81, p < 0.002). These data and the electrospray ionization mass spectrometric analysis provide strong evidence that HbA1d3a is an alpha-chain modified by carbamylation...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
G Bringmann, H Friedrich, G Birner, M Koob, K H Sontag, C Heim, W Kolasiewicz, S Fähr, M Stäblein, R God, D Feineis
Highly chlorinated beta-carbolines have a potential in vivo relevance to Parkinson's disease. In this paper, a gas chromatographic method for the determination of the neurotoxic 1-trichloromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (TaClo), the condensation product of tryptamine and chloral hydrate, is described. The specific and sensitive assay involves purification of the biological samples by solid-phase extraction with C18 cartridges, derivatization with heptafluorobutyric anhydride, and chromatography on a non-polar fused-silica capillary column...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
F Bressolle, M Audran, T N Pham, J J Vallon
Investigation of individual drug enantiomers is required in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies of drugs with a chiral centre. Cyclodextrins (CDs) are extensively used in high-performance liquid chromatography as stationary phases bonded to a solid support or as mobile phase additives in HPLC and capillary electrophoresis (CE) for the separation of chiral compounds. We describe here the basis for the liquid chromatographic and capillary electrophoretic resolution of drug enantiomers and the factors affecting their enantiomeric separation...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
Y Baba
Rapid progress in the Human Genome Project has stimulated investigations for gene therapy and DNA diagnosis of human diseases through mutation or polymorphism analysis of disease-causing genes and has resulted in a new class of drugs, i.e., DNA-based drugs, including human gene, disease-causing gene, antisense DNA, DNA vaccine, triplex-forming oligonucleotide, protein-binding oligonucleotides, and ribozyme. The recent development of capillary electrophoresis technologies has facilitated the application of capillary electrophoresis to the analysis of DNA-based drugs and the detection of mutations and polymorphism on human genes towards DNA diagnosis and gene therapy for human diseases...
December 13, 1996: Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
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