Read by QxMD icon Read

Reproductive Health Matters

Carmen H Logie, Alex Abramovich, Nicole Schott, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones
Social inequities, including stigma, criminalisation of same-sex practices, and poverty, elevate HIV exposure among young transgender women and sexually diverse men in Jamaica. Yet the ways transgender women and sexually diverse men in Jamaica navigate sex and HIV in contexts of social inequity are underexplored. The study objective was to explore experiences and perceptions of sexual decision-making and HIV risk among young (aged 18-30) sexually diverse men and transgender women in Kingston, Jamaica. We conducted a community-based qualitative study in Kingston that involved in-depth individual interviews (transgender women: n = 20; sexually diverse men: n = 20), 2 focus groups (transgender women: n = 8; sexually diverse men: n = 10) and 13 key informant interviews...
November 26, 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Cristina Puig Borràs, Brenda I Álvarez Álvarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 26, 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Eric Badu, Naomi Gyamfi, Maxwell Preprah Opoku, Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Anthony Kweku Edusei
The need to improve the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights of women with disabilities is increasingly acknowledged. Unfortunately, women with disabilities in low- and middle-income settings, including Ghana, face several barriers (including structural, financial, physical, social and attitudinal) to accessing SRH services and care. This paper explores the enablers and barriers to accessing SRH services and care among visually impaired women in the Ashanti and Brong Ahafo Regions of Ghana. Qualitative data from in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were collected from 21 visually impaired women, selected through purposive and snowballing sampling techniques...
November 22, 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Carmen H Logie, Natania Marcus, Ying Wang, Ashley Lacombe-Duncan, Kandasi Levermore, Nicolette Jones, Nicolette Bryan, Robin Back, Annecka Marshall
Limited research has examined lesbian and bisexual women's sexual health practices in the Caribbean, where lesbian and bisexual women experience sexual stigma that may reduce sexual healthcare utilisation. We conducted a sequential multi-method research study, including semi-structured individual interviews (n = 20) and a focus group (n = 5) followed by a cross-sectional survey (n = 205) with lesbian and bisexual women in Kingston, Montego Bay, and Ocho Rios, Jamaica. Binary logistic analyses and ordinal logistic regression were conducted to estimate the odds ratios for social-ecological factors associated with lifetime STI testing, sex work involvement, and the last time of STI testing...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Julia Hussein, Jane Cottingham, Mike Mbizvo, Eszter Kismödi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Ann M Moore, Mardieh Dennis, Ragnar Anderson, Akinrinola Bankole, Anna Abelson, Giulia Greco, Bellington Vwalika
Although abortion is legal in Zambia under a variety of broad conditions, unsafe abortion remains common. The purpose of this project was to compare the financial costs for women when they have an induced abortion at a facility, with costs for an induced abortion outside a facility, followed by care for abortion-related complications. We gathered household wealth data at one point in time (T1) and longitudinal qualitative data at two points in time (T1 and T2, three-four months later), in Lusaka and Kafue districts, between 2014 and 2015...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Jenny O'Donnell, Alisa Goldberg, Ellice Lieberman, Theresa Betancourt
How rurality relates to women's abortion decision-making in the United States remains largely unexplored in existing literature. The present study relies on qualitative methods to analyze rural women's experiences related to pregnancy decision-making and pathways to abortion services in Central Appalachia. This analysis examines narratives from 31 participants who disclosed experiencing an unwanted pregnancy, including those who continued and terminated a pregnancy. Results suggest that women living in rural communities deal with unwanted pregnancy in three phases: (1) the simultaneous assessment of the acceptability of continuing the pregnancy and the acceptability of terminating the pregnancy, (2) deciding whether to seek services, and (3) navigating a pathway to service...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Ben Kasstan
This commentary discusses Ireland's 25 May 2018 Referendum result to repeal the Eighth Amendment and has two key aims. Firstly, it encourages policy-makers to grasp the full potential of legislative reform by enabling and protecting women's access to abortion care within a continuum of sexual and reproductive healthcare options. Secondly, it calls for urgent clarity about access to abortion care in the interim period of legislative transition.
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Omar Galárraga, Jane Harries, Brendan Maughan-Brown, Diane Cooper, Susan E Short, Mark N Lurie, Abigail Harrison
The objective of this study is to measure the preliminary efficacy of a pilot intervention, grounded in behavioural economics, increasing adherence of dual protection (simultaneous use of effective modern contraception and a barrier method, such as a condom) to protect against HIV, other sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy. Between 2015 and 2016, 100 women aged 18-40 years, seeking post-abortion care in Cape Town, South Africa were recruited to Empower Nudge, a randomised controlled trial to test a lottery incentive intervention designed to increase dual protection...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Sofia Gruskin, Avery Everhart, Diana Feliz Olivia, Stefan Baral, Sari L Reisner, Eszter Kismödi, David Cruz, Cary Klemmer, Michael R Reich, Laura Ferguson
This roundtable discussion is the result of a research symposium entitled In Transition: Gender [Identity], Law & Global Health where participants took up the challenge to engage with the question: What will it take to ensure the sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) of transgender populations across the globe? The barriers to overcome are fierce, and include not only lack of access to health services and insurance but also stigma and discrimination, harassment, violence, and violations of rights at every turn...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Deeqa Mohamed, Nadia Diamond-Smith, Jesse Njunguru
Although abortion is now legal in Kenya under expanded circumstances, access is limited and many providers and individuals still believe it is illegal. This study aimed to characterise Kenyan women's perceptions and experiences with abortion and post-abortion care (PAC) services in Nairobi regarding barriers to care, beliefs about abortion, and perceived stigma. We conducted 15 semi-structured in-depth interviews with Kenyan women aged 18-24 years who recently received abortion and PAC services at four Marie Stopes Kenya clinic sites in Nairobi...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Sarah Raifman, Selma Hajri, Caitlin Gerdts, Diana Foster
Despite Tunisia's historically progressive reproductive health policies, Tunisian women now face significant challenges accessing legal abortion. Through in-depth interviews with providers at six facilities, we explored factors influencing provider attitudes about abortion and provider perspectives about abortion morality, safety, and legality. We found that gatekeepers (counsellors and front office staff) generally believed abortion was immoral, while obstetricians and gynecologists were more likely to support an individual's right to access abortion...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Julie Hennegan, Alexandra K Shannon, Kellogg J Schwab
Inadequate menstrual hygiene presents a barrier to women's dignity and health. Recent attention to this marginalised challenge has resulted in the first national assessments of menstrual practices. Intuitively, surveys require women to have had a recent menses to be eligible. This study seeks to determine if there are demographic differences between women who are eligible and ineligible to answer questions about their menstrual hygiene during these assessments. Secondary analyses were undertaken on nationally or state representative data collected by the Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 survey programme across eight countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, and Uganda)...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Shireen J Jejeebhoy, K G Santhya
While there are a growing number of interventions and evaluations of programmes aimed at changing gender norms and violence against women and girls, there remains a dearth of documentation outlining the challenges faced in conducting these interventions and evaluations, particularly in traditional and low literacy settings. The Do Kadam Barabari Ki Ore (Two Steps Towards Equality) programme sought to understand what works to prevent violence against women and girls in Bihar, India. This paper draws insights from process evaluation data...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Laura Ferguson, Sapna Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Julia Hussein, Jane Cottingham, Wanda Nowicka, Eszter Kismodi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Kiva Diamond Allotey-Reidpath, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D Reidpath
Recent globally compiled evidence suggests that one-quarter of pregnancies end in abortions. However, abortions remain illegal in many countries, resulting in unsafe practices. Debates have largely stalled with the pro-life, pro-choice epithets. To provide further arguments in support of legalising abortion services, we argue that the state cannot demand of a woman that she maintains an unwanted pregnancy because that demand places her in a state of involuntary servitude. Involuntary servitude would put states in breach of international human rights law (Article 8 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Lucía Berro Pizzarossa
Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) has increasingly gained importance in the field of international human rights law. The work of the United Nations (UN) bodies, in particular the recently adopted General Comment 22 (GC 22), has been instrumental in signalling the importance of the SRH legal framework and in setting clear guidelines to steer countries into enacting/modifying/repealing national laws in order to comply with their international obligations vis-à-vis SRH. Although within the region Uruguay is regarded as a pioneer in terms of women's status and rights, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, evidence points to a number of challenges...
December 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Alba Ruibal
The implementation of the 2012 Argentinean Supreme Court landmark ruling, which declared abortion legal in all cases of rape and established standards of implementation of lawful abortions at all levels of government, shows an uneven pattern of compliance by subnational governments throughout the country. Based on a case-study of the implementation of the Court's decision in the province of Salta, this article advances an explanation of mechanisms that can affect the definition and enforcement of abortion rights at the local level, in a federation...
November 14, 2018: Reproductive Health Matters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"