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Central European Journal of Public Health

Tereza Pavlová, Jan Novák, Filip Zlámal, Julie Bienertová-Vašků
We would like to submit the following correction to our recently published paper due to an error in the Table 2. The corrected table is given below.
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Vít Vlček
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes and comments on contemporary legislation concerning prevention of epidemics caused by contaminated drinking water from public water supplies in the Czech Republic. METHODS: Suggestions are made for removing existing legislative shortcomings, clarifying diction of existing laws and expanding sanctions and penalties for health injury caused by providers and operators of public drinking water. RESULTS: The author reflects on improving legislation concerning the compensation of victims of contaminated water with reference to the aftermath of a local epidemic in the Dejvice District of Prague...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Maya Grigorievna Lyapina, Maria Stoyanova Dencheva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of contact sensitization to selected cosmetic allergens, i.e. ingredients of dental materials, in students of dental medicine and dental patients. METHODS: A total of 50 participants were included in the study: 40 students of dental medicine exposed to the studied allergens during the course of practical education; and 10 randomly selected dental patients without occupational exposure to the investigated substances served as a control group...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Katarína Kromerová, Vladimír Bencko
Human biomonitoring (HBM) has a wide range of applications and long tradition both in health care and the field of public health. Its major advantage is the integration of all exposure routes and sources. Since HBM information is an integrated exposure finding it offers the opportunity to trace and mimic a realistic exposure scenario. It reduces the number of assumptions that need to be made when estimating exposure and thus helps to reduce the uncertainties in exposure science. In spite of some challenges, such as further harmonization in the area of HBM, necessity of deriving equivalents of markers of external exposure and addressing the ethical and political aspects of its application, HBM is an efficient and cost-effective way to measure exposure levels of the human body to xenobiotics...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Pedro Arcos González, Sergio Pérez García, Rafael Castro Delgado
OBJECTIVES: Seasonal influenza causes high morbidity worldwide and high mortality in developing countries. As a result, the development of systems for seasonal influenza surveillance has been of great interest. The aim of this study is to explore the potential role of an Emergency Medical System (EMS) call centre to complement traditional surveillance systems of seasonal influenza. METHODS: Retrospective observational study in which data on influenza from the system of Notifiable Diseases List (Spanish acronym EDO) and Sentinel Physicians Network (Spanish acronym RMC) were compared with information on calls made to the Principality of Asturias EMS call centre that covers all the region population (1,027,659 inhabitants) based on a set of specific criteria to determine differences and explore this emergency call system as a complementary epidemiological surveillance system...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Velma Rebić, Ana Budimir, Mufida Aljicević, Sabina Mahmutović Vranić, Damir Rebić
OBJECTIVES: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) represents one of the most important microorganism that is part of the normal microflora of humans, but in certain conditions can cause very serious infections. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is responsible for a wide spectrum of nosocomial and community associated infections worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine community acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA), as well as the frequency of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) genes and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) types in isolates obtained from outpatients in the region of 700,000 people (Canton Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina) Methods: Our investigation included phenotypic and genotypic markers such as antimicrobial resistance, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), SCC typing, and PVL detection...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Georgios K Nikolopoulos, Sophocles Chanos, Emmanouil Tsioptsias, Ioannis Hodges-Mameletzis, Dimitra Paraskeva, Nikos Dedes
OBJECTIVE: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately affected by HIV in Greece. However, research on HIV incidence in this group is lacking. This study aimed at estimating HIV incidence among MSM in Athens, Greece. METHODS: The analysis included routinely collected data between January 2013-June 2015 from adult MSM who visited a community-based facility (Ath Checkpoint) at least twice and were non-reactive to the rapid INSTITM HIV-1/HIV-2 assay at baseline...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Elizabeth J King, Linda M Niccolai, Ksenia U Eritsyan, Robert Heimer, Olga S Levina
OBJECTIVE: HIV testing among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Russia has been documented to be low; however, few studies have been conducted outside of the major metropolitan cities. The aim of this study was to determine how many PWID were aware of their HIV serostatus and what motivators were associated with getting tested for HIV. METHODS: Our analysis describes HIV testing behaviours among 593 PWID in Ivanovo and Novosibirsk, Russia. Participants completed a questionnaire and consented to HIV testing...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Pinar Korkmaz, Türkan Paşali Kilit, Kevser Onbaşi, Duru Mistanoglu Ozatag, Onur Toka
OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to evaluate influenza vaccination rates among the elderly and individuals with underlying chronic disease, and factors that affect vaccination uptake. METHODS: The study comprised individuals aged 18-65 years with underlying chronic diseases, and individuals aged over 65 years. Literature-based questionnaires prepared by the researcher regarding vaccination were completed through face-to-face interviews by the principal investigator. RESULTS: A total of 818 participants were included in the study, 257 (31...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Tae-Kyung Han, Wi-Young So
OBJECTIVES: Asians (including Chinese, Japanese and Koreans), who generally have a relatively smaller body size and a lower mean body mass index (BMI), have a relatively higher risk of developing android-type obesity than westerners. Substitution of alanine for threonine (Ala54Thr) on the FABP2 gene (rs 1799883) is related to insulin resistance and obesity. However, few studies have examined this substitution in Koreans, and the number of Korean subjects in those studies is limited. For this reason, we investigated the differences between the FABP2 Ala54Thr polymorphism and obesity, hemodynamic variables, blood lipid profile results, and insulin resistance among middle-aged Korean women with abdominal obesity...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Attila J Trájer, Tamás Hammer, Zsolt Szigeti
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of physical factors of apartments, educational attainment, nationality and unemployment on the number and distribution of bed bug call inquiries in Budapest, Hungary. METHODS: Educational attainment, apartment conditions, the level of unemployment, the ratio of dependent people in the households, nationality and proportion of dependent people were selected as regressors. Monthly ambient temperature values were correlated with monthly call inquiry numbers...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Attila Sárváry, Zsigmond Kósa, Renáta Erdei Jávorné, Anikó Gyulai, Péter Takács, János Sándor, Andrea Sárváry, Ágnes Németh, Réka Halmai, Róza Ádány
OBJECTIVE: The poor health of Roma is well documented, but there is only limited data regarding the health of Roma children. The aim of this study was to describe the socioeconomic status, health related behaviour, and health of children living in segregated Roma settlements, and to compare the data with that of non-Roma children. METHODS: In March-April of 2011, a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 11-year-old (211 boys and 252 girls) and 13-year-old (205 boys and 247 girls) children living in Roma settlements was performed (response rate: 91...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Ibolya Czibere, Andrea Rácz, Henrietta Szilvási, Zita Szikszai, Sándor Imre
OBJECTIVES: The study presents the findings of a quantitative research conducted among people aged over 90, who live in a large town of Hungary, Debrecen. The aim of the research was to examine the lifestyle, attitudes, values, and physical and mental condition of old and long-lived people. We laid a special emphasis on the exploration of the life perspectives, mood and mental youth, and their interconnections. METHODS: The sociological questionnaire used for data collection (159 questions) was intended to inquire socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits, health condition, physical activity, and identity features...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Márta Szmodis, Edit Bosnyák, Anna Protzner, Gábor Szőts, Emese Trájer, Miklós Tóth
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) and adequate macro- and micronutrient intake have favourable influence on the bone status. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationships among PA, anthropometric data, dietary intake and ultrasound bone characteristics in children. METHODS: 10-12 years old Hungarian children (N = 123, 59 girls, 64 boys) provided physical activity, diet, anthropometric and bone data. PA was measured with accelerometer (Actigraph GT3X+)...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Melinda Pénzes, Kristie L Foley, Péter Balázs, Róbert Urbán
OBJECTIVES: Alternative tobacco product (ATP) use is popular among adolescents in Western countries, however, little is known about factors influencing ATP experimentation in Europe. The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with ATP experimentation, and to identify patterns of ATP experimentation among Hungarian adolescents who had ever tried manufactured cigarette smoking. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses were applied to estimate the relationship between individual cigarette smoking experiences, social smoking influences, demographics, and ATP experimentation (roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes, cigars/cigarillos, waterpipe, traditional pipe and flavoured cigarettes) in a cross-sectional sample of 8th and 11th grade students (N = 1,067, 56...
March 2019: Central European Journal of Public Health
Martin Novotný, Pavol Jarčuška, Laura Gombošová, Ján Hockicko, Ivana Hockicková, Alena Rovňáková, Ondrej Zahornacký, Ivan Schréter, Erik Dorko, Kvetoslava Rimárová
OBJECTIVE: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has become one of the most common causes of hospital-acquired infections. Fidaxomicin is one of the latest antibiotics used in the treatment of CDI, however, treatment cost affects recommendations for its use in several countries. We have analysed the treatment of our patients with CDI, treated by fidaxomicin since it was introduced to the market in 2018 and became available in the second biggest Slovak hospital, University Hospital of L...
December 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Zuzana Baranová, Tomáš Kampe, Erik Dorko, Kvetoslava Rimárová
OBJECTIVE: A three-year retrospective study of fungi isolated from samples of patients with suspected fungal skin infections in Eastern Slovakia is presented. METHODS: A total of 11,989 samples were collected and investigated with direct microscopic examination using 20% KOH and cultivated in Sabouraud and Mycosel medium. Identification was based on macroscopic and microscopic characteristics. RESULTS: Of the total samples, 61.76% (7,405/11,989) were completely negative and 38...
December 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Andrea Bušová, Erik Dorko, Kvetoslava Rimárová, Jana Diabelková, Tímea Rovenská, Eva Feketeová, Matúš Bereš, Róbert Čellár, Zuzana Baranová, Tomáš Kampe, Karim Benhatchi
OBJECTIVE: Lyme disease (LD) is chronic, multi-system zoonosis transmitted by ticks, and LD aetiological agents are spirochetes of the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex. The aim of the cross-sectional study was to analyze the LD incidence on the basis of the presence of specific antibodies in the serum of patients in Eastern Slovakia, and to compare the results of serological ELISA and immunoblot assays. METHODS: Venous blood with questionnaires was obtained by field sampling of respondents from Eastern Slovakia...
December 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Andrea Bušová, Erik Dorko, Eva Feketeová, Kvetoslava Rimárová, Jana Diabelková, Tímea Rovenská, Tomáš Csank
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the presented cross-sectional seroepidemiological study was to determine the current presence of antibodies against B. burgdorferi s.l. in the groups of Slovak population, and to identify potential risk factors to Lyme borreliosis. METHODS: A group of 261 adults (patients from the Neurological Clinic with possible symptoms of LB and healthy persons with possible working exposure to tick bite: gardeners and soldiers working in afforested areas) were examined in order to assess the seroprevalence of anti-Borrelia antibodies...
December 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
Andrea Bušová, Erik Dorko, Eva Feketeová, Matúš Bereš, Kvetoslava Rimárová, Jana Diabelková, Tímea Rovenská, Róbert Čellár, Tomáš Csank
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this seroepidemiological study was to determine the current prevalence of antibodies against tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in the representative group of Slovak population with included potential risk factors for TBEV. METHODS: Representative group consisted of 428 persons (also with possible exposure to risk factors for tick bite or raw milk consumption). Serum samples were screened by commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
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