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Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

A Stefanie Mikolaizak, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Michael D Denkinger, Kilian Rapp
BACKGROUND: Time spent out-of-home can increase physical activity (PA) levels. However the association between purpose for leaving home and modes of transport (MoT) on time out-of-home and PA are not straightforward. METHODS: In a large sample of community-dwelling older adults (≥65 years) daily walking duration was measured prospectively over one-week using body-fixed sensors and time out-of-home questionnaires. Data from 1,277 participants yielded 6,500 full days for analysis...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Jing Liao, Sanmei Chen, Sha Chen, Yung-Jen Yang
This study aimed to examine personal and social environmental correlates of physical activity habit of middle-aged and older adults, using Chinese square dancing as a natural exploratory example. Participants were 385 adults aged≥45 years (93% female), who habitually danced on squares or parks of three old districts of Guangzhou. Multinomial logistic regression was used to identify personal, social, psychological and behavioral correlates of multi-year dance. Old age, high education, sufficient leisure time and stable social environmental factors were associated with persistent dancing, whereby education (relative risk ratio (RRR)=1...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Lena Hübner, Solveig Vieluf, Ben Godde, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage
It remains controversial whether aging influences motor learning, and whether physiological factors such as local strength or fitness are associated with fine motor performance and learning in older adults (OA). OA (n = 51) and young adults (YA; n = 31) performed a short-term motor learning session using a precision grip force modulation (FM) task. Rate of improvement of OA compared to YA was steeper with respect to performance variability and temporal precision. Both age groups showed positive transfer during an unpracticed variant of the FM task...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Lauren T Ptomey, Eric D Vidoni, Esteban Montenegro-Montenegro, Michael A Thompson, Joseph R Sherman, Anna M Gorczyca, J L Greene, Richard A Washburn, Joseph E Donnelly
Adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their caregivers represent a segment of the population with low levels of moderate physical activity (MPA) and limited options for increasing MPA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a group video conference approach for increasing MPA in adults with AD and their caregivers. Adults with AD and their caregivers attended 30-minute group exercise sessions 3x/wk for 12wks. Exercise sessions and support sessions were delivered in their homes on a tablet computer over video conferencing software...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Adelle Gadowski, Alice J Owen, Andrea Curtis, Natalie Nanayakkara, Stephane Heritier, Marie Misso, Sophia Zoungas
This review examines the effects of statins on physical activity and/or fitness, as statins can have adverse muscle effects. A search of MEDLINE, Embase and EBMR databases to July 2018 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing statin with placebo or control, measuring physical activity and/or fitness in adults. Sixteen RCTs (total participants N=2,944) were included, 6 RCTs contributed data for meta-analysis. Random effects meta-analysis examined differences in physical fitness; maximal exercise time (seconds) in exercise testing and maximal heart rate (beats per minute ((bpm)) between statins and control...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Natalie Castalanelli, Michael Weinborn, Gilles E Gignac, Shaun Markovic, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith, Hamid R Sohrabi, Ralph N Martins, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Belinda M Brown
OBJECTIVES.: To examine the associations between physical activity duration and intensity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and executive function in older adults. METHODS.: Data from ninety-nine cognitively normal adults (age = 69.10 ± 5.1 years n = 54 female) were used in the current study. Physical activity (intensity and duration) was measured with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and fitness was measured by analysis of maximal aerobic capacity; VO2peak ...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Claudia Meyer, Sophie Hill, Keith D Hill, Briony Dow
Provision of choice and participation in falls prevention strategies is challenging for people with dementia. This paper outlines development of a discussion tool, to aid engagement of people with dementia and their caregivers in falls prevention strategies. The tool is based on a literature review of falls prevention and dementia care (1990 - 2016) and decision aid principles, and was trialled over 6-months. Twenty-five community-dwelling people with dementia (mean age 80 years, SD 7.7, 52% male), and their caregivers (mean age 73 years, SD 12...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Adilson Santos Andrade de Sousa, Marilia A Correia, Breno Quintella Farah, Glauco Saes, Antônio Eduardo Zerati, Pedro Puech-Leao, Nelson Wolosker, Gabriel G Cucato, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
This cross-sectional study compared physical activity levels and barriers between 212 men and women with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). Physical activity was objectively measured by an accelerometer. Barriers to physical activity were obtained using a validated questionnaire. Women reported higher amounts of light physical activity (P<0.001) and lower moderate to vigorous physical activity (P<0.001) than men. Women more often reported barriers such as "not having anyone to accompany" (P=0...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Guy El Hajj Boutros, José A Morais, Antony D Karelis
Physical activity plays an important role for achieving healthy aging by promoting independence and increasing the quality of life. However, current guidelines for physical activity in older adults may be difficult to achieve in an older population. Indeed, there is evidence to suggest that increasing exercise intensity in older adults may be associated with greater reductions in the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. Therefore, the idea prescribing high intensity exercise protocols such as high intensity interval training and high intensity resistance training becomes an intriguing strategy for healthy aging...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Guohua Zheng, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Kun Ling, Jing Tao, Lidian Chen
This study investigated the effects of Tai Chi compared to no exercise control on the cerebral haemodynamic parameters and other health-related factors in community older adults at risk of ischemic stroke. 170 eligible participants were randomly allocated to Tai Chi or control group. The cerebral haemodynamic parameters and physical fitness risk factors of cardiovascular disease were measured at baseline, 12 weeks and 24 weeks. After 12-weeks intervention, Tai Chi significantly improved the minimum of blood flow velocity (BFVmin ), BFVmean , pulsatility index and resistance index of the right anterior cerebral artery, and BFVmax , BFVmin and BFVmean parameters of the right middle cerebral artery...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Karim Korchi, Frédéric Noé, Noëlle Bru, Thierry Paillard
Increasing somatosensory information from the foot by exercising barefoot can potentially optimize the effectiveness of physical exercise interventions on falls prevention in the older adults. This pilot study was then undertaken in order to explore the effects of increased somatosensory information from the foot by exercising barefoot on balance, gait and plantar cutaneous sensitivity in institutionalized older adults involved in multimodal exercise intervention. Participants were assigned to three groups: a control group which did not perform any physical exercise and two groups in which they were involved in a multimodal exercise program performed barefoot or shod...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Susan J Leach, Joyce R Maring, Ellen Costello
The study aim was to investigate whether a 6-week Divided-Attention Stepping Accuracy Task (DATSAT) intervention improved the primary outcome measure, Maximal Step Length (MSL), other balance measures [Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go (TUG)], leg strength, endurance (6-Minute Walk Test) and functional tasks in 15 community dwelling healthy older adults (CHOA) (x̄ age 71.5, female 46.7%) compared to 15 CHOA in a Bike and Strength (B&S) program (x̄ age 73.8, female 33.3%). Participants trained 3 x per week, 30-60 minutes per session...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Kym Joanne Price, Brett Ashley Gordon, Kim Gray, Kerri Gergely, Stephen Richard Bird, Amanda Clare Benson
This study investigated the influence of cardiac intervention and physical capacity of individuals attending an Australian outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program on the initial exercise prescription. Eighty-five patients commencing outpatient cardiac rehabilitation at a major metropolitan hospital had their physical capacity assessed by an incremental shuttle walk test, and the initial aerobic exercise intensity and resistance training load prescribed were recorded. Physical capacity was lower in surgical patients than non-surgical patients...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Guy C Wilson, Yorgi Mavros, Lotti Tajouri, Maria Fiatarone Singh
BACKGROUND: Variations in genotype may contribute to heterogeneity in functional adaptations to exercise. METHODS: A systematic search of 8 databases was conducted, and 9696 citations were screened. RESULTS: Eight citations from 7 studies measuring 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 9 different functional performance test outcomes were included in the review. There was one observational study of physical activity and 6 experimental studies of aerobic or resistance training...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Baptiste Fournier, Maxime Lussier, Nathalie Bier, Johanne Filiatrault, Manon Parisien, Miguel Chagnon, Marie-Ève Mathieu
We examined the effects of a 12-week pole walking program on function and well-being in 123 older adults aged 60 years and older recruited by community organizations. Results showed a significant improvement in participants' upper and lower limb strength in the experimental groups compared to those in the control groups (p < .05) and a significant deterioration in walking speed and in grip strength in women in the control groups compared to those in the experimental groups (p < .05). Although not statistically significant, results also showed a trend towards greater improvement in global cognitive function in participants in the experimental groups (p = ...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon, Paul Branscum
Physical activity interventions among older adults vary widely in the techniques used to elicit behavior change. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine what behavior change techniques (BCTs) are used in interventions to increase physical activity among older adults using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), and make suggestions for BCTs that appear to be more effective. A database search identified peer-reviewed articles documenting TPB-based interventions to increase physical activity among older adults...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Samuel R Nyman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Paige Marie Watkins, Elissa Burton, Anne-Marie Hill
Resistance training (RT) can maintain and improve physical and mental health in older adults, but this population has low levels of RT participation. Linking older people participating in RT (i.e. peers) with those who have not may promote and maintain adherence. This qualitative study explored the experience of peers in encouraging RT participation among older adults. Data were collected using focus groups, researcher observations, and semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was conducted. Older people (n=8) who engaged in RT prior to recruitment, participated as peers...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Vera Ramos, Eliana V Carraça, Teresa Paiva, Fátima Baptista
The aim of this study was to identify the best predictor of sleep quality among physical behavior or capacity related variables namely, physical activity, sedentary time, fitness, and physical function (activities of daily living (ADL)) of independent elders using a representative sample of Portuguese aged 65+ (n = 437). Sleep quality and ADL were evaluated by a questionnaire, sedentary time and physical activity through accelerometry, and physical fitness by means of the Senior Fitness Test. The logistic regression analysis revealed that ADL measured by the Composite Physical Function (CPF) was the only explanatory variable discriminating between poor and good sleep quality...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Ernest Boakye-Dankwa, Anthony Barnett, Nancy A Pachana, Gavin Turrell, Ester Cerin
This study examined associations between perceived destination accessibility within different distances from home and self-reported overall amounts of walking for different purposes among older adults (aged 65+ years) in Brisbane, Australia (n=793) and Hong Kong, China (n=484). Perceived neighborhood destination accessibility types were derived from latent class analysis using comparable measures of perceived distance to 12 destinations from epidemiological studies in the two cities. Associations of perceived destination accessibility with measures of within-neighborhood walking were also estimated in Hong Kong participants...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
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