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Indian Journal of Community Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686878/a-systematic-review-on-effect-of-electronic-media-among-children-and-adolescents-on-substance-abuse
#1
REVIEW
Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib, Anju Sinha, Abhay M Gaidhane, Padam Simkhada, Prakash B Behere, Deepak Saxena, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Afroz Khatib, Mahjabeen Ahmed, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed
Background: Substance abuse is one of the most significant global public health issues among youths. Electronic media has become a part of day-to-day life for all. This systematic review is undertaken to comprehensively explore the effect of electronic media on substance abuse among children and adolescents. Methodology: Two review authors independently searched various electronic databases and other sources. Selection Criteria: Randomized control trials that assessed the effect of exposure of electronic media (defined as television, internet, gaming, mobile phones/phones, and radio) among participants in the age range of 5-19 years on substance abuse were included in the review...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686877/a-systematic-review-on-effect-of-electronic-media-on-diet-exercise-and-sexual-activity-among-adolescents
#2
REVIEW
Abhay M Gaidhane, Anju Sinha, Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib, Padam Simkhada, Prakash B Behere, Deepak Saxena, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Mahafroz Khatib, Mahjabeen Ahmed, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed
Context: Electronic media has become a part of day-to-day life for all, and particularly more so for children and adolescents. Exposure to electronic media may be beneficial as well as harmful. Aim: The aim of the study is to systematically synthesize existing published and non-published empirical evidence on the effect of exposure to electronic media on diet, exercise, and sexual activity. Methodology: Two reviewers independently searched online databases such as MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and EMBASE...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686876/intervention-study-for-reducing-schoolbag-weights-in-two-rural-schools-in-maharashtra
#3
Shyam Vinayak Ashtekar, Shekhar Bhikaji Padhyegurjar, Jagdish Dhondiba Powar, Aqsa Siddiqui
Context: Heavy schoolbags are reported worldwide including India. The prescribed safe upper limit was 10% of student bodyweight. Aims: This intervention study explored (a) impact of awareness measures among stakeholders and (b) any systemic constraints for reducing bag loads. Settings and Design: This is a two-stage intervention study following a 2016-2017 baseline study of schoolbag weights in two rural schools. Subjects and Methods: The study involved 175 students (male: 79 and female: 96) from 8th to 9th standards...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686875/adolescent-s-perception-about-the-introduction-of-new-cigarette-packaging-and-plain-packaging-of-cigarette-packs-a-qualitative-study
#4
Archana Bhat, K B Shilpashree, Archana Krishnamurthy, C Manjunath, R Shwetha, S Madhusudhan
Introduction: Larger health warning labels on cigarette packages were introduced in India in 2016 to more clearly inform consumers about the health risks associated with tobacco use. The aim of this study was to know the adolescent's perception on the introduction of new cigarette packaging and plain packaging of cigarette packs. Methodology: A qualitative study was carried out among adolescents aged 16-19 years. Eighteen participants were selected using purposive sampling technique...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686874/are-body-image-issues-affecting-our-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-among-college-going-adolescent-girls
#5
Subhashini Ganesan, S L Ravishankar, Sudha Ramalingam
Background: Body image relates to how people think and feel about their own body. In today's society, with the growing sense of ideal body image, adolescents try to lose or gain body weight to attain that perfect body. Body image perception is still naive, and this research will try to understand these unexplored areas, where there is paucity of body image-related studies. Objectives: The objective of the study is to find out the proportion of girls dissatisfied about body image, and the association of various factors with body image dissatisfaction and to ascertain the weight control behaviors adopted by adolescent college girls...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686873/preparedness-of-young-girls-for-prevention-of-cervical-cancer-and-strategy-to-introduce-the-hpv-vaccine
#6
Dharitri Swain, Swayam Prangya Parida
Objective: Cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates remain high in developing country due to low levels of awareness on preventive measures. The main study objective was to sensitize the young girls on the prevention of cervical cancer. Study Design: Quasi-experimental pretest and posttest design was used. Methods: A total of 240 young girls enrolled and 60 were selected randomly for the sensitization program. The preparedness for prevention of cervical cancer was assessed through structured preparedness criteria and perception toward vaccination was ascertained through rating scale...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686872/noncommunicable-diseases-among-school-going-adolescents-a-case-study-on-prevalence-of-risk-factors-from-sabarkantha-district-of-gujarat-india
#7
Tapasvi Puwar, Deepak Saxena, Sandul Yasobant, Shital Savaliya
Background: The increasing burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) and large proportion of adolescent population in India; crafts the dynamics of NCD risk factors. Most of the NCD risk factors are behaviorally acquired which are due to change in lifestyle during adolescent age groups. Objective: This study aims to determine the prevalence of risk factors among school-going adolescents in one of district of Gujarat state, India. Subjects and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among sampled schools of Sabarkantha district of Gujarat, India, during September-December 2016...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686871/depression-and-anxiety-disorders-among-schoolgoing-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-south-india
#8
K Jayashree, P Prasanna Mithra, M K C Nair, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Keshava Pai
Context: Adolescence is a period of turmoil, leading to several mental health challenges including anxiety and/or depression. Aims: To study the prevalence of depression and anxiety among higher school going adolescents and their sociodemographic correlates. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study included 201 schoolgoing adolescents. Subjects and Methods: Depression and anxiety were measured using Beck Depression Inventory and Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686870/are-school-going-adolescents-mentally-healthy-case-study-from-sabarkantha-gujarat-india
#9
Tapasvi Puwar, Sandul Yasobant, Deepak Saxena
Background: Mental health issues becoming the global public health challenge, especially among the youth (12-24 years of age), although they are often detected later in life. In India, the adolescent population constitutes a quarter of the country's population and burden of disease varies from 9.5 to 102/1000 population. Most of the mental health disorders remain unidentified due to negligence and ignorance of multiple factors. Keeping this in mind and lack of population-based studies with good quality for guiding the mental health policies, this study aims to document the prevalence of emotional and behavioral difficulties among adolescents in Sabarkantha district of Gujarat, India...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686869/convergence-and-outreach-for-successful-implementation-of-rashtriya-kishor-swasthya-karyakram
#10
Khushi Kansara, Deepak Saxena, Tapasvi Puwar, Sandul Yasobant, Poonam Trivedi, Shital Savaliya, Manish Fancy
Background: Adolescents (10-19 years of age) constitute about one-fifth of India's population. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, has launched Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) in 2014 to improve health of adolescents. Adolescent Health Day (AHD) is an important intervention of RKSK for outreach and to secure convergence among relevant departments. Objectives: The objective of this study is to design and document methodology for effective implementation of AHD...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686868/improving-adolescent-health-learnings-from-an-interventional-study-in-gujarat-india
#11
Pallavi Patel, Tapasvi Puwar, Neeta Shah, Deepak Saxena, Poonam Trivedi, Krupali Patel, Sandul Yasobant, Manish Fancy, Hema Matela, Shital Savaliya, Pachillu Kalpana, Ritu Rana
Background: There are multiple risk factors during adolescence, which become precursors of various diseases and injuries inflicting high morbidity, mortality, and disability. There are several gaps in adolescent health research in India; one among them is that programs targeting adolescent health are constrained by the absence of rigorous interventional research informing interventions for improving adolescent health. This study aims to document the effectiveness of intervention on adolescent health and knowledge change on the risk factors among adolescents in one of the selected districts in Gujarat, India...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686867/improving-adolescent-health-services-across-high-priority-districts-in-6-states-of-india-learnings-from-an-integrated-reproductive-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-project
#12
Rajni Wadhwa, Nidhi Chaudhary, Nitin Bisht, Anil Gupta, Narayan Behera, Anupam Kumar Verma, Mona Chopra, Manish Jain, Geeta Verma, Sachin Gupta, Gunjan Taneja, Rajeev Gera
Background: India has been at the forefront of designing adolescent health (AH) policies. The National Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health policy (2006), the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn Child, and AH strategy (2013), and the "Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK)" (2014) have been the critical milestones in this direction. However, despite policies being available, the AH outcomes need improvement through operationalization of focused and need-based AH interventions...
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30686866/challenges-for-adolescent-health-programs-what-is-needed
#13
EDITORIAL
Jayantilal Satia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662194/characteristics-of-fall-among-older-people-in-rural-puducherry
#14
L Padmavathy, Amol R Dongre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662193/response-from-the-authors-kumar-p-et-al
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662192/utility-of-mid-upper-arm-circumference-in-detection-of-maternal-acute-malnutrition
#16
Umesh Kapil, Ajeet Singh Bhadoria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662191/managing-diabetes-in-the-era-of-financial-crisis-need-to-look-beyond-the-obvious
#17
Theocharis Koufakis, Christina-Maria Trakatelli, Maria Grammatiki, Kalliopi Kotsa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662190/infection-induced-hyperglycemia-in-tuberculosis-patients-at-selected-health-institutions-in-north-india
#18
Mitasha Singh, Ashok Kumar Bharadwaj, Dinesh Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662189/the-importance-of-integrating-palliative-care-in-universal-health-coverage-discourse-in-india
#19
G S Adithyan, Abhijith Jose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30662188/diabetes-distress-and-marriage-in-type-1-diabetes
#20
Deepak Khandelwal, Lovely Gupta, Sanjay Kalra, Amit Vishwakarma, Priti Rishi Lal, Deep Dutta
Background: In spite of the large number of people with Type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in India, India is not a diabetes-friendly society. The society suffers from lots of myths regarding diabetes and insulin use. This review highlights challenges faced by young people living with T1DM with regards to marriage, associated diabetes distress, and suggests potential solutions. Methods: PubMed, Medline, and Embase search for articles published up to October 2017, using the terms "marriage" (MeSH Terms) OR "diabetes distress" (All Fields) OR "depression" (All Fields) AND "diabetes" (All Fields)...
October 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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