Eyal Heled, Bar Ben-Baruch Polevoi, Talma Kushnir, Eytan Gur, Rinat Brener-Yaacobi
Cognitive flexibility (CF) has been proposed as a potential trait marker in anorexia nervosa (AN), although findings have been inconsistent. To address this inconsistency, we applied a model that distinguishes between three subtypes of CF: task switching, switching sets, and stimulus-response mapping, which we then assessed using a paradigm-based task battery. The aim of the study was to investigate how AN is associated with these three CF subtypes. Thirty-three women with AN and 37 age- and education-matched controls performed a battery of computerized cognitive tasks to assess the three CF subtypes...
June 27, 2024: Eating Disorders
Scout Silverstein, Megan Hellner, Jessie Menzel
Transgender and gender-expansive (TGE) individuals suffer from eating disorders (EDs) at disproportionate rates relative to their gender-conforming counterparts. While literature on EDs in TGE populations is growing and evolving, best practice guidelines are scant. A framework for providing gender-affirming care (GAC) in an ED treatment setting was developed by integrating findings from a focused literature review and insights from leading experts. Following synchronous and asynchronous training, the protocol was implemented in a virtual ED treatment setting with a national reach serving patients ages 6-24 years...
June 26, 2024: Eating Disorders
Rachel F Rodgers, Allegra R Gordon, Natasha L Burke, Anna Ciao
Early adolescence (ages 11-14 years) is a key period for the emergence of body image and eating concerns, and early identification and access to treatment are imperative for positive outcomes. Despite research identifying this critical developmental period, few prevention resources are available for early adolescents. Parents are key players for this age group and important socializing agents. As such, they are well positioned to help youth access resources or support where needed. However, programs to position and involve parents as interventionists are lacking...
June 24, 2024: Eating Disorders
Zali Yager
Much work has been done to promote the development of positive body image in schools. This paper aims to tell some stories from the past 35 years of work in this field that illuminate important issues in developing, evaluating, and disseminating programs, and in removing policies and practices that could trigger weight stigma and body shame or disordered eating attitudes and behaviours. The need for, goals of, and approaches to body image programs, problematic activities we have 'good enough' evidence to avoid, and next steps for advocacy, research, and action are explored as we celebrate how far we've come and have hope for the future...
June 23, 2024: Eating Disorders
Zachary A Soulliard, Thomas P Le, Vic Yamasaki
Studies exploring disordered eating among transgender and nonbinary populations have primarily focused on minority stressors with a dearth of research examining the role of gender identity pride on body appreciation and intuitive eating. To address this gap in the literature, the present study, comprised of 148 transgender and nonbinary adults ( M age  = 24.68, SD  = 6.64), tested the associations among gender identity pride, body appreciation, and intuitive eating, controlling for demographics and minority stress variables...
June 10, 2024: Eating Disorders
See Heng Yim
This article discusses the important yet under-addressed issue of clinician bodies within eating disorder services. I would like to further the discussion on a particular correspondence in, where a professional who was perceived as dangerously thin was challenged and confronted by their colleagues in a work setting. This article will consider the issue from four perspectives, being the implications for the therapeutic relationship, how we approach biases and assumptions about weight and body size, ethical and legal issues, and how to manage lived experience...
June 6, 2024: Eating Disorders
Eva Trujillo-ChiVacuan, Bertha Winterman-Hemilson, Emilio J Compte, Guadalupe Rodríguez, Marisol Perez, Carolyn Black Becker
The Body Project (BP) intervention for body image issues is supported by extensive efficacy and effectiveness research, most of which has been conducted in the United States. The BP uses cognitive dissonance to help participants critique the ideal appearance through written, verbal, and behavioral exercises. This reduces the internalization of the appearance ideal, which in turn decreases body dissatisfaction symptoms and, in some individuals, the onset of eating disorders. To broadly implement this program in Mexico and Latin America, Comenzar de Nuevo (CdN), a non-profit organization for eating disorder treatment, partnered with the Body Project Collaborative in 2014...
June 3, 2024: Eating Disorders
Marley G Billman Miller, Dominic M Denning, Jordan C Alvarez, Jorge Castro Lebron, Seba Bakoyema, Tiffany A Brown
BACKGROUND: Self-stigma of seeking psychological help is a critical factor prohibiting individuals from seeking eating disorder (ED) treatment, but has been widely unexplored in racial/ethnic and sexual minority (SM) samples. The current study examined differences in ED pathology and self-stigma of help-seeking at the intersection of race and gender within a cisgender SM sample. METHODS: Cisgender SM participants ( n  = 354) identifying as Black, Indigenous, or People of Color (BIPOC; 52%), Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI; 24%), or White (24%) were recruited through Prolific Academic...
May 30, 2024: Eating Disorders
Samantha C Holmes, Marisa K Norton, Nicole T Fogwell, Erica E Temes, Meagan M Carr, Dawn M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure is associated with disordered eating, with recent evidence suggesting PTSD symptoms may be a more proximal predictor. Intuitive eating is a well-established protective factor against disordered eating; however, no previous studies have assessed whether intuitive eating buffers the association between PTSD symptoms and disordered eating. METHODS: Two hundred sixteen women who had experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) and were residing at a domestic violence shelter completed a survey...
May 26, 2024: Eating Disorders
Emily K Presseller, Sophie R Abber, Elizabeth W Lampe, Adrienne S Juarascio
OBJECTIVE: Dietary restraint is a primary target of CBT-E. However, little research has examined how specific types of dietary restraint change during CBT-E for bulimia-spectrum eating disorders (BN-EDs) or the association between changes in dietary restraint and treatment response. This study examined latent trajectories of change in eating enough, eating a range of macronutrients, and following dietary rules during CBT-E for BN-EDs and the relationships between these trajectories and pre- to post-treatment change in BN symptoms and remission...
May 22, 2024: Eating Disorders
Adriana C Labarta, Kimberly F Colvin, Kelly Emelianchik-Key, Carman S Gill
Eating disorders (EDs) have a harmful impact on the lives of millions of individuals in the United States. Research indicates that comorbid trauma could negatively impact treatment outcomes, reinforcing ED symptomology. Transdiagnostic approaches underscore experiential avoidance as a maintaining factor for EDs and other comorbid concerns, while mindfulness and adaptive coping help disrupt avoidance of emotional experiences. In addition to treatment approaches, clinicians must consider cultural identity factors, such as religion and spirituality (R/S), to engage in culturally responsive treatment...
May 13, 2024: Eating Disorders
Julianna Gorder, Danielle T Gonzales, Stuart B Murray
Empirical evidence is unequivocal in illustrating that the majority of patients with eating disorders will not fully recover during treatment. To that end, the need for optimized treatment approaches and improved patient outcomes cannot be overstated. While empirical efforts are underway to optimize outcomes, this article reviews treatment-related research findings published in Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment & Preventi on during 2023. Importantly, this review encapsulates research addressing (i) between-session patient behaviors, (ii) the integration of technology into treatment approaches, (iii) methods to augment emotional regulation in the context of eating disorder treatment, (iv) methods to measure progress, and potentially risk markers for patient dropout, during treatment, (v) optimizing treatment approaches for inpatient settings, and (vi) augmenting family therapy-based approaches...
May 13, 2024: Eating Disorders
Minsun Lee
Despite a significant amount of research theoretically demonstrating the benefits of positive body image, limited studies have empirically examined its protective role over women's body concerns and behaviors. Based on the objectification theory, this study explored whether the associations between body objectification, disordered eating symptoms, and depression are moderated by positive body image. We considered four specific constructs of positive body image using the Body Positive Scale (BP Scale) which includes BP-Feeling, BP-Acceptance-even if, BP-Response, and BP-Conceptualization...
May 13, 2024: Eating Disorders
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Leslie Karwoski Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2024: Eating Disorders
Paul T Bartone, Kimberly H Tripp
Eating disorders are a persistent and debilitating problem, especially among college age men and women. This problem is exacerbated in occupations such as the military, where maintenance of strict standards regarding weight, fitness and appearance is important for job retention and promotion. Also, previous research confirms that stress is a contributing element to eating disorders. It is thus important to identify factors that may assist individuals to remain resilient and avoid stress-related health and eating difficulties...
May 6, 2024: Eating Disorders
An Binh Dang, Litza Kiropoulos, David Castle, Zoe Jenkins, Andrea Phillipou, Susan Rossell, Isabel Krug
This study assessed the rate of a.) the total and b.) specific psychiatric comorbidities among the three severity ratings for Anorexia Nervosa (AN): DSM-5, ICD-11 and overvaluation of weight and shape (OWS). The sample comprised 312 treatment-seeking patients with AN (mean age = 26.9). Weight and height were taken at intake to calculate BMI, the foundation for the DSM-5 and ICD-11 severity indices. The EDE-Q was used to assess OWS, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was conducted to assess psychiatric comorbidities...
May 6, 2024: Eating Disorders
Tom Price, Theoni Apostolopoulou, Kezia Jones
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Avoidant and Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (CBT-AR; ARIFD) is a psychological treatment that targets many of the core symptoms of ARFID. Although a growing literature supports the efficacy of behavioural interventions for paediatric feeding and eating disorders, including ARFID, the applicability of these methods to adults remains undetermined. Telehealth delivery of CBT-AR in adults with autism has yet to be tested. With this study, we conduct a preliminary evaluation of CBT-AR delivered virtually to a 26-year-old white British female, with mixed ARFID and elevated autistic traits...
May 2, 2024: Eating Disorders
Matthew F Murray, Heather A Davis, Jennifer E Wildes
Community evidence indicates high eating disorder (ED) and comorbid symptom severity among LGBTQ+ compared to cisgender heterosexual (CH) individuals. Little is known about such disparities in ED treatment samples, especially in outpatient treatment. We aimed to descriptively characterize and investigate baseline group differences in symptom severity between LGBTQ+ and CH ED outpatients at treatment intake. Data from 60 (22.3%) LGBTQ+ and 209 (77.7%) CH ED outpatients were used to examine: (1) demographic and diagnostic differences; (2) differences in ED, depressive, and emotion dysregulation symptoms...
April 30, 2024: Eating Disorders
Aleece Katan, Allison C Kelly, Josie Geller
Despite the importance of positive mental health, little is known about its facilitators in people with eating disorders (EDs). Drawing on past research, we hypothesized that self-compassion might be a contributing factor to positive mental health in individuals with EDs. In a two-week daily diary study of women ( N  = 32) with anorexia nervosa, we investigated whether self-compassion levels-on average, on a given day, and from one day to the next-predicted social safeness (i.e. a sense of social connection and warmth) and positive affect, both indicators of positive mental health...
April 28, 2024: Eating Disorders
Emily Jones, Trevor G Mazzucchelli, Joel Howell, Thomas Callaghan, Sarah J Egan
Clinical perfectionism, self-esteem, mood intolerance, and interpersonal difficulties are associated with eating disorder symptoms in clinical samples. The aim of the current study was to test a model including clinical perfectionism, self-esteem, mood intolerance, and interpersonal difficulties to understand eating disorder symptoms in an adolescent community sample. Adolescents ( N  = 446, M age = 16.25 years, SD  = 1.64; 74.2% female) completed measures of clinical perfectionism, self-esteem, mood intolerance, interpersonal difficulties, and eating disorder symptoms...
April 26, 2024: Eating Disorders
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