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Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH

Jeannette Fuller, James Tapp, Simon Draycott
BACKGROUND: Motivation and readiness to change are important drives for forensic patients accessing interventions. It is thought that guilt and shame influence these drives, but to date, their relationship has not been empirically tested. AIMS AND HYPOTHESES: The aim of this study is to investigate associations between guilt, shame, and treatment motivation and readiness in a sample of men in a secure hospital. It was hypothesised that guilt would be positively correlated, and shame negatively correlated, with treatment motivation and readiness...
January 29, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Dominique F de Andrade, Matthew J Spittal, Kathryn J Snow, Faye S Taxman, Julia L Crilly, Stuart A Kinner
BACKGROUND: Adults released from prison often have complex health needs. They are at high risk of poor health outcomes and reincarceration, with health service use unlikely to be planned. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: To determine the incidence of emergency health service (EHS) use, ambulance attendance and/or emergency department presentation, among 1,181 adults released from Australian prisons. We hypothesised that EHS contact would be associated with increased reincarceration risk...
January 29, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Joan A Reid, Thomas A Loughran
BACKGROUND: Researchers have raised awareness of high levels of violence exposure among justice-involved adolescents and its association with psychological distress, yet the relationship between the violence and psychological distress has rarely been studied longitudinally. AIM: This study aimed to gain understanding of the relationship between long-term exposure to violence and the development of psychological distress among justice-involved adolescents. METHODS: We examined exposure to violence and emergent psychological distress among adolescents using latent growth model analyses with a sample of 1,336 young people-male and female-who completed 10 follow-up interviews over 7 years as part of the Pathways to Desistance study...
January 15, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Valeria Bianchini, Vincenza Cofini, Martina Curto, Brunella Lagrotteria, Agostino Manzi, Serena Navari, Roberta Ortenzi, Giovanna Paoletti, Enrico Pompili, Pieritalo Maria Pompili, Cristiana Silvestrini, Giuseppe Nicolò
BACKGROUND: Several previous randomised controlled trials of dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) since Linehan's original have shown that it has an advantage over standard care or other psychological treatments, but focus is usually on suicide-related behaviours, and little is known about its effect with offender-patients. AIMS: To evaluate DBT with a group of offender-patients in the Italian high intensity therapeutic facilities-the Residenze per l'Esecuzione delle Misure di Sicurezza (REMS), established under the Italian Law 81/2014...
January 15, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lindsey G McIntosh, Mary McMurran, Pamela J Taylor, Lindsay D G Thomson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Ghitta Weizmann-Henelius, Hanna Putkonen, Teija Rissanen, Markku Eronen, Christopher D Webster
BACKGROUND: Identification of the risk factors underlying impulsivity related to violent acts is an essential component of risk assessment and management to reduce violent offending. AIMS: Our aim was to develop a clinically useful measure for assessing impulsivity related to violence. Our research questions were which items in the newly developed measure are associated with later violent recidivism and what is the measure's predictive validity? METHODS: A new scale, the impulsivity measure related to violence (IMP-V), was studied by completing the scale, blind to outcome, from information in the forensic psychiatric examination reports of 63 of a 1-year referral cohort of 181 Finnish offenders...
January 10, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Hayden P Smith, Jenelle Power, Amelia M Usher, Alicia H Sitren, Karen Slade
BACKGROUND: Rates of self-harm are high among prisoners. Most research focuses on the vulnerable prisoner, and there is little on the impact of these behaviours on staff. AIMS: To investigate staff perceptions of self-harming behaviours by prisoners, including their views on its causes, manifestation, prevention in institutions, and impact on them. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 20 administrative and 21 therapeutic prison staff who are responsible in various ways for prisoners who self-harm...
January 4, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Stephen A Evans, David Young, Paul A Tiffin
BACKGROUND: The FACE-CARAS (Functional Analysis in Care Environments-Child and Adolescent Risk-Assessment Suite) toolkit has been developed to support practitioners in Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in performing a structured risk assessment. It covers a number of risk domains including violence, suicide, self-harm, experienced abuse, and exploitation. Interrater and internal reliability has already been established but not predictive validity. AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to establish the predictive validity of the FACE-CARAS in a CAMHS population...
January 3, 2019: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Gwen O'Connor, Reg Morris
BACKGROUND: Few mental health screening tools are validated for prisoners. Existing tools do not guide referral between primary and secondary care pathways. AIMS: This study aimed to assess performance of the CORE-10 in screening any current mental health problem and current severe mental illness (SMI) in prisoners. METHOD: CORE-10 ratings were compared with mini international neuropsychiatric interview (MINI) version 6.0 ratings and current practice outcomes for 150 male prisoners...
December 18, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Francisco Caravaca Sánchez, Yuriy Ignatyev, Adrian P Mundt
BACKGROUND: There are few studies exploring associations between different types of childhood abuse and mental health problems among adult prisoners. AIMS: To explore associations between history of childhood abuse, depression or anxiety, and near-lethal suicide attempts among adult prisoners, and test the hypothesis that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be a mediator between childhood abuse and adult disorder among prisoners. METHOD: We enrolled 943 men from three prisons in Spain...
December 18, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Tineke Dillien, Kris Goethals, Bernard Sabbe, Inti A Brazil
BACKGROUND: Child molesters form a heterogeneous group, but one generally shared characteristic is maladaptive, rigid behaviour. Impairments in reinforcement learning may explain these maladaptive tendencies, but this has not been systematically investigated. Further, it is not known if such impairments vary with subtype of child molesters. AIMS: To investigate the presence of impairments in reinforcement learning among child molesters and to test for differences in patterns of impairment with subtype...
November 26, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Lucy Fitton, Andrew Bates, Adrian Hayes, Seena Fazel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Heidi Hales, Oliver White, Mayura Deshpande, David Kingsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Abigail Manjunath, Rebecca Gillham, Chiara Samele, Pamela J Taylor
BACKGROUND: Safe alternatives to custody for offenders with mental disorder are vital, not least as self-harm, and violence rates are rising among them in prisons. In England and Wales, the Criminal Justice Act 2003 allows a mental health treatment requirement (MHTR) to supplement a community or suspended prison sentence, but this combination is poorly understood and rarely sought. AIM: To explore offenders' perspectives on the MHTR. METHODS: We interviewed all 25 consenting offenders under an MHTR in two probation areas...
November 6, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Martin Lardén, Elisabeth Nordén, Mats Forsman, Niklas Långström
BACKGROUND: Aggression replacement training (ART) is a widely used cognitive behavioural intervention for reducing aggression-related recidivism among criminal offenders. Its effectiveness in reducing offending, however, remains uncertain. AIM: To examine the effect of ART on adult offenders' criminal recidivism rates. METHOD: We compared 1,124 convicted adult offenders who began ART in the Swedish Prison and Probation Services 2003-2009 with 3,372 offenders in the system at the same time who did not participate in ART...
October 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Stacy Tzoumakis, Vaughan J Carr, Kimberlie Dean, Kristin R Laurens, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Melissa J Green
BACKGROUND: Maternal smoking during pregnancy and parental offending are both linked to adverse offspring outcomes. Few studies have examined how these exposures together influence diverse offspring outcomes in early childhood. AIMS: To examine associations between quantity of prenatal maternal smoking and frequency of maternal offending and offspring behavioural and cognitive outcomes at age 5 years. METHODS: Over 66,000 Australian children (mean age 5...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Glenn D Walters
BACKGROUND: Social influences are believed to play a vital role in delinquency development within the context of the child-to-adolescent transition. AIMS: It was hypothesised that (a) positive social influences would be at least as important as negative social influences in shaping later offending behaviour during the child-to-adolescent transition; (b) parental social influences would be more prominent during childhood, and sibling and peer social influences would be more prominent during adolescence; and (c) parents would have a more positive influence than siblings or peers...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Ying Yang, Haiyan Zhao, Ma Aidi, Yu Kou
BACKGROUND: Studies have found lower well-being among prisoners than in the general population. Positive psychological interventions provide fruitful ways of enhancing people's well-being, but little is known about whether these contribute to prisoners' well-being. AIMS: To test the effects of two typical positive psychological interventions - kindness and gratitude - on Chinese prisoners' well-being. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four participants were randomly assigned to three conditions: kindness or gratitude groups in addition to 'treatment as usual' and a control condition of treatment as usual alone, with 48 men in each condition...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Sebastian Wachs, Michelle F Wright
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined alexithymia, the inability to identify or describe one's emotions, as a possible correlate of bullying. AIMS: To investigate whether there are differences among 12-18 year-olds in capacity for identifying and/or describing own emotions between traditional bullies, cyber bullies, combined bullies, and nonbullies. METHODS: Data from self-report questionnaires completed by 897 female and 652 male 12-18 year-olds (mean 14...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
Catriona Connell, Vivek Furtado, Elizabeth A McKay, Swaran P Singh
BACKGROUND: Personality disorder is highly prevalent in offender populations and is associated with poor health, criminal justice, and social outcomes. Research has been conducted into factors that influence offending and health, but, in order to improve (re)habilitation, service providers must also be able to identify the variables associated with social outcomes and the mechanisms by which they operate. AIM: To establish what is known about what influences social outcomes among offenders with personality disorder...
October 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
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