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Journal of Medical Biography

Liam McLoughlin
In June 1962 at the age of 87 years, Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965) fell over in his hotel room at the Hotel de Paris in Monte Carlo and sustained a fracture to the neck of his left femur. He was flown back to London and the fracture operated on at The Middlesex Hospital by two eminent orthopaedic surgeons, Mr Phillip Newman (1911-1994), Consultant to the The Middlesex Hospital and The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, and The Institute of Orthopaedics, London, and Professor Herbert Seddon (1903-1977), Consultant to the The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, and Director of The Institute of Orthopaedics under whom Churchill was admitted as a private patient...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Steven B Karch, Michael Swash
This is the story of a tumultuous life, lived with enthusiasm and considerable academic success, despite destruction of his cultural heritage in Poland, and loss of his family, by the cruelty of the invading Soviet and Nazi armies in 1939. As a newly qualified doctor from the Polish Medical School at the University of Edinburgh, he was parachuted into Arnhem with the Polish airborne forces, survived, educated himself in British ways and habits, and rapidly succeeded in the medical hierarchy to become an esteemed neuropathologist not only at The London Hospital, but internationally...
March 14, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
D J Canale
Rudyard Kipling was one of the most widely read writers of prose and poetry during his lifetime. His wide travels-he was born in India and lived in England and The United States and made frequent visits to South Africa-led to many encounters with physicians and medicine. His unique addresses to the medical profession reveal his knowledge of medical subjects. His three major medical addresses concern medical subjects in contrast to most laymen addressing physicians, who typically speak about their own areas of expertise...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Markos Nikolopoulos, Zoi Pallantza, Maria Dalamaga
Xenophon J Contiades was born in Marseille in 1903. After a brilliant career as a surgeon and Chef de Clinique in Paris receiving numerous awards and publishing more than 100 manuscripts, Contiades returned to Greece to become Professor of Surgery at the University of Athens being appointed as Director of the Surgery Clinic at the "Hippokration" General Hospital of Athens. At the beginning of the Second World War, Professor Contiades exhorted his students to defend their country. He concluded his final lecture by saying: "Gentlemen, you know what happened to our homeland...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Ronald P Rubin
Hermann (Hugh) Blaschko was a biochemical pharmacologist best known for discovering how adrenaline (epinephrine), noradrenaline (norepinephrine), and dopamine were synthesized, stored, and metabolized in adrenomedullary cells and sympathetic nerves. Blaschko's work not only supported the validity of the concept of neurochemical synaptic transmission but he also made fundamental contributions to the development of drugs used in clinical medicine to treat diseases such as depression, hypertension, and Parkinson's Disease...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Paula Summerly, Iain Macintyre
After graduating in medicine from the Edinburgh Extramural School of Medicine, William Keiller trained in obstetrics and became anatomy lecturer at the Edinburgh College of Medicine for Women, where he successfully devised and developed an anatomical curriculum. In 1891, Keiller was appointed as the Professor of anatomy at the state medical department of the University of Texas, at the age of 30. He built up a nationally recognised anatomy department, museum and teaching curriculum informed by his experience in Edinburgh...
February 24, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Avi Ohry, Maria de Fátima Nunes
Augusto Isaac d'Esaguy was a 20th century Portuguese medical historian who made contributions to the history of Portuguese-Jewish physicians and was also involved with the Jewish-Portuguese Refugee Committee which assisted with the relocation of Jews from Nazi-controlled France during the Second World War.
February 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
James R Wright, Harry W V Letts
Morton Eldred Hall (1887-1975), a little known pioneer pathologist in Western Canada who had trained at Belleview Hospital in New York City, arrived at the newly forming medical school at the University of Alberta in Edmonton in 1914. Shortly after this, First World War broke out and Hall enlisted. He was eventually posted at the Royal College of Surgeons in London where he assisted Sir Arthur Keith, the conservator of the Hunterian Museum and the Army Medical Collection, pathological specimens derived from fallen Dominion soldiers which were to be preserved as teaching specimens to help train military surgeons...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Barry Edward Monk, Anna Elizabeth Monk
Walter Swann was an engineer and steel-maker, who established the firm WR Swann and Co. Ltd in Sheffield and who created the renowned Swann-Morton® brand of surgical blades. The company has defied the trend in the decline of the manufacture of Sheffield steel and is a testimony to his remarkable and enlightened employment practices, which were revolutionary in their day.
February 5, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Allister J Neher
In his time, William Wadd (1776-1829) was a well-known and well-respected surgeon and writer. He was also a very good visual artist who made his own anatomical illustrations. The subject of this paper is a set of drawings by Wadd in the collection of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. The drawings appear to be clinical studies, but what is most striking about them is the way in which they make use of the conventions of portraiture from that time. In an era before standardised, artistically neutral illustrations, they provide an excellent example of how medicine and the fine arts were interrelated in the production of knowledge...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Ronald P Rubin
Robert Furchgott was first noted for research on drug-receptor theory, autonomic neuroeffector mechanisms, and vascular pharmacology/physiology. His studies on drug-receptor interactions provided important knowledge about the properties of drug receptors long before methodologies were developed to study them directly. However, Furchgott achieved an enduring legacy for recognizing the importance of endothelial cells for the relaxation of vascular smooth muscle. On the basis of his own experiments and those of others, he proposed that acetylcholine interacted with muscarinic receptors at the surface of endothelial cells to release a substance called endothelium relaxing factor...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Henry Connor, Andrew Connor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
Inge Hendriks, Dmitry Zhuravloyv, James Bovill, Fredrik Boer, Pancras Hogendoorn
Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov, one of the greatest Russian surgeons of the 19th Century, was convinced of the importance of deploying nurses to care for the casualties of war. With the support of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna, sister-in-law of Tsar Nikolas I, Pirogov realised the idea during the Crimean war when Russia became the first country to send female nurses to the battle front. Later in the 19th century, large numbers of Russian women trained as nurses under the auspices of the Russian Red Cross, founded in 1867...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Medical Biography
A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Ronald P Rubin
This article encapsulates the career of Joshua Burn, whose work encouraged new lines of experimentation and paved the way for fundamental advances in our knowledge of the autonomic nervous system. His legacy also endures in his efforts as Department Chairman to oversee a very supportive environment which led to the development of many successful scientists. By producing a body of work that enabled the discipline of pharmacology to contribute in a major way to the advancement of clinical medicine, Joshua Burn stands out as a unique figure in the annals of true scientific pioneers...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Richard Thompson
Dr Gilbert Kymer (d. 1463) was a leading royal physician, scholar, cleric and university administrator of the first half of the 15th century. He was physician to Henry V & VI, and principally to Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, for whom he wrote an extensive Dietarium. He collected medical books and facilitated their translation, and helped to set up Duke Humfrey's library at Oxford. He became Dean of Salisbury, and for 11 years was Chancellor of the University of Oxford.
November 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Mahboobeh Farkhondehzadeh, Mostafa Gohari Fakhrabad
The medical history of Iran and Islam is marked by the presence of renowned physicians, some of whom are not well known outside Iran. Ab[Formula: see text] Man⋅[Formula: see text]r ῌasan ibn N[Formula: see text]ḥ Qamarī Bukhārā 'ī was an Iranian physician living in the fourth century AH (10th century CE). The scientific works of this sage indicate his skill and expertise in medical science. He was a man of such scientific stature that the renowned Iranian philosopher and physician, Avicenna, use may have been one of his disciples...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
Charles T Ambrose
The morbidity and mortality of soldiers injured during the First World War stemmed in large part from infections of battle wounds. Preventing and treating such infections was a major challenge for the medical corps. Alexis Carrel, a French-American surgeon, advocated irrigating open wounds with a hypochlorite solution (the Carrel-Dakin solution) to prevent the growth of bacteria contaminating them. His method of treatment was complicated and time consuming and was not well followed by surgeons who doubted the necessity of such an exacting protocol...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
A J Larner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
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