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Health & Social Care in the Community | Page 2

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30905074/differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-among-ethnic-groups-in-queensland-australia
#21
Danielle Gallegos, Hong Do, Quyen G To, Brenda Vo, Janny Goris, Hana Alraman
Very little is known about the cardiometabolic risk of migrants who settle in Australia. This study investigated differences in cardiometabolic risk markers among ethnic groups attending a tailored healthy lifestyle program in Queensland, Australia; and differences in these markers between those living in Australia for shorter versus longer periods of time. Baseline data collected between October 2014 and June 2017 from the Living Well Multicultural-Lifestyle Modification Program were used. People living in ethnic communities in Queensland who were ≥18 years old, and not underweight were eligible to participate...
March 24, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900371/the-role-and-competence-of-midwives-in-supporting-women-with-mental-health-concerns-during-the-perinatal-period-a-scoping-review
#22
REVIEW
Dominiek Coates, Maralyn Foureur
Perinatal mental health problems are linked to poor outcomes for mothers, babies and families. Despite a recognition of the significance of this issue, women often do not receive the care they need and fall between the gap of maternity and mental health services. To address this, there is a call for reform in the way in which perinatal mental healthcare is delivered. This paper responds to this by exploring the role and competence of midwives in delivering mental healthcare. Using a scoping review methodology, quantitative and qualitative evidence were considered to answer the research question 'what is the nature of the evidence relevant to the provision of mental health interventions by midwives?' To identify studies, the databases PubMed, Maternity and Infant Care, Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, Medline, Science Direct and CINAHL were searched from 2011 to 2018, and reference lists of included studies were examined...
March 21, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30892773/low-income-homebound-older-adults-receiving-home-delivered-meals-physical-and-mental-health-conditions-incidence-of-falls-and-hospitalisations
#23
Namkee G Choi, John E Sullivan, C Nathan Marti
Significant differences in health across racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups in the US signal increasing numbers of low-income homebound older adults in a rapidly ageing society. The purpose of this study was to examine physical and psychiatric conditions and their association with incidence of self-reported falls and hospitalisations among largely low-income and racial/ethnic minority adults age 50+ (N = 2,224), clients from a home-delivered meals programme in Central Texas. Data came from comprehensive, in-home assessments done in 2017 by these older adults' case managers...
March 20, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888096/challenges-for-psychosocial-rehabilitation-services-in-the-lisbon-metropolitan-area-a-qualitative-approach
#24
Felipe Szabzon, Julian Perelman, Sónia Dias
In Portugal, a mental health reform process is in place aiming to redefine the model of service provision. In 2008, a National Mental Health Plan (NMHP) was approved to provide policy guidance over the transition period. The NMHP intended, among others, to develop community-based services, with a specific focus on rehabilitation and deinstitutionalization. This study aims to explore the perspectives of service managers of psychosocial rehabilitation services regarding the main challenges to support the community living of persons with severe mental illnesses (PWSMI) in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (LMA)...
March 19, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30887630/exploring-purpose-designed-audio-visual-falls-prevention-messages-on-older-people-s-capability-and-motivation-to-prevent-falls
#25
Lex D de Jong, Andrew P Lavender, Chris Wortham, Dawn A Skelton, Terry P Haines, Anne-Marie Hill
The number of falls and fall-associated injury rates among older people continues to rise worldwide. Increased efforts to influence older people's falls prevention behaviour are needed. A two-phase exploratory community-based participatory study was conducted in Western Australia. First, three prototype audio-visual (AV) falls prevention messages were designed collaboratively with six older people. Second, the messages' effect on community-dwelling older people's knowledge, awareness and motivation to take action regarding falls prevention was explored using focus groups...
March 18, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884013/independent-prescribing-in-primary-care-a-survey-of-patients-prescribers-and-colleagues-perceptions-and-experiences
#26
Ali M K Hindi, Elizabeth M Seston, Dianne Bell, Douglas Steinke, Sarah Willis, Ellen I Schafheutle
Besides doctors and dentists, an increasing range of healthcare professionals, such as nurses, pharmacists and podiatrists, can become independent prescribers (IPs). As part of an evaluation for independent prescribing funded training, this study investigated views and experiences of IPs, their colleagues and patients about independent prescribing within primary care. Questionnaires capturing quantitative and qualitative data were developed for IPs, their colleagues and patients, informed by existing literature and validated instruments...
March 18, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30868711/implementation-of-the-identification-and-referral-to-improve-safety-programme-for-patients-with-experience-of-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-theory-based-mixed-method-process-evaluation
#27
Natalia V Lewis, Anna Dowrick, Alex Sohal, Gene Feder, Chris Griffiths
Identification and Referral to Improve Safety (IRIS) is a training and support programme to improve the response to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) in general practice. Following a pragmatic cluster-randomised trial, IRIS has been implemented in over 30 administrative localities in the UK. The trial and local evaluations of the IRIS implementation showed an increase in referrals from general practice to third sector DVA services with a variation in the referral rates within and across practices. Using Normalisation Process Theory (NPT), we aimed to understand the reasons for such variability by identifying factors that influenced the implementation of IRIS in the National Health Service (NHS)...
March 13, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864266/-what-works-here-doesn-t-work-there-the-significance-of-local-context-for-a-sustainable-and-replicable-asset-based-community-intervention-aimed-at-promoting-social-interaction-in-later-life
#28
Josephine M Wildman, Nicole Valtorta, Suzanne Moffatt, Barbara Hanratty
Interventions that harness local assets to benefit a community are increasingly being promoted to improve health and well-being. In practice, we know little about how local contexts or reliance on local resources affect the sustainability and scalability of asset-based community developments. This qualitative case study documents the development and implementation of a novel asset-based community development project. Based in a large mainly rural county in North East England with relatively high levels of socioeconomic deprivation, the project aimed to prevent social isolation among older people, using a range of food-related activities...
March 12, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864195/an-exploratory-study-on-the-factors-affecting-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-frontline-workers-in-homeless-services
#29
Aliénor Lemieux-Cumberlege, Emily P Taylor
Frontline workers in homeless services work in a high-intensity, emotionally consuming environment, with frequent exposure to traumatic material with potentially significant consequences for their own mental health. This, in turn, may have a negative impact on the quality of care provided to homeless service users. Prevention of this trajectory may be achieved through psychologically informed environments for staff. This study aimed to explore factors that may influence the development of burnout, secondary traumatic stress (STS), depression, anxiety and stress in this population...
March 12, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848546/the-impact-of-social-enterprise-on-food-insecurity-an-australian-case-study
#30
Rebecca Lindberg, Julia McCartan, Alexandra Stone, Ashleigh Gale, Alice Mika, Marina Nguyen, Sue Kleve
Like many high-income countries, in Australia there are a range of programmes in place, from social security to food banks, to help address food insecurity. So far, they have been unable to adequately alleviate and prevent this growing nutrition challenge. This paper presents an evaluation of a new type of intervention in the food security landscape, the social enterprise. The Community Grocer is a social enterprise that operates weekly fresh fruit and vegetable markets in Melbourne, Australia. The aim of the study was to examine the market's ability to increase access, use and availability of nutritious food in a socially acceptable way, for low socioeconomic status urban-dwelling individuals...
March 8, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848020/unmet-needs-of-persons-with-a-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-and-their-relationship-to-unmet-accommodation-needs
#31
Anton N Isaacs, Alison Beauchamp, Keith Sutton, Darryl Maybery
This is a cross-sectional study of unmet needs of persons enrolled in Australia's Partners in Recovery (PIR) initiative. It aimed to explore the unmet needs reported by persons with a severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) and to examine the associations between unmet accommodation needs and other unmet needs. The study was undertaken in the Gippsland region of Victoria from February to May 2015. Data were collected from the administrative database for the PIR initiative in Gippsland, which was held by the Gippsland Primary Health Network...
March 7, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30844124/coping-but-not-allowing-the-coping-to-be-everything-resilience-in-informal-dementia-care
#32
Susan May Jones, Eneida Mioshi, Anne Killett
Health and social sciences literature recognises the significance of psychological resilience in relation to stressful life events. Providing ongoing care for a friend or relative with dementia can be inherently stressful. The aims of this qualitative study were to: (a) explore discrepancies and congruency between definitions of resilience in the academic literature and carers own conceptualisations; (b) assess differences and similarities in conceptualisations of resilience between carers with high, medium and low resilience scores; (c) compare carers' perceived level of resilience with the level of resilience when measured on a standardised tool...
March 7, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30843316/professional-care-at-home-patient-centredness-interprofessionality-and-effectivity-a-scoping-review
#33
REVIEW
Heli Vaartio-Rajalin, Lisbeth Fagerström
The aim of this scoping review was to describe the state of knowledge on professional care at home with regard to different perspectives on patient-centredness, content of care, interprofessional collaboration, competence framework and effectivity. A scoping review, n = 35 papers, from four databases (EBSCO, CINAHL, Medline, Swemed) were reviewed between May and August 2018 using the terms: hospital-at-home, hospital-in-the-home, advanced home healthcare, hospital-based home care or patient-centered medical home...
March 6, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834640/primary-care-practice-assistants-attitudes-towards-tasking-shifting-and-their-perceptions-of-the-challenges-of-task-shifting-development-of-a-questionnaire
#34
Andrea Feindel, Gerrit Rosenberg, Jost Steinhäuser, Cornelia Mozr, Katja Goetz
Shifting tasks from medical staff to non-medical staff is a common practice for promoting the efficient use of healthcare resources. The aim of this study was to develop and pilot test a questionnaire that evaluates practice assistants' attitudes towards task shifting and their perceptions of the challenges of task shifting (acronym: ACD questionnaire) and to assess the psychometric properties of the questionnaire. The development and pilot testing of the questionnaire occurred from March 2016 to March 2017 and was based on guided and cognitive interviews with practice assistants...
March 4, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30821875/working-conditions-mental-health-and-coping-of-staff-in-social-work-with-refugees-and-homeless-individuals-a-scoping-review
#35
REVIEW
Tanja Wirth, Janika Mette, Jerrit Prill, Volker Harth, Albert Nienhaus
The refugee and homeless population has been increasing worldwide in recent years. Staff in social work provide practical help to these populations, but often struggle with high job demands. This scoping review aims to systematically map the job demands, resources, mental health problems, coping strategies and needs of staff in social work with refugees and homeless individuals. Relevant studies were identified by searching seven electronic databases from their inception until the end of May 2018, as well as Google Scholar and reference lists of included articles...
March 1, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30821866/development-and-feasibility-of-a-brief-zero-time-exercise-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-and-enhance-physical-activity-a-pilot-trial
#36
Agnes Lai, Sunita Stewart, Alice Wan, Carol Thomas, Joyce Tse, Daniel Ho, Sophia Chan, Tai-Hing Lam
A brief intervention using Zero-time Exercise (ZTEx), a foot-in-the-door approach, was developed to reduce sedentary behaviour and increase physical activity. ZTEx refers to the integration of simple strength- and stamina-enhancing physical activity into daily life, which can be done anytime, anywhere and by anyone. This paper presents the development, feasibility, and preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of this intervention under the Hong Kong Jockey Club FAMILY Project. Needs assessments were conducted with social workers from the Christian Family Services Center(CFSC) and the Social Welfare Department (SWD)...
March 1, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30821865/residing-in-sheltered-housing-versus-ageing-in-place-population-characteristics-health-status-and-social-participation
#37
Laura Corneliusson, Anders Sköldunger, Karin Sjögren, Hugo Lövheim, Anders Wimo, Bengt Winblad, Per-Olof Sandman, David Edvardsson
Sheltered housing is a housing model that provides accessible apartments with elevated social possibilities for older people, which is expected to increase resident health and independence, reducing the need for care. As previous research on sheltered housing is scarce, the aim of this study was to explore the characteristics, health status and social participation of older people living in sheltered housing, compared to ageing in place. The study utilised baseline data from a matched cohort study survey on a nationally representative total population of residents in all sheltered housings in Sweden, and a matched control group (n = 3,805)...
March 1, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30815957/profile-of-home-nursing-clients-with-mental-health-diagnoses-epidemiological-analysis-of-australian-community-home-nursing-data
#38
Marissa Dickins, Joanne Enticott, Barbara Williams
Mental health is an important part of overall health status and mental ill health is common within the community. There is, however, little information relating to the mental health status of those in the community accessing services such as home nursing. The aim of this study is to profile mental health diagnoses and service use of persons accessing a community home nursing service. Retrospective data analysis was conducted of routinely collected administrative data from a service providing community home nursing in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia in 2014...
February 27, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810249/preparedness-for-caregiving-a-phenomenological-study-of-the-experiences-of-rural-australian-family-palliative-carers
#39
Naomi Mason, Suzanne Hodgkin
The care of people with life-limiting illnesses is increasingly moving away from an acute setting into the community. Thus, the caregiver role is growing in significance and complexity. The importance of preparing and supporting family caregivers is well established; however, less is known about the impact of rurality on preparedness and how preparedness shapes the caregiving continuum including bereavement. The aim of this study, conducted in 2017, was to explore how bereaved rural family palliative carers described their preparedness for caregiving...
February 27, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30525260/modifiable-health-risk-factors-related-counselling-and-treatment-among-patients-in-health-centres
#40
Hailun Liang, May A Beydoun
Chronic disease burden and its related health risk factors are especially concentrated among the poor. Community health centres reach the nation's most vulnerable population. This study explored the prevalence, racial/ethnic, and gender disparities of five modifiable health risk factors and the receipt of related counselling and treatment among patients in U.S. federally qualified health centres. The 2014 Health Center Patient Survey was used for this study. We performed a cross-sectional study. Measures included tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, obese/overweight, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and five related counselling/treatment measures...
May 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
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