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Health & Social Care in the Community

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983067/what-do-we-know-about-transgender-parenting-findings-from-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Trish Hafford-Letchfield, Christine Cocker, Deborah Rutter, Moreblessing Tinarwo, Keira McCormack, Rebecca Manning
Transgender issues are under-explored and marginalised within mainstream social work and social care professional practice. The experience of gender transition has a profound impact on the individuals who have diverse gender identities and their family members. We present findings from a systematic review of studies concerning the experiences of transgender parenting conducted during January-September 2017. We took a life course approach, examining the research studies that investigated the experience of people identifying as transgender, who were already parents at the time of their transition or who wished to be parents following transition...
April 14, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983058/homelessness-it-will-crumble-men-the-views-of-staff-and-service-users-about-facilitating-the-identification-and-support-of-people-with-an-intellectual-disability-in-homeless-services
#2
Karen McKenzie, George Murray, Helen Wilson, Lauren Delahunty
People with an intellectual disability (ID) face significant health inequalities and barriers to accessing appropriate support, which are made worse if the person is also homeless. An important barrier is that services may not recognise that the person has ID. This qualitative study explored the views of staff members and service users about the identification and support needs of homeless people with ID and the role of an ID screening questionnaire as a way to help improve service provision. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 staff members and 8 service users from homeless services in the South East of Scotland between March 2017 and 2018...
April 14, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983043/experiencing-the-relationship-with-a-sibling-coping-with-mental-health-problems-dilemmas-of-connection-communication-and-role
#3
Tehila Kovacs, Chaya Possick, Eli Buchbinder
Prolonged mental health problems of one family member influences the whole family system, including sibling relationships. The current research focuses on the way siblings of persons with mental health problems experience the relationship. The findings identify the challenges and difficulties these siblings face and can help mental health practitioners support siblings as well as their brothers and sisters with mental health problems. This qualitative research employs the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis method...
April 14, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30977237/specialist-and-family-physician-collaboration-insights-from-primary-care-based-memory-clinics
#4
Linda Lee, Loretta M Hillier, Jason Locklin, Kelly Lumley-Leger, Frank Molnar
Given limited available geriatric specialists and complexity of dementia care, there is a need for greater collaboration between primary care and specialists to better meet the needs of persons with dementia. Meaningful family physician-specialist collaboration has the potential to improve health outcomes, timely access to care and more appropriate healthcare resource utilisation. Primary Care Collaborative Memory Clinics (PCCMCs), which include specialist support, provide a significant opportunity for studying the family physician-specialist interface...
April 11, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30969453/careful-expressions-of-social-aspects-how-local-professionals-in-high-school-settings-municipal-services-and-general-practice-communicate-care-to-youth-presenting-persistent-bodily-complaints
#5
Maria F Kvamme, Catharina E A Wang, Trond Waage, Mette B Risør
Persistent health complaints pose communicative dilemmas in care encounters, adversely affecting patient experiences and pathways. Little is known about the impact and role of professionals in encounters with young people with incipient, debilitating, and persistent symptoms. This study aims to explore communicative dilemmas and the role of language in care provided by local professionals in high school settings, municipal services, and general practice to young people presenting persistent bodily complaints...
April 10, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30969452/sociodemographic-inequality-in-joint-pain-medication-use-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-israel
#6
Aviad Tur-Sinai, Jennifer Shuldiner, Netta Bentur
Joint pain is a common experience among adults aged 65 and over. Although pain management is multifaceted, medication is essential in it. The paper examines the use of medication among older adults with joint pain in Israel and asks whether socioeconomic factors are associated with this usage. The data, harvested, from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), include 1,294 randomly selected community-dwelling individuals aged 65 and over in Israel. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression are used to identify factors associated with the presence of joint pain medication use...
April 10, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30968982/resilience-emotional-problems-and-behavioural-problems-of-adolescents-in-china-roles-of-mindfulness-and-life-skills
#7
Chien-Chung Huang, Yafan Chen, Shannon Cheung, Loren Greene, Shuang Lu
While emotional and behaviorial problems increase risks to youth development, resilience helps youth adapt and overcome adversity. Research has discussed factors related to youth resilience, emotional problems, and behaviorial problems; however, existing literature excludes non-western sociocultural contexts and has not explored the potential relations among mindfulness and life skills. This study examines the effects of mindfulness and life skills on resilience, emotional problems, and behaviorial problems of adolescents in China...
April 10, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30945392/nephrologists-perspectives-on-ambulatory-care-of-patients-with-non-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease-a-qualitative-study
#8
Annekathrin Haase, Sylvia Stracke, Jean-François Chenot, Gesine Weckmann
Little is known on the perspectives of nephrologists on managing non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and perspectives of nephrologists regarding the interface with general practitioners (GP) and GPs' management of patients with non-dialysis CKD, so that barriers to cooperation and need for improved management can be identified. Twenty semi-structured interviews were conducted for this qualitative study. The interviews were audio-recorded and coded to be analysed...
April 4, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30919525/preventing-pressure-ulcers-in-nursing-homes-using-a-care-bundle-a-feasibility-study
#9
Jacqueline F Lavallée, Trish A Gray, Jo Dumville, Nicky Cullum
Pressure ulcers can be painful and negatively affect health-related quality of life and healthcare costs. Many people living in nursing homes are at risk of developing a pressure ulcer. Nursing home staff, tissue viability nurses and researchers have co-designed the first theory and evidence-informed care bundle specifically for nursing homes, which consists of three prevention practices (skin inspection, support surfaces, repositioning) and a range of behaviour change techniques to promote these practices...
March 27, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30905074/differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-among-ethnic-groups-in-queensland-australia
#10
Danielle Gallegos, Hong Do, Quyen G To, Brenda Vo, Janny Goris, Hana Alraman
Very little is known about the cardiometabolic risk of migrants who settle in Australia. This study investigated differences in cardiometabolic risk markers among ethnic groups attending a tailored healthy lifestyle program in Queensland, Australia; and differences in these markers between those living in Australia for shorter versus longer periods of time. Baseline data collected between October 2014 and June 2017 from the Living Well Multicultural-Lifestyle Modification Program were used. People living in ethnic communities in Queensland who were ≥18 years old, and not underweight were eligible to participate...
March 24, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30900371/the-role-and-competence-of-midwives-in-supporting-women-with-mental-health-concerns-during-the-perinatal-period-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Dominiek Coates, Maralyn Foureur
Perinatal mental health problems are linked to poor outcomes for mothers, babies and families. Despite a recognition of the significance of this issue, women often do not receive the care they need and fall between the gap of maternity and mental health services. To address this, there is a call for reform in the way in which perinatal mental healthcare is delivered. This paper responds to this by exploring the role and competence of midwives in delivering mental healthcare. Using a scoping review methodology, quantitative and qualitative evidence were considered to answer the research question 'what is the nature of the evidence relevant to the provision of mental health interventions by midwives?' To identify studies, the databases PubMed, Maternity and Infant Care, Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, Medline, Science Direct and CINAHL were searched from 2011 to 2018, and reference lists of included studies were examined...
March 21, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30892773/low-income-homebound-older-adults-receiving-home-delivered-meals-physical-and-mental-health-conditions-incidence-of-falls-and-hospitalisations
#12
Namkee G Choi, John E Sullivan, C Nathan Marti
Significant differences in health across racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups in the US signal increasing numbers of low-income homebound older adults in a rapidly ageing society. The purpose of this study was to examine physical and psychiatric conditions and their association with incidence of self-reported falls and hospitalisations among largely low-income and racial/ethnic minority adults age 50+ (N = 2,224), clients from a home-delivered meals programme in Central Texas. Data came from comprehensive, in-home assessments done in 2017 by these older adults' case managers...
March 20, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888096/challenges-for-psychosocial-rehabilitation-services-in-the-lisbon-metropolitan-area-a-qualitative-approach
#13
Felipe Szabzon, Julian Perelman, Sónia Dias
In Portugal, a mental health reform process is in place aiming to redefine the model of service provision. In 2008, a National Mental Health Plan (NMHP) was approved to provide policy guidance over the transition period. The NMHP intended, among others, to develop community-based services, with a specific focus on rehabilitation and deinstitutionalization. This study aims to explore the perspectives of service managers of psychosocial rehabilitation services regarding the main challenges to support the community living of persons with severe mental illnesses (PWSMI) in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (LMA)...
March 19, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30887630/exploring-purpose-designed-audio-visual-falls-prevention-messages-on-older-people-s-capability-and-motivation-to-prevent-falls
#14
Lex D de Jong, Andrew P Lavender, Chris Wortham, Dawn A Skelton, Terry P Haines, Anne-Marie Hill
The number of falls and fall-associated injury rates among older people continues to rise worldwide. Increased efforts to influence older people's falls prevention behaviour are needed. A two-phase exploratory community-based participatory study was conducted in Western Australia. First, three prototype audio-visual (AV) falls prevention messages were designed collaboratively with six older people. Second, the messages' effect on community-dwelling older people's knowledge, awareness and motivation to take action regarding falls prevention was explored using focus groups...
March 18, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884013/independent-prescribing-in-primary-care-a-survey-of-patients-prescribers-and-colleagues-perceptions-and-experiences
#15
Ali M K Hindi, Elizabeth M Seston, Dianne Bell, Douglas Steinke, Sarah Willis, Ellen I Schafheutle
Besides doctors and dentists, an increasing range of healthcare professionals, such as nurses, pharmacists and podiatrists, can become independent prescribers (IPs). As part of an evaluation for independent prescribing funded training, this study investigated views and experiences of IPs, their colleagues and patients about independent prescribing within primary care. Questionnaires capturing quantitative and qualitative data were developed for IPs, their colleagues and patients, informed by existing literature and validated instruments...
March 18, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30868711/implementation-of-the-identification-and-referral-to-improve-safety-programme-for-patients-with-experience-of-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-theory-based-mixed-method-process-evaluation
#16
Natalia V Lewis, Anna Dowrick, Alex Sohal, Gene Feder, Chris Griffiths
Identification and Referral to Improve Safety (IRIS) is a training and support programme to improve the response to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) in general practice. Following a pragmatic cluster-randomised trial, IRIS has been implemented in over 30 administrative localities in the UK. The trial and local evaluations of the IRIS implementation showed an increase in referrals from general practice to third sector DVA services with a variation in the referral rates within and across practices. Using Normalisation Process Theory (NPT), we aimed to understand the reasons for such variability by identifying factors that influenced the implementation of IRIS in the National Health Service (NHS)...
March 13, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864266/-what-works-here-doesn-t-work-there-the-significance-of-local-context-for-a-sustainable-and-replicable-asset-based-community-intervention-aimed-at-promoting-social-interaction-in-later-life
#17
Josephine M Wildman, Nicole Valtorta, Suzanne Moffatt, Barbara Hanratty
Interventions that harness local assets to benefit a community are increasingly being promoted to improve health and well-being. In practice, we know little about how local contexts or reliance on local resources affect the sustainability and scalability of asset-based community developments. This qualitative case study documents the development and implementation of a novel asset-based community development project. Based in a large mainly rural county in North East England with relatively high levels of socioeconomic deprivation, the project aimed to prevent social isolation among older people, using a range of food-related activities...
March 12, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30864195/an-exploratory-study-on-the-factors-affecting-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-frontline-workers-in-homeless-services
#18
Aliénor Lemieux-Cumberlege, Emily P Taylor
Frontline workers in homeless services work in a high-intensity, emotionally consuming environment, with frequent exposure to traumatic material with potentially significant consequences for their own mental health. This, in turn, may have a negative impact on the quality of care provided to homeless service users. Prevention of this trajectory may be achieved through psychologically informed environments for staff. This study aimed to explore factors that may influence the development of burnout, secondary traumatic stress (STS), depression, anxiety and stress in this population...
March 12, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848546/the-impact-of-social-enterprise-on-food-insecurity-an-australian-case-study
#19
Rebecca Lindberg, Julia McCartan, Alexandra Stone, Ashleigh Gale, Alice Mika, Marina Nguyen, Sue Kleve
Like many high-income countries, in Australia there are a range of programmes in place, from social security to food banks, to help address food insecurity. So far, they have been unable to adequately alleviate and prevent this growing nutrition challenge. This paper presents an evaluation of a new type of intervention in the food security landscape, the social enterprise. The Community Grocer is a social enterprise that operates weekly fresh fruit and vegetable markets in Melbourne, Australia. The aim of the study was to examine the market's ability to increase access, use and availability of nutritious food in a socially acceptable way, for low socioeconomic status urban-dwelling individuals...
March 8, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30848020/unmet-needs-of-persons-with-a-severe-and-persistent-mental-illness-and-their-relationship-to-unmet-accommodation-needs
#20
Anton N Isaacs, Alison Beauchamp, Keith Sutton, Darryl Maybery
This is a cross-sectional study of unmet needs of persons enrolled in Australia's Partners in Recovery (PIR) initiative. It aimed to explore the unmet needs reported by persons with a severe and persistent mental illness (SPMI) and to examine the associations between unmet accommodation needs and other unmet needs. The study was undertaken in the Gippsland region of Victoria from February to May 2015. Data were collected from the administrative database for the PIR initiative in Gippsland, which was held by the Gippsland Primary Health Network...
March 7, 2019: Health & Social Care in the Community
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