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Australian Journal of Rural Health

Jon Adams, Katie de Luca, Michael Swain, Martha Funabashi, Arnold Wong, Isabelle Pagé, David Sibbritt, Wenbo Peng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical management characteristics of chiropractors practising in urban and rural or remote Australia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of the Australian Chiropractic Research Network project data. SETTING: Nationally representative sample of registered chiropractors practising in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Chiropractors who participated in the Australian Chiropractic Research Network project and answered a question about practising in urban or rural or remote areas in the practitioner questionnaire...
February 5, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Ha Hoang, Tony Barnett, Mark Kirschbaum, Stephanie Dunbar, Rita Wong
OBJECTIVE: To examine rural pharmacists' perspectives on their roles in oral health in rural communities and collaborations with dental practitioners. DESIGN: A qualitative research study using face-to-face, semistructured interviews. Interview data were thematically analysed with the assistance of Nvivo 10. SETTING: Eleven rural communities across rural Tasmania. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty community pharmacists. RESULTS: Five major themes emerged: (i) barriers for patients to access dental services; (ii) oral health presentations to rural pharmacies; (iii) roles of pharmacists in oral health care (subthemes: advice; health promotion; and referrals); (iv) collaborations with dental practitioners; and (v) oral health education and training...
February 4, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Michael Bauer, Deirdre Fetherstonhaugh, Irene Blackberry, Jane Farmer, Clare Wilding
OBJECTIVE: The support and service needs of people with dementia and their carers are not always addressed in rural regions, yet family carers play an important role in supporting the person living with dementia to remain living in their own home. This study sought to identify and prioritise service and support needs of people with dementia and carers. DESIGN: A two-phase mixed methods study involving qualitative focus groups and a survey. SETTING: A rural region in Victoria, Australia...
February 4, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Colleen Cheek, Richard Hays, Penny Allen, Gary Walker, Lizzi Shires
OBJECTIVE: To identify under-represented groups in a medical school intake. DESIGN: Descriptive analysis of student demographic characteristics. SETTING: One state-wide medical school. PARTICIPANTS: All students enrolled between 2010 and 2016. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Proportion of students from regional and rural areas, state versus independent schools, highest parental qualification, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander students...
February 4, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Saad Ezad, Mohammed S Al-Omary, Allan J Davies, James Leitch, Aaron L Sverdlov, Andrew J Boyle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Kirsten Auret, Craig Sinclair, Anne Wilkinson, Jill Thomas, Dot Price
PROBLEM: Despite acknowledged benefits, the impact of advance care planning on usual care is inconsistent. DESIGN: Quality improvement study. SETTING: A Western Australian regional hospital. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: This project aimed to create a system for storing, accessing and incorporating advance care planning documents in clinical care. STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE: Interventions over 18 months addressed four areas: medical records processes for receiving and processing advance care planning documents; information technology solutions for electronic storage and alerts; clerical staff duties in regards advance care planning documents; and clinician education...
January 30, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Tze Ling Loh, Laura Renger, Sergios Latis, Hemi Patel
OBJECTIVE: In the Australian Aboriginal population, type 2 diabetes occurs at a much higher prevalence, with a much younger age of onset of the disease and its complications. Despite the clear association with malignant otitis externa, no previous studies have examined malignant otitis externa in this population. This study explores the pattern of malignant otitis externa amongst Australian Aboriginal patients in the Northern Territory. DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
January 30, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Belinda Davison, Jennifer Goodall, Sarah Whalan, Kathleen Montgomery-Quin, Timothy Howarth, Gurmeet Singh
OBJECTIVE: Nutritional dual burden is defined as the coexistence of underweight and overweight in the same population. We report the rates of nutritional dual burden in Indigenous young men and women in the Northern Territory. Additionally, we examine the impact geographical area has on these rates. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data obtained from the longitudinal Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study. SETTING: Participants residing in over 40 urban and remote communities across the Top End of the Northern Territory...
January 30, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Lara Mayze, Jacqui Pawlak, Margaret Rogers, Michael Smith
OBJECTIVE: Altruistically, the developmental stage of adolescence poses a unique time frame to instil positive oral health behaviours. Caries are commonly associated with lower socioeconomic populations and regional or rural regions and are often prevalent in adolescents. This research project assessed the patterns of oral health and oral health behaviours of adolescents and investigated any potentially changeable behaviours or ways in which health services might support improvement in their oral health...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Rowena Ivers, Brad Jackson, Trish Levett, Kyla Wallace, Scott Winch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability of a cancer care team based at an Australian Aboriginal medical service in supporting patients' cancer journeys and to assess improvements in access to cancer care. DESIGN: The cancer care team consisted of an Australian Aboriginal health worker, counsellor and enrolled nurse employed for 2 days a week, supported by a general practitioner. The cancer care team supported patients from prediagnosis while investigations were being undertaken, at diagnosis and through treatment, such as surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and follow-up, including to palliative care and grief support where these were required...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Stuart Holdsworth, Lisa Corscadden, Jean-Frederic Levesque, Grant Russell
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with having a successful treatment plan for managing chronic conditions. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the Commonwealth Fund's 2014 International Health Policy Survey. SETTING: Australia 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3310 Australian adults over 55 years old. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Whether respondents: (i) had a treatment plan for their chronic condition; and (ii) believed that the plan was helpful in managing their condition...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
David Lester, Anne Tiedemann, Catherine Sherrington
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between the objectively measured mobility status of rural community-dwelling older people and their use of formal and informal services. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community volunteers, rural New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy community-dwelling people aged 80 years or older. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The sum of formal and informal services used, expressed as both total hours per month and the risk of using five hours (the median) or more per month...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Samantha Gardiner, Shalley Robins, Daniel Terry
OBJECTIVE: To identify the extent to which rurality influences the admission and mortality rates for acute circulatory complications among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: All Victorian hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: State-wide hospital admissions from 1 July 2010 to 30 June 2015 using the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset. Data included patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diagnosis of acute cardiovascular events, acute cerebrovascular haemorrhage or infarction, acute peripheral vascular events or hypertensive diseases...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Kate Haigh, Robyn McDermott, Ashim Sinha, Anna McLean
OBJECTIVE: To describe clinician practice regarding diagnosis, management and perceived barriers to the optimal management of youth-onset type 2 diabetes mellitus in North Queensland and the Northern Territory and to compare self-reported practice to guideline recommendations. DESIGN: A mailed questionnaire distributed between July and October 2017. SETTING: Clinicians practising in three tertiary hospitals and two primary care organisations in North Queensland and the Northern Territory...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
James Dollman, Jemima Gauthier, Carley Gaden, Alexander Steinert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Miriam Tan, Leanne J Brown, Kimberly I Mathews, Megan C Whatnall, Melinda J Hutchesson, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Amanda J Patterson
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare body composition and fat distribution of Australian women 18-44 years from an urban and rural location. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey and collection of anthropometric and body composition measurements. SETTING: Newcastle and Tamworth in New South Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of women recruited through media and community. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Weight, height, waist and hip girths, visceral fat area, body fat (kg and %) and skeletal muscle mass...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Ansuyah Padayachee, Cassandra Ranatunga, Tracy A Comans
PROBLEM: The increasing specialisation of medical care in larger centres is contributing to the declining use of rural hospitals that are close to larger centres, risking bed closures or even facility closure. DESIGN: An allied health-led model of care supported by telehealth geriatrician services was developed and implemented in eight beds in a rural hospital to manage older patients needing geriatric evaluation and management. SETTING: The project was set in Kilcoy Hospital, a small facility north of Caboolture in Queensland, Australia...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Andrew B Kirke, David Atkinson, Sarah Moore, Kylie Sterry, Sally Singleton, Carly Roxburgh, Kate Parrish, Cindy Porter, Julia V Marley
OBJECTIVE: To quantify screening rate for gestational diabetes mellitus and completion of oral glucose tolerance test in rural and remote Western Australia. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Retrospective audit of 551 antenatal records from women of 16 years and older without pre-existing diabetes and with singleton pregnancies delivered in 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of women recorded screened for gestational diabetes mellitus in second or third trimester using oral glucose tolerance test or other tests; gestational diabetes mellitus rate...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Timothy Staunton Smith, Catherine Haigh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Kimberly Cartwright, Robert J Tait
OBJECTIVE: To contrast service providers' perceptions about crystalline methamphetamine (henceforth, ice) use and harm with information communicated in media reports and politicians' statements. DESIGN: In-depth semi structured interviews with service providers about the nature and extent of ice use in the local community and its impact on individual services, clients and town life. Interviews were transcribed verbatim, manually analysed and coded around key themes, interpreted and independently cross-checked for context and accuracy...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
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