Journals Molecular Phylogenetics and Ev...

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Krystina D Mossop, Alan R Lemmon, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Ron Eytan, Mark Adams, Peter J Unmack, Katie Smith Date, Hernán E Morales, Michael P Hammer, Bob B M Wong, David G Chapple
The progressive aridification of the Australian continent from ∼20 million years ago posed severe challenges for the persistence of its resident biota. A key question involves the role of refugial habitats - specifically, their ability to mediate the effects of habitat loss and fragmentation, and their potential to shape opportunities for allopatric speciation. With freshwater species, for example, the patchiness, or absence, of water will constrain distributions. However, aridity may not necessarily isolate populations if disjunct refugia experience frequent hydrological connections...
March 14, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Daniel Tsz Long Wong, Hannah Norman, Thomas J Creedy, Kurt Jordaens, Kevin M Moran, Andrew Young, Ximo Mengual, Jeffrey H Skevington, Alfried P Vogler
Hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) are a diverse group of pollinators and a major research focus in ecology, but their phylogenetic relationships remain incompletely known. Using a genome skimming approach we generated mitochondrial genomes for 91 species, capturing a wide taxonomic diversity of the family. To reduce the required amount of input DNA and overall cost of the library construction, sequencing and assembly was conducted on mixtures of specimens, which raises the problem of chimera formation of mitogenomes...
March 13, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Chaehee Lee, Tracey A Ruhlman, Robert K Jansen
Cyperaceae, the second largest family in the monocot order Poales, comprises more than 5,500 species and includes the genus Eleocharis with ∼ 250 species. A previous study of complete plastomes of two Eleocharis species documented extensive structural heteroplasmy, gene order changes, high frequency of dispersed repeats along with gene losses and duplications. To better understand the phylogenetic distribution of gene and intron content as well as rates and patterns of sequence evolution within and between mitochondrial and plastid genomes of Eleocharis and Cyperaceae, an additional 29 Eleocharis organelle genomes were sequenced and analyzed...
March 13, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Domingo Lago-Barcia, Marta Álvarez-Presas, Marta Riutort, Alejandro Oceguera-Figueroa, Fernando Carbayo
Several studies have focused on the phylogenetic relationships within the Geoplaninae land planarians (Tricladida). In those studies, ancient phylogenetic relationships remained obscure. In this work, the phylogeny of Geoplaninae is assessed through three different datasets, namely morphological, molecular, and both datasets combined, i.e, a total evidence approach (TE). The data matrix consisted of six DNA regions, including a newly developed marker (DOM5), and a morphological matrix with 37 characters. The study produced the best-resolved hypothesis so far for the phylogeny of Geoplaninae, although ancient clades still remain elusive...
March 13, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Fabien L Condamine, Rémi Allio, Eliette L Reboud, Julian R Dupuis, Emmanuel F A Toussaint, Nathan Mazet, Shao-Ji Hu, Delano S Lewis, Krushnamegh Kunte, Adam M Cotton, Felix A H Sperling
The swallowtail genus Papilio (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) is species rich, distributed worldwide, and has broad morphological habits and ecological niches. Because of its elevated species richness, it has been historically difficult to reconstruct a densely sampled phylogeny for this clade. Here we provide a taxonomic working list for the genus, resulting in 235 Papilio species, and assemble a molecular dataset of seven gene fragments representing ca. 80% of the currently described diversity. Phylogenetic analyses reconstructed a robust tree with highly supported relationships within subgenera, although a few nodes in the early history of the Old World Papilio remain unresolved...
March 10, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Justus Hagemann, Michael Hofreiter, Faysal Bibi, Patricia Holroyd, Patrick Arnold
Sengis (order Macroscelidea) are small mammals endemic to Africa. The taxonomy and phylogeny of sengis has been difficult to resolve due to a lack of clear morphological apomorphies. Molecular phylogenies have already significantly revised sengi systematics, but until now no molecular phylogeny has included all 20 extant species. In addition, the age of origin of the sengi crown clade and the divergence age of its two extant families remain unclear. Two recently published studies based on different datasets and age-calibration parameters (DNA type, outgroup selection, fossil calibration points) proposed highly different divergent age estimates and evolutionary scenarios...
March 9, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Daniel M Koenemann, Logan Kistler, Janelle M Burke
The genus Rumex L. (Polygonaceae) provides a unique system for investigating the evolutionary development of sex determination and molecular rate evolution. Historically, Rumex has been divided, both taxonomically and colloquially into two groups: 'docks' and 'sorrels'. A well-resolved phylogeny can help evaluate a genetic basis for this division. Here we present a plastome phylogeny for 34 species of Rumex, inferred using maximum likelihood criteria. The historical 'docks' (Rumex subgenus Rumex) were resolved as monophyletic...
March 9, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Julia J Day, Elizabeth M Steell, Thomas R Vigliotta, Lewis A Withey, Roger Bills, John P Friel, Martin J Genner, Melanie L J Stiassny
Endeavours in species discovery, particularly the characterisation of cryptic species, have been greatly aided by the application of DNA molecular sequence data to phylogenetic reconstruction and inference of evolutionary and biogeographic processes. However, the extent of cryptic and undescribed diversity remains unclear in tropical freshwaters, where biodiversity is declining at alarming rates. To investigate how data on previously undiscovered biodiversity impacts inferences of biogeography and diversification dynamics, we generated a densely sampled species-level family tree of Afrotropical Mochokidae catfishes (220 valid species) that was ca...
March 9, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Jin-Lin Liu, Jia-Wei Zhang, Wei Han, Yi-Shu Wang, Shu-Lin He, Zong-Qing Wang
Cockroaches, an ancient and diverse group of insects on earth that originated in the Carboniferous, displays a wide array of morphology or biology diversity. The spermatheca is an organ of the insect reproductive system; the diversity of spermathecae might be the adaption to different mating and sperm storage strategies. Yet a consensus about the phylogenetic relationships among the main lineages of Blattodea and the evolution of spermatheca has not been reached until now. Here we added the transcriptome data of Anaplectidae for the first time and supplemented other family level groups (such as Blaberidae, Corydiidae) to address the pending issues...
March 8, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Priscila Barreto de Jesus, Goia de Mattos Lyra, Hongrui Zhang, Mutue Toyota Fujii, Fabio Nauer, José Marcos de Castro Nunes, Charles C Davis, Mariana Cabral Oliveira
Cystocloniacae is a highly diverse family of Rhodophyta, including species of ecological and economic importance, whose phylogeny remains largely unresolved. Species delimitation is unclear, particularly in the most speciose genus, Hypnea, and cryptic diversity has been revealed by recent molecular assessments, especially in the tropics. Here, we carried out the first phylogenomic investigation of Cystocloniaceae, focused on the genus Hypnea, inferred from chloroplast and mitochondrial genomes including taxa sampled from new and historical collections...
March 7, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Xiangyu Zhu, Tiansheng Liu, Ao He, Ling Zhang, Jinyang Li, Tianpu Li, Xin Miao, Minsheng You, Shijun You
Plutella xylostella is a pest that severely damages cruciferous vegetables worldwide and has been shown to be infected with the maternally inherited bacteria Wolbachia, with the main infected strain was plutWB1. In this study, we performed a large-scale global sampling of P. xylostella and amplified 3 mtDNA genes of P. xylostella and 6 Wolbachia genes to analyze the infection status, diversity of Wolbachia in P. xylostella, and its effect on mtDNA variation in P. xylostella. This study provides a conservative estimate of Wolbachia infection rates in P...
March 6, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Aslak Kappel Hansen, Adam J Brunke, Philip Francis Thomsen, Thomas J Simonsen, Alexey Solodovnikov
Although the Holarctic fauna has been explored for centuries, many questions on its formation are still unanswered. For example, i) what was the impact of the uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau?, ii) what were the timings and climate of the faunal bridges connecting the Nearctic and Palearctic regions?, and iii) how did insect lineages respond to the late Paleogene global cooling and regional aridification? To answer these, we developed a phylogenetic dataset of 1229 nuclear loci for a total of 222 species of rove beetles (Staphylinidae) with emphasis in the tribe Quediini, especially Quedius-lineage and its subclade Quedius sensu stricto...
March 4, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Joseph M Mack, Mårten Klinth, Svante Martinsson, Robert Lu, Hannah Stormer, Patrick Hanington, Heather C Proctor, Christer Erséus, Alexandra E Bely
Freshwater annelids are globally widespread in aquatic ecosystems, but their diversity is severely underestimated. Obvious morphological features to define taxa are sparse, and molecular phylogenetic analyses regularly discover cryptic diversity within taxa. Despite considerable phylogenetic work on certain clades, many groups of freshwater annelids remain poorly understood. Included among these are water nymph worms of the genus Chaetogaster (Clitellata: Tubificida: Naididae: Naidinae). These worms have diverged from the detritivorous diet of most oligochaetes to become more predatory and exist as omnivores, generalist predators, or symbionts on other invertebrates...
February 27, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Zhongning Zhao, Werner Conradie, Darren W Pietersen, Adriaan Jordaan, Gary Nicolau, Shelley Edwards, Stephanus Riekert, Neil Heideman
Cladogenic diversification is often explained by referring to climatic oscillations and geomorphic shifts that cause allopatric speciation. In this regard, southern Africa retains a high level of landscape heterogeneity in vegetation, geology, and rainfall patterns. The legless skink subfamily Acontinae occurs broadly across the southern African subcontinent and therefore provides an ideal model group for investigating biogeographic patterns associated with the region. A robust phylogenetic study of the Acontinae with comprehensive coverage and adequate sampling of each taxon has been lacking up until now, resulting in unresolved questions regarding the subfamily's biogeography and evolution...
February 25, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Francesco H Janzen, Rodolfo Pérez-Rodríguez, Omar Domínguez-Domínguez, Dean A Hendrickson, Mark H Sabaj, Gabriel Blouin-Demers
Insular habitats have played an important role in developing evolutionary theory, including natural selection and island biogeography. Caves are insular habitats that place extreme selective pressures on organisms due to the absence of light and food scarcity. Therefore, cave organisms present an excellent opportunity for studying colonization and speciation in response to the unique abiotic conditions that require extreme adaptations. One vertebrate family, the North American catfishes (Ictaluridae), includes four troglodytic species that inhabit the karst region bordering the western Gulf of Mexico...
February 25, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Jiangbin Fan, Shili Yang, Jörg T Wennmann, Dun Wang, Johannes A Jehle
Baculoviruses are capable to acquire insect host transposable elements (TEs) in their genomes and are hypothesized as possible vectors of insect transposons between Lepidopteran species. Here, we investigated the host origin of two TEs, namely the Tc1/mariner-like element TCp3.2 and a 0.7 kbp insertion sequence (IS07), found in the genome of different isolates of Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV), a member of the Betabaculovirus genus. The sequences of both TEs were searched for in the full genome sequence database of codling moth (CM, Cydia pomonella L...
February 24, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Ting Zan, Yi-Tao He, Min Zhang, Takahiro Yonezawa, Hong Ma, Qiangmin Zhao, Wenyu Kuo, Wen-Ju Zhang, Chien-Hsun Huang
Camellia (Theaceae) is a morphologically highly diverse genus of flowering plants and includes many famous species with high economic value, and the phylogeny of this genus is not fully resolved. We used 98 transcriptomes from 90 Camellia species and identified 1481 low-copy genes to conduct a detailed analysis of the phylogeny of this genus according to various data-screening criteria. The results show that, very different from the two existing classification systems of Camellia, 90 species are grouped into 8 main clades and two independent species, and that all 8 clades except Clade 8 were strongly supported by almost all the coalescent or concatenated trees using different gene subsets...
February 24, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Jia Li, Song Li, Hua Su, Minjie Yu, Jiahui Xu, Zhenzhen Yi
Ciliate species within the class Armophorea are widely distributed in various anaerobic environments, hence they are of great interest to researchers studying evolution and adaptation of eukaryotes to extreme habitats. However, phylogenetic relationships within the class remain largely elusive, most especially assignment of the order Armophorida and classification within the family Metopidae. In this study, we newly sequenced transcriptomes and the SSU rDNA of five armophorean species, Sulfonecta cf. uniserialis (order Armophorida), Nyctotheroides sp...
February 23, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Yun Jia, Mi-Li Liu, Jordi López-Pujol, Rui-Wen Jia, Yi-Xuan Kou, Ming Yue, Tian-Xia Guan, Zhong-Hu Li
Hybridization is recognized as a major force in species evolution and biodiversity formation, generally leading to the origin and differentiation of new species. Multiple hybridization events cannot easily be reconstructed, yet they offer the potential to study a number of evolutionary processes. Here, we used nuclear expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat and large-scale single nucleotide polymorphism variation data, combined with niche analysis, to investigate the putative independent hybridization events in Notopterygium, a group of perennial herb plants endemic to China...
February 17, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Chika Sato, Noriko Nendai, Nobuaki Nagata, Yutaka Okuzaki, Hiroshi Ikeda, Yukio Minamiya, Teiji Sota
Megascolecid earthworms of the pheretimoid group are dominant detritivores of soil ecosystems in the Japanese Archipelago and East Asia. However, their diversity and phylogenetic relationships are poorly understood. We assembled whole mitogenome sequences for 197 megascolecid earthworms collected throughout Japan to study the phylogenetic relationships, phylogeography, divergence times, and diversification of important morphological characteristics among pheretimoid earthworms. Using 197 mitogenome sequences and 24 published mitogenome sequences from the East Asian mainland (221 sequences in total), we constructed a maximum likelihood tree and found that the pheretimoid earthworms currently assigned to Amynthas, Metaphire, Duplodicodrilus, and Manus are involved in the most senior genus Amynthas; thus, Amynthas can be treated as the sole genus encompassing all of the above genera...
February 17, 2023: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.