journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38898560/changes-in-prenatal-cannabis-related-diagnosed-disorders-after-the-cannabis-act-and-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-quebec-canada
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
José Ignacio Nazif-Munoz, Pablo Martínez, Christophe Huỳnh, Victoria Massamba, Isaora Zefania, Louis Rochette, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Public health concerns regarding pregnant women's health after the enactment of the Cannabis Act in Canada (CAC) (a law that allowed non-medical cannabis use), and the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, call for a contemporary assessment of these two events. Our study measured associations between the CAC, the COVID-19 pandemic and the monthly prevalence rates of cannabis-, all drug- and alcohol-related diagnosed disorders among pregnant women in the province of Quebec...
June 19, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38897583/nicotine-strength-of-e-liquids-used-by-adult-vapers-in-great-britain-a-population-survey-2016-to-2024
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah E Jackson, Jamie Brown, Lion Shahab, Deborah Arnott, Linda Bauld, Sharon Cox
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In March 2024, the UK government announced plans to introduce a Vaping Products Duty that will tax e-liquids based on their nicotine strength. This study examined trends in the nicotine strength of e-liquids used by adult vapers and differences in those currently used across relevant subgroups. DESIGN: Nationally-representative, cross-sectional household survey, July 2016 to January 2024. SETTING: Great Britain. PARTICIPANTS: 7981 adult vapers...
June 19, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38886901/pain-in-people-seeking-and-receiving-opioid-agonist-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prevalence-and-correlates
#3
REVIEW
Jie Yang, Monica Jung, Louisa Picco, Elizabeth Grist, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Melita Giummarra, Suzanne Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People with opioid use disorder (OUD) commonly experience pain including chronic pain. Despite the high prevalence, few studies have systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of pain among people seeking or receiving opioid agonist treatment (OAT) for OUD. This review aimed to determine the prevalence of pain in this population globally, and estimate the association between chronic pain and other demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted in three databases (Medline, Embase and PsycINFO) from the inception until October 2022...
June 17, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38884138/the-association-of-smoking-with-different-eating-and-dietary-behaviours-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-80%C3%A2-296-united-kingdom-adults
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arwa Alruwaili, James A King, Kevin Deighton, Benjamin M Kelly, Zhining Liao, Aidan Innes, Joseph Henson, Thomas Yates, William Johnson, David Thivel, Lore Metz, Alice E Thackray, Keith Tolfrey, David J Stensel, Scott A Willis
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Smokers typically have a lower body mass index (BMI) than non-smokers, while smoking cessation is associated with weight gain. In pre-clinical research, nicotine in tobacco smoking suppresses appetite and influences subsequent eating behaviour; however, this relationship is unclear in humans. This study measured the associations of smoking with different eating and dietary behaviours. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of data from health assessments conducted between 2004 and 2022...
June 17, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38881433/commentary-on-darke-et-al-expanded-psychedelic-access-requires-new-safety-monitoring-systems
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
P Todd Korthuis, Adrianne R Wilson-Poe, Joshua C Black, Andrew Monte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38881151/contingency-management-needs-implementation-science
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sara J Becker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38880489/young-people-s-use-of-disposable-vapes-a-qualitative-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caitlin Notley, Anna Varley, Ian Pope, Lynne Dawkins, Emma Ward
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Youth use of disposable vapes has increased markedly in the United Kingdom in recent years, yet little is known about the motivations, experiences and perceptions of young people themselves. This study aimed to explore young people's experiences and use of disposable vapes. METHODS: This was a qualitative study recruiting young people reporting regularly vaping disposables, collecting data via dyad guided, individual and group interviews. Data analysis was theoretically informed by the Social Ecological Model...
June 16, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38856086/extended-observation-of-reduced-methamphetamine-use-with-combined-naltrexone-plus-bupropion-in-the-adapt-2-trial
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael J Li, Brendon Chau, Thomas Belin, Thomas Carmody, Manish K Jha, Elise N Marino, Madhukar Trivedi, Steven J Shoptaw
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A 12-week placebo-controlled, sequential parallel Accelerated Development of Additive Pharmacotherapy Treatment for Methamphetamine Use Disorder (ADAPT-2) trial evaluated the effects of extended-release injectable naltrexone plus extended-release oral bupropion (NTX + BUPN) on methamphetamine (MA) use over two stages. This study reports on the previously unpublished stage 2 MA use in participants randomized at stage 1 to receive NTX + BUPN through both stages compared with those assigned to placebo...
June 10, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38853342/adopting-the-berridge-et-al-framework-to-understand-differences-in-the-e-cigarette-policy-between-the-nordic-countries
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Karl Erik Lund, Gunnar Saebo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38845381/crafting-effective-regulatory-policies-for-psychedelics-what-can-be-learned-from-the-case-of-cannabis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christina M Andrews, Wayne Hall, Keith Humphreys, John Marsden
The turn of the century brought a resurgence of interest in psychedelics as a treatment for addiction and other psychiatric conditions, accompanied by extensive positive media attention and private equity investment. Government regulatory bodies in Australia, Israel, Canada and the United States now permit use of psychedelics for medical purposes. In the United States, citizen action and corporate financing have led to petitions and ballot initiatives to legalize psilocybin and other psychedelics for medical and recreational use...
June 6, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38839597/harm-perceptions-across-vaping-product-features-an-on-line-cross-sectional-survey-of-adults-who-smoke-and-or-vape-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katherine East, Giang Vu, Tianze Sun, Kimberly D'Mello, Parvati Rose Perman-Howe, Eve Taylor, Matilda Nottage, Leonie Sarah Brose, Deborah Robson, Ann McNeill
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Vaping products are diverse with a wide variety of features, and popular products change rapidly. This study examined the features and types of vaping products that people who smoke and/or vape perceive contribute to the health harms of vaping. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a cross-sectional survey co-designed with adults who smoked/vaped and pre-registered. An on-line survey (November 2022) was used of a convenience sample of adults in the United Kingdom who smoked and/or vaped (n = 494)...
June 5, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38837836/navigating-the-digital-age-the-need-for-online-specific-gambling-marketing-regulations
#12
LETTER
Raffaello Rossi, Agnes Nairn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38837806/commentary-on-ussher-et-al-duration-and-magnitude-of-postpartum-financial-incentives-for-the-maintenance-of-cigarette-smoking-abstinence
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Loren S Kock, Stephen T Higgins, Sarah H Heil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38828645/not-so-disposable-e-cigarettes-methods-young-people-use-to-discard-single-use-e-cigarettes
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emily M Donovan, Mona Azadi, Tatum McKay, Kathleen Aarvig, Jennifer Kreslake
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To date, most tobacco product waste research focuses on cigarettes. Less is known about single-use 'disposable' e-cigarette waste, which contains several hazardous and toxic materials. This exploratory study examines self-reported methods for discarding disposables among a national sample of US adolescents and young adults. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Data were obtained from a weekly cross-sectional survey of US residents aged 15-24 years...
June 3, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38808397/inequities-in-naloxone-administration-among-fatal-overdose-decedents-by-race-and-ethnicity-in-pennsylvania-2019-21
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Erin Takemoto, Ashley Bolton, Carrie Thomas Goetz
AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize the circumstances of drug overdose deaths and determine whether naloxone administration differed by overdose decedent race and ethnicity. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of data on unintentional and undetermined intent drug overdose deaths in Pennsylvania (2019-21) was collected from death certificates and the State Unintentional Drug Overdose Reporting System. Multivariable logistic regression models were adjusted for overdose death circumstances and the odds of naloxone administration were estimated by race/ethnicity and year...
May 29, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38807448/the-impact-of-emergency-guidance-to-the-covid-19-pandemic-on-treatment-entry-retention-and-mortality-among-patients-on-methadone-in-ukraine
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Roman Ivasiy, Lynn M Madden, Anna Meteliuk, Eteri Machavariani, Bachar Ahmad, Alexei Zelenev, Mayur M Desai, Daniel J Bromberg, Maxim Polonsky, Samy J Galvez de Leon, Scott O Farnum, Zahedul Islam, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ukraine's Ministry of Health released urgent COVID-19 guidelines, allowing for early implementation of take-home dosing (THD) for opioid agonist therapies (OAT) such as methadone. Enrollment in OAT and retention in the program are the most effective HIV prevention strategies for people who inject drugs (PWID). This study aimed to evaluate the impact of Ukraine's COVID-19 emergency guidance on OAT treatment enrollment, retention on treatment and mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: Using Ukraine's national OAT registry for 252 governmental clinics across 25 regions, we conducted a 12-month comparative prospective cohort survival analysis...
May 28, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38804474/the-association-between-alcohol-retail-access-and-health-care-visits-attributable-to-alcohol-for-individuals-with-and-without-a-history-of-alcohol-related-health-care-use
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daniel T Myran, Erik Friesen, Robert Talarico, Adrienne Gaudreault, Monica Taljaard, Erin Hobin, Brendan T Smith, Naomi Schwartz, Norman Giesbrecht, Jean-François Crépault, Peter Tanuseputro, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alcohol retail access is associated with alcohol use and related harms. This study measured whether this association differs for people with and without heavy and disordered patterns of alcohol use. DESIGN: The study used a repeated cross-sectional analysis of health administrative databases. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS/CASES: All residents of Ontario, Canada aged 10-105 years with universal health coverage (n = 10 677 604 in 2013) were included in the analysis...
May 28, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38802984/opportunistic-smoking-cessation-interventions-for-people-accessing-financial-support-settings-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Paul Doody, Thomas Parkhouse, Min Gao, Simona Haasova, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Hazel Cheeseman, Paul Aveyard, Nicola Lindson
AIM: The aim of this work was to systematically scope the evidence on opportunistic tobacco smoking cessation interventions for people accessing financial support settings. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group specialized register to 21 March 2023. We duplicate screened 20% of titles/abstracts and all full texts. We included primary studies investigating smoking cessation interventions delivered opportunistically to people who smoked tobacco, within settings offering support for problems caused by financial hardship, for example homeless support services, social housing and food banks...
May 27, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38800982/an-observational-human-laboratory-assessment-of-nicotine-delivery-vaping-topography-and-subjective-effects-of-usual-brand-electronic-cigarette-use-among-young-adults
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Ruth Sloan, Toral Mehta, Alice Hinton, Alayna P Tackett, Megan E Roberts, Marielle C Brinkman, Theodore L Wagener
AIMS: To measure nicotine delivery, vaping topography and subjective effects of current generations of disposable, cartridge-based and other types of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among young adults. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Observational, human laboratory assessment of e-cigarette use in Columbus, Ohio, USA (July 2020 to June 2021). Participants (n = 96, 60.4% female, age mean = 21.7 [standard deviation = 1...
May 27, 2024: Addiction
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38794824/addiction-lives-maggie-brady
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Virginia Berridge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2024: Addiction
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