Journals Proceedings of the Baylor Univ...

Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Kimberly Nguyen, Aliza Epstein, Donovan S Reed, Lani Hoang, Marie Somogyi
Cutaneous vascular lesions in the pediatric population are rare and may represent a variety of localized and systemic diagnoses with diverse treatment protocols. We present a unique case of an infant with multiple cutaneous vascular lesions, initially diagnosed as congenital disseminated pyogenic granuloma based on histopathologic findings and later diagnosed as multifocal infantile hemangioma with extracutaneous hepatic involvement. The largest vascular lesion in our patient was on the left upper eyelid, which failed medical treatment and ultimately required surgical excision to prevent amblyopia progression...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Grant Manh-Tri Pham, Anuj Sharma
A woman with extensive chronic fatigue presented to the emergency department with vague abdominal complaints and was subsequently found to have microcytic anemia secondary to lead intoxication. Upon further investigation, the unlikely source of lead intoxication was found to be the supplements she procured from her frequent overseas trips to South Asia. Chelation therapy was started and lead levels dropped.
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Nikita Dhir, Travis Haneke, Timothy Mixon
Thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition which, in rare cases, may lead to cardiogenic shock and dysrhythmias. Mechanical circulatory support with an Impella device or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used as a bridge to recovery in these cases. This case involves a patient with thyrotoxicosis and reduced ejection fraction and hemodynamic instability requiring Impella device placement. After treatment with methimazole, Lugol's iodine, and hydrocortisone, he was weaned off mechanical circulatory support and made a full recovery...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Nazli Begum Ozturk, Christos Tsagkaris, Naile Dolek, Raim Iliaz
Peritoneal tuberculosis arises from hematogenous spread of pulmonary foci or from direct spread from an adjacent structure. Diagnosis of peritoneal tuberculosis can be challenging due to nonspecific symptoms, insidious onset, and variable imaging findings. Herein, we report a patient presenting with ascites who was eventually diagnosed with peritoneal tuberculosis.
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Austin Kluis, David Rawitscher, Aasim M Afzal, J Michael DiMaio, Timothy J George
Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in the setting of combined cardiopulmonary failure provides full support of both cardiac and respiratory systems. However, it is difficult to isolate and evaluate pulmonary recovery independent of cardiac function on venoarterial ECMO. In this case report, we demonstrate the advantage of supporting a patient in cardiopulmonary failure with venovenous ECMO and the Impella 5.5 as a method to isolate organ dysfunction, wean off ECMO as respiratory function improves, and bridge to a left ventricular assist device with Impella 5...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Rajesh Shah, John Kelley, Tyson Amundsen, Kenneth Coggins, Audrene Edwards, Christopher M Johnson
There is a growing recognition that social determinants of health (SDOH) influence outcomes in patients with chronic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the influence of SDOH on outcomes in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We conducted a retrospective cohort study of adult patients with IBD from 1996 to 2019. Patients were identified using ICD-10 codes for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, and chart review was performed to validate the diagnosis and extract clinical information. SDOH factors including food security, financial resources, and transportation were self-reported by the patient...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Alexandra Ritenour, Anthony Yu, Diana Li, Tonya Martin
In rheumatoid arthritis, the use of Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3 (RAPID3) assessments to meet treat-to-target goals is endorsed by the 2021 American College of Rheumatology guidelines. In November 2020, the Baylor Scott & White specialty pharmacy implemented a new service that included more frequent collection of RAPID3 scores and standardized provider communication for patients co-managed by a Baylor Scott & White rheumatology clinic. The objective was to evaluate the impact of this new service on rheumatoid arthritis disease activity...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Azizullah Beran, Asmaa Mhanna, Mohammed Mhanna, Ramzi Hassouneh, Ziad Abuhelwa, Mouhand F H Mohamed, Wasef Sayeh, Rami Musallam, Ragheb Assaly, Khaled Abdeljawad
SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations were found to be highly effective in phase 3 clinical trials. However, these trials have not reported data regarding the subgroup of liver disease or excluded patients with liver disease. The effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines among liver cirrhosis (LC) patients is unclear. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in LC patients. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to include all the relevant studies that compared the outcomes of LC patients who received SARS-CoV-2 vaccines vs...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Soroush Shahrokh, Soraya Salmanian, Mohadese Shahin
Ovarian carcinoma is a common malignancy with a grim prognosis and a high mortality rate. Here, we report a rare case of an Iranian woman with four episodes of recurrent metastatic ovarian carcinoma. She was initially diagnosed with stage IVa high-grade serous ovarian adenocarcinoma (HGSOC), treated with paclitaxel-carboplatin and capecitabine, followed by total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. Two years later, she developed cerebellar metastasis and received whole-brain radiotherapy and paclitaxel-carboplatin...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Haris Patail, Hassan Patail
Autologous blood-patch pleurodesis (ABPP) is a common technique used to manage patients with persistent pleural air leaks caused by pneumothorax. Other treatment options for persistent air leak (PAL) include chemical pleurodesis or placement of endobronchial valves, though severity of illness, risk of complications such as infection, or patient comorbidities may impact treatment decisions. The use of ABPP in patients with HIV and AIDS has not been reported in the literature. We present a case of a 32-year-old man with a history of AIDS (noncompliant with medications) and schizophrenia who presented with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure complicated by pneumothorax and PAL...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
John Davis Cantwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Chase Griffin, Christopher J Peterson, Kanak Parmar, Jacob Nichols
Disseminated coccidioidomycosis is a rare but serious complication of fungal illness, with immunocompromised patients more susceptible to severe illness. Here we report a unique case of disseminated coccidioidomycosis in a patient on mycophenolate for treatment of polymyositis.
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Daniel Vinson, Jonathan Kopel, Caezaan Keshvani, James Lee, Kenn Freedman
Kestenbaum-Anderson-like operations have proven beneficial in treatment of compensatory head tilt in patients with infantile nystagmus. However, their use in acquired vertical nystagmus in adults with head tilt has rarely been reported. Presented here is a case of a 52-year-old woman with acquired downbeat nystagmus with a significant head tilt who responded to a simple two-muscle surgery involving the superior recti. Cyclovertical muscle surgery should be considered a viable option in such patients who are refractory to medical intervention...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Briget da Graca, Lauren R Hall, Katherine Sanchez, Monica M Bennett, Mark B Powers, Ann Marie Warren
As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, interest in mental health impacts is shifting from short-term to long-term outcomes. As part of a longitudinal online survey study examining mental health impacts of the pandemic, we assessed the risk of attrition bias related to a history of depression-a condition research shows can increase challenges of recruitment and retention. Among 5023 participants who completed the baseline survey, significantly more reporting a history of depression were lost to follow-up: baseline to 3 months: 497/760 (65...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Narayanapillai Jayaprasad
A significant number of patients with acute coronary occlusion present with atypical electrocardiographic features in the emergency department. The de Winter pattern is suggestive of proximal left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion. Timely identification and immediate reperfusion is of utmost importance in these cases. The electrocardiographic pattern and its evolution in a young patient with acute myocardial infarction is described here.
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Matthew Wynn, Kristen M Tecson, David Provost
As the prevalence of morbid obesity continues to climb in America, so does the popularity of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to achieve weight loss goals; however, a long-term risk of RYGB is marginal ulceration, which requires urgent surgery if perforated. We sought to identify characteristics associated with elective vs urgent presentation for marginal ulcer following RYGB. Retrospective data for consecutive cases with marginal ulcers that required surgical intervention from May 2016 to February 2021 were queried from our institution's bariatric database, and differences in patient characteristics and clinical course were assessed according to presentation...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Dhairya Gor, Kyle Wiseman, Rajvi Gor, Shefali Shah
Ischemic gastropathy is a rare, underreported phenomenon that is associated with a poor prognosis. Patients often present with signs of shock, gastrointestinal bleeding, and anemia. We describe a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis who presented after a fall in hemorrhagic shock. Initial endoscopy revealed evidence of ongoing bleeding, with subsequent endoscopy revealing the "leopard skin" appearance in the stomach. The patient was treated supportively but eventually succumbed to his condition. Prompt diagnosis, treatment, and awareness of the delayed changes on upper endoscopy are imperative in diagnosing ischemic gastropathy...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Emma Villamaria, Nicole Dacy, Allie Preston, Chad Housewright
Topical 5-fluorouracil is a common treatment for actinic keratoses. Its side effects may include intense erythema, erosions, contact dermatitis, systemic intolerance in susceptible individuals, and ulcerations. We present a case of a 78-year-old woman who developed unilateral ectropion after topical 5-fluorouracil application. This case highlights the importance of clear patient instruction while prescribing topical 5-fluorouracil. Patients should be advised to wash their hands thoroughly after application...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Corry B Sanford, Jonathan P Urbanczyk, Timothy A Mixon
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the setting of an anomalous left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) has had a variety of outcomes. Most commonly an anomalous LCX originates as a separate ostium arising from the right coronary sinus or is found branching off of the proximal right coronary artery. The artery courses around the aortic annulus before taking the course seen in typical anatomy. Given this deviation from typical anatomy and increased aortic annulus pressure by the replacement valve, there is an increased risk of a complication such as acute coronary artery occlusion...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
Alyson Win, Adam Olson, Kendall Hammonds, Michael P Hofkamp
At our hospital, direct and video laryngoscopy are used in airway management for cesarean deliveries performed with general anesthesia. We hypothesized that video laryngoscopy would have a higher success rate of endotracheal intubation on the first attempt compared to direct laryngoscopy. We used our electronic medical record system to search for patients who had cesarean deliveries with general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation performed in the operating room from July 1, 2017, through June 30, 2021...
2023: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
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