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European Spine Journal

Andrew S Moon, Carly A Cignetti, Jonathan A Isbell, Chong Weng, Sakthivel Rajan Rajaram Manoharan
PURPOSE: Hyperextension-distraction type injury of the thoracolumbar spine is an unstable fracture pattern that generally necessitates surgical stabilization by posterior instrumentation. Care must be taken when positioning these patients from supine to prone due to the unstable nature of their injury. The study objectives were (1) to describe a novel modification of the Jackson table turn technique, which may be safer and more effective than the conventional log-roll method and traditional Jackson table technique for positioning patients with hyperextension-distraction injuries of the thoracolumbar spine from supine to prone in the operating room and (2) to present two cases in which this technique was successfully performed...
February 15, 2019: European Spine Journal
Takayoshi Shimizu, Suthipas Pongmanee, K Daniel Riew
PURPOSE: To investigate the normative value of distance between the spinous processes (inter-spinous process distance, ISPD), correlations between patients' demographics and ISPD, and determine cutoff ISPD values that result in segmental lordosis in posterior cervical-thoracic arthrodesis with instrumentation. METHODS: We reviewed patients with visible lower cervical and cervicothoracic spinous processes (C5-T2) on dynamic X-rays. Radiographic measurements included segmental Cobb angles (S-Cobb) and ISPD, defined as the distance between midpoints of the spinous processes...
February 15, 2019: European Spine Journal
Rekhapalli Rajasekhar, Madhivanan Karthigeyan, Pravin Salunke, Kirti Gupta
PURPOSE: Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) presenting as solitary vertebral body lesion is infrequently seen and usually limited to one or two levels. We report a case of an isolated JXG with extensive cervical spinal (bony and extradural) involvement in a 6-year-old child. There was a diagnostic dilemma as the radiologic and intraoperative picture resembled tuberculosis. The spinal reconstruction was also challenging due to involvement of multiple vertebral levels and necessitated an anterior C1 screw...
February 15, 2019: European Spine Journal
Xuan Cai, Xiaoqing Yi, Haopeng Li, Xijing He
PURPOSE: The Anterior Atlantoaxial Non-Fusion Fixation System (AANFS) was a novel motion preservation device for atlantoaxial instability to replace traditional fusion techniques. The purpose of this in vivo study was to evaluate the clinical features and biomechanical properties of this new device in a canine model by comparing it with a conventional method. METHODS: Eighteen adult male canines were randomly divided into group 1, which received the AANFS replacement, group 2 which received the Harms rigid fixation procedures, and group 3, which served as the control group...
February 13, 2019: European Spine Journal
C Mehren, L Wanke-Jellinek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: European Spine Journal
Cesare Faldini, Fabrizio Perna, Alberto Ruffilli, Antonio Mazzotti, Alessandro Panciera, Francesco Traina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: European Spine Journal
Tingxian Ling, Limin Liu, Yueming Song, Shilian Zhou, Chunguang Zhou
PURPOSE: POEMS syndrome is a rare clonal plasma cell disease characterized by polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M protein, and skin changes. We report a rare case of neurological impairment in patients with concurrent cervical disc herniation and POEMS syndrome. METHODS: A patient presented to a local hospital with C3/4 and C4/5 disc herniation, apparent spinal cord compression concomitant with neurological signs, and concurrent POEMS syndrome. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion was performed...
February 13, 2019: European Spine Journal
Daniel Sauer, Franziska C Heider, Christoph Mehren, Christoph J Siepe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2019: European Spine Journal
Seung Min Son, Sung Hoon Choi, Jong Ki Shin, Tae Sik Goh, Jung Sub Lee
PURPOSE: Limited data are available on the relationship between treatment agents and sagittal balance in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). We investigated radiological features related to treatment agents and compared sagittal balance between patients treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF-α) and those treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and sulfasalazine (SSZ). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 133 consecutive AS patients. Patients were eligible for the trial if they were under medical treatment with the same treatment agents for at least 1 year...
February 11, 2019: European Spine Journal
Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong, Rodrigo Remondino, J Joncas, Stefan Parent, Hubert Labelle
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine whether routine follow-up 5 years after adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery is likely to affect postoperative care for patients treated with high-density pedicle screw constructs, when routine 2-year follow-up has been performed. METHODS: We reviewed 80 patients undergoing surgery for AIS using high-density pedicle screw constructs and followed routinely 2 and 5 years after surgery. Quality of life (QOL) was assessed using the SRS-30 outcome questionnaire...
February 11, 2019: European Spine Journal
Jeffrey J Hebert, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Claudia Franz, Arnaud Lardon, Lise Hestbæk, Neil Manson, Niels Wedderkopp
PURPOSE: To examine the prospective associations of pubertal development and linear growth with spinal pain frequency and duration in children. METHODS: We recruited students from 10 public primary schools. Over 42 months, pubertal development was assessed four times and categorized according to Tanner stages 1-5, and height was measured on seven occasions. Occurrences of spinal pain were reported weekly via text messaging. We constructed variables for spinal pain duration (total weeks with pain) and frequency (number of episodes)...
February 11, 2019: European Spine Journal
Francesco Langella, Federico Fusini, Gregorio Rossi, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Nicola Migliaccio, Sabrina Donzelli, Pedro Berjano
Unfortunately, first name and family name in the author group were incorrectly swapped and published. The complete correct names of the author group are given below.
February 9, 2019: European Spine Journal
Shoahaib Karimi, Victor M Lu, Mithun Nambiar, Kevin Phan, Anuruthran Ambikaipalan, Ralph J Mobbs
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of antifibrinolytic agents for paediatric spine surgery. BACKGROUND: Bleeding is an important consideration in paediatric scoliosis surgery; blood loss leads directly to higher morbidity and mortality. Antifibrinolytics are an attractive non-invasive method of reducing bleeding as evidenced in arthroplasty, cardiac surgery and adult scoliosis surgery...
February 9, 2019: European Spine Journal
G James, D M Klyne, M Millecamps, L S Stone, P W Hodges
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain causes structural remodelling and inflammation in the multifidus muscle. Collagen expression is increased in the multifidus of humans with lumbar disc degeneration. However, the extent and mechanisms underlying the increased fibrotic activity in the multifidus are unknown. Physical activity reduces local inflammation that precedes multifidus fibrosis during intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD), but its effect on amelioration of fibrosis is unknown. This study aimed to assess the development of fibrosis and its underlying genetic network during IDD and the impact of physical activity...
February 8, 2019: European Spine Journal
Keiji Nagata, Noriko Yoshimura, Hiroshi Hashizume, Hiroshi Yamada, Yuyu Ishimoto, Shigeyuki Muraki, Yukihiro Nakagawa, Akihito Minamide, Hiroyuki Oka, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Sakae Tanaka, Kozo Nakamura, Munehito Yoshida
PURPOSE: We previously revealed a prevalence rate of 24.4% for cervical cord compression (CCC) in a population-based magnetic resonance imaging study. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of cervical myelopathy (CM) among CCC cases and to reveal the predictors for CM. METHODS: This study is a part of "The Wakayama Spine Study," a large-scale population-based MRI cohort study. At baseline, 238 patients were diagnosed with CCC. We followed 238 patients who had CCC for more than 4 years, of which 158 (mean age, 68...
February 7, 2019: European Spine Journal
Yusuke Hori, Masatoshi Hoshino, Kazuhide Inage, Masayuki Miyagi, Shinji Takahashi, Shoichiro Ohyama, Akinobu Suzuki, Tadao Tsujio, Hidetomi Terai, Sho Dohzono, Ryuichi Sasaoka, Hiromitsu Toyoda, Minori Kato, Akira Matsumura, Takashi Namikawa, Masahiko Seki, Kentaro Yamada, Hasibullah Habibi, Hamidullah Salimi, Masaomi Yamashita, Tomonori Yamauchi, Takeo Furuya, Sumihisa Orita, Satoshi Maki, Yasuhiro Shiga, Masahiro Inoue, Gen Inoue, Hisako Fujimaki, Kosuke Murata, Ayumu Kawakubo, Daijiro Kabata, Ayumi Shintani, Seiji Ohtori, Masashi Takaso, Hiroaki Nakamura
STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To clarify the relationship of trunk muscle mass with low back pain, spinal sagittal balance, and quality of life. Few reports have investigated the relationship of trunk muscle mass with lumbar spine function and spinal balance, and the clinical significance of trunk muscle mass remains unclear. METHODS: Patients attending spinal outpatient clinics at 10 different medical institutions were enrolled in this study...
February 6, 2019: European Spine Journal
M J Troy, P E Miller, N Price, V Talwalkar, F Zaina, S Donzelli, S Negrini, M T Hresko
Unfortunately, the affiliation of the author Negrini S has been incorrectly published in the original version. The complete correct affiliation of this author should read as follows.
February 6, 2019: European Spine Journal
Feng Wang, Cong Zhang, Arjun Sinkemani, Rui Shi, Zhi-Yang Xie, Lu Chen, Lu Mao, Xiao-Tao Wu
PURPOSE: To elucidate the natural history of intervertebral disk (IVD) and characterize its embryonic beginnings and age-related degeneration. METHODS: Coronal sections of embryonic (E13.5-neonatal) and postnatal (4-60-week-old) Sprague-Dawley rat IVD were stained by a series of histological stainings (hematoxylin and eosin, Alcian blue, Picrosirius red, Masson, Periodic acid-Schiff). Growth kinetics within embryonic IVD were evaluated by immunohistochemical staining of Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen...
February 4, 2019: European Spine Journal
Doruk Akgün, Justus Bürger, Matthias Pumberger, Michael Putzier
PURPOSE: C-reactive protein (CRP) has been shown to be a powerful parameter for detecting acute postoperative spinal implant infections (PSII) with a high sensitivity and specificity. However, little data are available on the performance of CRP in the diagnosis of delayed PSII. The aim of the current study was therefore to establish cutoff values for diagnosing delayed infection based on serum CRP. METHODS: All patients who underwent a revision surgery after instrumented spinal fusion from January 2013 through January 2016 were included...
February 2, 2019: European Spine Journal
Zhen-Xuan Shao, Xia Fang, Qing-Bo Lv, Zhi-Chao Hu, Yuan-Bo Hu, Shi-Yun Shao, Xiang-Yang Wang, Ai-Min Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: European Spine Journal
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