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Journal of Athletic Training

Russell T Baker, Damon Burton, Michael A Pickering, Amanda Start
CONTEXT: The Disablement in the Physically Active (DPA) Scale is a patient-reported outcome instrument recommended for use in clinical practice and research. Analysis of the scale has indicated a need for further psychometric testing. OBJECTIVE: To assess the model fit of the original DPA Scale using a larger and more diverse sample and explore the potential for a short-form (SF) version. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Twenty-four clinical settings...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Emma Nye, Ashley Crossway, Sean M Rogers, Kenneth E Games, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT: Research suggests that patients who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) are at risk for certain conditions and denied equal access to health care in physician offices compared with their heterosexual counterparts. However, little evidence exists regarding the treatment of LGBTQ patient student-athletes in the athletic training clinic and the role the athletic trainer (AT) plays in these health care experiences. OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of ATs treating LGBTQ patient student-athletes...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Sarah A Manspeaker, Dorice A Hankemeier
CONTEXT: Health care systems are increasing their emphasis on interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) as a necessary component to patient care. However, information regarding the challenges athletic trainers (ATs) perceive with respect to participating in IPCP is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To describe collegiate ATs' perceptions of challenges to and resources for participation in IPCP. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: College and university...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Jonathan S Slowik, Kyle T Aune, Alek Z Diffendaffer, E Lyle Cain, Jeffrey R Dugas, Glenn S Fleisig
CONTEXT: High loads in the elbow during baseball pitching can lead to serious injuries, including injuries to the ulnar collateral ligament. These injuries have substantial implications for individual pitchers and their teams, especially at the professional level of competition. With a trend toward increased ball velocity in professional baseball, controversy still exists regarding the strength of the relationship between ball velocity and elbow-varus torque. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between fastball velocity and elbow-varus torque in professional pitchers using between- and within-subjects statistical analyses...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Neal R Glaviano, Ashley N Marshall, L Colby Mangum, Joseph M Hart, Jay Hertel, Shawn Russell, Susan A Saliba
CONTEXT: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a chronic condition that presents with lower extremity muscle weakness, decreased flexibility, subjective functional limitations, pain, and decreased physical activity. Patterned electrical neuromuscular stimulation (PENS) has been shown to affect muscle activation and pain after a single treatment, but its use has not been studied in a rehabilitation trial. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of a 4-week impairment-based rehabilitation program using PENS on subjective function, pain, strength, range of motion, and physical activity in individuals with PFP...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Monica R Lininger, Heidi A Wayment, Debbie I Craig, Ann Hergatt Huffman, Taylor S Lane
CONTEXT: Few researchers have examined the views of important stakeholders in football student-athletes' spheres of influence and whether their views map well in a systems approach to understanding concussion-reporting behavior (CRB). OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which stakeholders' beliefs about what influences football players' CRB reflect system-level influences that go beyond individual-level factors. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Four National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I university athletic programs...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Samantha E Scarneo, Lindsay J DiStefano, Rebecca L Stearns, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Craig R Denegar, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT: Emergency action plans (EAPs) are policies that improve response times and ensure access to emergency equipment for the management of patients with acute injuries and medical conditions, yet the extent to which EAP standards are adopted and implemented is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent of EAP adoption and implementation in secondary school (SS) athletics with athletic trainer (AT) services in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Susan W Yeargin, Thomas P Dompier, Douglas J Casa, Rebecca M Hirschhorn, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT: Exertional heat illnesses (EHIs) among football athletes have been widely researched, but data examining all collegiate sports are limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of EHI in 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: The NCAA Injury Surveillance Program during the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A voluntary sample of 166 NCAA institutions over 2048 team-seasons...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Thomas P Dompier, Kristen L Kucera, Jonathan Drezner, Douglas J Casa, Johna Register-Mihalik, Kevin M Guskiewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Janet Simon, Alison R Snyder Valier, Zachary Y Kerr, Aristarque Djoko, Stephen W Marshall, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT: Typically, athletic trainers rely on clinician-centered measures to evaluate athletes' return-to-play status. However, clinician-centered measures do not provide information regarding patients' perceptions. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinically important changes in patient-reported outcomes were observed from the time of lower extremity injury to the time of return to play in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Katlyn Cowee, Janet E Simon
CONTEXT: Empirical evidence supports the idea that previous severe injuries in former collegiate athletes may adversely affect their ability to participate in daily activities later in life, which may then decrease health-related quality of life (HRQOL). OBJECTIVE: To assess the influences of previous severe injury on the HRQOL of former National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephen M Glass, Christopher K Rhea, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross
CONTEXT: Movement screening has become increasingly popular among tactical professionals. This popularity has motivated the design of interventions that cater to improving outcomes on the screens themselves, which are often scored in reference to an objective norm. In contrast to the assumptions underlying this approach, dynamical systems theory suggests that movements arise as a function of continuously evolving constraints and that optimal movement strategies may not exist. To date, few data address behavioral complexity in the fundamental movement tasks commonly used in clinical screenings...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Yi-Fen Shih, Yuan-Ching Wang
CONTEXT: Spiking is one of the most frequently used scoring techniques in volleyball games, and around 80% of shoulder pain in volleyball players is linked with the spiking movement. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in glenohumeral joint, scapular, and trunk movements during the spiking motion between volleyball players with and those without shoulder pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University laboratory...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephen M Glass, Randy J Schmitz, Christopher K Rhea, Scott E Ross
CONTEXT: Predicting and promoting physical performance are important goals within the tactical professional community. Movement screens are frequently used in this capacity but are poor predictors of performance outcomes. It has recently been shown that prediction improved when movement quality was evaluated under load, but the mechanisms underlying this improvement remain unclear. Because balance, range of motion, and strength are mutually relevant to physical performance and movement quality, these attributes may mediate load-related decreases in movement quality and account for the resulting increase in performance prediction...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Jonathan M Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Anthony Anzalone, Aaron Carbuhn, Lauren Jones, Ally Gallop, Alex Smith, Palmer Johnson, Lisa Swearingen, Craig Moore, Ernest Rimer, Joe McBeth, William Harris, K Michelle Kirk, David Gable, Andrew Askow, Will Jennings, Jonathan M Oliver
CONTEXT: The essential omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FAs) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) exhibit vital biological roles and are critical for cardiovascular and neurologic health. Compared with the general population, football athletes may be at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Further, those same athletes are also exposed to repetitive head impacts, which may lead to long-term neurologic deficits. Both diets high in ω-3 FAs and supplementation with ω-3 FAs have been reported to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and early evidence suggests a potential neuroprotective effect of supplementation...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Matthew S Harkey, J Troy Blackburn, Daniel Nissman, Hope Davis, Isaac Durrington, Christina Rizk, Alexa Kuismanen, Brian Pietrosimone
CONTEXT: Developing osteoarthritis is common after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Monitoring changes in femoral cartilage size after ACLR may be a way to detect the earliest structural alterations before the radiographic onset of osteoarthritis. Diagnostic ultrasonography (US) offers a clinically accessible and valid method for evaluating anterior femoral cartilage size. OBJECTIVE: To compare the US measurements of anterior femoral cross-sectional area and cartilage thickness between limbs in individuals with a unilateral ACLR and between the ACLR limbs of these individuals and the limbs of uninjured control participants...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Fernanda A P Habechian, Ana Letícia Lozana, Ann M Cools, Paula R Camargo
CONTEXT: Whereas alterations in scapular kinematics, scapulothoracic muscle activity, and pain sensitivity have been described in adult swimmers, no researchers have examined these outcomes in young swimmers. OBJECTIVES: To compare scapular kinematics, scapulothoracic muscle activation, and the pressure-pain threshold (PPT) of the shoulder muscles among young nonpractitioners (those who were not involved in sports involving the upper limbs), amateur swimmers, and competitive swimmers...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Sibel Tekeli Ozer, Damla Karabay, Sevgi Sevi Yesilyaprak
CONTEXT: Deviations in scapular motions and subsequent alterations in associated soft tissues are thought to contribute to overuse shoulder injuries in overhead athletes. Whereas rigid and Kinesio taping are recommended for preventing these injuries, high-level evidence from clinical trials is still needed. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the short-term effects of rigid and Kinesio taping on scapular dyskinesis, scapular upward rotation, and pectoralis minor length in asymptomatic overhead athletes...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
Cara L Lewis, Hanna D Foley, Theresa S Lee, Justin W Berry
CONTEXT: Weakness or decreased activation of the hip abductors and external rotators has been associated with lower extremity injury, especially in females. Resisted side stepping is commonly used to address hip weakness. Whereas multiple variations of this exercise are used clinically, few data exist regarding which variations to select. OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in muscle-activation and movement patterns and determine kinematic and limb-specific differences between men and women during resisted side stepping with 3 resistive-band positions...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Athletic Training
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