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Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene

J Korablioviene, M Mauricas, S Caplinskas, G Zagrebneviene, P Korabliov
Despite considerable efforts and quite early initiated anti-tuberculosis (TB) actions, Lithuania still remains one of the European Union (EU) countries with the highest tuberculosis rates, especially multidrug-resistant (MDR) TB. According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, in 2016, 58 994 cases of TB were reported in 30 EU/European Economic Area (EEA) countries. MDR TB was reported for 3.7% of 36 071 cases with drug susceptibility testing results and continues to be highest in the three Baltic countries - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
M Martini, V Gazzaniga, M Behzadifar, N L Bragazzi, I Barberis
Since ancient times, the most frequently prescribed remedy for the treatment of tuberculosis was a stay in a temperate climate. From the middle of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th, Europe saw the development of sanatoria, where patients were able to benefit from outdoor walks, physical exercise and a balanced diet. Moreover, the institutionalisation and isolation of patients deemed to be contagious remains one of the most efficacious measures for the control of this type of infection. The first sanatorium opened in Germany in 1854, while in Italy the earliest experiments were conducted at the beginning of the 20th century...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
F Carnevale, B Delogu, A Bagnasco, L Sasso
Introduction: Correctional nursing can involve significant ethical difficulties. This study examined ethical challenges encountered by correctional nurses in the Italian region of Liguria. Empirical data were analyzed in relation to relevant ethical standards. The former involved a study of 75 nurses and managers in the Ligurian correctional system, while the latter involved an analysis of the Italian Code of Ethics for Nurses and related standards for correctional practice. Methods: Quantitative and qualitative methods were used for the empirical study...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
A Facciolà, A DI Pietro, G Visalli, P Panagia, R Raffa, O Triolo, A Denaro, R Riso
Introduction: Voluntary interruption of pregnancy (VIP) is one of the most frequent healthcare procedures in the world and a Public Health concern in many countries, especially after liberalization of the abortion laws. The study has been carried out to identify the factors that still influence a fraction of female population towards abortion in the absence of fetal malformations. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in the period 2012-2016. The survey was carried out on all VIPs performed at the Gynecology and Obstetrics Unit of the University Hospital "G...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
C Genovese, A G DE Belvis, M Rinaldi, V Manno, R Squeri, V LA Fauci, P Tabbi
Background: Clinical Diagnostic Care Pathways (CDCP) are management tools widespread throughout the world to improve the quality of patient care through a well-organized care continuum and to enhance the patient's "risk-adjusted" outcomes; indeed they could optimize the management of resources. They are particularly effective in the management of patients with chronic degenerative diseases, such as chronic kidney disease, with increasingly incidence and prevalence, with an estimated 11-13% of the population being affected...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
U Restelli, D Croce, F Milella, G Rizzardini
The Regional Council of Lombardy Region published in 2017 two resolutions related to a re-organisation of the management pathway of patients affected with chronic pathologies, to meet the changing needs of the users. The objective of this document is to provide recommendations to the Regional Health Service of Lombardy Region to manage the implementation of the resolutions considering peculiar aspects related to the management of HIV positive patients. These resolutions are a concrete answer to the changing needs of health care users within the regional context...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
C O Ifediora, E C Azuike
Background: Breast cancer occurrences in developing countries are gradually matching caucasian levels. Since early detection is linked to reductions in morbidities and mortality, affordable screening techniques like breast self-examination (BSE) becomes imperative in these resource-limited economies. Ascertaining the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) of breast cancers and BSE among young adult females will help provide baseline information for early and targeted interventions...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
M Savabi Esfahani, F Taleghani, M Noroozi, M Tabatabaeian
Introduction: Breast self-examination recommend as a breast screening method in developing countries where there are limited access to other screening methods. Therefore promoting breast self-examination required to identify effective interventions and relevant factors. Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental design carried out among 314 women 20-69 years in community cultural centers in Isfahan city, Iran. Sampling was conducted from April to 10 August, 2016...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
M Sharma, V K Nahar
Background: Physical activity and exercise offer numerous benefits to children and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines require that school children engage in at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity every day. Unfortunately, up to 30% elementary students do not meet these requirements and 79% elementary schools do not provide students with physical education classes every day. The transition from elementary to secondary school is particularly deleterious for levels of physical activity...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
C T T Nguyen, S Scuri, B T Nguyen, F Petrelli, I Grappasonni
Background: Comprehensive misunderstanding about medicine usage is often associated with high treatment risks which have led to unexpected and adverse effects or even death. Many researches assessing health literacy have been undertaken, but only in adults. This study was undertaken to evaluate the level of understanding in students of medical terms and its correlation with gender, grade and parental occupation. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September to October 2017 with 594 students (28...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
C Azzari, P Bonanni
The invasive disease from Neisseria meningitidis is one of the leading causes of death for meningitis and sepsis at all ages. The highest incidence of cases occurs at paediatric and adolescent age, but no age of life is considered protected from this infection and disease. Prevention against the five main serogroups is possible using the combined conjugated polysaccharide vaccine against the ACWY (anti-MenACWY) serogroups and the meningococcal B (anti-MenB) protein vaccines. Trumenba® vaccine, approved by the EMA (European Medicine Agency) for use in individuals aged ≥ 10 years, protects against serogroup B invasive disease...
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
G Icardi, F Francia, P Di Bartolo, D Mannino, E Alti, F Purrello, G Sesti, A Sessa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. E128-E131 in vol. 59, PMID: 30083619.].
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
M Martini, G Besozzi, I Barberis
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the oldest diseases known to affect humanity, and is still a major public health problem. It is caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT), isolated in 1882 by Robert Koch. Until the 1950s, X rays were used as a cheap method of diagnostic screening together with the tuberculin skin sensitivity test. In the diagnosis and treatment of TB, an important role was also played by surgery. The late Nineteenth century saw the introduction of the tuberculosis sanatorium, which proved to be one of the first useful measures against TB...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
A Mohammadbeigi, A Asgarian, E Moshir, H Heidari, S Afrashteh, S Khazaei, H Ansari
Nowadays, the prevalence of both fast food consumption and overweight/obesity has been increased. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of fast food consumption and to assess its association with abdominal and general obesity. In an analytical cross-sectional study, 300 students were selected randomly from two largest universities in Qom, center of Iran, studying in medical and basic sciences fields in 2015. Data collection was conducted by a modified version of NELSON's fast food questionnaire and anthropometric measures including Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) and Body Mass Index (BMI)...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
F Petrelli, S Scuri, E Tanzi, T T C Nguyễn, I Grappasonni
Introduction: The 40.3% of the Romanian youth population is at risk of poverty or social exclusion, and, in addition, the abuse of substances increases. It was interesting to evaluate the attitudes shared by pupils as well as their knowledge of these substances with a view to analyzing causes and types of risky behaviour in young people. Methods: This is an observational study on the harassment influence in the lifestyle of a sample of Craiova high-school students The Fagerström Test was applied to evaluate the degree of nicotine dependence, and the data processed to assess the Odds Ratio...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
R Briancesco, S Paduano, M Semproni, L Bonadonna
Introduction: Sanitary tampons have been in existence for over 60 years. Their use may present certain health risks, potentially associated with an abnormal change of microbial flora in the vagina (e.g., toxic shock syndrome). Tampon production and marketing are regulated differently in different countries. In Australia, Canada and the USA, tampons are classified as Class-II medical devices and their marketing requires pre-clinical and clinical studies, including microbiological trials...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
A B Belachew, M B Abrha, Z A Gebrezgi, D Y Tekle
Introduction: Despite concerted efforts by governmental and non-governmental organizations, water and adequate sanitation still remain a challenge worldwide. Therefore, this study assessed the availability and utilization of sanitation facilities in Enderta district of Tigray, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2016. An interview and observation were conducted in a total of 450 households. An interviewer administered questionnaire and observation checklist were used to collect the data...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
S Cadmus, V Akinseye, A Adegbulu, N Ovwighose, M Ayoola, J Ogugua, H Adesokan, E Cadmus
Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa coupled with dearth of information about the disease among livestock workers at risk of infection. We determined the prevalence of pulmonary TB infection and factors associated with its occurrence among livestock workers in south-western Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using active case-finding among livestock workers with sub-clinical pulmonary TB between August 2014 and March 2015...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
M Riccò, L Vezzosi, G Gualerzi
Background: We assessed knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding pesticide handling and related health problems among pesticide applicators (PAs) from the Autonomous Province of Trento, Italy. Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was performed in spring 2016, involving 260 PAs. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with a safer use of pesticides. Results: The mean age of participants was 48...
September 2018: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
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