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Journal of Mental Health

Nadine Mulfinger, Nicolas Rüsch, Philipp Bayha, Sabine Müller, Isabel Böge, Vehbi Sakar, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: The burden of mental illness (MI) is exacerbated when adolescents with MI are confronted with stigma and social exclusion. Adolescents face the difficult decision whether or not to disclose their MI. Focus groups (FGs) were conducted with parents of adolescents with MI as well as with teachers, mental health professionals (MHPs) and adolescents without MI. AIM: To collect information from relevant stakeholders on secrecy versus disclosure of MI among adolescents...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Casey A Schofield, Monica Abdul-Chani, Brandon A Gaudiano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is evidence to suggest that biogenetic explanations for symptoms of mental disorders have become increasingly popular. Research suggests that such explanations provokes mixed blessings: biological explanations may reduce blame but also encourage prognostic pessimism and promote perceptions of pharmacological treatment over psychotherapy. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of different causal explanations on social anxiety disorder. METHOD: About 205 adults completed an experiment where they read a vignette describing an individual with social anxiety disorder and were randomly assigned to a symptom explanation that was: (1) biological, (2) biopsychosocial, (3) psychosocial, or (4) no explanation...
February 9, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Raimo K R Salokangas, Frauke Schultze-Lutter, Stefanie J Schmidt, Henri Pesonen, Sinikka Luutonen, Paul Patterson, Heinrich Graf von Reventlow, Markus Heinimaa, Tiina From, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) are associated with adult mental disorders. Nevertheless, although CAT of different domains mostly co-occurs, and co-morbidity is common, the associations between CAT and mental disorders, when taking these interrelations into account, are not well known. AIMS: We aimed to study differential associations between the five core domains of CAT and current axis-I disorders, taking into consideration their interrelations...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
M Graça Pereira, Diana Pereira, Susana Pedras
BACKGROUND: Forty years after Colonial War, veterans still show psychological disturbances affecting their marital and sexual satisfaction. AIMS: This study analyzed the relationships between Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), number of PTSD symptoms and symptom clusters, psychological morbidity, marital dissatisfaction and sexual dissatisfaction; the variables that contributed to marital dissatisfaction and the mediator role of marital dissatisfaction and sexual dissatisfaction, in a sample of colonial War Veterans...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Emily B H Treichler, Feiyu Li, Mary O'Hare, Eric A Evans, J R Johnson, William D Spaulding
BACKGROUND: Although recovery-oriented services have been conceptualized to improve personal recovery, related research often focuses on measures of clinical recovery. Identifying the relationships between personal recovery, clinical recovery, and psychosocial variables will inform service components and outcome measurement in recovery-oriented services. AIMS: This study sought to determine the connection between personal recovery and two sets of potential contributors: psychosocial variables (i...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Kim Gryglewicz, Maureen M Monahan, Jason I Chen, Melanie Bozzay, Ansley Bender, LaDonna L Gleason, Melissa Witmeier, Marc S Karver
BACKGROUND: Mental health professionals (MHPs) often lack skills necessary to effectively manage suicide risk. Training designed to combat this deficiency tend to rely on passive techniques, despite research suggesting active methods may better facilitate skill development. AIM: This study examines the effect of a role-play training on MHPs' attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control surrounding suicide risk assessment behaviors. METHODS: Two hundred and three MHPs participated in a 4...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Sarah Baillon, Jonathan Murray
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that most psychiatric patients do not receive a thorough physical examination (PE). AIM: To explore factors contributing to the underperformance of the PE on psychiatric patients. METHOD: All psychiatrists in the UK who were registered or affiliated to the Royal College of Psychiatrists were invited to complete an online survey regarding their attitudes towards PEs in psychiatry. RESULTS: Responses from 15% of the psychiatrists showed that most (89%) believe that the PE is important...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Mental Health
Hollie Quaye, Mike Rennoldson
BACKGROUND: The recovery movement has become highly influential in research and services for people who experience psychosis. However, the precise meaning of recovery from psychosis is contested, and there are concerns that the language of the recovery movement may be co-opted to serve other priorities. AIMS: To investigate carers' constructions of the meaning of recovery from psychosis. METHOD: A qualitative study, using synthetic discursive psychology to analyse transcripts of semi-structured interviews with seven carers recruited from an Early Intervention in Psychosis service, where recovery approaches were practised...
December 29, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Nadine Mulfinger, Nicolas Rüsch, Philipp Bayha, Sabine Müller, Isabel Böge, Vehbi Sakar, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents with mental illness (MI) struggle with the decision whether to disclose their condition. They may decide to keep their MI secret, whether due to fear of public stigma or due to self-stigma and shame. Secrecy may protect against discrimination, but has often negative long-term consequences such as social isolation. AIM: To explore personal views of adolescents with MI on secrecy and disclosure of their MI. METHOD: Six focus groups consisting of 39 adolescents with MI were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed by qualitative content analysis to identify major themes deductively and inductively...
December 29, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Lauren M E Aylott, Paul A Tiffin, Mona Saad, Alexis R Llewellyn, Gabrielle M Finn
BACKGROUND: Efforts have been made to define professionalism across the professions, yet little attention has been paid to the concept in mental health services, where patients' needs differ to that in other healthcare specialties. AIMS: To derive a definition of professionalism for mental health services using the existing literature. METHOD: A rapid, systematic review was conducted to identify empirical and non-empirical records that described professionalism in a mental health service context from 2006 to 2017...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Paul McCrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Mental Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Maura Pisciotta, Lauren M Denneson, Holly B Williams, Susan Woods, Anais Tuepker, Steven K Dobscha
BACKGROUND: The OpenNotes initiative provides patients online access to their clinical notes. Mental health clinicians in the Veterans Health Administration report a need for guidance on how to provide care, write notes, and discuss them in the context of OpenNotes. AIM: To provide mental health clinicians recommendations identified by patients and clinicians that help them effectively practice in the context of OpenNotes. METHOD: Twenty-eight mental health clinicians and 28 patients in mental health care participated in semi-structured interviews about their experiences and perceptions with OpenNotes...
November 23, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Yulan Yu, Chonghua Wan, E Scott Huebner, Xudong Zhao, Weinan Zeng, Lei Shang
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread application of the Chinese version of Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90) amongst undergraduate students, researchers have not thoroughly evaluated its psychometric features with representative samples of Chinese undergraduate students. AIM: To evaluate its psychometric properties based on a large, representative sample of Chinese undergraduate students. METHODS: A total of 4456 Chinese undergraduate students (age range = 17-25 years) completed the SCL-90...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Gil Goldzweig, Nitzan Arnon-Ribenfeld, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Shlomo Kravetz, David Roe
BACKGROUND: Challenges in social functioning are a major obstacle in the recovery process of persons with serious mental illness. Majority of social functioning measures use self-report assessments. AIMS: To validate the use of a performance based measure and examine a network analysis that explores the centrality of items. In addition, to explore the distinctiveness between the social skills performance assessment (SSPA), and a self-report measure of social quality of life (SQoL)...
November 21, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Paul Anand, Lucio Esposito, Adrián Villaseñor
BACKGROUND: While social determinants of health perspective might lead to the hypothesis that higher economic achievements should be associated with better mental health, the evidence for adults is mixed and inconclusive. AIM: We test the role of wealth as a predictor of depressive symptoms controlling for a number of socio-demographic covariates, with a specific interest in gender-specific patterns. METHODS: Using a nationally representative survey from Mexico (N = 44,618), we carry out multivariate regression analysis where we jointly model linear and quadratic measures of wealth to detect non-linear relations between depression and wealth...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Michelle Kearns, Orla T Muldoon, Rachel M Msetfi, Paul W G Surgenor
BACKGROUND: Stigma of mental ill-health and attitudes towards help-seeking are recognized barriers to seeking professional help, and have previously been linked to the type of support services available. AIMS: This study examined if the introduction of community-based mental health services to an area impacts mental health stigma and attitudes towards professional help-seeking amongst local residents. METHOD: A repeated cross-sectional study comprising of community surveys in two localities was carried out before and after community-based mental health services were introduced (N = 1074)...
November 20, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Amna Khalid, Farah Qadir, Stella W Y Chan, Matthias Schwannauer
BACKGROUND: Despite global recognition of the significance of adolescents' mental health it remains a neglected area in research and health policy in Pakistan. AIM: To examine the rates of depression and anxiety and to assess the level of well-being among Pakistani adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 1124 adolescents (age 11-18 years) was recruited from schools in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. RESULTS: 17.2% and 21...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
Antanas Kiziela, Rima Viliūnienė, Oddgeir Friborg, Alvydas Navickas
BACKGROUND: University students face numerous stressors during their study curricula, which require adequate resilience to ensure healthy adaptation. AIMS: To examine how relationships between study workload and mental health problems are moderated by resilience. Secondly, to compare our findings with other studies and assess differences in resilience and distress between medical and non-medical students. METHODS: A prospective quantitative design was used...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
June Chao, Andrew M H Siu, Odelia Leung, Ada Lo, Menza Chu, Wing Kin Lee, Chris Auw, Victor Lee, Will Chien
BACKGROUND: The Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA) is a popular and well-validated instrument for assessing recovery-oriented service around the world. AIMS: This study aims to develop a Chinese version of the RSA, which assesses the recovery orientation of hospital-based mental health services. METHODS: We conducted forward and backward translations of the RSA and modify the translated Chinese based on comments by content experts. We recruited 350 people with mental illnesses who regularly attend hospital and community mental health services...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
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