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European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

Elise Paul, Ana Ortin
Informed by diathesis-stress models of suicide risk, this longitudinal study examines the psychopathological mechanisms through which early maltreatment increases the risk for suicidal ideation and self-harm in middle childhood. The sample included 2958 families from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, who participated in interviews at child's ages of 3 and/or 5, and 9. Via the Child Behavior Checklist, primary caregivers reported on the child's suicidal ideation and self-harm at age 9 and on clinically elevated depressive/anxious symptoms, aggressive behaviors, attention problems, and comorbid aggression and depressive/anxious symptoms at age 5...
February 19, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Lan Guo, Min Luo, Wanxin Wang, Guoliang Huang, Wei-Hong Zhang, Ciyong Lu
Nonmedical use of prescription drug (NMUPD) among adolescents has increased substantially over the last 2 decades, and evidence suggests that sleep duration may impact upon drug use and academic performance. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of sleep duration, NMUPD, and academic performance among Chinese adolescents, to test the independent associations of sleep duration with NMUPD, and to investigate whether these associations vary by academic performance. Data were from the 2015 School-based Chinese Adolescents Health Survey using a multi-stage, stratified-cluster, random-sampling method to collect information from 162,601 high school students [mean age (SD) =15...
February 18, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Tamsin Ford, Ralphy Kenchington, Shelley Norman, John Hancock, Alex Smalley, William Henley, Ginny Russell, Jennie Hayes, Stuart Logan
We aimed to explore the levels of agreement about the diagnoses of Autistic Spectrum Conditions between the referrer, CAMHS practitioner and a research diagnosis, as well as the stability of the practitioner's diagnosis over time in a secondary analysis of data from 302 children attending two Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services over two years. Kappa coefficient was used to assess the agreement between the referrer and research diagnosis. Kendall's tau b coefficient was used to assess the agreement between the practitioner and the research diagnosis assigned using the Development and Well-Being Assessment, as well as the agreement between the referrer's indication of presenting problems and the practitioner diagnosis...
February 18, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Rianne Hornstra, Guy Bosmans, Barbara J van den Hoofdakker, Hasse De Meyer, Saskia van der Oord
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Tania L King, Allison Milner, Zoe Aitken, Amalia Karahalios, Eric Emerson, Anne M Kavanagh
Adolescence is a period of elevated stress for many young people, and it is possible that the challenges of adolescence are different for vulnerable groups. We aimed to document the depressive and anxiety symptoms, emotional-behavioural difficulties and suicidal/self-harming behaviours among adolescents with borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) or a disability, compared to those with neither disability nor BIF. Data were drawn from the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
February 13, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Nienke M Siebelink, Philip Asherson, Elena Antonova, Susan M Bögels, Anne E Speckens, Jan K Buitelaar, Corina U Greven
To get additional insight into the phenotype of attentional problems, we examined to what extent genetic and environmental factors explain covariation between lack of dispositional mindfulness and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) traits in youth, and explored the incremental validity of these constructs in predicting life satisfaction. We used data from a UK population-representative sample of adolescent twins (N = 1092 pairs) on lack of dispositional mindfulness [Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS)], ADHD traits [Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised (CPRS-R): inattentive (INATT) and hyperactivity/impulsivity (HYP/IMP) symptom dimensions] and life satisfaction (Students' Life Satisfaction Scale)...
February 13, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Kim Kronström, Elina Tiiri, Elina Jokiranta-Olkoniemi, Anne Kaljonen, Andre Sourander
Child and adolescent inpatient treatment has faced major changes since the year 2000, including shorter inpatient stays and a greater use of psychotropic drugs. This study explored changes and correlates of suicidal threats and suicide acts among inpatients, by comparing Finnish cross-sectional surveys from 2000 to 2011. A questionnaire that explored the background, diagnosis and treatment characteristics of inpatients was sent to all child and psychiatric wards in Finland. The data collection was carried out on specified days in 2000 and 2011...
February 11, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Annabeth P Groenman, Lizanne J S Schweren, Wouter Weeda, Marjolein Luman, Siri D S Noordermeer, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Barbara Franke, Stephen V Faraone, Nanda Rommelse, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Jan Buitelaar, Jaap Oosterlaan
Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at increased risk of developing substance use disorders (SUDs) and nicotine dependence (ND). It remains unclear whether and how stimulant treatment may affect this risk. We aimed to investigate how stimulant use profiles influence the risk of SUDs and ND, using a novel data-driven community detection analysis to construct different stimulant use profiles. Comprehensive lifetime stimulant prescription data and data on SUDs and ND were available for 303 subjects with ADHD and 219 controls, with a mean age 16...
February 5, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Yao Zheng, Mara Brendgen, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin, Frank Vitaro
Adolescent alcohol use demonstrates distinct developmental trajectories with different times of onset, levels, and rates of growth. Twin research on adolescent alcohol use has shown that genetic influences are consistent with a gradual growth of risks, whereas non-shared environmental influences are more consistent with an accumulation of risks over time. The current study investigated the relative contributions of genetic and environmental influences on shaping different developmental trajectories of alcohol use through adolescence...
January 31, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Claire Ingrid Joseph, Subhadra Evans, George J Youssef, Tim Silk, Vicki Anderson, Daryl Efron, Emma Sciberras
Depressive symptoms and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are prevalent and commonly co-occur in childhood. To assist with early identification of depression in children with ADHD, we aimed to: (1) use factor analysis to determine whether the construct of depression is measured consistently in those with and without ADHD; and (2) determine whether overall depressive symptoms and specific depressive symptoms were elevated in children with ADHD relative to controls. Participants comprised a community-based sample of 179 children with ADHD (51% Combined presentation, 35% Inattentive presentation) and 212 non-ADHD controls aged 6-8 years...
January 29, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Brittney C Evans, Julia W Felton, Madeline A Lagacey, Stephanie M Manasse, Carl W Lejuez, Adrienne S Juarascio
Eating disorders (EDs) are associated with significant psychological and physical comorbidities, and adolescence is a particularly high-risk time for the development of EDs. Impulsivity (i.e., acting with little conscious judgment or forethought) and affect reactivity (i.e., changes in negative affect in response to a stressor) are hypothesized to contribute to the development of binge/purge ED pathology. The current study is the first to examine the prospective relationships between impulsivity and affect reactivity as predictors of the development of ED attitudes in adolescents over time...
January 29, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
J J Carballo, C Llorente, L Kehrmann, I Flamarique, A Zuddas, D Purper-Ouakil, P J Hoekstra, D Coghill, U M E Schulze, R W Dittmann, J K Buitelaar, J Castro-Fornieles, K Lievesley, Paramala Santosh, C Arango
Suicidality in childhood and adolescence is of increasing concern. The aim of this paper was to review the published literature identifying key psychosocial risk factors for suicidality in the paediatric population. A systematic two-step search was carried out following the PRISMA statement guidelines, using the terms 'suicidality, suicide, and self-harm' combined with terms 'infant, child, adolescent' according to the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health classification of ages...
January 25, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Felix Vogel, Angelika Gensthaler, Julia Stahl, Christina Schwenck
Selective mutism (SM) is classified under the category of anxiety disorders in DSM-5 [1], although concrete fears that underlie the condition are not specified contrary to all other anxiety disorders. Given the lack of studies systematically investigating fears in SM, content and frequency of concrete fears as well as related cognitions have remained unclear so far. One hundred and twenty-four participants [M = 13.25 years (SD = 3.24), range 8-18 years] with SM (n = 65), social phobia (SP n = 18) or with typical development (TD n = 51) took part in an online survey...
January 25, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Nadia Micali, Cristina Berchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Pierre C M Herpers, Mireille J Bakker-Huvenaars, Corina U Greven, Evita C Wiegers, Karin S Nijhof, Arianne N Baanders, Jan K Buitelaar, Nanda N J Rommelse
Oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder (ODD/CD), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) share poor empathic functioning and have been associated with impaired emotional processing. However, no previous studies directly compared similarities and differences in these processes for the two disorders. A two-choice emotional valence detection task requiring differentiation between positive, negative, and neutral IAPS pictures was administered to 52 adolescents (12-19 years) with ODD/CD, 52 with ASD and 24 typically developing individuals (TDI)...
January 24, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Kirsten R Müller-Vahl, Tanvi Sambrani, Ewgeni Jakubovski
Although the DSM-5 chronic motor tic disorder (CMTD) and Tourette syndrome (TS) are distinct diagnostic categories, there is no genetic or phenotypic evidence that supports this diagnostic categorization. The aim of this study was to compare patients with both diagnoses along a number of clinical characteristics to provide further diagnostic clarity. Our sample consisted of 1018 patients (including adult and child patients) suffering from chronic tic disorders. Tic severity was assessed via Shapiro Tourette-Syndrome Severity Scale (STSS)...
January 19, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Tyra Lagerberg, Y Molero, B M D'Onofrio, L Fernández de la Cruz, P Lichtenstein, D Mataix-Cols, C Rück, C Hellner, Z Chang
This study examines trends in antidepressant drug dispensations among young people aged 0-24 years in Sweden during the period 2006-2013, as well as prescription patterns and central nervous system (CNS) polypharmacy with antidepressants. Using linkage of Swedish national registers, we identified all Swedish residents aged 0-24 years that collected at least one antidepressant prescription (here defined as antidepressant users) between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2013 (n = 174,237), and categorized them as children (0-11 years), adolescents (12-17 years), and young adults (18-24 years)...
January 19, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Jacqueline Uren, Amanda L Richdale, Sue M Cotton, Andrew J O Whitehouse
Whether or not childhood sleep problems and anxiety occur simultaneously, or one precedes the other, and any effect of autistic traits on this relationship remains unclear. We investigated longitudinal associations between sleep and anxiety at 2 years and sleep and anxiety at 8 years controlling for demographic variables. We also examined the additional influence of autistic traits at 2 years on sleep problems and anxiety at 8 years. Participants were from the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study, where 2900 pregnant women were recruited between 1989 and 1991 and their children assessed every 2-3 years thereafter...
January 19, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Leslie A Rescorla, Robert R Althoff, Masha Y Ivanova, Thomas M Achenbach
To improve international needs assessment for child mental health services, it is necessary to employ standardized assessment methods that can be easily administered and scored, can be interpreted by practitioners and researchers with various kinds of training, and that perform similarly across many societies. To this end, we tested the effects of both society and culture on parents' ratings of children's problems. We used hierarchical linear modeling as well as analyses of variance to analyze parents' Child Behavior Checklist ratings of 72,493 6- to 16-year-olds from 45 societies...
January 18, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Davíð R M A Højgaard, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson, Tord Ivarsson, Bernhard Weidle, Judith Becker Nissen, Katja A Hybel, Nor Christian Torp, Karin Melin, Per Hove Thomsen
Hoarding, common in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), has specific clinical correlates and is associated with poor prognosis. However, there are few studies of hoarding in pediatric OCD. This study estimates the occurrence of hoarding symptoms in a sample of children and adolescents with OCD, investigating possible differences in demographic and clinical variables between pediatric OCD with and without hoarding symptoms. Furthermore, the study investigates whether hoarding symptoms predict poorer treatment outcomes after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)...
January 17, 2019: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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