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Journals European Child & Adolescent Ps...

European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38762849/association-between-maternal-antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-offspring
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Min-Jing Lee, Yi-Lung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Chien-Wei Huang, Michael E Dewey, Vincent Chin-Hung Chen
Prenatal antidepressant exposure has been reported to be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes, yet studies considering confounding factors in Asian populations are lacking. This study utilized a nationwide data base in Taiwan, enrolling all liveborn children registered in the National Health Insurance system between 2004 and 2016. Subjects were divided into two groups: antidepressant-exposed (n = 55,707)) and antidepressant-unexposed group (n = 2,245,689). The effect of antidepressant exposure during different trimesters on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was examined...
May 19, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38762682/a-closer-look-into-the-affect-dynamics-of-adolescents-with-depression-and-the-interactions-with-their-parents-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Loes H C Janssen, Bart Verkuil, Lisanne A E M van Houtum, Mirjam C M Wever, Wilma G M Wentholt, Bernet M Elzinga
Adolescents with depression tend to perceive behavior of parents as less positive than adolescents without depression, but conclusions are based on retrospective reports assessed once or over long time intervals, with the risk of memory biases affecting the recall. The current study used ecological momentary assessments to examine the link between adolescent affect and the amount of warmth and criticism expressed by both mothers and fathers in families with adolescents with depression versus adolescents without psychopathology in daily life...
May 18, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38755320/emotional-problems-across-development-examining-measurement-invariance-across-childhood-adolescence-and-early-adulthood
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lucy Riglin, Charlotte Dennison, Joanna Martin, Foteini Tseliou, Jessica M Armitage, Amy Shakeshaft, Jon Heron, Kate Tilling, Anita Thapar, Stephan Collishaw
Emotional problems (anxiety, depression) are prevalent in children, adolescents and young adults with varying ages at onset. Studying developmental changes in emotional problems requires repeated assessments using the same or equivalent measures. The parent-rated Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire is commonly used to assess emotional problems in childhood and adolescence, but there is limited research about whether it captures a similar construct across these developmental periods. Our study addressed this by investigating measurement invariance in the scales' emotional problems subscale (SDQ-EP) across childhood, adolescence and early adulthood...
May 16, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38755319/in-memoriam-prof-john-tsiantis-1939-2023
#4
EDITORIAL
Gerasimos Kolaitis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38755318/qualitative-study-of-the-lived-experience-of-methylphenidate-prescribed-for-children-with-a-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Clémentine Morin, Bérénice Doray, Cécilia Dumar, Jude Balit, Nicolas Bouscaren, Michel Spodenkiewicz
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) refer to physical, cognitive, and behavioural symptoms in an individual whose mother consumed alcohol during pregnancy. It is the leading cause of non-genetic avoidable mental disability, with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 1%. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnostic criteria are met for 50-80% of patients with FASD. Methylphenidate (MPH) is the first-line pharmacological treatment for ADHD. This study aims to explore the lived experience of children with FASD taking MPH and their caregivers to adapt prescribing modalities by considering different ways to administer the drugs...
May 16, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38753037/the-use-of-telehealth-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-survey-of-parents-and-caregivers
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emer Galvin, Blánaid Gavin, Ken Kilbride, Shane Desselle, Fiona McNicholas, Shane Cullinan, John Hayden
The use of telehealth became widespread during the COVID-19 pandemic, including in child and adolescent attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) services. Telehealth is defined as live, synchronous phone and video appointments between a healthcare provider and a parent and/or child with ADHD. There is a dearth of research on the use of telehealth within this population. The aim of this study was to examine parents' and caregivers' perceptions of telehealth for children and adolescents with ADHD. A cross-sectional survey design was employed...
May 16, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38750191/ketamine-for-mood-disorders-anxiety-and-suicidality-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Alisha M Bruton, Dalton G Wesemann, Taryn A Machingo, Gop Majak, Jeanette M Johnstone, Rebecca D Marshall
Mood disorders, anxiety, and suicidality in youth are increasing and rapid-acting treatments are urgently needed. One potential is ketamine or its enantiomer esketamine, which was FDA approved in 2019 to treat major depressive disorder with suicidality in adults. This systematic review evaluated the evidence for the clinical use of ketamine to treat mood disorders, anxiety, and suicidality in youth. The PRISMA guidelines were used, and a protocol registered prospectively ( https://osf.io/9ucsg/ ). The literature search included Pubmed/MEDLINE, Ovid/MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and Google Scholar...
May 16, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38748240/mind-it-a-mindfulness-based-group-psychotherapy-for-substance-use-disorders-in-adolescent-inpatients
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tanja Legenbauer, Christiane Baldus, Carina Jörke, Lara Kaffke, Amra Pepic, Anne Daubmann, Antonia Zapf, Martin Holtmann, Nicolas Arnaud, Rainer Thomasius
Cannabis use disorder (CUD) is the most frequent reason for psychiatric inpatient substance use disorder (SUD) treatment among 15-19-year-olds in Germany. Despite effective treatment programs, relapse rates remain high. Thus, existing multi-component programs (TAU) need to be enhanced with SUD-specific elements. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) seem promising as they can positively influence SUD-related behaviors (e. g. craving). Given limited research in adolescents, this randomized controlled trial investigated the extent to which MBI-based group therapy (Mind it!) as an add-on treatment to TAU led to fewer cannabis use days after 6 months in 84 adolescent inpatients with CUD...
May 15, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38743107/negative-family-and-interpersonal-relationship-are-associated-with-centromedial-amygdala-functional-connectivity-alterations-in-adolescent-depression
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Weijie Bao, Yingxue Gao, Ruohan Feng, Lingxiao Cao, Zilin Zhou, Lihua Zhuo, Hongwei Li, Xinqin Ouyang, Xinyue Hu, Hailong Li, Guoping Huang, Xiaoqi Huang
The amygdala, known for its functional heterogeneity, plays a critical role in the neural mechanism of adolescent major depressive disorder (aMDD). However, changes in its subregional functional networks in relation to stressful factors remain unclear. We recruited 78 comorbidity-free, medication-naive aMDD patients and 40 matched healthy controls (HC) to explore changes in resting-state functional connectivity (FC) across four amygdala subregions: the centromedial nucleus (CM), the basolateral nucleus (LB), the superficial nucleus (SF), and the amygdalostriatal transition area (Astr)...
May 14, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734831/elevated-risk-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-retrospective-longitudinal-nationwide-population-based-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chao-Cheng Chang, Mu-Hong Chen, Ya-Mei Bai, Shih-Jen Tsai, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ying-Jay Liou
In this study, we examined the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with borderline personality disorder (BPD). A total of 4649 AYAs with BPD and 46,490 age-, sex-, and socioeconomic-matched controls without BPD were enrolled from the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan from 2001 to 2009 and were followed up until the end of 2011. Participants who contracted any STI during the follow-up period were identified. Cox regression analysis was conducted to examine the risk of contracting any STI among both patients and controls...
May 11, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38727819/an-investigation-of-the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-executive-function-and-cortical-excitability-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hsiao-I Kuo, Jia-Ling Sun, Michael Nitsche, Jung-Chi Chang
Previous studies have shown that aerobic exercise has beneficial effects on executive function in adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The underlying mechanisms could be partially due to aerobic exercise-induced cortical excitability modulation. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of acute aerobic exercise on executive functions and cortical excitability and the association between these phenomena in adolescents with ADHD. The study was conducted using a complete crossover design...
May 10, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38724658/what-for-developmentalism-in-psychiatry
#12
LETTER
Yann Craus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38722568/sex-specific-effects-of-birth-weight-on-longitudinal-behavioural-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-raine-study
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lars Meinertz Byg, Carol Wang, John Attia, Craig Pennell
Previous cross-sectional studies suggest that birth weight (BW) is associated with aggression-, social- and attention problems differently in boys and girls. We sought to test if these differences could be confirmed in a longitudinal study. The 1989 Raine Study provided prospectively collected data on perinatal variables and repeated child behaviour checklist assessments from ages 5 to 17. Linear mixed effects models provided crude and adjusted relationships between BW and childhood behaviour at a conservative significance threshold using prenatal maternal covariables in adjusted models...
May 9, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38702455/functioning-and-neurocognition-in-very-early-and-early-life-onset-bipolar-disorders-the-moderating-role-of-bipolar-disorder-type
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D Sleurs, M Speranza, B Etain, B Aouizerate, V Aubin, F Bellivier, R Belzeaux, M Carminati, P Courtet, C Dubertret, B Fredembach, E Haffen, F Groppi, P Laurent, M Leboyer, P M Llorca, E Olié, M Polosan, R Schwan, D Weill, C Passerieux, P Roux
Defining homogeneous subgroups of bipolar disorder (BD) is a major goal in personalized psychiatry and research. According to the neurodevelopmental theory, age at onset may be a key variable. As potential trait markers of neurodevelopment, cognitive and functional impairment should be greater in the early form of the disease, particularly type 1 BD (BD I). The age at onset was assessed in a multicenter, observational sample of 4190 outpatients with BD. We used a battery of neuropsychological tests to assess six domains of cognition...
May 3, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38700702/expanding-the-clinical-phenotype-of-shank2-related-disorders-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-in-a-patient-with-a-novel-shank2-pathogenic-variant
#15
LETTER
Elisa Granocchio, Luca Andreoli, Santina Magazù, Daniela Sarti, Emanuela Leonardi, Alessandra Murgia, Claudia Ciaccio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38700701/updates-from-the-third-residential-course-on-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-endorsed-by-the-european-society-for-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-escap
#16
Assia Riccioni, Martina Siracusano, Chiara Davico, Paul Klauser, Carmen Morcillo, Dennis Ougrin, Benedetto Vitiello, Kerstin J Plessen, Marco Armando, Luigi Mazzone, Samuele Cortese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698136/the-impact-of-social-media-use-on-psychiatric-symptoms-and-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-in-the-post-covid-19-era-a-four-year-longitudinal-study
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anat Shoshani, Ariel Kor, Shira Bar
This longitudinal study examined the long-term effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on social media use and its impact on psychiatric symptoms and well-being of 3,697 Israeli children and adolescents aged 8 to 14. Data were collected from October 2019 to June 2023, covering four school years and five measurement points prior to, throughout and post- COVID-19. Social media usage, psychiatric symptoms (depression, anxiety, somatization, and general distress), as well as subjective well-being (positive and negative emotions, and life satisfaction) were assessed...
May 2, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38698135/climate-crisis-and-youth-mental-health-in-greece-an-interdisciplinary-approach
#18
Konstantina Magklara, Efstathia Kapsimalli, Georgia Liarakou, Chloe Vlassopoulos, Eleni Lazaratou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38691181/prenatal-maternal-stress-breastfeeding-and-offspring-adhd-symptoms
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jandeh Jallow, Tuula Hurtig, Martta Kerkelä, Jouko Miettunen, Anu-Helmi Halt
There is increasing evidence to suggest that environmental factors are associated with ADHD, but results regarding prenatal maternal stress, unwanted pregnancy, breastfeeding, and ADHD in children are controversial and few prospective studies have been conducted. Using prospectively collected data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 (n = 7,910) we studied potential risk factors for ADHD symptoms at 8 and 16 years of age, including prenatal maternal stress and unwanted pregnancy, and protective factors including the duration of breastfeeding...
April 30, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38691180/postnatal-nighttime-light-exposure-and-infant-temperament-at-age-12-months-mediating-role-of-genus-akkermansia
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tianlai Qiu, Qingbo Fang, Xuqi Tian, Zijun Feng, Yanan Cao, Yanting Li, Yiming Tu, Jinbing Bai, Yanqun Liu
The gut microbiome has been reported to be associated with nighttime light (NTL) exposure and temperament. However, the specific role of infant gut microbiome plays in NTL exposure and temperament is unclear. This study investigated the potential mediating role of infants' gut microbiome in correlations between NTL exposure and temperament. Demographic information, stool samples, and temperament scores were collected from 40 infants. Temperament was evaluated using the Infants Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R)...
April 30, 2024: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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