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Anxiety, Stress, and Coping

Samantha A Chesney, Sydney C Timmer-Murillo, Nakia S Gordon
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A promising method of capturing the complex nature of emotion regulation is to assess composite profiles of regulation (i.e., default pattern of regulation across multiple strategies). However, it remains unclear whether regulatory profiles demonstrate consistency across samples and in relation to mental health. DESIGN: Two studies are presented here. Both utilized a cross-sectional design, and the second study presents a replication of the first...
January 31, 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
T Bailey, L Shahabi, M Tarvainen, D Shapiro, C Ottaviani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Major depression disorder (MDD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) are characterized by the use of perseverative cognition (PC) as a dysfunctional coping strategy. We sought to investigate the dysfunctional physiological and psychological consequences of PC and how the valence of social interactions moderates such consequences in these psychopathological conditions. DESIGN/METHODS: The study combined 24-hour heart rate variability (HRV) and ecological momentary assessments in 48 individuals with MDD, SAD, and sex-matched controls...
January 22, 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Felipe E García, Carmelo Vázquez, Carolina Inostroza
OBJECTIVE: Occupational accidents are highly stressful events that frequently occur and impact both the physical and mental health of workers. The aim of this study was to longitudinally assess a predictive model of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in workers who have suffered a recent accident. METHOD: Two hundred and forty-four workers (77.8% men), aged 18 to 73 years, who had experienced an accident during the last month that resulted in hospitalization and/or ten or more days of sick leave, were surveyed...
January 11, 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Nadia Rahman, Danny Horesh, Nicole A Kouri, Rony Kapel Lev-Ari, Roseann Titcombe-Parekh, Richard A Bryant, Charles R Marmar, Adam D Brown
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It has been proposed that self-efficacy plays a critical role in the onset and maintenance of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to test if increasing perceptions of self-efficacy using a false feedback technique about coping abilities prior to a trauma-film paradigm lead to a reduction of visual intrusions over the course of 6 days. DESIGN AND METHODS: Healthy participants recruited from the community were randomized to a high self-efficacy (HSE, N = 18), low self-efficacy (LSE, N = 21), or neutral self-efficacy (NSE, N = 23) conditions...
January 11, 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
M K Anniko, K Boersma, M Tillfors
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress and stress-related mental health complaints are common and increasing among adolescents, especially girls. Identifying typical sources of stress as well as central intervention targets is an important effort in the development of effective prevention and treatment protocols. This study investigated worry as potential mediator in the development of mental health problems in response to common stressors in adolescence. We also examined to what sources adolescents ascribe their stress over the years from the 7th through the 9th grade...
November 22, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Christina Samios, Vidushi Khatri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: When couples face a stressful life event, this can adversely impact relationship satisfaction. Because savoring positive experiences is thought to enhance intimate relationships and there is evidence that savoring buffers the negative effects of stress at the intrapersonal level, this study examined savoring as an interpersonal resource for couples who experienced a stressful life event. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-eight opposite-sex couples completed measures of impact of event, savoring, positive affect, and relationship satisfaction...
March 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Jenny J W Liu, Natalie Ein, Julia Gervasio, Kristin Vickers
BACKGROUND/RATIONALE: The carbon dioxide (CO2 ) challenge has been reliably used in laboratory settings as a panicogen in clinical populations. However, the magnitude of these effects on healthy and non-clinical control populations are not clear. The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review is to provide quantitative estimates of those effects. Specifically, the current paper will evaluate the relative efficacy of the CO2 challenge in eliciting both subjective and physiological arousal in healthy and non-clinical control populations...
March 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Rebecca A Blackie, Nancy L Kocovski
BACKGROUND: Post-event processing (PEP) refers to negative rumination following anxiety-inducing social situations. The Post-Event Processing Inventory (PEPI; Blackie & Kocovski, 2017, Development and validation of the trait and state versions of the post-event processing inventory. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 30, 202-218.) consists of both trait and state forms. Although the psychometric properties of the PEPI have been very good in past research, the factor structure of the scale was examined with student samples only...
March 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alethea Desrosiers, Vera Vine, Trace Kershaw
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the interactive role of affectivity and stress in substance use severity among ethnic minority, emerging adult males, using linguistic indicators of affect obtained through social media. METHOD: Participants were 119 emerging adult, ethnic minority males (ages 18-25) who provided access to their mobile phone text messaging and Facebook activity for 6-months. Computerized text analysis (LIWC2015) was used to obtain linguistic indices of positive and negative affect from texts and Facebook posts...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Allison E Gaffey, Frances Aranda, John W Burns, Yanina A Purim-Shem-Tov, Helen J Burgess, Jean C Beckham, Stephen Bruehl, Stevan E Hobfoll
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Inner-city Black women may be more susceptible to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than White women, although mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. Living in urban neighborhoods distinguished by higher chronic stress may contribute to racial differences in women's cognitive, affective, and social vulnerabilities, leading to greater trauma-related distress including PTSD. Yet social support could buffer the negative effects of psychosocial vulnerabilities on women's health...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alyssa Fassett-Carman, Benjamin L Hankin, Hannah R Snyder
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stress is well established as a strong risk factor for internalizing psychopathology. Learned helplessness research demonstrates that perceived controllability of stressors affects internalizing symptoms. Furthermore, subjective perceived stress is associated with psychopathology. However, most recent research has focused on measuring the frequency and expert-rated severity of stressful life events despite evidence for the importance of stress perceptions. The present study brings together past and current literatures to investigate the importance of perceived severity and controllability of recent life events in the association between stressors and internalizing symptoms...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Christopher J Budnick, Eden M Anderson, Alecia M Santuzzi, Angela J Grippo, Leslie Matuszewich
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Interviewers often provide positive nonverbal feedback to reduce interviewees' anxiety. Socially anxious individuals typically harbor negative self-views discrepant with positive feedback. We examined whether nonverbal feedback and social anxiety jointly influence cortisol responses to, and performance during, interviews. DESIGN: An experimental between-subjects design randomly assigned participants to feedback condition. METHODS: Undergraduate students (N = 130) provided saliva and completed social anxiety, interview anxiety, and affective measures before a simulated interview...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Emily J Hangen, Andrew J Elliot, Jeremy P Jamieson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effects of reappraising stress arousal during an interpersonal competition were tested on physiological functioning and performance. Additionally, the moderating role of gender was explored. DESIGN AND METHOD: Participants (N = 279) were randomly assigned to a stress reappraisal, stress-is-debilitating, or a neutral control condition. Reappraisal materials educated participants about the adaptive benefits of stress, whereas stress-is-debilitating materials instructed participants to avoid stress...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Tobias Ringeisen, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Sandra Becker, Nina Minkley
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: High self-efficacy may reduce emotional and physiological stress responses in the context of an examination. The present study investigated how these stress responses develop on an exam day, and sequential indirect effects between self-efficacy, threat appraisals, stress responses and performance. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample comprised 92 students (46 women). Self-efficacy, threat appraisals and state anxiety were assessed on a control day one week before an oral exam...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Yvette Z Szabo, Rafael Fernandez-Botran, Tamara L Newton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To better understand how trauma leads to poor health, this study examined whether cumulative trauma and emotion reactivity contribute to pro- (IL-1β) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) salivary cytokine levels after stress. DESIGN: Seventy-three women, screened to be physically and mentally healthy, completed an acute stress paradigm and measures of lifetime trauma exposure. METHOD: Saliva was collected 10 min before (i...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
M F Crane, B J Searle, M Kangas, Y Nwiran
BACKGROUND: Exposure to demands is normally considered to drain resources and threaten wellbeing. However, studies have indicated a resilience-strengthening role for stressors. OBJECTIVES: This paper introduces a unifying model, including five testable hypotheses regarding how resilience can be strengthened progressively via exposure to life-stressors. METHODS: We review and synthesize relevant scholarship that underpins the Systematic Self-Reflection model of resilience-strengthening...
January 2019: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Alexandre Gareau, Mélodie Chamandy, Kristina Kljajic, Patrick Gaudreau
BACKGROUND: Academic procrastination is common among university students and its effect on their achievement is worrisome. Although procrastination is often depicted as self-regulation failure, research still needs to examine the self-regulatory mechanisms involved in the relationship between procrastination and achievement. OBJECTIVES: In this prospective study, we sought to (a) unravel the unique effect of academic procrastination on university grades, (b) examine the mediating role of task-oriented and disengagement-oriented coping as a self-regulatory pathway toward achievement, (c) control for the potential confounding influence of past achievement and working memory capacity...
November 8, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Daniel J Chiacchia, Esther R Greenglass, Joana K Q Katter, Lisa Fiksenbaum
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The negative effects of the financial crisis of 2007/2008 are still being felt today as seen in the relatively high levels of youth unemployment in many countries. As a result, many young people experience high stress levels when facing an uncertain and precarious job market. METHODS: Participants were 178 undergraduate students (79% female; Mage  = 20.00, SD = 4.29) who were randomly assigned to read a news article that documented an uncertain financial future with limited job opportunities (the economic stress group), or an article that documented a tour of the Royal Canadian Mint (the control group)...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Philip I Chow, Sam Portnow, Diheng Zhang, Elske Salemink, Reinout W Wiers, Bethany A Teachman
BACKGROUND: In two studies, the present research examined whether being high in both social anxiety and alcohol use disorder symptoms is associated with a comorbid interpretation and expectancy bias that reflects their bidirectional relationship. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quantitative surveys. METHODS: Measures of social anxiety and alcohol use disorder symptoms, as well as an interpretation and expectancy bias task assessing biases for social anxiety, drinking, and comorbid social anxiety and drinking...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Lindsay M Garinger, Graig M Chow, Matteo Luzzeri
BACKGROUND: Athletic burnout is common when demands of the sport exceed the rewards. Individuals with certain personality dispositions, such as perfectionism, are at increased risk of experiencing perceived stress and subsequent burnout (Fender, L. K. (1989). Athlete burnout: Potential for research and intervention strategies. The Sport Psychologist, 3, 63-71. doi: 10.1123/tsp.3.1.63 ; Gould, D., Tuffey, S., Udry, E., & Loehr, J. (1996). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players: I...
November 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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