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Tobacco Control

Melody Kingsley, Glory Song, Jennifer Robertson, Patricia Henley, W W Sanouri Ursprung
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of flavoured tobacco product restriction policies in reducing availability of flavoured products in Massachusetts communities. METHODS: Data were obtained from surveys of tobacco retailers conducted from July 2015 to March 2017. On a community level, flavoured product availability was defined as the per cent of retailers during a given 3-month quarter that sold flavoured cigars/cigarillos, electronic cigarettes and/or e-liquids...
February 18, 2019: Tobacco Control
Marin K Kurti, Klaus von Lampe, Yi He, Hiba Khanzada, Konstantina Kostara, Qin Da, Kevin R J Schroth
BACKGROUND: There is scant research on methods used to identify counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes. METHODS: Systematic analysis of internal tobacco industry documents characteristics of counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes. RESULTS: In the industry documents we identified as relevant, there were 42 characteristics of counterfeit Marlboro cigarettes. Overall, physical characteristics (88.1%) were the most commonly identified features across all locations, with the pack blank, cardboard shell of the cigarette pack, as the dominant site (30...
February 16, 2019: Tobacco Control
Muralidhar M Kulkarni, Veena Ganesh Kamath, Joanne Cranwell, John Britton, Gaurang P Nazar, Monika Arora, Kirthinath Ballal, Asha Kamath
BACKGROUND: Exposure to smoking in films causes smoking uptake among adolescents. Investigation of the extent to which tobacco imagery appears, or tobacco control laws are complied with in Indian films is limited, and especially so for films in regional languages. This study presents an analysis of tobacco content and compliance with tobacco control laws in popular films in several languages from the Karnataka state of India. METHODS: We used 5 min interval coding to measure actual tobacco use, implied tobacco use, tobacco paraphernalia and tobacco branding in the top 10 films identified from national box office ratings and regional distributor reports in Karnataka in 2015 and 2016...
February 16, 2019: Tobacco Control
Brittney Keller-Hamilton, Megan E Roberts, Michael D Slater, Micah Berman, Amy K Ferketich
OBJECTIVE: Blu's 'Something Better' advertising campaign ran in popular print magazines in 2017. The campaign included advertisements with fake warnings conveying positive messages, which mimicked the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s warning requirements for electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements that took effect in 2018. We report adolescent males' recall of these fake warnings and how exposure to fake warnings affected recall of other advertisement components, including the actual warning or health risks, brand and product...
February 16, 2019: Tobacco Control
Julia Smith, Sheryl Thompson, Kelley Lee
INTRODUCTION: The illicit trade in tobacco products (ITTP) is widely recognised as a substantial and complex problem in Canada. However, the independence of available data and quality of analyses remains unknown. Reliable and accurate data on the scale and causes of the problem are needed to inform effective policy responses. METHODS: We searched the scholarly and grey literature using keywords related to ITTP in Canada. We identified 26 studies published in English since 2008 that present original research drawing on primary data...
February 15, 2019: Tobacco Control
Cynthia D Callard, Neil Collishaw
OBJECTIVES: Over the past 15 years, tobacco companies operating in Canada abandoned their long-standing unitary price model in favour of price differentiation. Concerns about low cigarette prices were identified by the Quebec government in 2015 when it introduced restrictions on the types of incentives that tobacco manufacturers may offer to retailers. This study sought to explore cigarette prices in Quebec 1 year after these restrictions came into effect. METHODS: Details on cigarette trading terms and programmes were obtained from websites maintained by retailer groups...
February 15, 2019: Tobacco Control
Melbourne F Hovell, John Bellettiere, Sandy Liles, Benjamin Nguyen, Vincent Berardi, Christine Johnson, Georg E Matt, John Malone, Marie C Boman-Davis, Penelope J E Quintana, Saori Obayashi, Dale Chatfield, Robert Robinson, Elaine J Blumberg, Weg M Ongkeko, Neil E Klepeis, Suzanne C Hughes
BACKGROUND: Previous secondhand smoke (SHS) reduction interventions have provided only delayed feedback on reported smoking behaviour, such as coaching, or presenting results from child cotinine assays or air particle counters. DESIGN: This SHS reduction trial assigned families at random to brief coaching and continuous real-time feedback (intervention) or measurement-only (control) groups. PARTICIPANTS: We enrolled 298 families with a resident tobacco smoker and a child under age 14...
February 15, 2019: Tobacco Control
Dongmei Li, Isaac K Sundar, Scott McIntosh, Deborah J Ossip, Maciej Lukasz Goniewicz, Richard J O'Connor, Irfan Rahman
BACKGROUND: Wheezing is a symptom of potential respiratory disease and known to be associated with smoking. Electronic cigarette use ('vaping') has increased exponentially in recent years. This study examined the cross-sectional association of vaping with wheezing and related respiratory symptoms and compare this association with smokers and dual users. METHODS: The Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study wave 2 data collected from October 2014 to October 2015 with 28 171 adults were used...
February 13, 2019: Tobacco Control
Soha Talih, Rola Salman, Rachel El-Hage, Ebrahim Karam, Nareg Karaoghlanian, Ahmad El-Hellani, Najat Saliba, Alan Shihadeh
INTRODUCTION: JUUL is an electronic cigarette (ECIG) with a compact form factor. It is prefilled with a liquid that is advertised to contain a high concentration of nicotine salt. JUUL commands 50% of the US ECIG market share, and its wide popularity with underage users has triggered unprecedented actions by the US FDA. Apart from its nicotine salt-containing liquid and compact form, a salient advertised design feature is a control circuit that limits the heating coil temperature, presumably reducing unwanted toxicants...
February 11, 2019: Tobacco Control
Robert K Jackler, Divya Ramamurthi
OBJECTIVE: Until recently, purveyors of vaping products marketed e-liquids in the 1%-3% range of nicotine concentration with those at 3% described as 'super high' intended for two packs/day smokers. The goal of this study is to evaluate the degree to which JUUL, with its 5% nicotine and 75% US market share, has spurred other e-liquid vendors to raise the nicotine levels of their products. METHODS: Online search to identify brands offering e-liquid in exceptionally high nicotine concentration (≥5%) and to catalogue the appearance of devices which emulate JUUL...
February 6, 2019: Tobacco Control
Aaron Baum, Sandra Aguilar-Gomez, James Lightwood, Emilie Bruzelius, Stanton A Glantz, Sanjay Basu
INTRODUCTION: While a large body of literature suggests that tobacco control legislation-including fiscal measures such as excise taxes-effectively reduces tobacco smoking, the long-run (10+ years) relationship between cigarettes excise taxes and life expectancy has not been directly evaluated. Here, we test the hypothesis that increases in state cigarette excise taxes are positively associated with long-run increases in population-level life expectancy. METHODS: We studied age-standardised life expectancy among all US counties from 1996 to 2012 by sex, in relation to state cigarette excise tax rates by year, controlling for other demographic, socioeconomic and county-specific features...
January 31, 2019: Tobacco Control
Stefanie K Gratale, Erin K Maloney, Joseph N Cappella
OBJECTIVE: In 2017, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reached an agreement with Santa Fe Natural Tobacco Company (SFNTC) stipulating that SFNTC will remove 'natural' and 'additive-free' from Natural American Spirit (NAS) marketing to combat misperceptions that NAS is a healthier cigarette. The purpose of this study was to assess experimentally the potential effectiveness of the agreement in addressing NAS misperceptions. METHODS: In an online experiment, 820 current and former smokers were assigned randomly to advertising conditions with existing claims from NAS advertisements, modified claims or a no-exposure control...
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Michael Iacobelli, Sejal Saraf, Kevin Welding, Katherine Clegg Smith, Joanna E Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Taghrid Asfar, Michael Schmidt, Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Wensong Wu, Kenneth D Ward, Rima T Nakkash, James Thrasher, Thomas Eissenberg, Habiba Ben Romdhane, Wasim Maziak
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (WP) smoking is increasing globally. The rise of WP has been fuelled by widespread misperception of reduced-harm compared to cigarettes. Health warning labels (HWLs) are one strategy to communicate smoking-related risks and address reduced-harm misperceptions. Therefore, the development of WP-specific HWLs represents a priority for WP control. METHODS: A panel of experts in WP science developed 28 WP-specific HWLs corresponding to five themes (health risks, addiction, harm to others, WP-specific harm, WP harm compared to cigarettes)...
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Christine D Czoli, Christine M White, Jessica L Reid, Richard J OConnor, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION: Heated tobacco products (HTPs), such as IQOS, have been introduced in a growing number of international markets. However, little is known about perceptions of HTP products among youth. METHODS: Data are from wave 1 of the International Tobacco Control Youth Tobacco and E-cigarette Survey (2017), a web-based cohort survey of people aged 16-19 years from Canada, England and the USA. Respondents (n=12 064) were shown an image of IQOS and asked about their awareness, interest in trying and susceptibility to trying the product...
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Jamie Pearce, Mark Cherrie, Catherine Best, Douglas Eadie, Martine Stead, Amanda Amos, Dorothy Currie, Gozde Ozakinci, Andy MacGregor, Sally Haw
BACKGROUND: Reducing the local availability of tobacco is identified as the 'next frontier' in tobacco control. This paper examines the roles of tobacco retail outlet density and tobacco visibility in changing exposure to tobacco retailing before and after the introduction of point-of-sale (POS) legislation in Scotland. METHODS: National tobacco retailer register data were analysed to examine time trends in tobacco retailer density (2012-2017). Results were stratified by local authority, neighbourhood deprivation and urbanity...
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Elizabeth Antognoli, Karen J Ishler, Erika Trapl, Susan A Flocke
OBJECTIVE: Cigarillo use is widespread among young people. Accurate assessment of cigarillo consumption is necessary to inform and evaluate tobacco research, but is complicated by product sharing and irregular use. This study compares a conventional approach with a detailed approach for measuring cigarillo consumption. METHODS: Data are drawn from a cross-sectional, web-based survey of 1089 young (aged 15-28 years) cigarillo smokers. The conventional measure of cigarillo consumption employs two common tobacco use items-the number of days a product was smoked in the past month and the average number of products smoked per day...
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Hong Xiao, Hui Zhang, Dezheng Wang, Chengfeng Shen, Zhongliang Xu, Ying Zhang, Guohong Jiang, Gonghuan Yang, Xia Wan, Mohsen Naghavi
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free legislation is an effective way to protect the population from the harms of secondhand smoke and has been implemented in many countries. On 31 May 2012, Tianjin became one of the few cities in China to implement smoke-free legislation. We investigated the impact of smoke-free legislation on mortality due to acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stroke in Tianjin. METHODS: An interrupted time series design adjusting for underlying secular trends, seasonal patterns, population size changes and meteorological factors was conducted to analyse the impact of the smoke-free law on the weekly mortality due to AMI and stroke...
January 28, 2019: Tobacco Control
Eric Crosbie, Stella Bialous, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Analyse the transnational tobacco companies' (TTCs) memoranda of understanding (MoUs) on illicit trade and how they could undermine the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products (Protocol). METHODS: Review of tobacco industry documents and websites, reports, news and media items using standard snowball search methods. RESULTS: Facing increasing pressure from governments and the FCTC to address illicit tobacco trade during the late 1990s, TTCs entered into voluntary partnerships embodied in MoUs with governments' law enforcement and customs agencies...
January 18, 2019: Tobacco Control
Megan Little, Hana Ross, George Bakhturidze, Iago Kachkachishvili
BACKGROUND: In lower-income and middle-income countries, limited research exists on illicit tobacco trade and its responsiveness to taxation. Tobacco taxes are critical in reducing tobacco consumption, thereby improving public health. However, the tobacco industry claims that tax increases will increase illicit tobacco trade. Therefore, research evidence on the size of the illicit cigarette market is needed in Georgia and other low-income and middle-income countries to inform tobacco tax policies...
January 18, 2019: Tobacco Control
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