Ellen Juliet Cosgrave, Martina Blake, Edward Murphy, Aishling Sheridan, Frank Doyle, Paul Kavanagh
AIM: Ireland will not meet the tobacco endgame goal set in its 2013 Tobacco-Free Ireland (TFI) policy of reducing smoking prevalence to less than 5% by 2025. Public opinion on tobacco endgame, a key lever to realise this goal, is uncharted in Ireland. This study aimed to measure public knowledge and attitudes to tobacco endgame. METHODS: A telephone-administered cross-sectional survey of 1000 randomly dialled members of the general public was conducted in 2022. Prevalence of awareness, perceived achievability and support for the TFI goal and tobacco endgame measures was calculated and compared across tobacco product use status...
May 26, 2023: Tobacco Control
Max Gallien, Giovanni Occhiali, Hana Ross
OBJECTIVE: To examine the features of markets for loose cigarettes in several low-income and middle-income countries and their effects on tobacco control policies, particularly taxation. DESIGN: An analysis of survey data targeting people who smoke in two African, one Southeast Asian and two South Asian countries and retailers across 16 African countries to study loose cigarette markets and examine how prices in these markets move relative to the prices for cigarette packs...
May 23, 2023: Tobacco Control
Stephen Wade, Marianne F Weber, Peter Sarich, Michael Caruana, Christina Watts, Pavla Vaneckova, Preston Ngo, Sonya Cressman, Michelle Scollo, Emily Banks, Coral E Gartner, Paul B Grogan, Tony Blakely, Martin C Tammemagi, Karen Canfell
OBJECTIVE: To compare 50-year forecasts of Australian tobacco smoking rates in relation to trends in smoking initiation and cessation and in relation to a national target of ≤5% adult daily prevalence by 2030. METHODS: A compartmental model of Australian population daily smoking, calibrated to the observed smoking status of 229 523 participants aged 20-99 years in 26 surveys (1962-2016) by age, sex and birth year (1910-1996), estimated smoking prevalence to 2066 using Australian Bureau of Statistics 50-year population predictions...
May 22, 2023: Tobacco Control
Timothy Dewhirst
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2023: Tobacco Control
Qian Yang, Shaoying Ma, Yanun He, Zefeng Qiu, Jian Chen, Ce Shang
INTRODUCTION: The present study empirically examined the association between price discounts and product attributes of e-liquids sold by online retailers. METHODS: We analysed 14 000 e-liquid products from five major online e-cigarette retailers between April and May 2021 to determine the association between price discounts and product attributes such as nicotine level and form, flavour and vegetable glycerine/propylene glycol ratio. A fixed-effects model was used in the analysis and discounts were calculated in US cents/mL of e-liquid volume...
May 17, 2023: Tobacco Control
Sarah D Kowitt, Andrew B Seidenberg, Nisha C Gottfredson O'Shea, Caroline Ritchie, Emily F Galper, Erin L Sutfin, Paschal Sheeran, Seth M Noar
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are being advertised and sold with synthetic nicotine. Little research has examined youth awareness of synthetic nicotine or the impact of synthetic nicotine descriptors on perceptions of e-cigarettes. METHODS: Participants were a sample of 1603 US adolescents (aged 13-17 years) from a probability-based panel. The survey assessed knowledge of nicotine source in e-cigarettes (from 'tobacco plants' or 'other sources besides tobacco plants') and awareness of e-cigarettes containing synthetic nicotine...
May 12, 2023: Tobacco Control
Samuel Asare, Zheng Xue, Priti Bandi, Johann Lee Westmaas, Ahmedin Jemal, Nigar Nargis
BACKGROUND: Massachusetts was the first to implement a state-wide menthol cigarette sales restriction in the USA. Following its implementation in June 2020, evidence showed declines in cigarette sales in Massachusetts; however, changes in nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) product sales are unknown. METHODS: This cohort study analysed NRT products sold by US-based retailers available in 26 states from the Nielsen Retail Scanner Data. Outcomes were state-level 4-week aggregate sales of gum, lozenge and patch NRT products converted into pieces per 1000 adults (aged ≥18 years) who smoke cigarettes based on smoking rates from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and corresponding population from the US Census Bureau...
May 9, 2023: Tobacco Control
Heewon Kang, Eunsil Cheon, Hyun Kyung Kim, Jung Mi Park, Jieun Hwang, Jinyoung Kim, Sungkyu Lee, Yuri Han, Min Kyung Lim, Susan Park, Sung-Il Cho
Tobacco endgame is a focal point of discussion at both national and international levels. We aimed to describe efforts related to achieving the tobacco endgame in the Republic of Korea, an exemplar of a country with endgame aspirations, and compare them with the efforts of other nations. We reviewed the tobacco endgame efforts of three nations considered tobacco control leaders: New Zealand (NZ), Australia and Finland. The efforts/attempts of each country were described using an endgame strategy category. The tobacco control leaders had explicit goals to achieve a smoking prevalence of <5% before a target date and had legislation and research centres for tobacco control and/or endgame...
May 5, 2023: Tobacco Control
Ana Mugosa, Mirjana Cizmovic, Violeta Vulovic
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this study is to estimate the crowding out impact of tobacco expenditures on the household budget allocation to other mutually exclusive commodity groups in Montenegro. METHODOLOGY: The analysis uses the Household Budget Survey data from 2005 to 2017 to estimate a system of Engel curves using a three-stage least squares approach. As the tobacco expenditure variable is endogenous to budget shares on other consumption items, instrumental variables were included to obtain consistent estimates...
May 5, 2023: Tobacco Control
Talat Islam, Sandrah Eckel, Feifei Liu, Jessica Barrington-Trimis, Alyssa F Harlow, Neal Benowitz, Adam Leventhal, Rob McConnell, Junhan Cho
INTRODUCTION: E-cigarette and cannabis use by adolescents are risk factors for smoking initiation. We hypothesised that increasingly common dual use of e-cigarette and cannabis in adolescence leads to more frequent cigarette smoking in young adulthood. METHODS: Data are from a prospective cohort study in Southern California, where 1164 participants who ever used nicotine products in their lifetime completed surveys in 12th grade (T1:2016), and at 24-month (T2) and 42-month (T3) follow-ups...
May 5, 2023: Tobacco Control
Andrés Pichon-Riviere, Ariel Bardach, Federico Rodríguez Cairoli, Agustín Casarini, Natalia Espinola, Lucas Perelli, Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Blanca Llorente, Marcia Pinto, Belén Saenz De Miera Juárez, Tatiana Villacres, Esperanza Peña Torres, Nydia Amador, César Loza, Marianela Castillo-Riquelme, Javier Roberti, Federico Augustovski, Andrea Alcaraz, Alfredo Palacios
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the tobacco-attributable burden on disease, medical costs, productivity losses and informal caregiving; and to estimate the health and economic gains that can be achieved if the main tobacco control measures (raising taxes on tobacco, plain packaging, advertising bans and smoke-free environments) are fully implemented in eight countries that encompass 80% of the Latin American population. DESIGN: Markov probabilistic microsimulation economic model of the natural history, costs and quality of life associated with the main tobacco-related diseases...
May 4, 2023: Tobacco Control
Dana Rubenstein, Rachel L Denlinger-Apte, Jennifer Cornacchione Ross, Dana Mowls Carroll, F Joseph McClernon
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults aged ≥55 has remained stagnant over the past decade. National data modelling suggests no reduction in cigarette smoking prevalence attributable to e-cigarette use in the USA among people aged ≥45. Misperceptions about the absolute risks (ie, cigarettes are not harmful) and relative risks (ie, e-cigarettes are more harmful than cigarettes) of tobacco products may contribute to sustained smoking prevalence and hesitancy to switch from cigarettes to e-cigarettes among older adults...
May 3, 2023: Tobacco Control
Hui Deng, Ling Fang, Lingyun Zhang, Xiaotao Yan, Fan Wang, Xinyu Hao, Pinpin Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to analyse website content of Chinese electronic (e) cigarette manufacturing enterprises and understand the marketing strategies to provide evidence for decision-makers to regulate manufacturers. METHODS: Through, one of the largest enterprise information query platforms in China, we identified 104 official manufacturer websites in 2021. A codebook including 6 sections with 31 items was developed and all webpages were coded separately by two trained researchers...
May 3, 2023: Tobacco Control
Tess Legg, Bryan Clift, Anna B Gilmore
BACKGROUND: Tobacco corporation Philip Morris International launched the Foundation for a Smoke-Free World (FSFW), a purportedly independent scientific organisation, in 2017. We aimed to systematically investigate FSFW's activities and outputs, comparing these with previous industry attempts to influence science, as identified in the recently developed typology of corporate influence on science, the Science for Profit Model (SPM). DESIGN: We prospectively collected data on FSFW over a 4-year period, 2017-2021, and used document analysis to assess whether FSFW's activities mirror practices tobacco and other industries have historically used to shape science in their own interests...
May 3, 2023: Tobacco Control
Eve Taylor, Katherine East, Jessica L Reid, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Refillable e-cigarettes were popular among youth in England in 2021. The UK Tobacco and Related Products Regulations (TRPR) limits e-liquids to 20 mg/mL of nicotine in a 10 mL bottle. Short-fill e-liquids, which are not covered by TRPR regulations, are typically nicotine-free and come in larger, underfilled bottles allowing customisation with the addition of 'nicotine shots'. This paper investigates awareness, use, and reasons for use of short-fill e-liquids among youth in England...
May 2, 2023: Tobacco Control
Sisay Derso Mengesha, Hana Ross
BACKGROUND: In 2020, Ethiopia passed a landmark tax proclamation implementing an evidence-based mixed excise system aimed at curbing tobacco use. This study evaluates the impact of the tax increase of more than 600% on both legal and illegal cigarette prices in order to gauge the impact of the tax reform in the presence of a sizeable illicit cigarette market. METHODS: Data on 1774 cigarette prices were obtained from retailers during Empty Cigarette Pack Surveys in the capital and major regional cities conducted in 2018 and 2022...
April 26, 2023: Tobacco Control
Hanna Ollila, Yelena Tarasenko, Angela Ciobanu, Elizaveta Lebedeva, Kirsimarja Raitasalo
BACKGROUND: The Tobacco Products Directive (2014/40/EU) partially harmonised the regulation of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in Europe, but individual countries maintain jurisdiction over bans on use in public places, domestic advertising, taxation and flavour regulations. Their association with youth e-cigarette use has not been examined. METHODS: We used the cross-sectional 2019 European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs data from 32 countries with 98 758 students aged 15-16 years and the 2020 WHO's assessment of the e-cigarette regulations...
April 25, 2023: Tobacco Control
Md Hasan Shahriar, Md Mehedi Hasan, Md Shahedul Alam, Britta K Matthes, Anna B Gilmore, A B M Zubair
BACKGROUND: In Bangladesh, the 2013 Amendment of the Tobacco Control Act made graphic health warnings (GHWs) on the upper 50% of all tobacco packs obligatory. However, at the time of writing (May 2022), GHWs are still being printed on the lower 50% of packs. This paper seeks to explore how the tobacco industry undermined the development and implementation of GHWs in Bangladesh, a country known for a high level of tobacco industry interference (TII) that has rarely been examined in the peer-reviewed literature...
April 25, 2023: Tobacco Control
Jovan Zubović, Aleksandar Zdravković, Olivera Jovanović, Mihajlo Djukić, Marko Vladisavljević
BACKGROUND: The empirical evidence shows that tobacco consumption is strongly associated with its affordability. The nominal growth in tobacco prices imposed by taxation should exceed or at least keep pace with nominal income growth, ensuring that tobacco products become less affordable over time. No analysis covering affordability issues in the Southeastern European (SEE) region has been conducted prior to this research. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to examine trends in cigarette affordability in ten selected SEE countries over the period 2008-2019 and the impact of affordability on the consumption of cigarettes...
April 24, 2023: Tobacco Control
Joanna E Cohen, Beladenta Amalia, Wentai Luo, Kevin J McWhirter, Braden C Masanga, James F Pankow
BACKGROUND: Flavoured tobacco products are not restricted in Indonesia, a country with about 68 million adults who smoke. Most use clove-mixed tobacco cigarettes ('kreteks'); non-clove ('white') cigarettes are also available. Although the use of flavour chemicals has been identified by WHO as promoting tobacco use, little has been reported for Indonesia about the levels of flavourants in either kreteks or 'white cigarettes'. METHODS: 22 kretek brand variants and nine 'white' cigarette brand variants were purchased in Indonesia during 2021/2022; one of the kretek packs contained three colour-coded variants, giving a total sample number of 24 for the kreteks...
April 24, 2023: Tobacco Control
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