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Clinical Investigator

W H Jost, C Rapp, J König, K Schimrigk
Measurement of blood pressure and heart rate in active orthostasis has proven to be effective in the diagnosis of autonomic regulatory dysfunctions. The following study was carried out in order to clarify to what extent reproducible heart rate reactions also occur in passive orthostasis. 61 people with normal results in five standardized tests were examined. All 61 test persons had individually differing courses of heart rate. After an initial increase of frequency an almost straight line results from a superimposed projection of the graphs...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
D Bokemeyer, U Friedrichs, A Bäcker, H J Kramer, H Meyer-Lehnert
The effect of cyclosporine A in enhancing vasconstrictor-induced calcium (Ca2+) mobilization in vascular smooth muscle cells may contribute to important side effects in cyclosporine therapy such as hypertension and nephrotoxicity. As we have previously shown, cyclosporine A stimulates transmembrane Ca2+ influx. Since Ca2+ efflux was not affected by cyclosporine A, we concluded that cyclosporine augments angiotensin II induced Ca2+ mobilization in vascular smooth muscle cells by an increased amount of Ca2+ in angiotensin II sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
M Christ, V Klauss, W Pliml, K Theisen, M Wehling
Previous studies in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) treated with diuretics and/or digoxin have shown abnormalities of cellular volume and electrolytes in biopsies of skeletal muscle. These abnormalities seem to play an important role with regard to the dysregulation of peripheral vascular resistance and characteristic clinical features of CHF, for example, muscular weakness. This study assessed the effect of angiotension-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor therapy on cell volume and cell volume regulation in patients with CHF...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
T Jeck, B Weisser, T Mengden, L Erdmenger, S Grüne, W Vetter
Since 1974 primary aldosteronism has been diagnosed in 71 patients in our outpatient clinic. Thirty-four patients had a unilateral aldosterone-producing adenoma, whereas bilateral adrenal hyperplasia was diagnosed in 37 patients. Although at the time of diagnosis the mean potassium values were lower and mean aldosterone levels were higher in patients with an adenoma, as compared to those with bilateral hyperplasia, these laboratory data did not allow us to differentiate between the two leading causes of primary aldosteronism in the individual patient due to pronounced overlap of laboratory values between the two groups...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
H Mönig, A Hauschild, S Lange, U R Fölsch
Recent reports suggest that combined therapy with recombinant interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon (IFN) alpha 2b may result in autoimmune-induced thyroid dysfunction. We prospectively analyzed thyroid function for 6 weeks in two groups of patients with progressive metastatic melanoma treated according to two different protocols. In group I (n = 17) three treatment cycles were given, each with three weeks of subcutanous administration of rIL-2 and INF-alpha 2b at different doses. In group II (n = 13) the chemotherapeutic agent dacarbazine was given in addition...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
A Antonelli, A Campatelli, A Di Vito, B Alberti, V Baldi, G Salvioni, P Fallahi, L Baschieri
We compared the results of ethanol sclerotherapy in thyroid cysts with emptying of cysts and instillation of saline. Twenty-six patients with recurrent thyroid cysts were treated with cyst aspiration and subsequent ethanol sclerotherapy. A control group of 44 patients was submitted to cyst aspiration and subsequent injection with isotonic saline; among them 20 had previously been treated with repeated aspirations of the cyst fluid. The patients were followed up clinically and ultrasonically 1 and 12 months after treatment...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
A H Rzepka, K Cissewski, T Olbricht, D Reinwein
There is no agreement as to whether or not drug treatment after surgery for nodular goiter is effective in preventing recurrence of goiter. Data about recurrences in areas of marginally low iodine intake (like Germany) vary widely. Therefore, we performed a retrospective study in 104 patients who had been treated surgically because of benign uninodular or multinodular goiter. The mean follow-up period was 6.4 years (minimal 1 year) with at least three examinations. Thyroid ultrasound with volumetric analysis was recorded in each patient...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
M Capek, C Schnack, B Ludvik, A Kautzky-Willer, M Banyai, R Prager
We evaluated the renal effect of long-term antihypertensive treatment (12 months) with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril compared to placebo in 15 type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria. The patients were randomly allocated to captopril (n = 9) or placebo (n = 6). After 1-year therapy no significant decrease in blood pressure was demonstrated with captopril (139 +/- 17/80 +/- 9 versus 138 +/- 13/76 +/- 6 mmHg) or placebo (138 +/- 9/75 +/- 6 versus 135 +/- 14/79 +/- 10 mmHg). Only in a small hypertensive subgroup (n = 4) treated with captopril did we find a significant reduction in blood pressure (154 +/- 2/88 +/- 1 versus 142 +/- 7/78 +/- 5 mmHg, P < 0...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
S Zierz
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) was studied in muscle homogenates of two patients with muscle CPT deficiency heterozygous for the Ser-113 Leu mutation in the CPT II gene. Total CPT activity was normal in both patients but was almost completely inhibited by malonyl-CoA and Triton X-100 whereas in controls 38% and 58% of total activity remained in the presence of malonyl-CoA and Triton X-100, respectively. The addition of 1% Tween 20 abolished about half of the activity in patients but not in controls. Preincubation of muscle homogenate with trypsin slightly increased the total activity and rendered the activity greatly insensitive to inhibition by malonyl-CoA in both patients and controls...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
N Solajić-Bozicević, A Stavljenić-Rukavina, M Sesto
This study grew out of observations of certain lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) abnormalities in patients with atherosclerosis. We studied the interrelationships among LCAT, and total cholesterol, free and esterified cholesterol, cholesterol in individual lipoprotein fractions, triglycerides, phospholipids, free fatty acids, L-lactates in 90 angiographically examined patients with coronary artery disease and 30 control subjects without clinical manifestations of coronary artery disease. Results of the study showed LCAT activity to be significantly decreased (P < 0...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
M Flesch, A Sachinidis, Y D Ko, K Kraft, H Vetter
In recent years there have been many studies demonstrating a correlation between increased arterial blood pressure and altered lipid profiles, and there has been an especially positive correlation between high cholesterol levels and blood pressure. There are differences between the various reports that are important. In our study the lipid distribution in 105 hypertensive patients with mild or moderate arterial hypertension according to WHO criteria without clinically or ultrasonographically apparent atherosclerosis was compared to the lipid distribution in 65 age-matched healthy persons...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
E Windler, U Ewers-Grabow, J Thiery, A Walli, D Seidel, H Greten
Clinical observations show that severe illness often leads to hypocholesterolemia. To verify this finding and to define the relationship between serum cholesterol and a patient's prognosis, a study was conducted in two large hospital populations. Of 24,000 and 61,463 adult patients (populations I and II) an average of 3.8% and 3.6% died in hospital, respectively. The mean serum cholesterol levels of patients who died was significantly lower than that of those who survived (163.6 mg/dl versus 217.8 mg/dl; P < 0...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
N Zöllner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
M Schäfer-Korting, H C Korting, E Ponce-Pöschl
Frequently occurring skin irritancy and flare-up reactions impede the use of topical tretinoin for acne vulgaris due to poor patient compliance. Liposome encapsulation improves penetration into the skin and local tolerability in animals. We investigated efficacy and local tolerability of liposomal tretinoin in man. In a double-blind study 20 patients with uncomplicated acne vulgaris received liposomal tretinoin (0.01%) on one side of the body and a commercial gel preparation with either 0.025% or 0.05% on the other once daily for 10 weeks...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
L Erlacher, H Teufelsbauer, P Bernecker, P Pietschmann, M Weissel
Fluoride salts are widely used in Europe in the treatment of established osteoporosis with crush fractures for their ability to increase trabecular bone mass. However, in the United States fluorides are still regarded as an experimental drug. In a prospective, randomized study we compared the fluoride pharmacokinetics of enteric-coated sodium fluoride and disodium monofluorophosphate calcium carbonate (MFP-Ca) over the period of 76 h. Twenty subjects (12 females, 8 males), aged 35-80 years, free of gastrointestinal disorders, renal impairment, and liver disease and without prior fluoride intake entered the study...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
J X de Vries, A Voss, A Ittensohn, I Walter-Sack, W Löffler, R Landthaler, N Zöllner
The kinetics of allopurinol and hydrochlorothiazide were investigated in seven healthy male subjects during prolonged coadministration of two drugs. Subjects were maintained on an isoenergetic, purine-free formula diet with RNA supplementation for 24 days. Allopurinol (300 mg) was given orally on days 1-24. Hydrochlorothiazide (50 mg daily) was added to days 11-21. On day 43 a single oral dose of 50 mg hydrochlorothiazide was administered. Plasma concentration-time profiles of allopurinol and its main metabolite oxipurinol were obtained on days 1, 10, and 21; hydrochlorothiazide profiles were assessed on days 21 and 43...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
W Löffler, R Landthaler, J X de Vries, I Walter-Sack, A Ittensohn, A Voss, N Zöllner
The interaction of allopurinol (300 mg/day) and hydrochlorothiazide (50 mg/day) was studied in seven healthy male volunteers during prolonged coadministration of the two drugs using defined dietary conditions. A formula diet was administered with the allopurinol throughout the 24-day study, while hydrochlorothiazide was added during days 11-21. After the addition of hydrochlorothiazide both plasma uric acid and plasma oxipurinol rose for 6 days--24% and 30%, respectively, compared to steady-state levels during allopurinol alone (P < 0...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
P S Hansen, H Meinertz, L U Gerdes, I C Klausen, O Faergeman
Thirty patients with familial defective apolipoprotein B-100 were treated in a two-period (8 weeks each) cross-over study with pravastatin and gemfibrozil. Cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and apo B were reduced by 20-25% (P < 10(-4)) by pravastatin and by 4-6% by gemfibrozil (pravastatin vs. gemfibrozil: P < 10(-4)). Response to pravastatin was variable and not correlated to gender, age, or apo E genotype. Gemfibrozil lowered triglycerides by 25% (P < 10(-4)) and raised HDL cholesterol by 11%. The effects of pravastatin on these two interrelated variables were significantly smaller...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
S Ostrowitzki, S Zierz
The hypereosinophilic syndrome is characterized by a long-lasting increase in circulating eosinophils in the absence of a definable etiology and by manifestations of multisystem involvement. It must be differentiated from the eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome related to the ingestion of L-tryptophan, although the clinical features may be similar. Two patients with hypereosinophilia not related to L-tryptophan intake are described who both became clinically symptomatic with neurological manifestations of acute and subacute onset: one with eosinophilic fasciitis and the other with painful polyneuropathy...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
R Schröder, H Urbach, S Zierz
A patient with cauda equina syndrome complicating long-standing inactive ankylosing spondylitis is described. The first neurological symptoms started 15 years after the onset of ankylosing spondylitis. Over a follow-up period of 12 years the cauda equina syndrome showed a slowly progressive but disabling course leading to sensory disturbances in the lumbar and sacral dermatomes, weakness and wasting of the muscles innervated by these nerve roots, sphincter disturbances, and impotence. Magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and lumbar myelography showed enlargement of the dural sac with multiple lubar diverticula eroding the lumbosacral vertebrae...
December 1994: Clinical Investigator
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