Travis R Pollen, Chelsey Roe, Darren L Johnson, Sheri P Silfies, Brian Noehren
CONTEXT: Decreased trunk neuromuscular control is a risk factor for both upper- and lower-extremity injuries, yet there are few reliable and valid clinical tests to identify deficits. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the reliability and known-groups validity of a novel clinical test, the seated trunk control test (STCT). DESIGN: Cross-sectional reliability and known-groups validity study. SETTING: Laboratory...
November 17, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Razieh Mofateh, Maryam Kiani Haft Lang, Neda Orakifar, Shahin Goharpey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jérôme Murgier, Guillaume Zunzarren, Bertrand Garet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sungwan Kim, Evyn G Callahan, Zachary C Malone, Timothy J Gilgallon, Neal R Glaviano
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a widespread knee disorder encountered in clinical practice. Clinicians have often focused on strengthening hip and knee musculature to improve pain and disability, which are the ultimate clinical goals of PFP treatment. However, PFP literature has shown improvement in pain and disability without concurrent changes in lower-extremity strength after rehabilitation. Although some researchers have achieved a significant increase in strength after rehabilitation in PFP cohorts, there was no association with improved pain and disability...
November 6, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Haniyeh Mohammadi, Raheleh Ghaffari, Abdolreza Kazemi, Hunter Bennett, Mahdi Hosseinzadeh
CONTEXT: The aim of this prospective cohort study was to identify whether Y-Balance Test (YBT) performance and asymmetry are associated with lower limb injury in elite adult football athletes. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. METHODS: Preseason YBT measures were obtained from 121 male footballers participating in National League One across the 2021-2022 season. Lower limb injuries were tracked across the season to determine the relationship between YBT variables and injury incidence using logistic regression analysis...
October 24, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Daisy Luera, Ronald L Snarr, Sara Posson, Ioannis Liras, George Liras, Erica M Filep
CONTEXT: A healthy, 22-year-old, male NCAA Division I baseball shortstop was experiencing confusion, chest pain, and tightness during an off-season intersquad scrimmage. The patient did not have any significant medical history or mechanism of head injury. After initial evaluation from the athletic trainer, the patient's cognitive status began to quickly decline. The emergency action plan was put in place rapidly and referred the patient to the local emergency clinic. CASE PRESENTATION: Upon arrival at the emergency department, an electrocardiogram was performed to rule out myocardial infarction or stroke...
October 16, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Aaron Wells, Justin Rigby, Chris Castel, Dawn Castel
CONTEXT: Contusion and soft tissue injuries are common in sports. Photobiomodultion, light and laser therapy, is an effective aid to increase healing rates and improve function after various injury mechanisms. However, it is unclear how well photobiomodulation improves function after a contusion soft tissue injury. This study aimed to determine the effects of a pulsed red and blue photobiomodulation light patch on muscle function following a human thigh contusion injury. DESIGN: Single-blinded randomized control trial design...
October 13, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Maria Dolores Morenas-Aguilar, Luis J Chirosa Rios, Angela Rodriguez-Perea, Juan Antonio Vázquez Diz, Ignacio J Chirosa Rios, José Fernando Vera Vera, Lorenzo Ruiz-Orellana, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga
CONTEXT: Current devices to assess strength performance in handball may not be sufficiently sports-specific and reliable methods. Functional electromechanical dynamometry is a new technology that allows the development of accurate strength tests in athletes. PURPOSE: To determine the absolute and relative reliability and to compare the reliability of the right and left side, and mean and peak force of 3 specific strength tests in handball players with a functional electromechanical dynamometer: unilateral pullover, standing lift, and step forward...
October 10, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Gonzalo Elias, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga, Leonardo Intelangelo
CONTEXT: The aim of this study was to analyze the muscle activity of the hamstring muscles and the lateral gastrocnemius during different variants of the single-leg bridge (SLB) in futsal players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Twenty-two futsal players (age = 24.8 [3.9] y) volunteered to participate in this study. The participants performed 3 variations of the SLB with the knee flexed at 45°. The first position was performed with the ankle in plantar position with flat support, the second with the ankle in dorsiflexion (DF) with heel support, and the third with the ankle in DF and external rotation (ER) with heel support...
October 10, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Yuta Murakami, Satoru Nishida, Riku Yoshida, Kazuki Kasahara, Akira Kumazaki, Hirokazu Sakuma, Hirosi Fujimoto, Yuki Kaneko, Otoka Abe, Masatoshi Nakamura
CONTEXT: Nordic hamstring strength (NH strength) and single leg bridge test (SLBT) scores are used to predict the risk of hamstring strain injury. Although NH strength and SLBT scores may be related, the relationship between NH strength and SLBT score remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationship between NH strength and SLBT scores in university soccer players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Research laboratory...
October 6, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Amy L Curry, Suhyun Jang, Michael P Monahan, Matthew J Rivera
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Hamstring range of motion (ROM) and the influence it has on injury risk is among great discussion in the literature. Hamstring injury may result from hamstring tightness, poor flexibility, or decreased ROM, and many argue that this can be prevented through various intervention strategies. In active populations, risk of further injury, pain, and complications throughout the kinetic chain can occur if minimal hamstring ROM is left untreated. One therapeutic intervention that has been applied to varying parts of the body to help improve function while relieving pain is dry needling (DN)...
September 28, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
John W Evers-Smith, Kevin C Miller
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Exercise-associated muscle cramps (EAMC) are sudden, painful, and involuntary contractions of skeletal muscles during or after physical activity. The best treatment for EAMC is gentle static stretching until abatement. Stretching is theorized to relieve EAMC by normalizing alpha motor neuron control, specifically by increasing Golgi tendon organ activity, and physically separating contractile proteins. However, it is unclear if stretching or flexibility training prevents EAMC via the same mechanisms...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kelley R Wiese, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Joel Martin
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Dancing is a demanding esthetic activity with dancers having an 85% annual injury incident rate when performing complex dance motor skills. Teachers and clinicians use a combination of external and internal attentional cues when teaching dancers motor skills and when working on rehabilitation programs with injured dancers, respectively. External attentional focus (ie, focusing on movement outcome) reportedly results in superior performance than internal attentional focus (ie, focus on body movements)...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kylie S Boldt, Bernadette L Olson, Ryan M Thiele
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Achilles tendon ruptures are prevalent and devastating injuries that require the need for extensive rehabilitation. The methods for preventing these injuries vary between different exercise methods and nutritional supplementation. Although proven effective for decreasing pain and increasing tendon properties, the influence of these 2 methods in combination has not yet been evaluated. CLINICAL QUESTION: Does exercise combined with collagen supplementation improve Achilles tendon structural and mechanical properties and diminish subsequent patient-reported pain compared with exercise alone in adults? SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS: Exercise training, including eccentric training protocols and concentric resistance training protocols, combined with collagen supplementation influence Achilles tendon properties and subsequent patient-reported pain compared with exercise alone...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Morgan Anderson, Christopher P Tomczyk, Aaron J Zynda, Alyssa Pollard-McGrandy, Megan C Loftin, Tracey Covassin
CONTEXT: The utility of baseline vestibular and ocular motor screening (VOMS) in high school and collegiate athletes is demonstrated throughout the literature; however, baseline VOMS data at the youth level are limited. In addition, with the recent adoption of the change scoring method, there is a need to document baseline VOMS total and change scores in a pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To document baseline VOMS total and change scores and to document the internal consistency of the VOMS in pediatric soccer athletes...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sarah B Willwerth, Landon B Lempke, Vipul Lugade, William P Meehan, David R Howell, Alexandra F DeJong Lempke
CONTEXT: Single- and dual-task walking gait assessments have been used to identify persistent movement and cognitive dysfunction among athletes with concussions. However, it is unclear whether previous ankle sprain injuries confound these outcomes during baseline testing. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of (1) ankle sprain history and (2) time since prior ankle sprain injury on single- and dual-task spatiotemporal gait outcomes and cognitive measures. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Michael Girdwood, Benjamin F Mentiplay, Mark J Scholes, Joshua J Heerey, Kay M Crossley, Michael J M O'Brien, Zuzana Perraton, Anik Shawdon, Joanne L Kemp
CONTEXT: Hip and groin injuries are common in field sports such as football, with measurement of hip strength and range of motion (ROM) recommended for assessment of these conditions. We aimed to report hip strength, hip ROM, and functional task performance in young elite Australian football athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Fifty-eight newly drafted Australian Football League athletes completed hip abduction, adduction, internal rotation, external rotation, and flexion strength testing with an adjustable stabilized or hand-held dynamometer...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Javier Bailón-Cerezo, Roy La Touche, Beatriz Sánchez-Sánchez, Irene de la Rosa-Díaz, María Torres-Lacomba, Sergio Hernández-Sánchez
CONTEXT: There are no available questionnaires in Spanish that assess the function and performance of shoulder and elbow in overhead sports. The Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic (KJOC) score is a reference tool for this purpose. We aimed to cross-culturally adapt and investigate its measurement properties in Spanish overhead athletes. DESIGN: Cross-cultural adaptation followed the steps of direct translation, back translation, comprehensibility analysis, and review by the Committee of Experts...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Marcos Quintana-Cepedal, Omar de la Calle, Hugo Olmedillas
CLINICAL SCENARIO: Injuries that affect the groin region are among the most common in football players. To prevent this condition, studies have focused on strengthening the adductors, hip flexors, or abdominal muscles. Recent investigations have used an eccentric-biased exercise (Copenhagen Adduction Exercise [CAE]) that promotes functional and architectural adaptations in the muscle tissue, though its effect on injury risk reduction is unknown. CLINICAL QUESTION: Can the Copenhagen Adduction Exercise prevent groin injuries in soccer players? SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS: The literature was searched for studies investigating the potential groin injury risk reduction effect of the CAE...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Kestrel McNeill, Hana Marmura, Melanie Werstine, Greg Alcock, Trevor Birmingham, Kevin Willits, Alan Getgood, Marie-Eve LeBel, Robert Litchfield, Dianne Bryant, J Robert Giffin
CONTEXT: The long duration and high cost of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) rehabilitation can pose barriers to completing rehabilitation, the latter stages of which progress to demanding sport-specific exercises critical for a safe return to sport. A staged approach shifting in-person physiotherapy sessions to later months of recovery may ensure patients undergo the sport-specific portion of ACLR rehabilitation. Design/Objective: To compare postoperative outcomes of knee function in patients participating in a staged ACLR physiotherapy program to patients participating in usual care physiotherapy through a randomized controlled trial...
September 12, 2023: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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