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Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30987519/repeated-impacts-diminish-the-impact-performance-of-equestrian-helmets
#1
Carl G Mattacola, Carolina Quintana, Jed Crots, Kimberly I Tumlin, Stephanie Bonin
CONTEXT: During thoroughbred races, jockeys are placed in potentially injurious situations, often with inadequate safety equipment. Jockeys frequently sustain head injuries; therefore, it is important that they wear appropriately certified helmets. OBJECTIVE: The goals of this study are (1) to perform impact attenuation testing according to ASTM F1163-15 on a sample of equestrian helmets commonly used by jockeys in the United States and (2) to quantify headform acceleration and residual crush after repeat impacts at the same location...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860429/fear-avoidance-following-musculoskeletal-injury-in-male-adolescent-gaelic-footballers
#2
Sinéad O'Keeffe, Niamh Ní Chéilleachair, Siobhán O'Connor
CONTEXT: Gaelic football participation provides a wealth of benefits but a risk of musculoskeletal injury also exists. Injury is associated with physical consequences, including pain, discomfort, loss of function, time absent from school/sport, considerable medical expenses along with placing undue pressure on emergency services and hospital staff. Concurrent psychological consequences, such as fear-avoidance, can also occur causing psychological distress. There is a current dearth of available research examining the psychology of injury in male adolescent Gaelic footballers...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860428/the-relationship-between-the-golf-specific-movement-screen-and-golf-performance
#3
Sophie Speariett, Ross Armstrong
CONTEXT: Golf requires effective movement patterns to produce an effective swing and performance. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to determine the relationship between the Titleist Performance Institute golf specific functional movement screening (GSFMS) composite and individual element scores and golf performance by assessing a player's handicap; clubhead speed; side accuracy; ball speed; peak pelvis rotation speed; swing sequence and common swing faults. DESIGN: Cohort study, clinical measurement...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860425/turn-characteristics-during-gait-differ-with-and-without-a-cognitive-demand-among-collegiate-athletes
#4
Lauren A Brown, Eric E Hall, Caroline J Ketcham, Kirtida Patel, Thomas A Buckley, David R Howell, Srikant Vallabhajosula
CONTEXT: Sports often involve complex movement patterns, such as turning. While cognitive load effects on gait patterns are well-known, little is known on how it affects biomechanics of turning gait amongst athletes. Such information could help evaluate how concussion affects turning gait required for daily living and sports. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a dual-task on biomechanics of turning while walking among collegiate athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860421/eccentric-exercise-tendon-thickness-pain-and-function-in-achilles-tendinopathy-a-systematic-review
#5
Kenneth Färnqvist, Peter Malliaras, Stephen Pearson
CONTEXT: Exercise is seen as the most evidence based treatment for managing tendinopathy and although the type of exercise used to manage tendinopathy may induce adaptation in healthy tendons, it is not clear whether these adaptations occur in tendinopathy and if so whether they are associated with improved clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to synthesise available evidence for adaptation of the Achilles tendon to eccentric exercise and the relationship between adaptation (change in tendon thickness) and clinical outcomes among people with Achilles tendinopathy...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860420/comparison-of-muscle-activity-using-unstable-devices-during-a-forward-lunge
#6
Lucinda E Bouillon, Michael Hofener, Andrew O'Donnel, Amanda Milligan, Craig Obrock
CONTEXT: Unstable devices in various forms are used as therapeutic adjuncts for prevention or following an injury. A slip-over-shoe design with inflatable domes (STEPRIGHT® Stability Trainer) was developed to improve balance. It is unknown how this unstable device affects muscle activity during a closed-chain exercise such as the forward lunge. OBJECTIVE: To compare muscle activity across three surfaces (STEPRIGHT®, BOSU® Balance Trainer, and firm) during a forward lunge...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860417/acute-effects-of-pectoralis-minor-self-mobilization-on-shoulder-motion-and-posture-a-blinded-and-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#7
Kevin Laudner
CONTEXT: Tightness of the pectoralis minor is a common characteristic that has been associated with aberrant posture and shoulder pathology. Determining conservative treatment techniques for maintaining and lengthening this muscle are critical. Although some gross stretching techniques have been proven effective, there are currently no empirical data regarding the effectiveness of self-myofascial release for treating tightness of this muscle. OBJECTIVES: To determine the acute effectiveness of a self-myofascial release with movement technique of the pectoralis minor for improving shoulder motion and posture among asymptomatic individuals...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860415/psychometric-properties-of-the-ihandy-level-smartphone-application-for-measuring-lumbar-spine-range-of-motion-and-lordosis-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
Mohammadreza Pourahmadi, Hamid Hesarikia, Ali Ghanjal, Alireza Shamsoddini
CONTEXT: Advent of smartphones has brought a wide range of clinical measurement applications (apps) within the reach of most clinicians. The vast majority of smartphones have numerous built-in sensors such as magnetometers, accelerometers, and gyroscopes that make the phone capable of measuring joint range of motion (ROM) and detecting joint positions. The iHandy Level app is a free app which has a visual display alike with the digital inclinometer in regard to numeric size. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate available evidence in the literature to assess the psychometric properties (i...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860414/sex-specific-dependence-of-linear-and-nonlinear-postural-control-metrics-on-anthropometrics-during-clinical-balance-tests-in-healthy-young-adults
#9
Stephen M Glass, Brian L Cone, Christopher K Rhea, Donna M Duffy, Scott E Ross
CONTEXT: Previous work suggests that balance behavior is a sex-dependent, complex process which can be characterized by linear and nonlinear metrics. While a certain degree of center of pressure variability may be expected based on sexual dimorphism, there is evidence to suggest that these effects are obscured by potential interactions between sex and anthropometric factors. To date, no study has accounted for such interactive effects using both linear and nonlinear measures. OBJECTIVE: This investigation sought to analyze interactive models featuring sex, height, and weight as predictors of linear and nonlinear aspects of postural control...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860413/the-quantification-of-hop-landing-balance-using-trunk-mounted-accelerometry
#10
Jonathan M Williams, Michael Gara, Carol Clark
CONTEXT: Balance is important for injury prediction, prevention and rehabilitation. Clinical measurement of higher level balance function such as hop landing is necessary. Currently no method exists to quantify balance performance following hopping in the clinic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to quantify the sacral acceleration profile and test-retest reliability during hop landing. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen university undergraduates (Age 27...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860412/effects-of-short-foot-exercises-on-foot-posture-pain-disability-and-plantar-pressure-in-pes-planus
#11
Banu Unver, Emin Ulas Erdem, Eda Akbas
CONTEXT: Pes planus is a prevalent chronic condition which causes foot pain, disability and impaired plantar load distribution. Short-foot exercises are often recommended to strengthen intrinsic foot muscles and to prevent excessive decrease of medial longitudinal arch height. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of short-foot exercises on navicular drop, foot posture, pain, disability and plantar pressures in pes planus. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental study...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860410/self-myofascial-release-of-the-superficial-back-line-improves-sit-and-reach-distance
#12
Whitney Williams, Noelle M Selkow
CONTEXT: Decreased hamstring flexibility can lead to a plethora of musculoskeletal injuries, including low back pain, hamstring strains, and patellofemoral pain. Lack of flexibility may be the result of myofascial adhesions. The fascia connected to the hamstrings is part of the superficial back line that runs from the cranium to the plantar aspect of the foot. Any disruption along this chain may limit flexibility of the hamstring. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate if self-myofascial release (SMR) of the plantar surface of the foot in addition to the hamstring group was more effective at improving flexibility of the hamstrings when compared to either intervention alone...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860409/the-effectiveness-of-kinesio-taping-in-recovering-from-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-a-cross-over-study
#13
Berkiye Kirmizigil, Jeffry Roy Chauchat, Omer Yalciner, Gozde Iyigun, Ender Angin, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Kinesio taping (KT) is a popular taping technique used in the recovery process; however, in the relevant literature, there is no real consensus on its efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether rectus femoris KT application after DOMS enhances recovery of muscle soreness, edema, and physical performance. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two healthy amateur male athletes participated in this study. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover study...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30860408/recovery-trajectory-of-postural-control-impairments-following-a-concussion-a-case-study
#14
Adam C King
CONTEXT: Altered postural control represents one of the most common motor consequences following a concussion and there is a paucity of data monitoring the recovery trajectory that identifies the persistent changes of postural control. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the recovery trajectory of postural control was consistent across different measures of postural stability and whether increased postural challenge (i.e., sloped surface) revealed subtle postural impairments...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426832/validity-of-an-on-field-readaptation-program-following-a-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer
#15
Sergio Jiménez-Rubio, Archit Navandar, Jesús Rivilla-García, Victor Paredes-Hernández
CONTEXT: Despite the presence of various injury prevention programs, the rate of hamstring injuries and reinjuries is increasing in soccer, warranting the need for a soccer-specific rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a new, functional on-field program for the rehabilitation and readaptation of soccer players after a hamstring strain injury through a panel of experts; and determine the usefulness of the program through its application in professional soccer players...
March 3, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30300046/the-efficacy-of-lower-limb-screening-tests-in-predicting-playerload-within-a-professional-soccer-academy
#16
Charlie Bowen, Kristian Weaver, Nicola Relph, Matt Greig
CONTEXT: Training exposure has been associated with injury epidemiology in elite youth soccer, where lower-limb musculoskeletal screening is commonly used to highlight injury risk. However, there has been little consideration of the relationship between lower-limb screening and the loading response to soccer activities. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the efficacy of using screening tests to predict the loading elicited in soccer-specific activities and to develop a hierarchical ordering of musculoskeletal screening tests to identify test redundancy and inform practice...
February 25, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30222494/the-effect-of-a-20-week-corrective-exercise-program-on-functional-movement-patterns-in-youth-elite-male-soccer-players
#17
Francesco Campa, Federico Spiga, Stefania Toselli
CONTEXT: Poor functional movement patterns negatively affect the ability to perform fundamental movements with precision and efficiency, increasing injury risk in athletes. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of a 20-week corrective exercise program during the competitive season on functional movement patterns in youth elite male soccer players. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Team facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five youth elite male soccer players (age: 15...
February 21, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30040008/vestibular-rehabilitation-therapy-improves-perceived-disability-associated-with-dizziness-postconcussion
#18
Steven Nagib, Shelley W Linens
Clinical Scenario: Every year, millions of people suffer a concussion. A significant portion of these people experience symptoms lasting longer than 10 days and are diagnosed with postconcussion syndrome. Dizziness is the second most reported symptom associated with a concussion and may be a predictor of prolonged recovery. Clinicians are beginning to incorporate vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT) in their postconcussion treatment plan, in order to address the dysfunctional inner ear structures that could be causing this dizziness...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747580/the-epidemiology-and-management-of-exertional-heat-illnesses-in-high-school-sports-during-the-2012-13-2016-17-academic-years
#19
Zachary Y Kerr, Susan W Yeargin, Yuri Hosokawa, Rebecca M Hirschhorn, Lauren A Pierpoint, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT: Recent data on exertional heat illness (EHI) in high school sports is limited, yet warranted to identify specific settings with the highest risk of EHI. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of EHI in high school sports during the 2012/13-2016/17 academic years. SETTING: Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from athletic trainers working in high school sports in the United States (US). PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: High school athletes during the 2012/13-2016/17 academic years...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30747574/prevalence-of-hamstring-strain-injury-risk-factors-in-professional-and-under-20-male-football-soccer-players
#20
João Breno Ribeiro-Alvares, Maurício Pinto Dornelles, Carolina Gassen Fritsch, Felipe Xavier de Lima-E-Silva, Thales Menezes Medeiros, Lucas Severo-Silveira, Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
CONTEXT: Hamstring strain injury (HSI) is the most prevalent injury in football (soccer), and a few intrinsic factors have been associated with higher injury rates. OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of the main intrinsic risk factors for HSI in professional and under-20 football players. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: One-hundred and one football players (52 professionals; 49 under-20). INTERVENTION: An evidence-based testing protocol for screening HSI risk factors...
February 12, 2019: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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