Journals Journal of Intellectual Disabi...

Journal of Intellectual Disability Research : JIDR
N Gil, A Cox, K L Whitaker, R S Kerrison
BACKGROUND: The physical health of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) has been identified as an area of ongoing concern and priority. Research has increasingly focused on cancer, with studies indicating that people with ID are at an increased risk of cancer and of mortality, compared with the general population. This review aims to systematically identify and synthesise the published academic literature exploring cancer risk-factor and symptom awareness among people with IDs, carers and healthcare professionals...
March 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
T W Benevides, B Datta, J Jaremski, M McKee
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) is currently estimated through parent report on surveys of children. It is difficult to estimate the number of adults living with ID in the United States because no comprehensive survey or surveillance allows for identification. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and number of adults with ID born between 1980 and 1999 using multiple years of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and Census data. METHODS: We concatenated the NHIS from 1997-2016 that evaluated parental response about whether a child aged 3-17 years had an ID...
January 17, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
L K White, N Hillman, K Ruparel, T M Moore, R S Gallagher, E J McClellan, D R Roalf, J C Scott, M E Calkins, D E McGinn, V Giunta, O Tran, T B Crowley, E H Zackai, B S Emanuel, D M McDonald-McGinn, R E Gur, R C Gur
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive functioning is an integral phenotype of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome relating to severity of psychopathology and outcomes. A neurocognitive battery that could be administered remotely to assess multiple cognitive domains would be especially beneficial to research on rare genetic variants, where in-person assessment can be unavailable or burdensome. The current study compares in-person and remote assessments of the Penn computerised neurocognitive battery (CNB)...
January 16, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
B H Brugnaro, M F Pauletti, C R G Lima, B N Verdério, R I Fonseca-Angulo, B Romão-Silva, A C de Campos, P Rosenbaum, N A C F Rocha
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) may experience impairments in sensory and motor skills that can be interrelated. The purposes of this study were (i) to compare the sensory processing patterns and gross motor function between children and adolescents with DS and with typical development (TD) and (ii) to explore associations between these areas in both DS and TD groups. METHOD: This cross-sectional study involved a sample size of 25 participants with DS (mean age 10...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Watanabe, Y Tomioka, Y Okata, S Yoshimura, S Kumode, S Iwabuchi, Y Kameoka, Y Takanarita, K Uemura, Y Samejima, Y Kawasaki, Y Bitoh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and risk factors of cholelithiasis in individuals with severe or profound intellectual and motor disabilities (SPIMD) are poorly characterised. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk determinants of cholelithiasis in a cohort with SPIMD under medical care in a residential facility. METHODS: We categorised 84 patients in a residential hospital for persons with SPIMD into groups: those with (Group CL) and without (Group N) cholelithiasis...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
T Sappok, B Barrett, S Lutter
BACKGROUND: The Scale of Emotional Development - Short (SED-S) captures the level of emotional development in persons with a disorder of intellectual development (DID) with 200 items on five developmental levels. The study aims to develop a brief version of the SED-S. METHODS: Based on item analysis (proportions, χ2 -test, Spearman's ρ and corrected item-total correlation), a brief version of the SED-S was developed in a sample of 224 adults with a DID (n1 ) and validated in a second independent matched sample (n2  = 223)...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
M E Öztürk, N Yabanci Ayhan
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) experience eating, drinking and swallowing problems, such as chewing problems, choking, gagging, coughing during eating, aspiration and rumination syndrome, which may lead to poor nutritional status. This study aimed to determine the relationship between IDD levels, eating, drinking and swallowing problems and nutritional status in adults with IDDs. METHODS: The sample consisted of 71 participants (37 men and 34 women) with a mean age of 22...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Bracken, J Hauss, S Grinshpun, D Lasc, A Hershkovich, Y Yang
BACKGROUND: Spatial abilities are fundamental cognitive abilities, have direct applications in daily life, serve as a cognitive foundation for many other complex skills and are used in many specialty jobs. The current study aimed to systematically and comprehensively evaluate the spatial abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) relative to mental ability-matched typically developing (TD) children based on Newcombe and Shipley's double-dimension theoretical framework for classifying spatial abilities...
December 10, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
S Alarifi, L Denne, R P Hastings
BACKGROUND: Young children with an intellectual disability have a higher risk of developing challenging behaviour (CB). Early identification of risk factors for CB allows for earlier intervention. The aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of CB in preschool-aged children with an intellectual disability in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia). METHODS: One hundred twenty parents of preschool-aged (3-6 years old) children who had been diagnosed (DSM-5 criteria) with an intellectual disability completed an online cross-sectional survey that included demographic, CB and child adaptive skills measures...
December 5, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
G Llewellyn, H Ouellette-Kuntz, E Emerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
R Laugharne, M Wilcock, J Rees, D Wainwright, N Newton, J Sterritt, S Badger, R Bishop, P Bassett, R Shankar
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) die on an average 20 years earlier to the general population. They have higher rates of multimorbidity and polypharmacy. Around 25% of people with ID report chronic constipation. The England Learning Disabilities Mortality Review found that nearly 25% of deaths identified constipation as a long-term health problem. However, the likely risk factors for constipation related harm are poorly enumerated. We sought to identify possible specific high-risk factors by examining the clinical characteristics of people with ID admitted to hospital with constipation...
November 30, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
D A Hagenaar, K G C B Bindels-de Heus, K Lubbers, L W Ten Hoopen, A B Rietman, P F A de Nijs, M H J Hillegers, H A Moll, M C Y de Wit, G C Dieleman, S E Mous
BACKGROUND: Angelman syndrome (AS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by severe intellectual disability, movement disorder, epilepsy, sleeping problems, and behavioural issues. Little is known on child health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in AS. AS family studies have reported elevated parenting stress and a high impact of the child's syndrome on the parent. It is unclear which factors influence child HRQoL and parenting stress/impact in AS. METHODS: We collected data prospectively through standardised clinical assessments of children with AS at the ENCORE Expertise centre for Angelman Syndrome at the Erasmus MC Sophia Children's Hospital...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
J Campagna, K Czyszczon, J Little, C Selby, L Wick, D Ferreira, K Oriel
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with disabilities have fewer opportunities to participate in community-based fitness programmes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of a school-based running programme at a local middle school in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, on fitness and quality of life (QoL) in children with physical and cognitive disabilities in a life-skills classroom. METHODS: Nineteen adolescents with diagnosed disabilities including intellectual disability (ID), autism spectrum disorder and Down syndrome were recruited from three life-skills classrooms to participate in a school-based running programme...
November 20, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
P H Boer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) are born with and develop many health-related complications. The purpose of this study was to determine the longitudinal functional fitness profile of adults with DS. METHODS: The functional fitness of adults with DS was tested twice, 12 years apart. Sixty-six adults with DS were tested for body mass, stature and 10 functional fitness tests. Data were categorised according to gender and age-specific categories...
November 15, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
L R Ketcheson, E A Pitchford, J Hauck, F Loetzner
BACKGROUND: Special Olympics is a sport organisation spearheading efforts to increase physical activity accessibility through inclusive sport. The Unified Sports® initiative brings together Special Olympics athletes (with intellectual disabilities) and Unified partners (without a disability) in sport training and competition on the same team. The study aims to objectively evaluate differences in on-field physical activity levels between athletes and partners during the 2022 Special Olympics World Unified Cup, an international soccer (i...
November 7, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A J Kalinousky, T Rapp, J R Harris
BACKGROUND: Understanding the specific neurobehavioural profile of rare genetic diseases enables clinicians to provide the best possible care for patients and families, including prognostic and treatment advisement. Previous studies suggested that a subset of individuals with Kabuki syndrome (KS), a genetic disorder causing intellectual disability and other neurodevelopmental phenotypes, have attentional deficits. However, these studies looked at relatively small numbers of molecularly confirmed cases and often used retrospective clinical data instead of standardised assessments...
November 3, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
H Smith, R Al-Jawahiri, L Stokes, M Freeth, S Fricke, D Matthews, A McNeill
BACKGROUND: Speech and language skills are important for social interaction and learning. This study characterised the communication abilities of verbal individuals with SOX11 syndrome using a standardised parent/carer questionnaire, the Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2). METHOD: Thirteen parent/carers of verbal individuals (aged 5-19 years) diagnosed with SOX11 syndrome completed the CCC-2. In order to contextualise findings, responses were compared to norms and to data from Noonan syndrome, a relatively well-known genetic diagnosis associated with communication impairment...
November 2, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
J A Luchsinger, D Pang, S J Krinsky-McHale, N Schupf, J H Lee, W Silverman, W B Zigman
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adults without Down syndrome is associated with an adverse metabolic profile including high prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes, high levels of insulin, non-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, leptin and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and low levels of HDL and adiponectin. We examined whether obesity in middle-aged adults with Down syndrome is also related to an adverse metabolic profile. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 143 adults with Down syndrome, with a mean age of 55...
October 29, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
T G James, M S Argenyi, A Gravino, T W Benevides
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, HIV diagnosis and receipt of HIV care among adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) who are publicly insured in the USA. DESIGN: This study is a cross-sectional analysis of Medicare-Medicaid linked data of adults with IDD who were publicly insured in 2012 (n = 878 186). METHODS: We estimated adjusted prevalence ratios of HIV testing, diagnosis and receipt of antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
October 19, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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