Journals Journal of Intellectual Disabi...

Journal of Intellectual Disability Research : JIDR
D Rana, S Westrop, N Jaiswal, E Germeni, A McGarty, L Ells, P Lally, M McEwan, C Melville, L Harris, O Wu
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (IDs) are susceptible to multiple health risk behaviours such as alcohol consumption, smoking, low physical activity, sedentary behaviour and poor diet. Lifestyle modification interventions can prevent or reduce negative health consequences caused by these behaviours. We aim to determine the effectiveness of lifestyle modification interventions and their components in targeting health risk behaviours in adults with IDs. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
L Humphreys, C Bigby, T Araten-Bergman, T Iacono
BACKGROUND: Active Support is a person-centred practice that enables people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) to engage in meaningful activities and social interactions. The Active Support Measure (ASM) is an observational tool designed to measure the quality of support that people with IDs living in supported accommodation services receive from staff. The aim of the study was to explore the underlying constructs of the ASM. METHODS: Multilevel exploratory factor analysis was conducted on ASM data (n = 884 people with IDs across 236 accommodation services) collected during a longitudinal study of Active Support in Australian accommodation services...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
Carolina Gastelum Guerrero, Yuridia Lizet Cháidez Fernández, Dalia Magaña Ordorica, Heidi Berger, Marilyn Vazquez Landrove, Alma Guadrón Llanos, Carla Angulo Rojo, Javier Magaña Gómez
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most prevalent chromosomal disorder, being the leading cause of intellectual disability. The increased life expectancy of individuals with DS has led to a shift in the incidence of non-communicable chronic diseases, resulting in new concerns, particularly cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Alzheimer's disease. This study aimed to analyse the blood lipid profile of a large DS cohort to establish a baseline for evaluating health risk parameters. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted on PubMed and Virtual Health Library databases to identify original articles published before July 2022...
February 25, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
S C Westrop, D Rana, N Jaiswal, O Wu, A M McGarty, C Melville, L Ells, P Lally, M McEwan, L Harris, E Germeni
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modification interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities have had, to date, mixed effectiveness. This study aimed to understand how lifestyle modification interventions for adults with intellectual disabilities work, for whom they work and in what circumstances. METHODS: A realist evidence synthesis was conducted that incorporated input from adults with intellectual disabilities and expert researchers. Following the development of an initial programme theory based on key literature and input from people with lived experience and academics working in this field, five major databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and ASSIA) and clinical trial repositories were systematically searched...
February 21, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Davis, N Copeland-Linder, K Phuong, H Belcher, K van Eck
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) and neurogenetic conditions (IDNDs) are at greater risk for comorbidities that may increase adverse outcomes for this population when they have coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The study aims are to examine the population-level odds of hospitalisation and mortality of privately insured individuals with COVID-19 with and without IDNDs IDs, controlling for sociodemographics and comorbid health conditions. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study of 1174 individuals with IDs and neurogenetic conditions within a population of 752 237 de-identified, privately insured, US patients diagnosed with COVID-19 between February 2020 and September 2020...
February 19, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
N Massó-Ortigosa, F Rey-Abella, L Gutiérrez-Vilahú, R Milà, M Guerra-Balic, G R Oviedo
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (IDs) often present deficiencies in motor, balance and postural control. On the other hand, the practice of physical activity and dance usually reduces these deficiencies. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to compare the control of the centre of pressure (COP) in people with Down syndrome (DS) or other causes of ID in relation to people without disabilities and to observe the influence of vision and the practice of dance. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyses the COP in a static standing position with open and closed eyes in four study groups...
February 13, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
V Estruch-García, M D Gil-Llario, O Fernández-García
BACKGROUND: This study addresses the sexuality of people with moderate intellectual disabilities (PMID), a topic that has been little studied. Understanding romantic and sexual experiences is highly relevant for reducing stigma and prejudice related to their sexuality. Additionally, comprehending the level of sexual knowledge of PMID contributes to the development of preventive and sexual health education programmes tailored for this group. Our aim is to explore the sexual history (relationships, sexual behaviour, condom use and sexual abuse), sex education received and the level of sexual knowledge of PMID...
February 2, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
T Q Nguyen, C I Kerley, A P Key, A C Maxwell-Horn, Q S Wells, J L Neul, L E Cutting, B A Landman
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have a heightened risk for various co-occurring health conditions, including congenital heart disease (CHD). In this two-part study, electronic medical records (EMRs) were leveraged to examine co-occurring health conditions among individuals with DS (Study 1) and to investigate health conditions linked to surgical intervention among DS cases with CHD (Study 2). METHODS: De-identified EMRs were acquired from Vanderbilt University Medical Center and facilitated creating a cohort of N = 2282 DS cases (55% females), along with comparison groups for each study...
February 1, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
S Zamorano, A B Santos-Olmo, I Sánchez-Iglesias, I Muñoz-Lara, M Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Stigma towards people with intellectual disability affects various aspects of their lives, including access to employment, housing, health and social care services. Furthermore, this stigma reduces their social opportunities and is even reflected in laws that diminish their autonomy. Due to the practical significance of this issue, the aim of this research is to explore for the first time the social stigma associated with intellectual disability in a representative sample of the Spanish population...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
C Moser, A Campanelli, L Friedman, A J Thurman, J E Roberts, L Abbeduto, J Klusek
BACKGROUND: The characterisation of autism in fragile X syndrome (FXS) has been a source of controversy due to the complexity of disentangling autism traits from common features of the FXS phenotype. Autism in FXS is significantly underdiagnosed in the community, which may be partly due to insufficient clinical description of the social interaction profile of autism within the FXS phenotype. In this study, we applied a classic framework for characterising social interaction styles in autism to a sample of young adult males with FXS and co-occurring autism to enhance understanding of how the social challenges associated with autism manifest within FXS...
January 23, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
P J González-Domenech, M Gurpegui, C M González-Domenech, S Gómez-González, A Rustarazo, V Ruiz-Nieto, M D Carretero, L Gutiérrez-Rojas
BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), a genetically determined disorder, the most frequent cause of early onset obesity, is associated with physical and cognitive dysfunctions and behavioural disturbances; these disturbances are frequently treated with psychotropic medication. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe the characteristics of the first large national sample of persons with PWS in Spain and analyse the relationships of those characteristics with key demographic and clinical factors, particularly with obesity and the regular use of psychotropic medication...
January 21, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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January 18, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
T W Benevides, B Datta, J Jaremski, M McKee
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of intellectual disability (ID) is currently estimated through parent report on surveys of children. It is difficult to estimate the number of adults living with ID in the United States because no comprehensive survey or surveillance allows for identification. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and number of adults with ID born between 1980 and 1999 using multiple years of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and Census data. METHODS: We concatenated the NHIS from 1997-2016 that evaluated parental response about whether a child aged 3-17 years had an ID...
January 17, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
L K White, N Hillman, K Ruparel, T M Moore, R S Gallagher, E J McClellan, D R Roalf, J C Scott, M E Calkins, D E McGinn, V Giunta, O Tran, T B Crowley, E H Zackai, B S Emanuel, D M McDonald-McGinn, R E Gur, R C Gur
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive functioning is an integral phenotype of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome relating to severity of psychopathology and outcomes. A neurocognitive battery that could be administered remotely to assess multiple cognitive domains would be especially beneficial to research on rare genetic variants, where in-person assessment can be unavailable or burdensome. The current study compares in-person and remote assessments of the Penn computerised neurocognitive battery (CNB)...
January 16, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
B H Brugnaro, M F Pauletti, C R G Lima, B N Verdério, R I Fonseca-Angulo, B Romão-Silva, A C de Campos, P Rosenbaum, N A C F Rocha
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) may experience impairments in sensory and motor skills that can be interrelated. The purposes of this study were (i) to compare the sensory processing patterns and gross motor function between children and adolescents with DS and with typical development (TD) and (ii) to explore associations between these areas in both DS and TD groups. METHOD: This cross-sectional study involved a sample size of 25 participants with DS (mean age 10...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Watanabe, Y Tomioka, Y Okata, S Yoshimura, S Kumode, S Iwabuchi, Y Kameoka, Y Takanarita, K Uemura, Y Samejima, Y Kawasaki, Y Bitoh
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and risk factors of cholelithiasis in individuals with severe or profound intellectual and motor disabilities (SPIMD) are poorly characterised. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk determinants of cholelithiasis in a cohort with SPIMD under medical care in a residential facility. METHODS: We categorised 84 patients in a residential hospital for persons with SPIMD into groups: those with (Group CL) and without (Group N) cholelithiasis...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
T Sappok, B Barrett, S Lutter
BACKGROUND: The Scale of Emotional Development - Short (SED-S) captures the level of emotional development in persons with a disorder of intellectual development (DID) with 200 items on five developmental levels. The study aims to develop a brief version of the SED-S. METHODS: Based on item analysis (proportions, χ2 -test, Spearman's ρ and corrected item-total correlation), a brief version of the SED-S was developed in a sample of 224 adults with a DID (n1 ) and validated in a second independent matched sample (n2  = 223)...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
M E Öztürk, N Yabanci Ayhan
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) experience eating, drinking and swallowing problems, such as chewing problems, choking, gagging, coughing during eating, aspiration and rumination syndrome, which may lead to poor nutritional status. This study aimed to determine the relationship between IDD levels, eating, drinking and swallowing problems and nutritional status in adults with IDDs. METHODS: The sample consisted of 71 participants (37 men and 34 women) with a mean age of 22...
January 6, 2024: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
A Bracken, J Hauss, S Grinshpun, D Lasc, A Hershkovich, Y Yang
BACKGROUND: Spatial abilities are fundamental cognitive abilities, have direct applications in daily life, serve as a cognitive foundation for many other complex skills and are used in many specialty jobs. The current study aimed to systematically and comprehensively evaluate the spatial abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) relative to mental ability-matched typically developing (TD) children based on Newcombe and Shipley's double-dimension theoretical framework for classifying spatial abilities...
December 10, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
N Gil, A Cox, K L Whitaker, R S Kerrison
BACKGROUND: The physical health of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) has been identified as an area of ongoing concern and priority. Research has increasingly focused on cancer, with studies indicating that people with ID are at an increased risk of cancer and of mortality, compared with the general population. This review aims to systematically identify and synthesise the published academic literature exploring cancer risk-factor and symptom awareness among people with IDs, carers and healthcare professionals...
December 6, 2023: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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