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European Journal of Public Health

Florian M Karl, Rolf Holle, Lars Schwettmann, Annette Peters, Michael Laxy
BACKGROUND: Status quo bias (SQB) has often been referred to as an important tool for improving public health. However, very few studies were able to link SQB with health behavior. METHODS: Analysis were based on data from the population-based KORA S4 study (1999-2001, n = 2309). We operationalized SQB through two questions. The first asked whether participants switched their health insurance for financial benefits since this was enabled in 1996. Those who did were assigned a 'very low SQB' (n = 213)...
February 18, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Ana López-de-Andrés, Manuel Méndez-Bailón, Napoleon Perez-Farinos, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Javier de Miguel-Díez, Nuria Muñoz-Rivas, Rodrigo Jiménez-García
BACKGROUND: we aim to examine trends in the incidence of surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) among women and men in Spain from 2001 to 2015; compare in-hospital outcomes for mechanical and bioprosthetic SAVR by gender and; to identify factors associated with in-hospital mortality (IHM) after SAVR. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database, 2001-15. We included patients that had SAVR as procedure in their discharge report...
February 18, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Jin Young Nam, Sang Gyu Lee, Chung Mo Nam, Sohee Park, Sung In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: Severe maternal morbidity is an indicator for quality of maternal care. Recently, there has been growing interest in identifying which provision factors affect the quality of maternity care. The extent to off-hour delivery on SMM rates contributes to individual or provision factor in Korea has not been studied. This study aimed to determine the relationship between off-hour delivery and SMM during childbirth hospitalization. METHODS: This is a population-based retrospective cohort study...
February 18, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Wim J G M Verest, Henrike Galenkamp, Bea Spek, Marieke B Snijder, Karien Stronks, Irene G M van Valkengoed
BACKGROUND: The burden of multimorbidity is likely higher in ethnic minority populations, as most individual diseases are more prevalent in minority groups. However, information is scarce. We examined ethnic inequalities in multimorbidity, and investigated to what extent they reflect differences in socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: We included Healthy Life in an Urban Setting study participants of Dutch (N = 4582), South-Asian Surinamese (N = 3258), African Surinamese (N = 4267), Ghanaian (N = 2282), Turkish (N = 3879) and Moroccan (N = 4094) origin (aged 18-70 years)...
February 14, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Bibiana Pérez-Hernández, Jose R Rubio-Valverde, Wilma J Nusselder, Johan P Mackenbach
Background: Previous studies have shown the existence of social inequalities in disability in many European countries. However, it is not clear what factors are associated with these inequalities. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of behavioral factors, work-related factors and living conditions to educational inequalities in disability. Methods: We pooled data from the seventh wave of the European Social Survey (2014) which included self-reported disability measured with the Global Activity Limitations Indicator for 19 European countries...
February 11, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
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February 11, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Pierpaolo Ferrante
Background: This work is aimed at evaluating the quality of Italian hospitalizations data about asbestosis and silicosis, assessing the impact of these diseases on the national health system and providing advice related to public health. Methods: Italian hospital discharge data (2001-15) with diagnosis of asbestosis or silicosis were analysed by the multiple correspondence analysis and diseases epidemics were evaluated through hospitalization rates. Results: Hospitalizations were concentrated in the northwestern area, referred mainly to males and oldest people, the most treated tumors were lung cancer and mesothelioma (for asbestosis) and cares were aimed at reducing symptoms and increasing blood oxygenation...
February 7, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Mikko A Vienonen, Pekka J Jousilahti, Karolina Mackiewicz, Rafael G Oganov, Vital M Pisaryk, Gleb R Denissov, Ulla-Karin Nurm, Iveta Pudule, Romualdas J Gurevicius, Bartosz M Zablocki, Marita I Friberg, Igor A Krasilnikov, Veli O Koistinen, Ilkka J Vohlonen
Background: Objective was to measure preventable premature loss of life in countries from same geographical area but with considerable differences in social and economic development. By comparing inter-country differences and similarities in premature mortality, acceleration of health-in-all-policies is enhanced. Methods: Preventable premature deaths were described by Potential Years of Life Lost (PYLL). Data consisted of death registers for 2003, 2009 and 2013...
February 7, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Leena T Paakkari, Minna P Torppa, Olli-Pekka Paakkari, Raili S Välimaa, Kristiina S A Ojala, Jorma A Tynjälä
Background: The concept of health literacy (HL) may help us to better understand the mechanisms leading to health disparities, and to focus on the factors that can be influenced. However, not much is yet known about how HL is related to health disparities, or whether the association exists among adolescents. The aim of the study was to examine the associations between structural stratifiers, HL and health indicators among adolescents. Methods: The nationally representative Finnish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey data (n=3833) were collected from 13- and 15-year-old pupils in the spring of 2014...
February 6, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
A Vusirikala, Y Ben-Shlomo, D Kuh, M Stafford, R Cooper, G S Morgan
Background: Previous studies linking social activity and disability have been limited by focussing on self-reported physical performance in older adults (>65). We examined whether social participation in mid-life is associated with objective and subjective measures of physical performance in older age. Methods: Participants of the Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development reported their involvement in social activities at ages 43 and 60-64 years; frequency of such involvement was classified into thirds...
February 4, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
A D Rozema, J J P Mathijssen, J N van Kesteren, J A M van Oers, M W J Jansen
Background: Research on the effectiveness of school smoking policies on adolescents' smoking behaviour remain inconclusive. This study evaluates the results of an outdoor school ground smoking ban at secondary schools on adolescents smoking behaviour, taking individual characteristics into account. Methods: Data on 2684 adolescents from 18 Dutch secondary schools (nine with and nine without an outdoor smoking ban) were obtained at two moments. Associations between outdoor school ground smoking bans, individual characteristics, and smoking prevalence and frequency were measured...
February 4, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Margareta Dackehag, Lina-Maria Ellegård, Ulf-G Gerdtham, Therese Nilsson
Background: Empirical research suggests that household debt and payment difficulties are detrimental to mental health. Despite well-known measurement problems that may contaminate analyses using subjective self-reported health measures, our knowledge is very limited concerning the effect of payment difficulties on 'objective' measures of mental health. Moreover, few studies use longitudinal data to examine the relationship. This study combines rich survey data and longitudinal data from administrative registers on a representative sample of the Swedish population to examine the relationship between payment difficulties and subjective and objective measures of mental health...
February 3, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
J A de Wilde, M Eilander, B J C Middelkoop
Background: Studies on the influence of neighbourhood socioeconomic status (N-SES) on overweight and obesity rates in children from different ethnic backgrounds are scarce. This study investigated the differential effect of N-SES on overweight (including obesity) and obesity prevalence in different ethnic groups, and if N-SES explains ethnic differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Design: A population based study of 109 766 body mass index (BMI) measurements of 86 209 children 2-15 years of Dutch, Turkish, Moroccan and South Asian descent...
January 28, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Henrike Galenkamp, Hans A M van Oers, Anton E Kunst, Karien Stronks
Background: Previous research indicates that quality of life impairment as a result of chronic diseases differs between socioeconomic groups, but the pattern seems to vary between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes. We tested for a one-item and a multi-item outcome whether associations between diseases and HRQOL varied between educational levels. Methods: Data come from Dutch participants of HELIUS (N =4615, aged 18-70). Education was defined as low, middle or high...
January 18, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
G N Noel, A M Maghoo, F F Franke, G V Viudes, P M Minodier
Background: Cannabis is illegal in France but, as in many countries, legalization is under debate. In the United States, an increase of emergency department (ED) visits related to cannabis exposure (CE) in infants and adults was reported. In France, a retrospective observational study also suggested an increase of CE in children under 6 years old. This study only included toddlers and the data sources used did not allow repeated analysis for monitoring. Methods: Our study aimed to evaluate the trend in visits for CE in ED in patients younger than 27 years old in Southern France...
January 18, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Mo Wang, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner, Syed Rahman, Magnus Helgesson, Torbjörn Ivert, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
Background: Scientific knowledge on risk factors for work disability in terms of long-term sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is limited. The study aimed to investigate socio-demographic, work-related and medical characteristics as risk factors for long-term SA (>90 days) and DP in patients with a first AMI. Methods: This is a population-based cohort study of 8199 individuals aged 19-60 years who had a first AMI during 2008-10 and were alive 30 days after AMI...
January 14, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Franziska Großschädl, Willibald J Stronegger
Background: The examination of obesity trends is important to plan public health interventions specific to target-groups. We investigated long-term trends of obesity for the Austrian adult population between 1973 and 2014 according to their sex, age and education and the magnitude of educational-inequalities. Methods: Data were derived from six national, representative, cross-sectional interview surveys (N = 194 030). Data correction factors for self-reported body mass index (BMI) were applied...
January 14, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Chifa Chiang, Atsuko Aoyama, Md Khalequzzaman, Sohel R Choudhury, Debatosh Paul, Shahrin E Rayna, Fahmida A Khan, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Hiroshi Yatsuya
Our previous epidemiological survey targeting urban slum dwellers in Bangladesh showed that the prevalence of diabetes defined by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) was higher than the national estimation, and higher in women than men. Subsequently, we conducted the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and found that HbA1c values were consistent with the OGTT findings for detecting diabetes. Our findings indicated that HbA1c ≥6.5% was a rational cut-off, but the optimal HbA1c cut-off for this population might be lower than the internationally recommended threshold...
January 10, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Tord F Vedøy
Background: The aim of this paper was to compare the effects of demography (population aging and the increasing fraction of tertiary educated) and behaviour (intra-cohort ageing and inter-cohort change) on long-term change in the fraction of daily smokers (FrS), using a counterfactual framework. Methods: Using aggregated data on smoking prevalence, education and population size from Norway 1978 to 2017, the probabilities of smoking for men and women were calculated using a pseudo-panel approach...
January 10, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
Marc Fadel, Remi Valter, Alexandre Quignette, Alexis Descatha
We aimed to assess the predictivity of the biomechanical job-exposure matrix 'MADE' using compensation data from the National Health Insurance for work-related disorders. Data were obtained from 2013 to 2015, area under curves (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were calculated using compensation results as reference. We collected 163 128 cases data. AUC ranged from 0.64 for shoulders disorder to 0.82 for knee disorders. If two thresholds were considered, 28.7% of the sample fit under or over those...
January 9, 2019: European Journal of Public Health
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