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Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP

Satomi Asai, Toshio Ohshima, Hideo Iwashita, Yoshikazu Ishii, Kotaro Aoki, Yuki Minakawa, Shinichiro Machida, Kazuo Umezawa, Kazuhiro Tateda, Hayato Miyachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Orel Shuker, Mala Subran, Rochelle Hardie, Monica Ghitan, Edward K Chapnick, Yu Shia Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Theodore E Nash, David Sullivan, Edward Mitre, Eric Garges, Victoria J Davey, Gary Roselle, Stephen J Davies, Peter D Rumm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Leslie Stewart, Saurabh Sinha, Peter J Madsen, Laurel Glaser, H Isaac Chen, Matthew J Culyba
We report a case of spinal epidural abscess (SEA) in a 58-year-old woman who had recently been diagnosed with gonococcal infection, but did not receive guideline-recommended therapy. She presented with back pain and signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). MRI of the spine demonstrated epidural abscess extending from L4-L5 to T10. She underwent T10-L1 and L3-L4 laminectomies for evacuation of the abscess and Gardnerella vaginalis and Prevotella amnii were isolated from the abscess fluid cultures...
July 2018: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
George Psevdos, Florence M Ford, Sung-Tae Hong
Background: Clonorchiasis caused by Clonorchis sinensis and opisthorchiasis caused by Opisthorchis viverrini are prevalent in the Far East, including Vietnam. The causal relationship between the 2 liver flukes and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) has been well documented. Cholangiocarcinoma, a rare tumor of bile ducts, usually occurs in the sixth-seventh decade of life. In the United States, 8000 people are diagnosed with CCA each year. US Vietnam Veterans, 5 decades after the end of the war, are being diagnosed with CCA...
July 2018: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Sheng Si, Michael J Durkin, Maureen M Mercier, Melanie L Yarbrough, Stephen Y Liang
Few antibiotic options exist for the management of infections due to vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). We describe a case involving the safe and successful use of tedizolid, a new oxazolidinone, to treat VRE prosthetic joint infection.
March 2017: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Natalie Mariam Salas, Nicole Klein
Mycobacterium goodii, a rapidly growing nontuberculous mycobacterium, is an emerging pathogen in nosocomial infections. Its inherent resistance patterns make it a challenging organism to treat, and delays in identification can lead to poor outcomes. We present a case of cardiac device pocket infection with M. goodii, complicated by both antibiotic resistance and drug reactions that highlight the challenges faced by clinicians trying to eradicate these infections. We also present a brief review of the English literature surrounding this disease, including a table of all reported cases of M...
March 2017: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Jeffrey R Strich, Theresa D Jerussi, Adrian Wiestner, Steven M Holland
Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia is a known complication in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia who are treated with fludarabine-based chemotherapy; however, it is extremely uncommon in treatment naïve patients. Here we report a case of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in a patient with untreated chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
November 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Marianne E Nellis, Steven Pon, Ashley E Giambrone, Nana E Coleman, Jonathan Reiss, Elizabeth Mauer, Bruce M Greenwald
BACKGROUND: Bacterial sepsis is frequently encountered in children admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and requires early recognition and treatment. Procalcitonin (PCT) is a serum biomarker with a high sensitivity to predict bacteremia in critically-ill adults. This study sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of PCT for bacteremia in febrile children in the PICU. METHODS: This retrospective observational study used data from children admitted to the PICU from October 2010 to October 2012...
November 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Jeffrey D Jenks, Constance A Benson
We report the case of an otherwise healthy 28-year-old-man who presented with a first-time seizure. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a circumscribed left frontal lobe heterogeneous mass most consistent with a neoplasm. He underwent left supraorbital craniotomy with mass resection of the lesion, with histopathology of the brain tissue revealing heightened cellularity with perivascular neutrophilic predominance and neutrophils percolating through the brain parenchyma and surrounding cortical neurons, most consistent with a diagnosis of early cerebritis...
November 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Jillian E Raybould, Alison L Raybould, Megan K Morales, Misbah Zaheer, Michael S Lipkowitz, Joseph G Timpone, Princy N Kumar
Among culture-negative endocarditis in the United States, Bartonella species are the most common cause, with Bartonella henselae and Bartonella quintana comprising the majority of cases. Kidney manifestations, particularly glomerulonephritis, are common sequelae of infectious endocarditis, with nearly half of all Bartonella patients demonstrating renal involvement. Although a pauci-immune pattern is a frequent finding in infectious endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis, it is rarely reported in Bartonella endocarditis...
September 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Kathleen M Tompkins, Melissa A Reimers, Becky L White, Michael E Herce
Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important cause of infectious morbidity in the United States (US), necessitating timely and accurate diagnosis. We report a case of concurrent pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB presenting as tuberculous otitis media in a hospitalized US patient admitted with cough, night sweats, and unilateral purulent otorrhea. Diagnosis was made by smear microscopy and rapidly confirmed by Xpert MTB/RIF-a novel, automated nucleic acid amplification test for the rapid detection of drug-susceptible and drug-resistant TB...
May 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Varun K Phadke, Jesse T Jacob
A 46-year-old man with HIV infection and active intravenous drug use presented with approximately two weeks of fevers and body aches. On physical examination he was somnolent, had a new systolic murmur, bilateral conjunctival hemorrhages, diffuse petechiae, and left-sided arm weakness. Echocardiography revealed a large mitral valve vegetation and brain imaging demonstrated numerous embolic infarctions. Blood cultures grew Serratia marcescens . Despite aggressive treatment with meropenem the patient died due to intracranial hemorrhage complicated by herniation...
May 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Trisha Patel, Mark E Lewis, Michelle L Niesley, Mashiul Chowdhury
Infections from Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium are uncommon in the post-neurosurgical intervention setting., [1, 2, 3, 4] Intraventricular antibiotics are recommended when standard intravenous therapy fails. [5] Here we present a case of post-neurosurgical ventriculitis, meningitis, and cerebritis in an oncology patient caused by refractory Enterococcus faecalis successfully treated with intraventricular vancomycin.
May 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Dale N Gerding, Thomas M File, L Clifford McDonald
Early and accurate diagnosis is essential for optimal treatment of individuals with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and for implementation of effective infection control procedures. The decision about which diagnostic test to use is an important one that should be based on test sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value. The challenges of CDI go beyond rapid identification and management of symptomatic patients. Asymptomatic carriage has long been suspected in C. difficile transmission, but it may play a larger role than previously thought...
January 2016: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Edward M Drozd, Timothy J Inocencio, Shamonda Braithwaite, Dayo Jagun, Hemal Shah, Nicole C Quon, Kelly C Broderick, Joseph L Kuti
BACKGROUND: The management of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) among hospitalized patients is costly, and ongoing payment reform is compelling hospitals to reduce its burden. To assess the impact of CDI on mortality, hospital costs, healthcare use, and Medicare payments for beneficiaries who were discharged with CDI listed as a secondary International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification claim diagnosis. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2009 to 2010 5% random sample Medicare Standard Analytic Files of beneficiary claims...
November 2015: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Jeffrey D Jenks, Michael Preziosi
Near-drowning, a relatively common event, is often complicated by subsequent pneumonia. While endogenous and exogenous bacteria are typical pathogens, rarely fungi are as well. We report a complicated case of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in a 30-year-old man after a near-drowning event. We also review the medical literature for similar cases. All cases of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis after near-drowning reported in the literature involve Aspergillus fumigatus. The majority of cases involved submersion in stagnant water after a motor vehicle accident (MVA)...
September 1, 2015: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Yun Xia, Anthony Cutrona, Timothy J Barreiro
Tetanus is a rare disease in the United States. Fewer than 40 cases are reported annually because of the high incidence of vaccination. Recognition of the clinical presentations is important because laboratory recovery of pathogen is only 30%, and toxin detection is rare because of consumption at motor neurons. We report a case of tetanus in an elderly man who had a reaction to tetanus vaccination as a child and was nonvaccinated through adult life.
July 2015: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Ronald Angoff, Jillian Wood, Maria C Chernock, Diane Tipping
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of visual freeze indicators on vaccines would assist health care providers in identifying vaccines that may have been exposed to potentially damaging temperatures. METHODS: Twenty-seven sites in Connecticut involved in the Vaccine for Children Program participated. In addition to standard procedures, visual freeze indicators (FREEZEmarker(®) L; Temptime Corporation, Morris Plains, NJ) were affixed to each box of vaccine that required refrigeration but must not be frozen...
July 2015: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
Rahul Pathak, Anish Patel, Hilary Enuh, Oluwaseyi Adekunle, Vasanthy Shrisgantharajah, Keith Diaz
HYPOTHESIS: Our objective was to evaluate whether the use of midline venous catheters in place of central line venous catheters, when appropriate, decreased the overall incidence of central line-associated bacteremia in a ventilator unit. METHODS: The time interval between February 2012 and February 2013 was divided into 2 periods. Group A was the first half of the year, before the introduction of midline catheters, and group B was the second half of the year, 6 months after their introduction...
May 2015: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice: IDCP
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