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Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589021/oral-health-knowledge-and-practices-among-primary-healthcare-workers-in-shimla-district-himachal-pradesh-india
#1
Shailee Fotedar, Vikas Fotedar, Vinay Bhardwaj, Arun Singh Thakur, Shelja Vashisth, Purnima Thakur
Context: Primary healthcare workers being grassroot workers in rural areas can be effective in oral health promotion in these areas. Aim: To assess oral health knowledge and practices among primary healthcare workers in Shimla district in Himachal Pradesh. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess oral health knowledge and practices of primary healthcare workers in Shimla using a self-administered questionnaire...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589020/orofacial-injuries-and-use-of-protective-wear-among-field-hockey-players-of-coorg-district-karnataka-india-a-kap-study
#2
Jaseela Praveena, Hemant Battur, Nusrath Fareed, Sanjeev Khanagar, Manohar Bhat
Introduction: Traumatic orofacial injuries are frequent among hockey players, often causing aesthetic, functional, psychological, and economic problems. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and distribution of orofacial injuries and to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices toward the use of protective wear as perceived among hockey players of Coorg district. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 281 field hockey players of Coorg district, Karnataka, India...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589019/chronic-sinusitis-of-odontogenic-origin-due-to-an-undiagnosed-displaced-root-fragment-in-the-maxillary-sinus-and-the-role-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-successful-management
#3
Chellaswamy Savrimalai Karumaran, Anil Kumar Ramachandran, Remya Venkatesan
Radiographic imaging is an important criteria in diagnosis, treatment planning, and follow-up of an endodontic treatment. When clinicians encounter with diagnostic difficulties and persistent symptoms, the need for advanced diagnostic aids, especially imaging methods, become imperative and essential. This paper reports a case, in which primary endodontic therapy having failed, the patient had persisting symptoms such as pain, swelling, and draining sinus along with signs and symptoms of maxillary sinusitis...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589018/solitary-angiokeratoma-of-tongue-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
K Santhosh Kumar, Gvv Giri, Deepak A Pandyan, Abinaya Subramanian, Raina Basu
Angiokeratoma is a benign cutaneous lesion of capillaries. It is characterized by large dilated blood vessels in the superficial dermis and hyperkeratosis of extremities. It is mostly seen in generalized form affecting the extremity of the body, but we report this case of solitary angiokeratoma of the tongue which is a very rare type.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589017/combination-of-skin-flap-and-silicone-prosthesis-for-rehabilitation-of-a-large-orbital-defect-a-case-report
#5
Nafij Bin Jamayet, Ahmed Mushfiqur Rahman, Md Minhaz Ul Islam Nizami, Yanti Johari, Adam Husein
Exenteration surgery greatly affects a person in terms of function, esthetics, and psychological trauma. In such cases, restoration by silicone orbital prosthesis is a well-accepted treatment option. However, this is a difficult task, necessitating personalized design of method for each patient. This case report describes the technique for fabrication of a silicone orbital prosthesis for a male patient with left orbital defect due to exenteration of a Grade 3 squamous cell carcinoma of the left eye and surrounding tissues...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589016/radicular-cyst-associated-with-primary-molar-surgical-intervention-and-space-management
#6
Shrirang Sevekar, H N Subhadra, Vaishali Das
Radicular cysts associated with primary teeth are rare. This case report describes radicular cyst associated with carious primary mandibular second molar in a 5-year-old patient and discusses its surgical intervention, space management, and follow-up for 3½ years.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589015/granular-cell-ameloblastoma-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Dinraj Kulkarni, Yashwant Ingale, Manjusha Ingale, Bomble Nikhil Ajabrao, Mrinal Mayank, Apurva Kulkarni
Ameloblastoma is a benign locally aggressive type of odontogenic tumor derived exclusively from the epithelium. Histologically, ameloblastoma is classified into many variants, of which granular cell ameloblastoma (GCA) is a rare type, characterized by nest of large eosinophilic granular cells. This article describes a case of GCA in a 50-year-old female patient with clinical, radiological, and histological features along with a systematic review of the literature.
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589014/burden-of-oral-diseases-and-noncommunicable-diseases-an-asia-pacific-perspective
#8
REVIEW
S M Balaji, Gerhard Konrad Seeberger, Oliver Hennedige
Background: At a population level, there are no systematic data to correlate the pattern of prevalence of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) with oral disease burden in South Asian countries. The influence of the age, gender, and geographical distribution on these diseases is not reported. We attempt to provide a population level correlation of occurrence using the Global Burden of Disease approach. Materials and Methods: Using the data from the Global Burden of Diseases, 2016, the occurrence of oral diseases (dental caries of permanent teeth, edentulism (including severe tooth loss), and periodontal diseases) and various NCDs, based on geographical region, gender and age groups were collected and subjected to correlation statistics...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589013/systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-excessive-occlusal-mechanical-load-on-the-periodontum-of-rats
#9
REVIEW
Daniela Atili Brandini, Caio Vinícius Lourenço Debortoli, Sara Tieme Felipe Akabane, Wilson Roberto Poi, Marina Fuzette Amaral
Objective: This study aims to systematically evaluate the effects of traumatic occlusion on the periodontal tissue of rats. The set of questions to be answered were-Can traumatic occlusion acting on a healthy and an unhealthy periodontium cause periodontal destruction? Design: The protocols for systematic review were all developed, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses statement and applied to animal research. Reporting of In vivo experiment guidelines for reporting animal research to assess the risk of bias of the studies...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589012/taurine-a-potential-mediator-for-periodontal-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Swantika Chaudhry, Bhuvanesh Tandon, Akanksha Gupta, Sugandha Gupta
Taurine or 2-aminoethanesulfonic has many fundamental biological roles such as conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation, osmoregulation, membrane stabilization, and modulation of calcium signaling. It is essential for cardiovascular function and development and function of the skeletal muscle, the retina, and the central nervous system. Functions of taurine include osmoregulation; membrane stabilization; modulation of calcium levels; and antioxidation, antiapoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antilipid activities...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589011/-in-vitro-microbiological-analysis-on-antibacterial-anti-inflammatory-and-inhibitory-action-on-matrix-metalloproteinases-8-of-commercially-available-chlorhexidine-digluconate-mouth-rinses
#11
James R Collins, Johannes Olsen, Aimee Cuesta, Maria Silva-Vetri, Marcela Hernández, Georgios Romanos, Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Patricia Palma
Aim: Chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinses are known to have a beneficial effect in the management of periodontal disease. The present study was designed to investigate the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and matrix metalloproteinases-8 (MMP-8) inhibition efficacy of eight commercially available CHX mouthrinses from the Dominican Republic. Methods: The study samples are categorized into two categories, eight commercially available CHX mouthrinses were case sample group, and positive and negative controls used in the study are categorized as control sample group...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589010/comparative-evaluation-of-lithium-disilicate-ceramic-surface-and-bond-strength-to-dentin-surface-after-treatment-with-hydrofluoric-acid-and-acidulated-phosphate-fluoride-gel-an-in-vitro-study
#12
D M Mallikarjuna, Surendra G B Kumar, Shilpa Shetty, Mallika Shetty, Bharath Raj
Context: Long-term retention of the restoration depends on strength and durability of the bond of the luting composite resin to the tooth and the porcelain substrates. Aims: This in vitro study was conducted to compare and evaluate the influence of hydrofluoric acid (HF) and acidulate phosphate fluoride (APF) gel-etched treatments on surface roughness and bond strength to dentin of a commercially available lithium disilicate ceramic (E-Max). Subjects and Methods: Sixty lithium disilicate ceramic disks measuring 5 mm in diameter and 2 mm thick were fabricated and divided into three groups: Group A (n = 24), Group B (n = 24), and Group C (n = 12) and were subdivided to Group A1 , A2 , and A3 which were surface treated with 1...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589009/characterization-of-the-biological-effect-of-biodentine-tm-on-primary-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#13
Nadine Hasweh, Abdalla Awidi, Lamis Rajab, Ahmad Hiyasat, Hanan Jafar, Nazneen Islam, Maram Hasan, Duaa Abuarqoub
Background: Biodentine™ is relatively a new tricalcium silicate cement that has gained great attention of the researchers due to its biological potential in comparison with other materials. The aim of this study was to investigate the optimum concentrations of Biodentine in relation to its stimulatory or inhibitory effect on proliferation, migration and adhesion of stem cells of human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED). The cell cultures of SHED were treated with Biodentine™ extract at four different concentrations; 20mg/ml, 2mg/ml, 0...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589008/assessment-of-the-endodontic-microbiota-of-abscessed-primary-teeth-using-microarray-technology
#14
Yeliz Guven, Nilufer Ustun, Sermin D Aksakal, Nursen Topcuoglu, Oya Aktoren, Guven Kulekci
Context: Knowledge of the microbial composition of abscessed primary tooth is limited. Aim: The aim was to investigate the presence of 10 oral bacterial species in samples from abscessed primary tooth root canals using microarray technology and to determine their association with clinical findings. Subjects and Methods: The samples were collected from root canals of 20 primary molars with acute primer infection. The bacterial composition of the samples was semi-quantitatively defined using a microarray system (ParoCheck® )...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589007/evaluation-of-cytogenic-damage-in-the-form-of-micronuclei-in-oral-exfoliated-buccal-cells-in-tobacco-users
#15
K Saraswathi Gopal, M Padma
Background: Variety of substances such as tobacco, UV radiation, infrared rays, X-radiations, and chemicals on oral induction results in chromosomal aberrations and production of micronucleus (MN). Among them, tobacco-specific nitrosamines are potent mutagenic agents causing oral cancer. Objective: The objective of the study is to compare the genotoxicity in buccal mucosal cells, i.e. the MN count of all groups and to find the incidence of micronucleated cells (MNCs) in accordance to duration and frequency of tobacco usage and timing of contact of tobacco in the oral mucosa...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589006/evaluation-of-periodontal-status-and-detection-of-dialister-pneumosintes-in-cerebral-palsy-individuals-a-case-control-study
#16
S Riyaz Mohammed, Nithya Anand, S C Chandrasekaran, Krishnan Mahalakshmi, Kesavaram Padmavathy
Background: The worldwide prevalence of cerebral palsy among live births is estimated to be between 1.9 and 3.6/1000. The presence of periodontal disease in cerebral palsy children typically is due to bacterial plaque accumulation caused by their inability to correctly clean their own teeth, difficulties in chewing and swallowing food, and improper movements of masticatory muscles and tongue muscles. Objectives: The objective of this study is to estimate the periodontal status in cerebral palsy individuals and evaluate the presence of Dialister pneumosintes...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589005/a-comparative-evaluation-of-the-anticaries-efficacy-of-herbal-extracts-tulsi-and-black-myrobalans-and-sodium-fluoride-as-mouthrinses-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
N Megalaa, K Thirumurugan, G Kayalvizhi, R Sajeev, E B Kayalvizhi, V Ramesh, Abhishek Vargeese
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease in which microorganisms play an important role. Recently, herbs have been tried as mouthrinses to combat the side effects of chemical mouthrinses. The anticaries efficacy of Sodium fluoride, Tulsi leaf, and Black myrobalans fruit extracts on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) have been reported in the literature, but no comparative study has been done yet. Aim: This study aims to observe the change in the pH of saliva and to assess the efficacy of the herbal rinses-Tulsi and Black myrobalans on S...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589004/reproducibility-of-wax-interocclusal-records-on-different-articulators
#18
Paul Jamil Boulos
Context: The construction of a dental prosthesis needs the duplication of intermaxillary relationships of the patient on the articulator. This procedure is normally fulfilled using interocclusal records to program the articulator according to the patient's condylar inclinations. Wax is a popular recording material used for this purpose but has proven to suffer from inaccuracies due to its dimensional variation over time. Aims: This study intends to test the reproducibility of eccentric interocclusal wax records over time...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589003/comparative-evaluation-of-chlorhexidine-and-cinnamon-extract-used-in-dental-unit-waterlines-to-reduce-bacterial-load-in-aerosols-during-ultrasonic-scaling
#19
Alefiya Shabbir Mamajiwala, Kunal Sunder Sethi, Chetan Purushottam Raut, Prerna Ashok Karde, Smita U Khedkar
Background: Dental unit waterlines (DUWL) are believed to be a source of infection. Ultrasonic instruments generate aerosols with significantly greater numbers of bacteria. Chlorhexidine (CHX) exhibits significant antiseptic effect. Recently, cinnamon (CIN) has been displayed to have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties in vivo. Aim: The aim of this study is to compare and evaluate the efficacy of CHX versus CIN extract in the reduction of bacterial count in dental aerosols when used as an irrigant through DUWL during ultrasonic scaling...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30589002/effect-of-protective-coating-on-microleakage-of-conventional-glass-ionomer-cement-and-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-cement-in-primary-molars-an-in-vitro-study
#20
C Vishnurekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi Baghkomeh, D Ditto Sharmin
Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate and compare the effect of protective coating G-Coat Plus on microleakage of conventional glass ionomer cement (CGIC) and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) in primary molars. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 samples were divided into four groups with 30 samples in each group. Group A - teeth restored with CGIC. Group B - teeth restored with CGIC coated with G-Coat Plus. Group C - teeth restored with RMGIC...
November 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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