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Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation

S J Tamminga, J H A M Verbeek, M M E M Bos, G Fons, J J E M Kitzen, P W Plaisier, M H W Frings-Dresen, A G E M de Boer
Purpose Purpose is to: (1) study effectiveness of the hospital-based work support intervention for cancer patients at two years of follow-up compared to usual care and (2) identify which early factors predict time to return-to-work (RTW). Methods In this multi-center randomised controlled trial (RCT), 106 (self-)employed cancer patients were randomized to an intervention group or control group and provided 2 years of follow-up data. The intervention group received patient education and work-related support at the hospital...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Abasiama Etuknwa, Kevin Daniels, Constanze Eib
Purpose A systematic review was conducted to evaluate the impact of important personal and social factors on sustainable return to work (RTW) after ill-health due musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and common mental disorders (CMDs) and to compare the effects of these personal and social factors across both conditions. Sustainable RTW is defined as a stable full-time or part-time RTW to either original or modified job for a period of at least 3 months without relapse or sickness absence re-occurrence. Methods A literature search was conducted in 13 databases and 79 studies were selected for the review, of which the methodological design was graded as very high, high and low quality...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Oliver Black, Malcolm R Sim, Alexander Collie, Peter Smith
Purpose This study investigated the association between return to work self-efficacy (RTW-SE) and sustained return to work (RTW) at two different time points, over a 12-month period. The primary objective of the study was to examine if the relationship between RTW-SE and a sustained RTW changed over the RTW timeline. Methods This study used survey responses from a longitudinal cohort of n = 410 workers' compensation claimants with either an upper-body musculoskeletal injury or a psychological injury. A path analysis tested the associations between RTW-SE and a sustained RTW at two time-points...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Shannon E Gray, Bianca Brijnath, Danielle Mazza, Alex Collie
Purpose General Practitioners (GPs) play an important role in personal injury compensation systems yet system processes have been perceived as burdensome. Objectives were to (1) determine attitudes of Australian GPs on health benefits of return to work (RTW) after injury/illness and (2) identify associations between GP characteristics and agreement with issues surrounding treating compensable patients. Methods Cross-sectional postal survey of 423 Australian GPs to determine agreement with issues associated with compensable patients (including patient advocacy, conflicting opinions between GPs and compensation systems, fitness-for-work certification, and refusal to treat)...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Codi White, Rebecca A Green, Samantha Ferguson, Sarah L Anderson, Caroline Howe, Jing Sun, Nicholas Buys
Purpose In occupational rehabilitation, the biopsychosocial model endorses the role of social factors in worker recovery. We conducted a systematic review to explore three questions examining the role of social support for the return-to-work (RTW) of individuals with work-related injury: (1) What are the worker-identified social barriers and facilitators in RTW; (2) What is the relationship between social factors and RTW; and (3) What is the effectiveness of social interventions for RTW. Methods Systematic searches of six databases were conducted for each research question...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Julie Bouffard, Marie-José Durand, Marie-France Coutu
Purpose The gradual return to work (GRTW) of injured workers poses numerous challenges for workplaces. The aim of this study was to provide employers with an adapted tool to support them in managing GRTWs following a musculoskeletal disorder (MSD), by adapting the Guide for estimation of margin of manoeuvre (Durand et al. in 7th international scientific conference on prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, 2010) and then evaluating the acceptability of the adapted version. Methods A mixed methods design was used...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Lisa C Bosman, Corné A M Roelen, Jos W R Twisk, Iris Eekhout, Martijn W Heymans
Purpose The aim of this study was to develop prediction models to determine the risk of sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in non-sick listed employees and to compare models for short-term (i.e., 3 months) and long-term (i.e., 12 months) predictions. Methods Cohort study including 49,158 Dutch employees who participated in occupational health checks between 2009 and 2015 and sick leave data recorded during 12 months follow-up. Prediction models for MSD sick leave within 3 and 12 months after the health check were developed with logistic regression analysis using routinely assessed health check variables...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Darren Beales, Luke McManus, Jay-Shian Tan, Craig Elliott, Tim Mitchell
Purpose This study investigated the implementation of a risk profiling process for physiotherapy clients with a compensable musculoskeletal problem. Implementation targeted personal (clinician) and external (organisational) factors to facilitate behavioural change with regard to the use of formal, questionnaire-based risk profiling. Methods A theoretical construct was developed for formal questionnaire-based screening to be implemented across 12 private, metropolitan physiotherapy clinics. To target personal (clinician) factors, a multimodal educational procedure was developed focused on use of the ten-item Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Screening Questionnaire (OMPSQ-10)...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Lex Vendrig, Liesbeth Wijnvoord, Frederieke Schaafsma
Purpose Sickness absence and work disability can be a major burden for society and for both employees and self-employed workers. Validated tools for assessing the psychosocial risk factors of long-term disability, for matching effective interventions and for deciding when to resume work can be of great value. However, no validated tools exist for self-employed workers. The purpose of this study is to adjust and to validate the Work and Wellbeing Inventory (WBI) for entrepreneurs. Methods The sample consisted of 676 self-employed workers with a private disability insurance policy...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Yvonne van Zaanen, Rutger C I van Geenen, Thijs M J Pahlplatz, Arthur J Kievit, Marco J M Hoozemans, Eric W P Bakker, Leendert Blankevoort, Matthias U Schafroth, Daniel Haverkamp, Ton M J S Vervest, Dirk H P W Das, Walter van der Weegen, Vanessa A Scholtes, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, P Paul F M Kuijer
Purpose Three out of ten patients do not return to work after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Patient expectations are suggested to play a key role. What are patients' expectations regarding the ability to perform work-related knee-demanding activities 6 months after TKA compared to their preoperative status? Methods A multi-center cross-sectional study was performed among 292 working patients listed for TKA. The Work Osteoarthritis or joint-Replacement Questionnaire (WORQ, range 0-100, minimal important difference 13) was used to assess the preoperatively experienced and expected ability to perform work-related knee-demanding activities 6 months postoperatively...
December 11, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Sophie O'Keefe, Mandy Stanley, Kerry Adam, Natasha A Lannin
Purpose Addressing return to work early after neurological impairment from stroke or moderate and severe traumatic brain injury may improve likelihood of returning to employment, yet little is known about how best to organize work interventions for delivery in the inpatient hospital setting. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify knowledge gaps and inform program development in hospital-based work interventions. Method We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, OTSeeker and Embase for English-language articles published from database inception until March 2018...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Robert A Macpherson, Mieke Koehoorn, Jonathan Fan, William Quirke, Benjamin C Amick, Allen Kraut, Cameron A Mustard, Christopher B McLeod
Purpose Research has shown that there are important sex and gender-based differences in the work disability duration of men and women. This research is often limited to single jurisdictions, using different outcome measures, and therefore has limited generalisability of findings. This study examined if differences between work disability of men and women differed by province and by duration of work disability. Methods Cohorts of injured workers in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia (BC), Manitoba (MB) and Ontario (ON) were analysed using workers' compensation data for work-related injuries occurring between 2007 and 2011...
November 30, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Kara Contreary, Yonatan Ben-Shalom, Brian Gifford
Purpose Early interventions can help short-term disability insurance (STDI) claimants return to work following onset of an off-the-job medical condition. Accurately targeting such interventions involves identifying claimants who would, without intervention, exhaust STDI benefits and transition to longer-term support. We identify factors that predict STDI exhaustion and transfer to long-term disability insurance (LTDI). We also explore whether waiting for some claims to resolve without intervention improves targeting efficiency...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Yonatan Ben-Shalom, Jody Schimmel Hyde
Purpose The articles in this special section examine opportunities for early intervention that is intended to retain the jobs of workers who have medical conditions that could put them at risk of prolonged work disability. Methods The first three articles examine options for analyzing various types of disability claims data for targeting early intervention; the fourth article provides new information from 50 case studies on how employers decide to invest in the retention of individual workers. Results Together, the four articles demonstrate that there may be an opportunity to positively affect longer-term outcomes for workers with medical conditions...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Frank Neuhauser, Yonatan Ben-Shalom, David Stapleton
Purpose Examine the potential for using information in short-term disability claims to identify workers at high risk of leaving the workforce and entering Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). Methods We analyze state-wide California data on claimants of State Disability Insurance (SDI) and Workers' Compensation (WC) and present statistics on: (1) characteristics (primary diagnosis, sex, age, geography, wage level) by claim duration (0-3, 4-6, 7-12, 12 + months); and (2) the ability of initial claim characteristics to predict duration of at least 12 months...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Annette M Bourbonniere, David R Mann
Purpose The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act strengthens the vocational rehabilitation program's focus on providing early intervention services to keep workers with disabilities in the workforce. At the same time, some have suggested that short-term disability insurance (STDI) programs may hold promise as an early intervention service, helping people with disabilities stay in the labor force and avoid needing longer-term benefits. Rhode Island is one of five states with a mandatory STDI program. We examine the extent to which Rhode Island STDI claimant characteristics are correlated with partial return-to-work (PRTW) benefit receipt and certain STDI benefit receipt duration measures...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Shannon E Gray, Behrooz Hassani-Mahmooei, Ian D Cameron, Elizabeth Kendall, Justin Kenardy, Alex Collie
Purpose To determine the incidence of employed people who try and fail to return-to-work (RTW) following a transport crash. To identify predictors of RTW failure. METHODS: A historical cohort study was conducted in the state of Victoria, Australia. People insured through the state-based compulsory third party transport accident compensation scheme were included. Inclusion criteria included date of crash between 2003 and 2012 (inclusive), age 15-70 years at the time of crash, sustained a non-catastrophic injury and received at least 1 day of income replacement...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Séverine Beyer, Thomas Gouyet, Véronique Daubas Letourneux, Eric Mener, Sandrine Huge, Audrey Petit, Cyril Begue
Purpose Understanding and treating musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) requires coordination between the numerous healthcare professionals involved, including occupational physicians (OPs), general practitioners (GPs) and social insurance physicians (SIPs). The main objective of this study was to assess communication between OPs, GPs and SIPs in the management of MSDs. Methods This is a qualitative study in the form of semi-structured interviews with OPs in the French region of Brittany. The interviews were conducted until data saturation was achieved...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Benjamin J Darter, Carolyn E Hawley, Amy J Armstrong, Lauren Avellone, Paul Wehman
Purpose Amputation is a life changing event that can significantly impact an individual's physical and mental well-being. Our objective was to review literature exploring the impact of amputation upon a person's functioning and inclusion in the workplace. Methods Medline, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched using keywords related to amputation, employment and community reintegration. Eligible studies were published since 2000 and one of the following study designs: randomized controlled trial, non-randomized controlled trial, retrospective study, prospective study, concurrent cohort study, or cross sectional study...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Leora Karon
Purpose We reviewed literature on the benefits of hiring people with disabilities. Increasing attention is being paid to the role of people with disabilities in the workplace. Although most research focuses on employers' concerns, many companies are now beginning to share their successes. However, there is no synthesis of the peer-reviewed literature on the benefits of hiring people with disabilities. Methods Our team conducted a systematic review, completing comprehensive searches of seven databases from 1997 to May 2017...
December 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
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