Sidharth Vemuri, Jenny Hynson, Lynn Gillam, Katrina Williams
There is an increasing interest in using simulation in qualitative research outside evaluation of educational-based activities. To examine how data from simulation has been generated and used in qualitative research, we conducted a scoping review of research topics and data collection and analysis processes reported in qualitative research using simulation in the research method. Of the 665 articles that involved qualitative inquiry, 46 involved simulation in research independent from simulation-based education...
August 10, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
V Petit-Steeghs, G I K Mogami-Asselin, M D Nijenkamp, M Spoel, J E W Broerse, C A C M Pittens
The aim of this study is to develop a tool that is aligned with patients' and health professionals' needs to address sexual health in the context of anorectal malformations and Hirschsprung's disease. A multiphased participatory action-research was conducted. First, an inventory of needs was made through interviews (11 patients, 11 professionals), three online focus groups (4 patients, 20 professionals), and a questionnaire (38 patients). Subsequently, four cocreation sessions with in total four patients and nine professionals were organized to translate the needs into a tool (in the form of a website)...
August 7, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Robert D Hall
In this manuscript, I utilize an ethnodramatic methodology in reanalyzing two data sets about college friends disclosing and receiving mental health-related information. After describing ethnodrama and how this methodology applies to mental health-related inquiry, I detail my process of creating an ethnodrama from two extant data sets. The result is an ethnodrama called Amicus cum Laude: Becoming a Friend with Honor for Mental Illness , a one-act play about how friends discuss mental health issues with one another...
August 5, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Rosie Perkins, Adele Mason-Bertrand, Daisy Fancourt, Louise Baxter, Aaron Williamon
Participatory music engagement has the capacity to support well-being. Yet, there is little research that has scrutinized the processes through which music has an effect. In this meta-ethnography [PROSPERO CRD42019130164], we conducted a systematic search of 19 electronic databases and a critical appraisal to identify 46 qualitative studies reporting on participants' subjective views of how participatory music engagement supports their mental well-being. Synthesis of first-order and second-order interpretations using thematic coding resulted in four third-order pathways that account for how participatory music engagement supports mental well-being: managing and expressing emotions, facilitating self-development, providing respite, and facilitating connections...
August 5, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Rebecca Delafield, Jennifer Elia, Ann Chang, Bliss Kaneshiro, Tetine Sentell, Catherine M Pirkle
Access to cesarean delivery is vital for quality obstetrical care, but the procedure can increase maternal mortality, morbidity, and complications in subsequent deliveries. The objective of this study was to describe obstetrician-gynecologists' (OB-GYNs) perspectives on labor and delivery care for Micronesian women in Hawai'i and possible factors contributing to higher cesarean delivery rates among that racial/ethnic group. The Framework Method guided the analysis of 13 semi-structured interviews with OB-GYNs...
August 1, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
David Dalley, Rachel Rahman, Antonia Ivaldi
Telemedicine has developed as a tool for increasing access to health-related services. However, clinicians are required to achieve effective communication and provide quality care despite the remoteness of patients. The aim of this review was to focus on the interactional components of telemedicine consultations, identifying the social and embodied practices that health care professionals and patients draw on when managing the complexities of videoconferencing technology. A systematic review of telemedicine research using conversation analysis and discursive psychology was conducted, resulting in six articles eligible for inclusion...
August 1, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Raquel Burgess, Alexandra Cernat, Leichelle Little, Meredith Vanstone
The last decade has experienced unprecedented uptake of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), creating significant changes in the way prenatal clinicians provide services. Through the lens of social shaping of technology, we examine the effects of the introduction of this technology on the health care system in Ontario, Canada. Using a qualitative descriptive approach, we conducted a cross-sectional study investigating clinicians' perspectives of NIPT in 2014, 2016, and 2018. Through in-depth interviews ( n = 37), we explored their perspectives on the impact of NIPT on their referral practices, workload, coordination of testing modalities, education and counseling, and elicited their views on recent expansions of the test...
August 1, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Sara E Baumann, Pema Lhaki, Jessica G Burke
Filmmaking is a visual method that provides a unique opportunity for generating knowledge, but few studies have applied filmmaking in public health research. In this article, we introduce Collaborative Filmmaking as a public health research method, including a description of the six steps for implementation and an illustrative example from Nepal. Collaborative Filmmaking is an embodied, participatory, and visual research method in which participants are trained to create, analyze, and screen films to answer a research question...
July 31, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Yen-Ming Huang, Kristen E Pecanac, Olayinka O Shiyanbola
Medication adherence is important for diabetes management. Better knowledge of how patient factors relate to medication adherence allows us to develop more tailored interventions. We explore patients' perceptions of the barriers to and facilitators of medication adherence across different levels of health literacy. Semi-structured interviews with 23 participants with type 2 diabetes (T2D) were completed, and direct content analysis identified the facilitators of and the barriers to medication adherence through the lens of the Health Literacy Pathway model...
July 29, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Ana M Progovac, Dharma E Cortés, Valeria Chambers, Jonathan Delman, Deborah Delman, Danny McCormick, Esther Lee, Selma De Castro, María José Sánchez Román, Natasha A Kaushal, Timothy B Creedon, Rajan A Sonik, Catherine Rodriguez Quinerly, Caryn R R Rodgers, Leslie B Adams, Ora Nakash, Afsaneh Moradi, Heba Abolaban, Tali Flomenhoft, Ruth Nabisere, Ziva Mann, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Farah N Shaikh, Michael Flores, Dierdre Jordan, Nicholas J Carson, Adam C Carle, Frederick Lu, Nathaniel M Tran, Margo Moyer, Benjamin L Cook
As a part of a larger, mixed-methods research study, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 21 adults with depressive symptoms to understand the role that past health care discrimination plays in shaping help-seeking for depression treatment and receiving preferred treatment modalities. We recruited to achieve heterogeneity of racial/ethnic backgrounds and history of health care discrimination in our participant sample. Participants were Hispanic/Latino ( n = 4), non-Hispanic/Latino Black ( n = 8), or non-Hispanic/Latino White ( n = 9)...
July 25, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Krista Sigurdson, Jochen Profit, Ravi Dhurjati, Christine Morton, Melissa Scala, Lelis Vernon, Ashley Randolph, Jessica T Phan, Linda S Franck
Care and outcomes of infants admitted to neonatal intensive care vary and differences in family-centered care may contribute. The objective of this study was to understand families' experiences of neonatal care within a framework of family-centered care. We conducted focus groups and interviews with 18 family members whose infants were cared for in California neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) using a grounded theory approach and centering the accounts of families of color and/or of low socioeconomic status...
July 25, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Phoebe G Drioli-Phillips, Melissa Oxlad, Rebecca Feo, Brett Scholz, Amanda LeCouteur
Men's experiences with anxiety are under-researched and poorly understood. Existing research gives little indication of how men talk about anxiety in situ, and little is known about how men describe their experiences of anxiety. Online discussion forums provide an opportunity to conduct naturalistic observations of how men describe their experiences with anxiety without the influence of a researcher. Thematic analysis, informed by principles of discursive psychology, was used to examine 130 opening posts to an online anxiety discussion forum...
July 24, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
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July 21, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Krista L Scorsone, Emily A Haozous, Leslie Hayes, Kim J Cox
Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) is accessed half as often in rural versus urban areas in the United States. To better understand this disparity, we used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore the experiences of individuals with OUD seeking MAT in rural New Mexico. Guided interviews were conducted with 20 participants. The frameworks of critical social theory, intersectionality theory, and the brain opioid theory of social attachment were used to guide data analysis and interpretation...
July 21, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Chinyere Njeze, Kelley Bird-Naytowhow, Tamara Pearl, Andrew R Hatala
By bringing together two important areas of contemporary health research-resilience among Indigenous youth and intersectionality theory-this study advances an intersectionality of resilience framework that exposes intersecting forms of oppression within inner city urban contexts, while also critically reframing intersectionality to include strength-based perspectives of overlapping individual, social, and structural resilience-promoting processes. Drawing on Indigenous methodologies, a "two-eyed seeing" approach, and Stake's case study methodology involving multiple data sources (i...
July 20, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Kathrine Rayce, Lisbeth Rosenbek Minet, Kristian Kidholm, Jørgen Vestbo, Claus Duedal Pedersen, Lotte Huniche
Patients with very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) conduct their everyday lives under shortness of breath. The aim of this study was to explore telemediated exercise training to patients at home, with the conduct of everyday life as a theoretical framework. Based on ethnographic fieldwork involving a hospital, two municipalities, and homes of 11 patients from 2013 to 2017, this article shows how telemediated training became part of patients' and partners' everyday lives and the prioritization of time and resources for basic activities...
July 16, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Emily P Williams, Shelly Russell-Mayhew, Nancy J Moules, Gina Dimitropoulos
This was the first study to examine the experience of parents who discover their child was living with anorexia nervosa (AN), thus fulfilling a critical gap in the eating disorder literature. Gadamerian hermeneutic inquiry was the guiding philosophy and method used to investigate this topic. Dialogues with parents revealed the ambiguity inherent within discovery; the isolation, betrayal, and loss felt by parents; and the complicated family dynamics occurring during the process of discovering one's child has AN...
July 16, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Louise Davies, Karissa L LeClair, Pamela Bagley, Heather Blunt, Lisa Hinton, Sara Ryan, Sue Ziebland
Advocates of online alternatives to face-to-face interviewing suggest online approaches save money and time, whereas others have raised concerns about the quality and content of the resulting data. These issues affect researchers designing and costing their studies and application reviewers and research funders. We conducted a scoping review of English language articles describing the range of online alternative approaches. Furthermore, we systematically identified studies directly comparing online alternatives with face-to-face approaches...
July 15, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Carina Persson, Eva Benzein, Sofia Morberg Jämterud
Research results suggest that illness can undermine patients' dignity and that dignity can be understood as an experience formed in communion with others. The aim of this study was, therefore, to illuminate the meanings of lived experiences of dignity as an intersubjective phenomenon from the perspective of dyads in palliative care. The authors analyzed transcripts from interviews with nine dyads using a phenomenological-hermeneutical method. Within the contexts of the dyadic relationship and the dyadic-health care professional relationship, the authors' interpretation revealed two meanings based on the participants' lived experiences: "Being available," related to responding and being responded to in terms of answerability and we-ness, and "Upholding continuity," linked to feeling attached through the maintenance of emotional bonds and being connected through upholding valued activities and qualities in daily living...
July 10, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
Cheryl Tatano Beck
Writing online narratives of postpartum psychosis allows both self-analysis and catharsis and can also be viewed as a type of sociopolitical expression. Eight narratives posted on the Action on Postpartum Psychosis website were analyzed using Burke's narrative analysis. This method focuses on a pentad of key elements of story: scene, act, purpose, agent, and agency. What drives this narrative analysis is the identification of problematic areas referred to as ratio imbalances between any two of these five terms...
July 10, 2020: Qualitative Health Research
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