Journals Journal of Back and Musculoske...

Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Pedro Moreno-Navarro, Rafael Sabido, David Barbado, Amaya Prat-Luri, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Body tilt changes could affect the intensity/difficulty of core stability exercises, but there is still a lack of knowledge about its impact. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the trunk muscles activation during prone plank exercises at different body tilts. METHODS: Twenty-four young adults who performed recreational gymnastic activities participated in this study. Electromyography activity of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO) and erector spinae (ES) was recorded during the performance of six variations of the prone plank exercise (planking with feet supported on the ground [conventional horizontal position] and planking with feet supported on wall bars at five different heights increasing the angle tilt) and an inverted position exercise...
December 19, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Xiqiang Zhong, Guangjie Shen, Yunfan Qian, Yimin Li, Chengxuan Tang, Xiaojun Tang, Shaoqi He
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is the preferred treatment for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) Currently, the preoperative anesthesia methods for PKP are mainly local anesthesia and tracheal intubation general anesthesia. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether patient sensitivity to pain measured preoperatively could predict the patients' pain response during PKP treatment under local anesthesia, to facilitate the development of an optimal preoperative anesthesia plan for patients...
December 18, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Shintarou Kudo, Mizuki Hatanaka, Seiya Kanazawa, Keisuke Hirakawa, Shigeyuki Hara, Masahiro Tsutsumi
BACKGROUND: Short foot exercises (SFE) take a long time to master and require a feedback tool to improve motor learning. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of bio-feedback of talonavicular joint movements in learning SFE with ultrasound (US) imaging. METHODS: This study included thirty-one healthy volunteers and was designed as a double-blind randomized control trial. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: the control group, which performed SFE under verbal instruction, and the US bio-feedback (USBF) group, which performed SFE with real-time bio-feedback of the talonavicular joint alignment...
December 13, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Volkan Deniz, Nevin Atalay Güzel, Bayram Kelle, Ali Bülent Antmen
BACKGROUND: Haemophilic arthropathy is likely to influence posture and muscle stiffness in adolescent male haemophilia patients (HP). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the possible change in upright standing posture and stiffness of the superficial postural muscles in HP. METHODS: Twenty-two HP aged between 12 and 19 years and twenty-two healthy peers were included in the study. The photogrammetry was used to assess the upright standing posture from sagittal and frontal planes...
December 12, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Denise Soares, Karim Abbady, Suat Kasap, Dimitar Shabanliyski
BACKGROUND: Weightlifting is an Olympic sport for dynamic strength and power, and requires the execution of different lifting techniques It is important to analyze the forces subjected to the lower back during weightlifting movements to prevent injuries. Digital Human Modeling (DHM) is a powerful tool that can be used to analyze and optimize the performance of humans while doing their work or activities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to present a simulation analysis of the lower back forces during the execution of two weightlifting techniques: Snatch (SN) and Clean & Jerk (CJ), with different loads and for both genders...
December 12, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jacob Silver, Michael Mancini, Colin Pavano, Jordan Bauer, Gal Barkay, Isaac Moss, Scott Mallozzi
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing between cervical nerve root and intrinsic shoulder pathology can be a difficult task given the overlapping and often coexisting symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to highlight the often-complicated presentation of these symptoms and the subsequent potential for delay in care regarding this subset of patients. METHODS: A total of 9 patients, managed by one of two different surgeons, were identified with a history of C5 nerve root palsy...
December 11, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Muhammad Waqar Afzal, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Amir Gilani, Nimra Zulfaqar, Sahar Fatima, Tahir Mahmmod
BACKGROUND: Translation and validation of important scales in other languages reduce bias in reporting the functional status of the patient. OBJECTIVE: To translate the Back Pain Functional Scale into Urdu (BPFSu), adapt it for use in other cultures, and evaluate its psychometric properties. METHOD: According to Beaton guidelines, translation and cultural adaption was carried out. On 100 Urdu-literate men and women aged 18-60 years with lower back pain, the final BPFSu was assessed for psychometric qualities...
December 11, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nazan Öztürk, Emine Gerçek Öter, Filiz Abacıgil, Ecem Ersungur
BACKGROUND: Prolonged sitting and poor posture can contribute to musculoskeletal pain and have a negative effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among young adults. Any prolonged posture leads to static loading of soft tissues and causes discomfort. Seated posture leads to inactivity causing an accumulation of metabolites, accelerating disk degeneration and musculoskeletal pain. Regular exercise has major contributions to the prevention and treatment of some health problems such as musculoskeletal disorders...
December 11, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Dalila Scaturro, Alessandro de Sire, Fabio Vitagliani, Davide Lo Nardo, Sofia Tomasello, Antonio Ammendolia, Giulia Letizia Mauro
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are common traumatic events in the clinical practice of the rehabilitation field. There is still a gap in the scientific literature on the effectiveness of physical agent modalities in the management of muscle injuries in athletes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of cryo plus ultrasound therapy com-pared to diathermy in combination with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) for pain relief in professional footballers with muscle injuries...
December 11, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Pakwipa Chokphukiao, Sugalya Amatachaya, Puttipong Poncumhak, Roongnapa Intaruk, Thiwabhorn Thaweewannakij, Charoonsak Somboonporn, Punnee Peungsuwan, Pipatana Amatachaya, Thanat Sooknuan
BACKGROUND: Many older adults are at risk of sarcopenia, a gradual loss of muscle mass affecting muscle strength and physical function, which can lead to adverse health consequences deteriorating their independence. However, the detection could be delayed due to the requirement of many measures, including a complex imaging modality. Thus, an exploration for a practical community- or home-based measure would be helpful to identify at-risk older adults and begin the timely management. OBJECTIVE: To explore the ability of the upper limb loading during a seated push-up test (ULL-SPUT) to determine the presence of sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults...
December 9, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Muana Hiandra Pereira Dos Passos, Sol Patrícia Beltrán Pícon, Gabriel de Amorim Batista, Vinícius Yan Santos Nascimento, Felipe Augusto da Silva Oliveira, Francisco Locks, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is prevalent in workers' health and functional performance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a physical exercise program on low back pain and disability in fruit workers. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial assigned 44 workers (37 ± 9 years) to two groups. The experimental group consisted of 10 men and 12 women with an average age of 38 (± 9) years, and the control group consisted of 8 men and 14 women with an average age of 36 (± 10) years...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Katarzyna Maria Pawłowska, Jakub Pawłowski, Agnieszka Grochulska
BACKGROUND: Hip osteoarthritis is a major civilizational challenge of the ageing population, usually due to the reduced function of gait. In the light of this fact, gait analysis has become an important issue for the doctor, the physiotherapist and the patient, as it serves as a useful tool in diagnosis, recovery, and rehabilitation. Pedobarography is one of the most modern gait analysis methods. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the distribution of pressure forces of the foot on the ground during gait in patients with hip osteoarthritis...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Donghwi Park, Jin-Woo Choi, Min Cheol Chang
BACKGROUND: Despite the application of various therapeutic methods, pain caused by complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is not sufficiently managed and often progresses to a chronic stage. For the systematic and effective treatment of CRPS, we developed an algorithm for multimodal medication therapy based on the established pathophysiology of CRPS to control CRPS-related pain. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we present the outcomes of our novel algorithm for multimodal medication therapy for patients with CRPS, consisting of three major components: multimodal oral medication, intravenous ketamine, and intravenous lidocaine therapy...
December 8, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Nazar Deen, Saeed Akhtar, Fawad Hafeez Qazi, Rahila Uzair, Mohammad Khan, Sharjeel Tasneem
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy is a common condition encountered in clinical practice and is characterized by compression or irritation of the nerve roots in the cervical spine. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of manual intermittent cervical longitudinal mobilization (mICLM) and therapeutic modalities in managing acute, sub-acute and chronic radiculopathy pain. METHODS: This was a multicenter, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
December 6, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Demirhan Dıracoglu, Selim Sezikli, Bahar Dernek, Mustafa Aziz Yildirim, Ekin Ilke Sen
BACKGROUND: Many formulations and dosing regimens are available for hyaluronic acid (HA). OBJECTIVE: To compare different doses of linear, high-molecular weight (HMW) HA injections among patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Hundred patients were included in this randomized, single-blinded trial and randomly divided into three HA injection groups. The first group received five weekly 20 mg HA injections, the second group received three weekly 32 mg HA injections, and the third group received a single 48 mg HA injection...
December 5, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Remko Soer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jinhong Kim, Juchul Cho
BACKGROUND: Although mulligan sustained natural apophyseal glides (SNAG) and maitland mobilization (MM) are common interventions for musculoskeletal disease, no study has directly compared the effectiveness of mid-thoracic spine mobilization in subacute stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mid-thoracic spine mobilization (SNAG vs. MM) on postural balance and gait ability in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: Fifty subacute stroke patients were randomly allocated to the SNAG (n= 17), MM (n= 16), and control (n= 17) groups, each receiving a neuro-developmental therapy program for four successive weeks...
2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Xiaoyu Jiang, Wenyu Sun, Qiang Chen, Qiling Xu, Guoming Chen, Hongyan Bi
BACKGROUND: A range of studies concerning the effects of breathing exercises on chronic low back pain (CLBP) have been proven inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of breathing exercises for the treatment of CLBP. METHODS: We considered randomized controlled trials in English or Chinese that used breathing exercises for the treatment of CLBP. An electronic search was performed in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wan Fang, and CBM databases for articles published up to November 2022...
2024: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Pınar Özbudak, Özlem Karataş, Cahit Kaçar
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is common in postmenopausal women and is associated with low vitamin D intake, increased age, decreased absorption. Especially at advanced age, vitamin D deficiency may increase muscle weakness and disbalance resulting in increased risk of fracture. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to explore the correlation between 25(OH) vitamin D3 levels and quadriceps muscle strength in postmenopausal women. METHODS: We evaluated bilateral qadriceps muscle strength in postmenopausal women with isokinetic test...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Jun-Hyeok Lee, Hye-Seon Jeon, Joo-Hee Park, Ji-Hyun Kim, Oh-Yun Kwon, Woochol Joseph Choi, Young-Ho Kim, Jong-Man Kim
BACKGROUND: Maintaining correct posture and optimal spine function has become an important issue due to the increased use of computers and smartphones. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a 4-week downhill treadmill exercise (DTWE) program on participants with thoracic kyphosis and forward head posture (FHP). METHODS: Twenty-eight male participants were randomly assigned to the DTWE (n= 14) or standard treadmill walking exercise (STWE) (n= 14) group...
November 27, 2023: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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