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Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30689552/explanatory-multivariate-modeling-for-disability-pain-and-claims-in-patients-with-spine-pain-via-a-physical-therapy-direct-access-model-of-care
#1
Christopher Green, Anthony Pastore, Leah Cronley, Merritt D Walker, Charles A Thigpen, Chad E Cook, Deborah L Givens
BACKGROUND: Direct access physical therapy (DAPT) may result in improved patient outcomes and reduced healthcare costs. Prognostic factors associated with spine-related outcomes and insurance claims with DAPT are needed. OBJECTIVE: To identify factors that predict variations in outcomes for spine pain and insurance claims using DAPT. METHODS: Individuals (N = 250) with spine pain were analyzed. Outcomes were classified into High, Low, or Did Not Meet minimal clinically important difference (MCID) scores...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30689551/a-4-week-community-aquatic-physiotherapy-program-with-ai-chi-or-bad-ragaz-ring-method-improves-disability-and-trunk-muscle-endurance-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-pilot-study
#2
Billy C L So, Joseph K-F Ng, Ken C K Au
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a 4-week community aquatic physiotherapy program with Ai Chi or the Bad Ragaz Ring Method (BRRM) on pain and disability in adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Adults with CLBP (n= 44; mean ± SD age, 52.6 ± 5.5 y; 37 women) were randomly assigned to either an Ai Chi (n= 23) or BRRM (n= 21) program (4 weeks, twice weekly). RESULTS: Both the Ai Chi (-1.4; 95% CI -2.6 to -0.2; p= .025) and BRRM (-2...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30689550/diurnal-variation-of-body-height-in-children-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#3
Dariusz Czaprowski, Marcin Tyrakowski, Justyna Bloda, Jakub Waś, Anna Dembińska, Paulina Ewertowska, Tomasz Kotwicki
BACKGROUND: Body height (BH) measurement is an important part of the clinical evaluation of children with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) as its progression is defined based on the observation of a growth spurt. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess diurnal variation of BH in children with IS. METHODS: BH was measured in 98 children with IS (Cobb angle: 10∘-52∘, mean 21.2∘± 9.9∘) both in standing and sitting position. The measurements were performed 4 times a day - between: (1) 7:00 and 8:00; (2) 11:00 and 12:00; (3) 15:00 and 16:00 and (4) 19:00 and 20:00...
January 16, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664502/comprehensive-non-surgical-treatment-decreased-the-need-for-spine-surgery-in-patients-with-spondylolisthesis-three-year-results
#4
Sibel Demir-Deviren, Emel E Ozcan-Eksi, Savas Sencan, Hemra Cil, Sigurd Berven
BACKGROUND: Non-surgical treatment is the primary approach to degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine and may involve multiple modalities. There is little literature to guide an evidence-based approach to care. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of CNT (comprehensive non-surgical treatment) in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) and spondylolytic spondylolisthesis (SS), and to identify predictor variables for success of CNT in avoiding surgery...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664501/superficial-peroneal-nerve-schwannoma-presenting-as-lumbar-radicular-syndrome-in-a-non-competitive-runner
#5
Filippo Maselli, Marco Testa
INTRODUCTION: Running is one of the most common sports practices in the world due to the beneficial impact on the health, despite the relatively high risk of getting injuries. In fact, running is one of the most common sports capable to induce overuse injuries of the lower back and leg. In previous studies, the symptoms in the lower limb have been attributed to lumbosacral degenerative pathology. When the symptoms are unclear, they must be studied with great attention by carrying out an accurate process of screening and differential diagnosis...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30664500/effects-of-active-versus-passive-upper-extremity-neural-mobilization-combined-with-mechanical-traction-and-mobilization-in-females-with-cervical-radiculopathy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Afsah Ayub, Muhammad Osama, Shakeel Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Neural mobilization is an effective technique in the management of cervical radiculopathy (CR). However, the difference between active versus passive upper extremity (UE) neural mobilization techniques in the management of cervical radiculopathy is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of active versus passive UE neural mobilization in females with cervical radiculopathy. METHODS: A double blind randomized controlled trial was conducted at Shifa International Hospital from Sep 2016 to Feb 2017, and 44 females were included and randomized into 2 groups, receiving 12 treatment sessions in total...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636728/effect-of-segmental-stabilizing-exercises-augmented-by-pelvic-floor-muscles-training-on-women-with-postpartum-pelvic-girdle-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Abeer M ElDeeb, Khaled S Abd-Ghafar, Waled A Ayad, Adly A Sabbour
BACKGROUND: Pelvic girdle pain (PGP) is a significant problem that affects daily living activities in postpartum women. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of stabilizing exercises with or without pelvic floor muscles (PFM) training on pain, functional disability, trunk range of motion (ROM) and PFM strength in women with PGP. METHODS: Forty postpartum women participated in the study. Their age ranged from 25-35 years and their body mass index (BMI) was 25-29...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636726/acute-muscle-stretching-and-the-ability-to-maintain-posture-in-females-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#8
Dror Levi, Shmuel Springer, Yisrael Parmet, Dror Ovadia, David Ben-Sira
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy scoliosis specific exercises include exercises to attain and maintain proper posture, as well as flexibility movements such as stretching. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of prior muscle stretching on the performance of posture exercise in females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: Eighteen females with AIS were randomly assigned to perform a posture maintenance task for three minutes preceded by either stretching protocol (group A) or no-stretching (group B)...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636725/effect-of-electromyographic-biofeedback-on-learning-the-short-foot-exercise
#9
Kazunori Okamura, Shusaku Kanai, Masaki Hasegawa, Akira Otsuka, Sadaaki Oki
BACKGROUND: The short foot (SF) exercise is a strengthening exercise for the intrinsic foot muscles that is difficult to master. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of three different electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback methods on learning the SF exercise. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy subjects were randomly allocated to the control group (CTG), EMG-controlled electrical stimulation group (ESG), visual EMG biofeedback group (VSG), and combination EMG-controlled electrical stimulation with visual EMG biofeedback group (CBG)...
January 4, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636729/the-effect-of-dry-needling-on-the-active-trigger-point-of-upper-trapezius-muscle-eliciting-local-twitch-response-on-long-term-clinical-outcomes
#10
Iman Kamali Hakim, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Kamran Ezzati, Rasool Bagheri
BACKGROUND: Pain from myofascial trigger points is often treated by dry needling (DN). Empirical evidence suggests eliciting a local twitch response (LTR) during needling is essential. Muscle damage after eliciting LTR can increase the risk of tissue fibrosis in some cases. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare two methods of DN including with and without LTR on clinical parameters. METHODS: Twenty-six participants suffering from chronic non-specific neck pain with an active trigger point (TrP) in their upper trapezius muscles were recruited via the convenience sampling method...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30636727/linking-physical-therapy-outcome-measures-to-the-brief-international-classification-of-functioning-core-set-for-hand-conditions-in-subjects-with-ulnar-wrist-pain
#11
Mohamed Abdelmegeed, Everett Lohman, Noha Daher, Hasan M Syed
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to apply the Brief International Classification of Functioning (ICF) Core Set for Hand Conditions to the physical therapy outcome measures, and to evaluate the contribution of these measures to overall health in subjects with ulnar wrist pain. METHODS: Thirty-five subjects with ulnar wrist pain received a 4-week home-based treatment program including orthotics and strengthening exercises. Investigators measured pain, function, grip strength, and overall health four weeks post-intervention...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614792/comparison-of-hip-extension-and-rotation-range-of-motions-in-young-elite-tennis-players-with-and-without-history-of-low-back-pain
#12
V Moreno-Pérez, A López-Valenciano, F Ayala, J Fernandez-Fernandez, F J Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Although low back pain (LBP) is known to be multi-factorial, certain studies have suggested that a deficit in hip extension and rotation range of motion (ROM) may be associated with LBP in athletes. OBJETIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare hip extension and rotation ROMs in elite tennis players with and without a history of LBP. METHODS: Forty-two male young and 22 female young elite tennis players completed this study...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614791/validity-and-reliability-of-two-smartphone-applications-to-measure-the-lower-and-upper-cervical-spine-range-of-motion-in-subjects-with-chronic-cervical-pain
#13
Jacobo Rodríguez-Sanz, Andoni Carrasco-Uribarren, Sara Cabanillas-Barea, César Hidalgo-García, Pablo Fanlo-Mazas, María Orosia Lucha-López, José Miguel Tricás-Moreno
BACKGROUND: Cervical pain is the biggest musculoskeletal health problem in industrialised countries. There is an important association between this and decrease in range of motion. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the validity and reliability intra and inter examiner of two Smartphone apps regarding the measurement of lower and upper cervical spine range of motion in subjects with chronic cervical pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted. The sample consisted of 25 subjects with chronic cervical pain...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614790/effect-of-exercise-on-static-balance-and-cobb-angle-during-the-weaning-phase-of-brace-management-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-hyperkyphosis-a-preliminary-study
#14
Shahrbanoo Bidari, Mojtaba Kamyab, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Saleh Ganjavian
BACKGROUND: Exercises are usually prescribed in association with orthotic intervention for management of idiopathic scoliosis, however the role of these exercises on the efficacy of brace and/or balance is not clear yet. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of exercise (the Blount and Moe protocol) on static balance and Cobb angle changes in adolescents with spinal deformities during weaning from brace. METHODS: Seventeen brace users were allocated into 3 groups (good, moderate, and weak), according to their exercise quality and quantity Static balance was evaluated on 4 conditions (standing on a platform/foam; with/without brace) using a force platform...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30614789/the-intra-and-inter-observer-reliability-of-interface-pressure-measurements-of-the-milwaukee-brace-in-adolescents-with-hyperkyphosis
#15
Taher Babaee, Mojtaba Kamyab, Amir Ahmadi, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Mohammad Saleh Ganjavian
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence in reliability of the modified sphygmomanometer to measure the brace-interface pad pressure in adolescents with Scheuermann's kyphosis (SK). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the intra- and inter-observer reliability of modified sphygmomanometer for measuring interface pad pressure in the Milwaukee brace. METHODS: Two observers measured the pressure of the shoulder and kyphosis pads in Milwaukee brace on 33 adolescents with SK with an average age of 14...
December 26, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584115/acute-effects-of-distal-fibular-taping-technique-on-pain-balance-and-forward-lunge-activities-in-chronic-ankle-instability
#16
Sule Simsek, Nesrin Yagci
BACKGROUND: Chronic Ankle Instability (CAI) is characterized by altered muscle activation, reduced range of motion (ROM) and balance deficits. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether fibular taping technique influenced the pain intensity, dorsiflexion ROM and dynamic balance in participants with Chronic Ankle Instability. METHODS: Twenty-six participants (16 males and 10 females; age 28.8 ± 5.74 y) with unilateral Chronic Ankle Instability who scored 85 points or less on the Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) were included in our study...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584121/osteosarcopenia-increases-hip-fracture-risk-a-case-controlled-study-in-the-elderly
#17
Ismail Turkmen, Cagri Ozcan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD), gluteus maximus muscle volume, and hip fracture type in patients with hip trauma. METHODS: A total of 134 patients were included in the study; 76 were in the study group [mean age 71.89 (65-80)] (hip fracture group), and 58 were in the control group [mean age 71.27 (65-80)] (hip trauma without fracture). The fracture type, femoral head diameter (FHD), and body mass index (BMI) were assessed...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584120/comparison-of-pressure-release-phonophoresis-and-dry-needling-in-treatment-of-latent-myofascial-trigger-point-of-upper-trapezius-muscle
#18
Abbas Tabatabaiee, Ismail Ebrahimi-Takamjani, Amir Ahmadi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Anita Emrani
BACKGROUND: Latent myofascial trigger point (LMTP) is a small hypersensitive area in skeletal muscles that becomes painful under compression or stimulation. LMTPs are relevant for various musculoskeletal disorders. Although several treatments have been introduced to treat LMTP, the most efficient one is yet to be found. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present study was to compare pressure release, phonophoresis of betamethasone and dry needling on the upper trapezius latent myofascial trigger point...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584117/investigating-the-relationships-between-quality-of-life-fatigue-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#19
Kadirhan Ozdemir, Ilke Keser, Ilker Sen, M Ozgur Tan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the parameters of fatigue, quality of life and leisure time physical activity in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. This is the first study in the literature to report interaction between these parameters from the perspective of physiotherapy and rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight out-patients were enrolled in this study. In an oncologic rehabilitation unit, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Questionnaire (FACIT-F), Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Prostate Questionnaire (FACT-P) and Godin Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ) were utilized to evaluate fatigue, quality of life and physical activity, respectively...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584116/effect-of-repeated-application-of-rigid-tape-on-pain-and-mobility-deficits-associated-with-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction
#20
Neama H Neamat Allah, Susan M Sigward, Ghada A Mohamed, Salam M Elhafez, Ihab M Emran
BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) accounts for up to 30% of patients with low back pain. Rigid taping techniques are often used for conservative treatment of SIJD related symptoms; however, its effectiveness has not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of rigid tape on pain, malalignment and mobility deficits associated with anterior innominate SIJD. METHODS: Two groups (n= 37; experimental and control) diagnosed with SIJD participated in a randomized, controlled trial...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
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