Journals American Journal of Speech-lan...

American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Jamie B Boster, Tori Cordone, Hailey Blosser
PURPOSE: Children with complex communication needs who rely on augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) strategies to express themselves face significant difficulties interaction with peers. This study sought to design, implement, and evaluate a collaborative photography intervention designed to increase reciprocal social interaction between children who use AAC and their same-age peers. METHOD: A single-subject, withdrawal design (ABAB) was used to explore the functional relationship between engagement in a collaborative photography intervention and the frequency of reciprocal social interactions between children who use AAC and their same-age peers...
March 27, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Vitória S Fahed, Emer P Doheny, Carla Collazo, Joanna Krzysztofik, Elliot Mann, Philippa Morgan-Jones, Laura Mills, Cheney Drew, Anne E Rosser, Rebecca Cousins, Grzegorz Witkowski, Esther Cubo, Monica Busse, Madeleine M Lowery
PURPOSE: Changes in voice and speech are characteristic symptoms of Huntington's disease (HD). Objective methods for quantifying speech impairment that can be used across languages could facilitate assessment of disease progression and intervention strategies. The aim of this study was to analyze acoustic features to identify language-independent features that could be used to quantify speech dysfunction in English-, Spanish-, and Polish-speaking participants with HD. METHOD: Ninety participants with HD and 83 control participants performed sustained vowel, syllable repetition, and reading passage tasks recorded with previously validated methods using mobile devices...
March 26, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Marc F Maffei, Karen V Chenausky, Abigail Haenssler, Claudia Abbiati, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Jordan R Green
PURPOSE: Motor deficits are widely documented among autistic individuals, and speech characteristics consistent with a motor speech disorder have been reported in prior literature. We conducted an auditory-perceptual analysis of speech production skills in low and minimally verbal autistic individuals as a step toward clarifying the nature of speech production impairments in this population and the potential link between oromotor functioning and language development. METHOD: Fifty-four low or minimally verbal autistic individuals aged 4-18 years were video-recorded performing nonspeech oromotor tasks and producing phonemes, syllables, and words in imitation...
March 21, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Kelly Gates, Thea Knowles, Helen Mach, Jeff Higginbotham
PURPOSE: The purpose of this qualitative interview study was to identify themes regarding considerations in the usage of speech amplification device usage for people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and hypophonia from the perspective of speech-language pathologists (SLPs). METHOD: Eligible participants included SLPs currently practicing in the United States or Canada with experience working with clients with PD for at least 2 years. Ten SLPs participated in 60-min interviews conducted via Zoom...
March 21, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Cathy Binger, Priscilla Magallanes, Vanessa San Miguel, Nancy Harrington, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn
PURPOSE: Selecting vocabulary for preliterate individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication presents multiple challenges, as the number of symbols provided must be balanced with cognitive, motoric, and other needs. Prioritizing certain types of vocabulary thus becomes a necessity. For example, prioritizing core vocabulary-that is, words that are commonly used across a group of people and contexts-is a common practice that attempts to address some of these issues. However, most core vocabulary research to date has narrowly focused on individual word counts, ignoring other critical aspects of language development such as how vocabulary aligns with typical development and how children use core and fringe vocabulary within their utterances...
March 20, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Raele Donetha Robison, Nicole Butz, Sara Gustafson, Steven Wang, Jason Falvey, Meredith Mackowicz-Torres, Nicole Rogus-Pulia, Amy Kind
PURPOSE: Socioeconomically disadvantaged areas are more resource poor, impacting adherence to swallowing care recommendations. Neighborhood-level disadvantage metrics, such as the Area Deprivation Index (ADI), allow for examination of social determinants of health (SDOH) in a precise region. We examined ADI in a cohort of persons living with dementia (PLWD) to determine representation of those residing in areas of socioeconomic disadvantage (high ADI), distribution of swallowing care provided, and frequency of SDOH-related counseling or resource linking prior to discharge...
March 19, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Devin V Dolquist, Benjamin Munson
PURPOSE: The study of gender and speech has historically excluded studies of transmasculine individuals. Consequently, generalizations about speech and gender are based on cisgender individuals. This lack of representation hinders clinical training and clinical service delivery, particularly by speech-language pathologists providing gender-affirming communication services. This letter describes a new corpus of the speech of American English-speaking transmasculine men, transmasculine nonbinary people, and cisgender men that is open and available to clinicians and researchers...
March 19, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Yu-Ning Chiang, Roger W Chan, Li-Chun Hsieh
PURPOSE: This study examined whether the "Three Bears Passage" (TB), a standard Mandarin reading passage, could elicit significant vocal range variations in individuals with voice disorders. Relative sensitivity of TB versus another existing standard reading passage, "Passage in Mandarin" (PM), for differentiating between individuals with and without voice disorders was also evaluated. METHOD: Forty-two individuals with normal voice and 30 individuals with voice disorders participated in the study...
March 14, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Deborah R Campbell, Jennella E Lawrence, Howard Goldstein
PURPOSE: Despite the speed with which telehealth use advanced during the COVID-19 pandemic, evidence is needed to support the remote delivery of standardized assessments. This study investigated the reliability and feasibility of administering a standardized language assessment administered in real-world telehealth scenarios compared to in-person administration. METHOD: A total of 100 children between the ages of 3 and 12 years were administered one of three versions of the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF)...
March 14, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
George W Wolford, Ethan J Wash, Matthew P Stowers, Ashley R McMillon, Arianna N LaCroix
PURPOSE: Speech-language pathology programs use simulated learning experiences (SLEs) to teach graduate student clinicians about fidelity to therapeutic interventions, including static skills (clinical actions that are delivered in a prespecified way regardless of the client's behavior) and dynamic skills (contingent responses formulated in response to a client's behavior). The purpose of this study was to explore student learning of static and dynamic skills throughout SLEs and live clinical practice...
March 13, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Siva Priya Santhanam, Kaitlyn Wilson
PURPOSE: Autistic students experience lower college graduation rates than their peers, affecting future opportunities. Self-advocacy is crucial for successful adaptation in postsecondary settings and is documented as a challenge for autistic students. The purpose of the study was to examine autistic college students' engagement in self-advocacy and specific college-related challenges as compared to their neurodivergent and neurotypical peers. METHOD: This study used a cross-sectional survey design to compare perceptions related to self-advocacy and college-related challenges across three groups of students: autistic students, students with a disability other than autism, and nondisabled students...
March 12, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Maria Paphiti, Michael A Talias, Kurt Eggers
PURPOSE: Differences in inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility between children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS) have been previously demonstrated. The aim of the current study was to investigate whether the previously reported inhibitory control- and cognitive flexibility-related performance costs for CWS are associated with the number of speech disfluencies that they produce. METHOD: Participants were 19 CWS ( M age = 7.58 years, range: 6...
March 7, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Carla Wood, Miguel Garcia-Salas, Christopher Schatschneider, Michelle Torres-Chavarro
PURPOSE: The current study examined (a) the relation between morphologically complex word (MCW) use (words containing at least one derivational morpheme such as prefixes and suffixes) and teachers' ratings of writing quality, (b) average change in MCW use in writing across the school year, and (c) differential change in MCW among students with varying language abilities and linguistic backgrounds including students with developmental language disorders (DLDs) and multilingual learners (MLs)...
March 7, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Lisa M D Archibald, Cassandra Kuyvenhoven
PURPOSE: Across Canada, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and educational psychologists (EPs) work in schools to identify and diagnose childhood learning difficulties, including language disorders; however, both professional groups use different terms to identify and diagnose them. Using the term developmental language disorder (DLD), developed by the CATALISE consortium, would provide consistency across fields. To effectively implement the use of DLD, it is crucial to understand how EPs and SLPs currently identify childhood language disorders and to investigate the potential impact of a practice change in this area...
March 6, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Elisabet Haas, Wolfram Ziegler, Theresa Schölderle
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were (a) to investigate adult listeners' perceptions of age and gender in typically developing children and children with dysarthria and (b) to identify predictors of their estimates among auditory-perceptual parameters and an acoustic measure of vocal pitch ( F 0). We aimed to evaluate the influence of dysarthria on the listeners' impressions of age and gender against the background of typical developmental processes. METHOD: In a listening experiment, adult listeners completed age and gender estimates of 144 typically developing children (3-9 years of age) and 25 children with dysarthria (5-9 years of age)...
February 28, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Mariana M Bahia, Soren Y Lowell
PURPOSE: This study determined the contributions of the anterior and posterior tongue regions in tongue pressure generation during regular saliva swallows (SSs) and effortful swallows (ESs) completed under two different instructions. The association between tongue pressure and perceived effort to swallow was also examined. METHOD: Forty healthy adults without swallowing disorders participated in this study, divided into two age groups: 20 younger ( M age = 21.95 years, SD = 4...
February 28, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Abigail Delehanty, Ciera M Lorio, Mollie Romano, Jennifer A Brown, Juliann J Woods, Amy M Wetherby
PURPOSE: Interactions with caregivers during the ordinary activities that occur as families go about their everyday lives are critical to supporting children's acquisition of social communication and language skills. The purpose of this study was to examine child communication and parent verbal responsiveness across interaction contexts in 211 children ( M age = 20 months) on the autism spectrum ( n = 121), with developmental delay ( n = 46), or with typical development ( n = 44). METHOD: Families participated in up to eight activities during an hour-long, video-recorded home observation...
February 26, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Alison Lynn Csercsics, Lisa M D Archibald, Barbara Jane Cunningham
PURPOSE: This quality improvement project aimed to address the inconsistent use of clinical labels across a preschool speech and language program in Ontario, Canada. The study investigated whether a multicomponent knowledge translation (KT) intervention could increase speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') knowledge about the recommended clinical labels, motivate their intentions to use the labels, and facilitate practice change during a 3-month pilot period. METHOD: The diffusion of innovations theory was utilized to identify and address known and suspected barriers and facilitators that could influence the adoption of consistent terminology...
February 22, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
James W Montgomery, Ronald B Gillam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Katarina Miletic, Michelle Servais, Janis Oram Cardy, Lauren Denusik
PURPOSE: More Than Words® (MTW) is a caregiver-mediated intervention program led by a speech-language pathologist (SLP) who teaches caregivers strategies to support their autistic child's early social communication and play development. The program includes group sessions composed of multiple families with children of varying profiles. We explored whether caregiver experiences and perceived outcomes of the virtual MTW program differed depending on the child's age and social communication stage...
February 21, 2024: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
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