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Journals European Respiratory Review : ...

European Respiratory Review : An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society

https://read.qxmd.com/read/36697212/-european-respiratory-review-list-of-peer-reviewers-2022
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36697211/targeting-interleukin-33-and-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-pathways-for-novel-pulmonary-therapeutics-in-asthma-and-copd
#2
REVIEW
Ariel A Calderon, Colin Dimond, David F Choy, Rajita Pappu, Michele A Grimbaldeston, Divya Mohan, Kian Fan Chung
Interleukin-33 (IL-33) and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) are alarmins that are released upon airway epithelial injury from insults such as viruses and cigarette smoke, and play critical roles in the activation of immune cell populations such as mast cells, eosinophils and group 2 innate lymphoid cells. Both cytokines were previously understood to primarily drive type 2 (T2) inflammation, but there is emerging evidence for a role for these alarmins to additionally mediate non-T2 inflammation, with recent clinical trial data in asthma and COPD cohorts with non-T2 inflammation providing support...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36697210/the-role-of-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-pulmonary-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Sen Tian, Haidong Huang, Yifei Zhang, Hui Shi, Yuchao Dong, Wei Zhang, Chong Bai
Accurate diagnosis and subsequent therapeutic options in pulmonary diseases mainly rely on imaging methods and histological assessment. However, imaging examinations are hampered by the limited spatial resolution of images and most procedures that are related to histological assessment are invasive with associated complications. As a result, a high-resolution imaging technology - confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE), which is at the forefront and enables real-time microscopic visualisation of the morphologies and architectures of tissues or cells - has been developed to resolve the clinical dilemma pertaining to current techniques...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36697209/mucolytics-for-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Efthymia Papadopoulou, Jan Hansel, Zsofia Lazar, Konstantinos Kostikas, Stavros Tryfon, Jørgen Vestbo, Alexander G Mathioudakis
This meta-analysis explored the safety and effectiveness of mucolytics as an add-on treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations. Based on a pre-registered protocol and following Cochrane methods, we systematically searched for relevant randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials (RCTs). We used the Risk of Bias v2 tool for appraising the studies and performed random-effect meta-analyses when appropriate. We assessed certainty of evidence using GRADE. This meta-analysis included 24 RCTs involving 2192 patients with COPD exacerbations, entailing at least some concerns of methodological bias...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36697208/physical-activity-promotion-interventions-in-chronic-airways-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Caroline Reilly, Joe Sails, Antonios Stavropoulos-Kalinoglou, Rebecca J Birch, Jim McKenna, Ian J Clifton, Daniel Peckham, Karen M Birch, Oliver J Price
Physical inactivity is common in people with chronic airways disease (pwCAD) and associated with worse clinical outcomes and impaired quality of life. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to characterise and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions promoting step-based physical activity (PA) in pwCAD. We searched for studies that included a form of PA promotion and step-count outcome measure. A random-effects model was used to determine the overall effect size using post-intervention values...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36631133/endotyping-copd-hypoxia-inducible-factor-2-as-a-molecular-switch-between-the-vascular-and-airway-phenotypes
#6
REVIEW
Oleh Myronenko, Vasile Foris, Slaven Crnkovic, Andrea Olschewski, Sonia Rocha, Mark R Nicolls, Horst Olschewski
COPD is a heterogeneous disease with multiple clinical phenotypes. COPD endotypes can be determined by different expressions of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), which, in combination with individual susceptibility and environmental factors, may cause predominant airway or vascular changes in the lung. The pulmonary vascular phenotype is relatively rare among COPD patients and characterised by out-of-proportion pulmonary hypertension (PH) and low diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide, but only mild-to-moderate airway obstruction...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36631132/role-of-inhaled-antibiotics-in-the-era-of-highly-effective-cftr-modulators
#7
REVIEW
J Stuart Elborn, Francesco Blasi, Pierre-Régis Burgel, Daniel Peckham
Recurrent and chronic bacterial infections are common in people with cystic fibrosis (CF) and contribute to lung function decline. Antibiotics are the mainstay in the treatment of exacerbations and chronic bacterial infection in CF. Inhaled antibiotics are effective in treating chronic respiratory bacterial infections and eradicating Pseudomonas aeruginosa from the respiratory tract, with limited systemic adverse effects. In the past decade, highly effective cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) modulators have become a new therapy that partially corrects/opens chloride transport in patients with selected CFTR mutations, restoring mucus hydration and improving mucociliary clearance...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36631131/a-scoping-review-on-the-risk-of-tuberculosis-in-specific-population-groups-can-we-expand-the-world-health-organization-recommendations
#8
REVIEW
Jacob Bigio, Angelo Viscardi, Genevieve Gore, Alberto Matteelli, Giorgia Sulis
Since 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended prioritising testing and treatment of tuberculosis (TB) infection (TBI) in 11 high-risk groups. With new options emerging for TB preventive treatment, we conducted a scoping review, in consultation with the WHO's Global Tuberculosis Programme, to explore the evidence for other population groups at potentially high risk of progression to active TB. We searched six databases for preprints and articles published between 2000 and August 2022. 18 out of 33 668 screened records were included (six meta-analyses and 12 original research studies)...
March 31, 2023: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36543349/sensitivity-and-complications-of-thoracentesis-and-thoracoscopy-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Gabriela Martinez-Zayas, Sofia Molina, David E Ost
BACKGROUND: Thoracentesis and thoracoscopy are used to diagnose malignant pleural effusions (MPE). Data on how sensitivity varies with tumour type is limited. METHODS: Systematic review using PubMed was performed through August 2020 to determine the sensitivity of thoracentesis and thoracoscopy for MPE secondary to malignancy, by cancer type, and complication rates. Tests to identify sources of heterogeneity were performed. Study quality was assessed using Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS)-2 and National Institutes of Health quality assessment tools...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36543348/patient-reported-outcomes-to-assess-dyspnoea-in-interstitial-lung-disease-and-pulmonary-hypertension-a-systematic-literature-review-of-measurement-properties
#10
REVIEW
Jacqueline M J Lemmers, Madelon C Vonk, Cornelia H M van den Ende
OBJECTIVE: This COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health measurement INstruments (COSMIN)-based systematic review aims to identify and summarise the quality of measurement properties of dyspnoea-specific patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), pulmonary hypertension (PH) or connective tissue diseases (CTDs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Relevant articles in PubMed and Embase were screened. Based on COSMIN analysis and the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach, overall rating and level of evidence were assessed to formulate recommendations...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36543347/immune-mechanisms-in-fibrotic-pulmonary-sarcoidosis
#11
REVIEW
Praveen Weeratunga, David R Moller, Ling-Pei Ho
Sarcoidosis is an immune-mediated disorder. Its immunopathology has been steadily mapped out over the past few decades. Despite this, the underpinning mechanisms for progressive fibrotic sarcoidosis is an almost uncharted area. Consequently, there has been little change in the clinical management of fibrotic sarcoidosis over the decades and an unfocused search for new therapeutics. In this review, we provide a comprehensive examination of the relevant immune findings in fibrotic and/or progressive pulmonary sarcoidosis and propose a unifying mechanism for the pathobiology of fibrosis in sarcoidosis...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36543346/new-antibiotics-for-gram-negative-pneumonia
#12
REVIEW
Matteo Bassetti, Federica Magnè, Daniele Roberto Giacobbe, Lorenzo Bini, Antonio Vena
Pneumonia is frequently encountered in clinical practice, and Gram-negative bacilli constitute a significant proportion of its aetiology, especially when it is acquired in a hospital setting. With the alarming global rise in multidrug resistance in Gram-negative bacilli, antibiotic therapy for treating patients with pneumonia is challenging and must be guided by in vitro susceptibility results. In this review, we provide an overview of antibiotics newly approved for the treatment of pneumonia caused by Gram-negative bacilli...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36543345/role-of-autophagy-in-lung-diseases-and-ageing
#13
REVIEW
Yan Zhang, Jin Zhang, Zhiling Fu
The lungs face ongoing chemical, mechanical, biological, immunological and xenobiotic stresses over a lifetime. Advancing age progressively impairs lung function. Autophagy is a "housekeeping" survival strategy involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes in all eukaryotic cells. Autophagic activity decreases with age in several species, whereas its basic activity extends throughout the lifespan of most animals. Dysregulation of autophagy has been proven to be closely related to the pathogenesis of several ageing-related pulmonary diseases...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36517048/virtual-consultations-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Sulaiman S Alsaif, Julia L Kelly, Stuart Little, Hilary Pinnock, Mary J Morrell, Michael I Polkey, Phyllis Murphie
BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has accelerated the adoption of virtual care strategies for the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS). RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the effectiveness of virtual consultations compared to in-person consultations for the management of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy in adult patients with OSAHS? METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO; CRD42022297532) based on six electronic databases plus manually selected journals was conducted in January 2022...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36517047/circulating-tumour-cells-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-universally-indicate-poor-prognosis
#15
REVIEW
Fukang Jin, Lei Zhu, Jingbo Shao, Mina Yakoub, Lukas Schmitt, Christoph Reißfelder, Sonja Loges, Axel Benner, Sebastian Schölch
BACKGROUND: In lung cancer, the relevance of various circulating tumour cell (CTC) subgroups in different lung cancer subtypes is unclear. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis to assess the prognostic value of CTCs in the different histological types of lung cancer, with particular respect to CTC subtypes, cut-offs and time points of CTC enumeration. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Web of Science and Embase alongside relevant studies evaluating the prognostic value of CTCs in lung cancer patients...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36517046/severe-community-acquired-pneumonia
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael S Niederman, Antoni Torres
Severe community-acquired pneumonia is the most life-threatening form of community-acquired pneumonia, characterised by intensive care unit admission and high morbidity and mortality. In this review article, we cover in depth six aspects of severe community-acquired pneumonia that are still controversial: use of PCR molecular techniques for microbial diagnosis; the role of biomarkers for initial management; duration of treatment, macrolides or quinolones in the initial empirical antibiotic therapy; the use of prediction scores for drug-resistant pathogens to modify initial empiric therapy; the use of noninvasive mechanical ventilation and high-flow nasal oxygen; and the use of corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy in severe community-acquired pneumonia...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36450372/pulmonary-aspergillosis-diagnosis-and-treatment
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Frederic Lamoth, Thierry Calandra
Aspergillus species are the most frequent cause of fungal infections of the lungs with a broad spectrum of clinical presentations including invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) and chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). IPA affects immunocompromised populations, which are increasing in number and diversity with the advent of novel anti-cancer therapies. Moreover, IPA has emerged as a complication of severe influenza and coronavirus disease 2019 in apparently immunocompetent hosts. CPA mainly affects patients with pre-existing lung lesions and is recognised increasingly frequently among patients with long-term survival following cure of tuberculosis or lung cancer...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36450371/inhaled-corticosteroids-for-the-treatment-of-covid-19
#18
REVIEW
Mona Bafadhel, Rosa Faner, Camille Taillé, Richard E K Russell, Tobias Welte, Peter J Barnes, Alvar Agustí
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has caused severe illness and mortality for millions worldwide. Despite the development, approval and rollout of vaccination programmes globally to prevent infection by SARS-CoV-2 and the development of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), treatments are still urgently needed to improve outcomes. Early in the pandemic it was observed that patients with pre-existing asthma or COPD were underrepresented among those with COVID-19. Evidence from clinical studies indicates that the inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) routinely taken for asthma and COPD could have had a protective role in preventing severe COVID-19 and, therefore, may be a promising treatment for COVID-19...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36450370/parasitic-lung-diseases
#19
REVIEW
Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Hojoong Kim, Ziad A Memish
Parasitic lung diseases are caused by a number of parasites as a result of transient passage in the lung or as a result of an immunologic reaction. The clinical presentation may be in the form of focal or cystic lesions, pleural effusion or diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. With increasing globalisation, it is important to consider parasitic infections in the differential diagnosis of lung diseases. This is particularly important since early identification and prompt therapy result in full cure of these conditions...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36450369/respiratory-muscle-training-in-neuromuscular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Kathryn Watson, Thorlene Egerton, Nicole Sheers, Sarah Retica, Rebekah McGaw, Talia Clohessy, Penny Webster, David J Berlowitz
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular disease causes a progressive decline in ventilatory function which respiratory muscle training may address. Previous systematic reviews have focussed on single diseases, whereas this study systematically reviewed the collective evidence for respiratory muscle training in children and adults with any neuromuscular disease. METHODS: Seven databases were searched for randomised controlled trials. Three reviewers independently reviewed eligibility, extracted characteristics, results, determined risk of bias and combined results using narrative synthesis and meta-analysis...
December 31, 2022: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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