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Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712478/development-and-validation-of-the-gestalt-therapy-fidelity-scale
#1
Madeleine Fogarty, Sunil Bhar, Stephen Theiler
OBJECTIVE: Three studies were conducted to develop and validate the Gestalt Therapy Fidelity Scale (GTFS), a 21-item measure of treatment adherence for Gestalt Therapy (GT). METHOD: Thirty five items for possible inclusion in the GTFS were generated on the basis of a literature review. In Study 1, a Delphi methodology consulting 63 international GT experts was used to select items for the GTFS. In Study 2, six experts used the scale to rate video-based sessions of GT, and provided feedback on the usability of the scale...
February 3, 2019: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30661486/the-dose-response-effect-in-routinely-delivered-psychological-therapies-a-systematic-review
#2
Louisa Robinson, Jaime Delgadillo, Stephen Kellett
The dose-response effect refers to the relationship between the dose (e.g., length, frequency) of treatment and the subsequent probability of improvement. This systematic review aimed to synthesize the literature on the dose-response effect in routine psychological therapies delivered to adult patients with mental health problems. Twenty-six studies were eligible for inclusion. Different methodological approaches have been used to examine the dose-response effect; including survival analysis, multilevel modelling and descriptive cluster analyses...
January 20, 2019: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632922/a-demonstration-of-a-multi-method-variable-selection-approach-for-treatment-selection-recommending-cognitive-behavioral-versus-psychodynamic-therapy-for-mild-to-moderate-adult-depression
#3
Zachary D Cohen, Thomas T Kim, Henricus L Van, Jack J M Dekker, Ellen Driessen
OBJECTIVE: We use a new variable selection procedure for treatment selection which generates treatment recommendations based on pre-treatment characteristics for adults with mild-to-moderate depression deciding between cognitive behavioral (CBT) versus psychodynamic therapy (PDT). METHOD: Data are drawn from a randomized comparison of CBT versus PDT for depression (N = 167, 71% female, mean-age = 39.6). The approach combines four different statistical techniques to identify patient characteristics associated consistently with differential treatment response...
January 11, 2019: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30595112/the-processes-of-jeremy-safran
#4
J Christopher Muran, Catherine F Eubanks, Lisa W Samstag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30545277/therapist-effects-on-early-change-in-psychotherapy-in-a-naturalistic-setting
#5
David M Erekson, Rachelle Clayson, So Yeon Park, Shannon Tass
OBJECTIVE: Client trajectories of change in psychotherapy differ. Early change is a trajectory that has been shown to be associated with better outcomes over time. Little is known about the mechanisms of this type of change, however. The current study examined the therapist effect in early change, and explored differences between therapists in the likelihood that early change would occur and how early in a course of therapy the change would occur. METHODS: Using 20 years of archival data from a university counseling center, we identified 16,825 clients who had been seen by 273 therapists...
December 14, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30526383/rupture-resolution-rating-system-3rs-development-and-validation
#6
Catherine F Eubanks, Jessica Lubitz, J Christopher Muran, Jeremy D Safran
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the reliability and validity of the Rupture Resolution Rating System (3RS), an observer-based measure of alliance ruptures and resolution processes. METHOD: We used the 3RS to rate early sessions from 42 cases of cognitive behavior therapy. We compared the 3RS to a simplified version of the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB), as well as patient and therapist self-reports of ruptures and the alliance. RESULTS: Coders achieved high rates of interrater reliability on the frequency of confrontation and withdrawal ruptures and resolution strategies (ICCs = ...
December 10, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30451094/instrumental-variable-analyses-for-causal-inference-application-to-multilevel-analyses-of-the-alliance-outcome-relation
#7
Paul Crits-Christoph, Robert Gallop, Averi Gaines, Agnes Rieger, Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: To introduce readers to instrumental variable analyses for causal inferences using as an example a test of the hypothesis that the quality of the therapeutic alliance has a causal role in relation to the outcome of psychotherapy. METHOD: We used data from a recent non-inferiority trial of cognitive and dynamic therapies for major depressive disorder in a community mental health setting. The data (N = 161) were analyzed using standard approaches as well as a multilevel 2-stage instrumental variables approach that allows for causal interpretations by removing the influence of unmeasured confounds...
November 18, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30422103/changes-in-depressed-patients-self-statements
#8
Katherine Thompson, Debora D'iuso, Deborah Schwartzman, Keith S Dobson, Martin Drapeau
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' use of self-statements reflecting self-criticism, a sense of inadequacy, and low self-worth has been linked to the incidence, severity, and recurrence of major depressive disorder [de Graaf, L. E., Huibers, M. J. H., Cuijpers, P., & Arntz, A. (2010). Minor and major depression in the general population: Does dysfunctional thinking play a role? Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(3), 266-274. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2009.08.006 ; Riso, L. P., du Toit, P. L., Blandino, J...
November 13, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30409079/-it-is-never-okay-to-talk-about-suicide-patients-reasons-for-concealing-suicidal-ideation-in-psychotherapy
#9
Matt Blanchard, Barry A Farber
OBJECTIVE: To identify psychotherapy clients' motives for concealing suicidal ideation from their therapist, and their perceptions of how their therapists could better elicit honest disclosure. METHOD: A sample of 66 psychotherapy clients who reported concealing suicidal ideation from their therapist provided short essay responses explaining their motives for doing so and what their therapist could do to help them be more honest. Content analysis was used to identify major motives and themes in these responses...
November 8, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30394196/therapist-competence-in-case-conceptualization-and-outcome-in-cbt-for-depression
#10
Michael H Easden, Richard B Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between therapist competence in case conceptualization and outcome in psychotherapy. METHOD: Twenty-eight adults received Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for depression. The Conceptualization Rating Scale (CRS) was used to systematically evaluate therapist competence in case conceptualization using ratings from 225 DVD recordings of live therapy in real time across the first ten sessions of treatment...
November 3, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30196788/ad-hoc-reviewers-2017-2018
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28355973/patient-therapist-convergence-in-alliance-ratings-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-psychotherapy-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#12
Alice E Coyne, Michael J Constantino, Holly B Laws, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
OBJECTIVE: Although patients and therapists aligning over time on their perceptions of alliance quality is regarded as clinically important, few studies have examined the influence of such dyadic convergence on psychotherapy outcomes. This study tested whether early treatment convergence in patient-therapist alliance ratings was associated with subsequent worry and distress reduction in psychotherapy for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and whether treatment type and the dyad members' initial alliance perceptions moderated these associations...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28337949/efficacy-of-metacognitive-therapy-for-hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-among-iranian-couples
#13
Mohammad Arash Ramezani, Khodabakhsh Ahmadi, Mohammadali Besharat, Sima Noohi, Afagh Ghaemmaghami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of present study was to compare the efficacy of metacognitive therapy (MCT) against Masters-Johnson sex therapy (MJST) for hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in Iranian couples. METHODS: A randomized treatment trial was conducted. Participants were recruited from the family counseling clinics in Tehran and Isfahan. All were suffering from HSDD as defined by DSM-IV-R criteria. They were assigned randomly to two groups that received 10 sessions of either MCT or MJST...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28337945/client-interpersonal-impacts-as-mediators-of-long-term-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-integrated-with-motivational-interviewing-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#14
Michael J Constantino, Felicia M Romano, Alice E Coyne, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
OBJECTIVE: A recent trial of generalized anxiety disorder treatment (Westra, H. A., Constantino, M. J., & Antony, M. M. (2016). Integrating Motivational Interviewing With Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Severe Generalized Anxiety Disorder: An Allegiance-Controlled Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84, 768-782. doi: 10.1037/ccp0000098 ) revealed that cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) integrated with motivational interviewing (MI) outperformed CBT alone across a 12-month follow up...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28277040/the-relationship-between-positive-affect-and-negative-affect-during-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder
#15
Roni Oren-Yagoda, Thröstur Björgvinsson, Idan M Aderka
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the relationship between positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) along the course of combined cognitive behavior therapy and pharmacological treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Participants were 165 individuals who sought treatment for MDD in a partial hospital setting. Participants' PA, NA, and depressive symptoms were measured at pre- and post-treatment and PA and NA were measured at up to 10 additional measurements along the course of treatment...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28277038/has-growth-mixture-modeling-improved-our-understanding-of-how-early-change-predicts-psychotherapy-outcome
#16
Andrew Koffmann
OBJECTIVE: Early change in psychotherapy predicts outcome. Seven studies have used growth mixture modeling [GMM; Muthén, B. (2001). Second-generation structural equation modeling with a combination of categorical and continuous latent variables: New opportunities for latent class-latent growth modeling. In L. M. Collins & A. G. Sawyers (Eds.), New methods for the analysis of change (pp. 291-322). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association] to identify patient classes based on early change but have yielded conflicting results...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28140762/clients-experiences-of-treatment-and-recovery-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#17
Christina Katsakou, Nancy Pistrang
OBJECTIVE: This review synthesized findings from qualitative studies exploring clients' experiences of their treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD) and their perceptions of recovery. METHOD: Fourteen studies were identified through searches in three electronic databases. The Critical Appraisal Skills Programme was used to appraise the methodological quality of the studies. Thematic analysis was used to synthesize the findings. RESULTS: The meta-synthesis identified 10 themes, grouped into 3 domains...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28128017/change-in-attachment-dimensions-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-following-group-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy
#18
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of attachment dimensions, including coherence of mind and reflective functioning, in developing and maintaining binge-eating disorder (BED) and in determining group psychotherapy outcomes for women with BED. We hypothesize that higher pre-treatment attachment dimension scores will predict better treatment outcomes for women with BED and will increase at follow-up. METHOD: Women with BED attended 16 sessions of group therapy and completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) at pre-treatment...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28100133/development-of-the-clinically-adaptive-multidimensional-outcome-survey
#19
Peter W Sanders, P Scott Richards, Jason A McBride
OBJECTIVE: Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) has been strongly endorsed by psychotherapy researchers, but has yet to achieve widespread implementation in clinical settings. This article describes the development of the Clinically Adaptive Multidimensional Outcome Survey (CAMOS), an innovative ROM system that allows for local adaptation while providing high quality data. METHOD: Three-hundred and four clients at a university counseling center and 211 female patients at an eating disorder treatment facility were administered the CAMOS at intake, and 118 took the CAMOS at both intake and discharge...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28068875/online-counseling-an-exploratory-survey-of-italian-psychologists-attitudes-towards-new-ways-of-interaction
#20
Sabrina Cipolletta, Damiano Mocellin
OBJECTIVE: Online counseling may be defined as an interaction between users and mental health professionals that takes place through computer mediated communication technology. This study aimed to investigate the attitudes of Italian psychologists towards different aspects of online counseling provided via email, chat, forums, and videoconference. METHOD: An online questionnaire was administered to a sample of 289 licensed psychologists in the Veneto Region (Italy) in order to collect opinions, preferences, and intentions to use online modalities, along with prior knowledge and practice experiences...
November 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
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