journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38659359/open-source-3d-printable-iol-holder-for-detailed-smartphone-based-anterior-segment-photography
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Laura Passaro, Matteo Airaldi, Chiara Ancona, Mariacarmela Ventura, Pierfrancesco Iodice, Ciro Costagliola, Francesco Semeraro, Vito Romano
Smartphones are increasingly relevant resources in medical practice as they are ubiquitous and reasonably cheap. Among the advantages of using smartphones in medical practise, there is the possibility of obtaining reproducible photographic documentation of various conditions. This is particularly true in the ophthalmic field, where anterior segment color photography plays a significant role in the diagnosis and the management of ocular surface diseases. Here we propose an original design for an open-source smartphone accessory for taking and sharing high-definition photographs of the anterior segment...
April 24, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38659358/paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-and-cotton-wool-spots-in-a-patient-with-ocular-migraine-a-case-report
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MacGregor N Hall, Arash Maleki
In this study, we report paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) and cotton wool spots (CWS) in a patient with ocular migraine. A 74-year-old man presented with persistent paracentral scotoma in the right eye that began a week prior. His visual acuity was 20/25 in the right eye and 20/40 in the left. Dilated fundoscopy revealed CWS in the right eye. Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) showed hyper-reflective bands in the inner nuclear layer corresponding to parafoveal lesions seen on near-infrared imaging in the right eye consistent with the diagnosis of PAMM...
April 24, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38659353/m%C3%A3-ller-muscle-conjunctival-resection-mmcr-surgery-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#23
REVIEW
Dalal R Fatani, Yumna F Kamal, Hamad M AlSulaiman
PURPOSE: This literature review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current understanding, indications, techniques, outcomes, and complications of Müller muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) surgery. It also addresses areas of debate with MMCR such as predictability concerning Phenylephrine response as well as the amount of muscle resection required. METHOD: This literature review was compiled based on the available evidence from PubMed from 1975 to August 2023...
April 24, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38656241/autonomous-artificial-intelligence-versus-teleophthalmology-for-diabetic-retinopathy
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Donatella Musetti, Carlo Alberto Cutolo, Monica Bonetto, Mauro Giacomini, Davide Maggi, Giorgio Luciano Viviani, Ilaria Gandin, Carlo Enrico Traverso, Massimo Nicolò
Purpose: To assess the role of artificial intelligence (AI) based automated software for detection of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) compared with the evaluation of digital retinography by two double masked retina specialists. Methods: Two-hundred one patients (mean age 65 ± 13 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus were included. All patients were undergoing a retinography and spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT, DRI 3D OCT-2000, Topcon) of the macula...
April 24, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38656196/newly-recognized-orbital-malformations-in-kabuki-syndrome-a-case-report
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pengsen Wu, Cheng Xiong, Jing Rao, Ming Ouyang, Hua Zhang, Yuqing Wu, Guiqin Liu
Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare congenital disorder with distinctive characteristics. Herein, we describe a KS patient carrying a novel mutation in the KMT2D gene, c.11785C > T (p.Gln3929*). The patient presented with typical eyelid deformities, including eversion of the lateral lower eyelids, long palpebral fissures, hypertelorism, and medial epicanthus. Orbital computed tomography revealed orbital bone malformation with temporally and inferiorly displaced zygomatic bone. The bilateral orbits were shallow with an enlarged angle between the lateral walls...
April 24, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38653578/investigating-the-impact-of-empagliflozin-on-the-retina-of-diabetic-mice
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juan Chen, Shenghui Zhang, Yao You, Siqi Hu, Jiake Tang, Chen Chen, Wen Wen, Ting Tang, Qingwen Yu, Xuhan Tong, Chunyi Wang, Wenbin Zhao, Xinyan Fu, Xingwei Zhang, Mingwei Wang, Wenyan Gong
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) frequently results in compromised visual function, with hyperglycemia-induced disruption of the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) through various pathways as a critical mechanism. Existing DR treatments fail to address early and potentially reversible microvascular alterations. This study examined the effects of empagliflozin (EMPA), a selective Sodium-glucose transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, on the retina of db/db mice. The objective of this study is to investigate the potential role of EMPA in the prevention and delay of DR...
April 23, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38644806/design-of-a-new-3d-printed-all-in-one-magnetic-smartphone-adapter-for-fundus-and-anterior-segment-imaging
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giovanni Rubegni, Alessandra Cartocci, Linda Tognetti, Gianmarco Tosi, Massimiliano Salfi, Andrea Caruso, Niccolò Castellino, Matteo Orione, Francesco Cappellani, Matteo Fallico, Fabiana D'Esposito, Andrea Russo, Caterina Gagliano, Teresio Avitabile
PURPOSE: To describe and validate a 3D-printed adapter tool which could be used with either a slit lamp or a condensing lens, interchangeable between devices through magnetic fastening, in order to provide physicians a quick, easy and effective method of obtaining clinical photos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three specialists, with at least 4-year experience in ophthalmology, gave a rate of image quality obtained by our device and the diagnostic confidence grade. The 3 specialists conducted each 13 or 14 examinations with the smartphone and magnetic adapter...
April 22, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38644803/retinal-vascular-abnormalities-in-myotonic-dystrophy-assessed-by-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-cross-sectional-study
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jelena Vasilijevic, Stojan Peric, Ivana Basta, Igor Kovacevic, Gorica Maric, Nada Avram, Ilija Gunjic, Marija Bozic
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to detect the changes in retinal and choroidal vasculature via optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) by comparing the quantitative OCTA parameters in patients with and without myotonic dystrophies (DM). MATERIAL: The cross-sectional study. Forty-one consecutive patients affected by DMs were enrolled. The inclusion criteria were molecular diagnosis of DM types 1 and 2. To avoid the age effect on microvascular changes and to justify a comparison between DM1 and DM2 patients, two control groups matched for sex and age were established...
April 22, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38644796/characterization-of-central-involved-diabetic-macular-edema-using-oct-and-octa
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Débora Reste-Ferreira, Torcato Santos, Inês Pereira Marques, Maria Luísa Ribeiro, Ana Rita Santos, António Cunha-Vaz Martinho, Conceição Lobo, José Cunha-Vaz
PURPOSE: To characterize the occurrence of diabetic macular edema and the presence of abnormal retinal fluid accumulation in nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR). METHODS: In this two-year prospective study, a total of 122 eyes with diabetes type 2 underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT-Angiography in association with OCT-Fluid imaging, a novel algorithm of OCT analysis allowing quantification of abnormal accumulation of fluid in the retina through low optical reflectivity ratios (LOR)...
April 22, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38644785/atypical-case-of-choroidal-osteoma-associated-to-polypoidal-choroidal-vasculopathy-and-preretinal-neovascular-membrane
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed Ben Brahem, Khaled El Matri, Yousra Fafloul, Amel Chebbi, Olfa Fekih, Leila Nacef, Leila El Matri
PURPOSE: To report a very rare and atypical case of an elderly Caucasian female patient who developed perilesional multiple polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) as a probable complication of choroidal osteoma (CO), associated to preretinal neovascular membrane overlying the lesion. METHODS: Observational case report. CASE OBSERVATION: A 60-year-old Caucasian woman presented with blurred vision in her right eye (RE). Fundus examination revealed a round white-yellowish calcified deep lesion in the juxta-papillary superior area, measuring 4 disc-diameters, with well-defined scalloped margins and an irregular surface...
April 22, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632942/retinal-oct-biomarkers-associated-with-reading-performance-in-patients-with-persistent-vs-resolved-diabetic-macular-edema
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Federico Ricardi, Ilaria Reccalenda, Giacomo Boscia, Francesco Gelormini, Francesca Cimorosi, Cristina Novarese, Paola Marolo, Guglielmo Parisi, Francesco Bandello, Enrico Borrelli, Michele Reibaldi
BACKGROUND: Recent advancements in imaging technologies, particularly structural optical coherence tomography (OCT), have improved the understanding of diabetic macular edema (DME) pathophysiology and provided valuable biomarkers for disease progression and visual outcomes. This prospective study aimed to investigate the association between specific retinal biomarkers identified through OCT imaging and reading performance metrics in patients with previously treated persistent versus resolved DME and good visual acuity...
April 18, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632941/meridional-analysis-for-calculation-of-the-toric-power-of-phakic-iols
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dante Buonsanti, Catarina P Coutinho, Kenneth J Hoffer, Giacomo Savini
PURPOSE: To present a reproducible method to calculate the toricity needed at the intraocular lens (IOL) plane with toric phakic IOLs (ICL, Staar Surgical) and compare its results with those obtained with the online calculator provided by the manufacturer. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Private practice, Buenos Aires, Argentina. METHODS: The formula originally described by Holladay to calculate the IOL power in phakic eyes was used to calculate the required spherical power along the less refractive meridian and along the more refractive meridian...
April 18, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38632934/the-huc-progression-score-a-new-method-for-determining-keratoconus-progression
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Beatriz de Luis Eguileor, Borja Santos Zorrozúa, Jaime Etxebarria Ecenarro
PURPOSE: To establish new criteria for the progression of keratoconus, taking into account a Pentacam HR (high resolution) tomographeŕs repeatability limit. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study, including 224 eyes in 154 patients diagnosed with keratoconus and patients treated with crosslinking, with a follow-up of at least one year, in which the new progression score of the Cruces University Hospital for keratoconus progression was analyzed...
April 18, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38629148/the-water-drinking-provocation-test-an-aid-to-decision-making-in-the-management-of-oht-and-poag
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alpana Lele, Shabari Pal, Upsham Goel
PURPOSE: To study response to water drinking provocation in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), ocular hypertensives and glaucoma suspects and establish the role of water drinking provocation test (WDPT) as a relevant supplementary tool in glaucoma management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 319 eyes of 161 patients were included in the study after retrospectively analyzing hospital records of patients who underwent WDPT. The patients were categorized into Group A (POAG on treatment), Group B (treatment-naïve POAG), Group C (Ocular hypertensives), Group D (glaucoma suspects)...
April 17, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38629147/surgical-management-of-a-case-of-non-resolving-bullous-retinal-detachment-due-to-probable-vogt-koyanagi-harada-syndrome
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Parthopratim Dutta Majumder, Mauli Shah, Parveen Sen
A 45-year-old male with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) syndrome presented with vision loss in his right eye after discontinuing treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. He was found to have bullous retinal detachment (RD) in the right eye and was started on subcutaneous adalimumab with oral corticosteroid following three doses of pulse corticosteroid. But when RD did not resolve after 4 months of treatment and ultrasound B scan showed bullous RD with retino-retinal adhesion, he was planned for surgical intervention...
April 17, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38623746/refractive-changes-associated-with-oculoplastic-surgeries-a-scoping-review
#36
REVIEW
Zamorano-Martín Francisco, Rocha-de-Lossada Carlos, Ortiz-Pérez Santiago, Rachwani-Anil Rahul, Tovilla-Canales Jose-Luis, Fernández Joaquín
PURPOSE: To carry out a comprehensive critical review of the peer-reviewed literature on the refractive changes associated with oculoplastic surgeries. METHODS: This review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) statement recommendations. Following specific inclusion and exclusion criteria, 20 articles were selected for the current scoping review. Each of them was analyzed carefully and their risk of bias was assessed with the Quality Assessment Tool for case Series Studies from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute...
April 16, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38623696/immediate-postoperative-keratitis-caused-by-rhizopus-species-following-standard-cxl-for-keratoconus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anitha Venugopal, Meenakshi Ravindran
PURPOSE: To report the first case of Rhizopus sp keratitis in a 15-year-old male patient who had undergone a conventional Epi-off CXL procedure for progressive keratoconus. METHODS: A 15-year-old male studying at school presented with defective vision in both eyes recently. He was diagnosed with progressive keratoconus in the right eye more than left eye. After the conventional CXL procedure, the patient developed corneal ulcer on third postoperative day. RESULTS: The microbiological diagnosis of both BCL and ulcer revealed Rhizopus sp...
April 16, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38623622/validation-of-intraocular-pressure-measurement-using-tonometer-avia-across-different-postures-a-bland-altman-analysis
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sana' Muhsen, Alexander Rabadi, Mahmoud Alqudah, Abdelrahman Obiedat, Liyana Owies, Ibrahim Alhawaniah, Sufian Abdel Hafez, Abdallah Al-Ani
AIMS/OBJECTIVES: Tonometry is a fundamental procedure in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma. Different tonometers have been proposed but none are as accurate as the Goldman applanation tonometry (GAT). Nonetheless, due to the limitations of GAT, mobile tonometry methods became prevalent. This study aims to examine the reliability of the Tono-Pen AVIA® (TPA) in measuring intraocular pressure (IOP) across different postures. METHODS: A total of 196 eyes were prospectively examined for IOP changes using GAT and TPA...
April 16, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619930/cystoid-macular-edema-occurring-after-intracameral-bimatoprost-implantation
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Emmanuel Bettach, Rony Wiener, Koby Brosh, David Zadok, Mordechai Goldberg
PURPOSE: This case report aims to report the development of cystoid macular edema (CME) unilaterally following the administration of bimatoprost implant (Durysta) injections in both eyes for the treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). OBSERVATIONS: An 84-year-old female patient, previously diagnosed with POAG, underwent bimatoprost implant (Durysta) injections in both eyes, spaced one month apart. Subsequently, the patient experienced a gradual decline in visual acuity in her left eye attributed to the development of CME...
April 15, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619860/exploring-clinical-variability-in-gelsolin-amyloidosis-brazilian-family-case-study-with-confocal-microscopy
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Caio Brenno Abreu, Bárbara Flores Culau Merlo, Vinícius da Silva Varandas, Juliana de Sá Freire Medrado Dias
INTRODUCTION: Genetic mutations or inflammatory, degenerative, or neoplastic conditions can trigger amyloidosis. Hereditary gelsolin amyloidosis is a genetic disorder primarily marked by amyloid fibrils composed of misfolded gelsolin fragments. CASE REPORT: We present three sisters with AGel amyloidosis, illustrating its clinical diversity. Patient 1, a 51-year-old, had bilateral ptosis, ocular discomfort, and dry eye syndrome due to cranial nerve involvement. Patient 2, a 53-year-old, experienced progressive bilateral visual impairment...
April 15, 2024: European Journal of Ophthalmology
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