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Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30775824/conceptualization-and-measurement-of-adolescent-prosocial-behavior-looking-back-and-moving-forward
#1
REVIEW
Shereen El Mallah
The struggle to cast a net around the numerous ways prosocial behavior is expressed lends itself to the absence of widely accepted methods of measurement. Additionally, research intent on evaluating the psychometric properties of current approaches has been somewhat limited. Weaving together seminal as well as contemporary research, the current review focuses on how these conceptual and measurement issues pertain to adolescent studies (in an intentional effort to offset the somewhat disproportionate focus directed toward prosocial development in infants, children, and adults)...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30771240/child-mother-father-and-teacher-beliefs-about-child-academic-competence-predicting-math-and-reading-performance-in-european-american-adolescents
#2
Diane L Putnick, Chun-Shin Hahn, Charlene Hendricks, Joan T D Suwalsky, Marc H Bornstein
Beliefs about child competence in math and reading have important implications for academic performance in adolescence. However, it is unclear whether children's own beliefs are the most important predictor of their academic performance or whether parents' and teachers' beliefs about child competence influence child academic performance. We assessed mothers', fathers', teachers', and children's beliefs about European American children's (N = 189) competence in math and reading at age 10 and children's math and language performance at ages 10, 13, and 18 years...
February 16, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30768742/longitudinal-pathways-from-shyness-in-early-childhood-to-personality-in-adolescence-do-peers-matter
#3
Silje Baardstu, Robert J Coplan, Evalill B Karevold, Odilia M Laceulle, Tilmann von Soest
Temperamental shyness in childhood is theorized to be an important contributor for adolescent personality. However, empirical evidence for such pathways is scarce. Using longitudinal data (N = 939 children, 51% boys) across 17 years, the aim of this study was to examine how shyness development throughout childhood predicted personality traits in adolescence, and the role of peers in these associations. Results from piecewise latent growth curve modeling showed early shyness levels to predict lower emotional stability and openness in adolescence, whereas early shyness levels and growth across childhood predicted lower extraversion...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758906/evidence-of-diverse-identities-in-a-large-national-sample-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-adolescents
#4
Ryan J Watson, Christopher W Wheldon, Rebecca M Puhl
Adolescence is a time of identity exploration, and preliminary evidence indicates the ways adolescents are describing their sexual and gender identities (SOGI) are changing. A nuanced understanding of SOGI is necessary for valid assessment in developmental research. Current measures do not capture the diversity of emerging identities among young people. Our study analyzed a national sample of 17,112 sexual and gender minority adolescents (13-17 years) to better understand how identity labels are reported across sexual, gender, and ethnoracial minorities...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758108/black-adolescents-critical-reflection-development-parents-racial-socialization-and-attributions-about-race-achievement-gaps
#5
Josefina Bañales, Aixa D Marchand, Olivenne D Skinner, Nkemka Anyiwo, Stephanie J Rowley, Beth Kurtz-Costes
This research explored the development of Black adolescents' (N = 454) critical reflection, conceived as individual (i.e., blaming Black people) and structural (i.e., blaming systemic racism) attributions for race achievement gaps. In this longitudinal study, adolescents and their parents reported their individual and structural attributions for race achievement gaps and parents' racial socialization. Adolescents' structural attributions increased from Grade 10 to Grade 12. Average levels of individual attributions did not change...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30758095/adolescent-internalizing-symptoms-and-the-tightknittedness-of-friendship-groups
#6
Sonja E Siennick, Mayra Picon
Adolescents with depression have lower peer status overall, but tend to befriend each other. We examined the "tightknittedness" of their friendship groups by testing whether adolescent friendship groups' average levels of or variability in internalizing symptoms predict group cohesiveness. We used four waves (9th-12th grades) of survey and social network data on 3,013 friendship groups from the PROmoting School-Community-University Partnerships to Enhance Resilience study. Friendship groups with higher average depressive symptoms were less cohesive; groups with higher average anxiety symptoms had greater reciprocity...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30740832/children-and-young-people-in-care-participating-in-a-peer-mentoring-relationship-an-exploration-of-resilience
#7
Nadia Mantovani, Steve Gillard, Gill Mezey, Fiona Clare
The aim of this study was to explore how a 1-year peer-mentoring relationship contributed to change in young women "in care." Twenty semistructured, one-to-one interviews were conducted with mentors (n = 11) and mentees (n = 9) recruited from two different London local authorities. Participants' accounts were interpreted through a developmental lens to uncover developmental aspects and locus mechanisms through which transformative change took place. Resilience as a healthy outcome was the result of the dual function the mentoring relationship performed...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30697859/a-snp-gene-and-polygenic-risk-score-approach-of-oxytocin-vasopressin-genes-in-adolescents-loneliness
#8
Maaike Verhagen, Karin J H Verweij, Gerine M A Lodder, Luc Goossens, Karine Verschueren, Karla Van Leeuwen, Wim Van den Noortgate, Stephan Claes, Patricia Bijttebier, Evelien Van Assche, Jaqueline M Vink
Not much is known regarding underlying biological pathways to adolescents' loneliness. Insight in underlying molecular mechanisms could inform intervention efforts aimed at reducing loneliness. Using latent growth curve modeling, baseline levels and development of loneliness were studied in two longitudinal adolescent samples. Genes (OXTR, OXT, AVPR1A, AVPR1B) were examined using SNP-based, gene-based, and polygenic risk score (PRS) approaches. In both samples, SNP- and gene-based tests showed involvement of the OXTR gene in development of loneliness, though, significance levels did not survive correction for multiple testing...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30620426/-we-re-supposed-to-look-like-girls-but-act-like-boys-adolescent-girls-adherence-to-masculinity-norms
#9
Leoandra Onnie Rogers, Rui Yang, Niobe Way, Sharon L Weinberg, Anna Bennet
In the ecological systems perspective, gender ideologies are part of the macrosystem that shapes human development. A growing literature indicates that youth accommodate and resist such ideologies, with adherence to masculinity norms being linked with negative adjustment. Most masculinity research focuses on boys' adherence to masculinity, but girls are also pressured to uphold masculinity norms. Using mixed modeling, we examined girls' adherence to masculinity and psychological (self-esteem, depressive symptoms) and social (peer support and conflict) well-being in the United States (N = 407; Mage  = 12...
January 8, 2019: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566274/adolescent-bullying-and-weapon-carrying-a-longitudinal-investigation
#10
Yu Lu, Flor Avellaneda, Elizabeth D Torres, Jeff R Temple
Using four data waves from an ongoing longitudinal study, we examined the longitudinal association between weapon carrying and bullying (i.e., bully, victim, bully-victim). Participants were 1,042 adolescents (55.9% female) recruited from Texas high schools, including Hispanic (31.7%), White (30.3%), African American (26.6%), and other (11.4%) with a mean age of 15.1 years at baseline. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that only baseline bully-victim was linked to weapon carrying and only 1 year later (Adjusted odds ratio = 1...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566267/a-latent-variable-approach-to-measuring-social-dynamics-in-adolescence
#11
Veronica T Cole, Andrea M Hussong, Robert W Faris, William A Rothenberg, Nisha C Gottfredson, Susan T Ennett
In the study of adolescent health, it is useful to derive indices of social dynamics from sociometric data, and to use these indices as predictors of health risk behaviors. In this manuscript, we introduce a flexible latent variable model as a novel way of obtaining estimates of social integration and social status from school-based sociometric data. Such scores provide the flexibility of a regression-based approach while accounting for measurement error in sociometric indicators. We demonstrate the utility of these factor scores in testing complex hypotheses through a combination of structural equation modeling and survival models, showing that deviance mediates the relationship between social status and smoking onset hazard at the transition to high school...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30566263/financial-behaviors-couple-level-conflict-and-adolescent-relationship-abuse-longitudinal-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#12
Jennifer E Copp, Bruce G Taylor, Elizabeth A Mumford
Financial disagreements have been identified as a severe source of discord in adult relationships, yet limited work has considered whether financial considerations contribute to conflict among younger samples. Drawing on longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of adolescents, the current investigation examined the extent to which money lending practices, feelings of financial resentment, and exposure to economic control contribute to couple-level interactions, and in turn, to conflict that escalates to the point of violence...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30379381/spanish-validation-of-the-emotion-regulation-questionnaire-for-children-and-adolescents-erq-ca-introducing-the-erq-spa
#13
José Martín-Albo, Sonsoles Valdivia-Salas, Andrés Sebastián Lombas, Teresa I Jiménez
Research on emotion regulation is now extensive and shows the benefits of the adaptive management of emotions for social functioning and psychological well-being. Our purpose was to test the psychometric properties of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents with a sample of nonclinical Spanish adolescents. A total of 462 secondary education students (223 girls, mean age = 13.89 years, SD = 1.38) participated. The instrument proved to be two-factor and gender-invariant. Results revealed the temporal stability of both emotion regulation strategies, while the predictive validity study revealed that depressive symptoms were negatively related to cognitive reappraisal, and positively related to expressive suppression...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30379380/attachment-to-parents-and-aggressiveness-in-adopted-adolescents-a-multi-sample-comparison-study
#14
Barbara Torres-Gomez, Itziar Alonso-Arbiol, Miriam Gallarin
This study examined adopted adolescents' levels of attachment security to parents and aggressiveness as compared to those of community nonadopted adolescents and of clinical nonadopted adolescents. Three different subsamples participated (n = 262): 101 community nonadopted adolescents (48.5% girls), 80 community adopted teens (65.0% girls), and 81 nonadopted counterparts (35.8% girls) who participated in a treatment program for youth with behavioral problems. There were no differences between community groups in attachment security or aggressiveness, whereas clinical nonadopted adolescents showed less attachment security and more aggressiveness than the other two groups...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30367705/influence-of-communicative-openness-on-the-psychological-adjustment-of-internationally-adopted-adolescents
#15
Inés Aramburu Alegret, Carles Pérez-Testor, Josep Mercadal Rotger, Manel Salamero Baró, Montse Davins Pujols, Vinyet Mirabent Junyent, Berta Aznar Martínez, David Brodzinsky
This study evaluated the predictive relationship between the communicative openness and psychological adjustment of adopted adolescents, controlling for preplacement risk factors. One hundred Spanish international adoptees aged 12-18 took part in the study. Data were gathered with a structured interview, the Youth Self Report and the Adoption Communication Scale. A history of maltreatment prior to the adoption was associated with more closed communication between parents and children. Prenatal drug exposure shows a relationship with the presence of externalizing behaviors and attention problems in adolescents...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30367691/longitudinal-associations-of-the-attainment-of-developmental-tasks-with-psychological-symptoms-in-adolescence-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Martin Pinquart, Jens P Pfeiffer
The present meta-analysis integrates results from 310 longitudinal studies on associations of the attainment of 10 developmental tasks with psychological symptoms (e.g., internalizing or externalizing symptoms, anxiety, and depression). Higher initial success with getting access to a peer group, building friendships, preparing for a future career, body acceptance, as well as developing a personal identity, a value system, and socially responsible behavior predicted lower levels of symptoms at follow-up and stronger declines of symptoms over time when controlling for initial symptom levels...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30338869/adolescent-profiles-of-marginalization-and-connection-at-school-relations-with-academics-and-mental-health
#17
Whitney Polk, Nancy E Hill, Maggi Price, Belle Liang, John Perella, Mandy Savitz-Romer
School context serves as a testing ground for exploring social relationships and satisfying needs for connection and affirmation, but often includes feelings of rejection. With a diverse high school sample (n = 645; 55% female; 61% White, 18% African American, 10% Latino, 10% Asian American, 1% Multiracial), patterns of experiences with marginalization and connection were identified and their associations with achievement and mental health examined. Using two-step cluster analysis, three clusters were identified: above the fray, exposed and protected, and targeted and unsupported...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30325088/developmental-changes-and-individual-differences-in-trust-and-reciprocity-in-adolescence
#18
Suzanne van de Groep, Rosa Meuwese, Kiki Zanolie, Berna Güroğlu, Eveline A Crone
A Trust Game was used to examine trust and reciprocity development in 12-18-year-old-adolescents (N = 496), as findings have been conflicting and transitions in adolescence remain elusive. Furthermore, this study tested the roles of gender, risk, and individual differences in empathy, impulsivity, and antisocial tendencies in trust and reciprocity. Results indicate stability in trust and a decrease in reciprocity across adolescence, but also show that trust and reciprocity choices were influenced by risk, and that empathy mediated the age-related decrease in reciprocity...
October 16, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30270464/differential-susceptibility-to-parenting-in-adolescent-girls-moderation-by-neural-sensitivity-to-social-cues
#19
Karen D Rudolph, Megan M Davis, Haina H Modi, Carina Fowler, Yuji Kim, Eva H Telzer
This research examined whether heightened neural activation to social cues confers adjustment advantages in supportive social contexts but adjustment disadvantages in stressful social contexts. Forty-five adolescent girls were exposed to social exclusion during an fMRI scan and reported on parent-child relationship quality and depressive symptoms. Stressful parent-child relationships predicted subsequent depressive symptoms in girls with high and moderate but not low dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, subgenual anterior cingulate cortex, and anterior insula activation during exclusion...
September 30, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30260070/delinquency-school-context-and-risk-factors-in-india-australia-and-the-united-states-implications-for-prevention
#20
Michael J Parks, Renati J Solomon, Shreeletha Solomon, Bosco C Rowland, Sheryl A Hemphill, George C Patton, John W Toumbourou
There is a dearth of research on delinquency, school context, and risk factors across developed and developing nations. Using representative samples and matched surveys, we examined delinquency among cohorts in Mumbai, India (N = 3,717); Victoria, Australia (N = 1,842); and Washington State (WA), United States (N = 1,828). We used multivariate Poisson hierarchical linear modeling. Risk factor and delinquency levels varied across sites. Delinquency clustered within certain schools, particularly in Mumbai...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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