Journals International Journal of Paedi...

International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Abhisek Bhattacharjee, Rajeev Kumar Singh, Ranjit Kumar Patil, Shaleen Chandra, Atin Singhai, Uma Shankar Singh, Afroz Alam Ansari, Richa Khanna
BACKGROUND: Paediatric rotary file systems have recently been developed for primary teeth use. AIM: To study the cleaning efficacies of two paediatric rotary endodontic files, the Prime PedoTM , and the Kedo-SG BlueTM against the standard H files. DESIGN: This in vitro study included 54 freshly extracted primary molars, which were randomised into three groups (n = 18 each) and were prepared using either Kedo-SG BlueTM , Prime PedoTM or hand H files after injecting methylene blue dye into the canals...
December 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Saima Yunus Khan, Robert J Schroth, Vivianne Cruz de Jesus, Victor H K Lee, Janet Rothney, Cecilia S Dong, Faraha Javed, Katherine Yerex, Mary Bertone, Mohamed El Azrak, Anil Menon
BACKGROUND: For caries risk assessment (CRA) tools for young children to be evidence-based, it is important to systematically review the literature to identify factors associated with the onset of early childhood caries (ECC). AIM: This updated systematic review aimed to identify current evidence on caries risk in young children. DESIGN: A comprehensive and systematic literature search of relevant databases was conducted to update a previous systematic review and identify risk factors associated with ECC...
December 9, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ning Ding, Qin Ding, Kai Sheng, Sun Wang, Guangyun Lai, Jun Wang
BACKGROUND: The Hall Technique (HT) is now regarded as one of the biological management options for carious primary molars and has shown significant clinical success. AIM: To investigate the perception and the use of the HT among dentists engaging in paediatric dentistry in East China. DESIGN: This was an electronic questionnaire-based cross-sectional study. A quick response code of the questionnaire via WeChat, a common communication tool in China, was sent to dentists in East China...
December 7, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Thitaya Chaiboonyarak, Soranun Chantarangsu, Patcharaporn Gavila, Mongkol Lao-Araya, Narissara Suratannon, Thantrira Porntaveetus
BACKGROUND: Various orodental problems affect patients with inborn errors of immunity (IEI), but there are limited studies on these issues. AIM: To study orodental status and its confounding factors in patients with IEI. DESIGN: Caries, enamel defects, gingival, and soft tissue conditions were examined. Data on patient characteristics, dental hygiene habits, dental attendance, and household income were collected. Statistical analysis and logistic regression were performed...
December 7, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Katrine Håkstad, Liv Fegran, Ewa Hovden, Unni Mette Stamnes Köpp
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment, the abuse or neglect of children aged 0-18 years, is a severe and underreported global problem. Compared with other body parts, the orofacial region displays more signs of child maltreatment. Dentists and dental hygienists are therefore well situated to identify orofacial signs of child maltreatment. AIM: To map the current literature on orofacial signs of child maltreatment identified by dentists or dental hygienists. DESIGN: A scoping review was conducted based on systematic searches of Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), and CINAHL (EBSCOhost) for primary qualitative and quantitative studies through June 6, 2022...
December 5, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Donald L Chi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ana Cristina Mafla, Ana Elizabeth Orozco-Tovar, Floralba Ortiz-Gómez, Álvaro Javier Ortiz-Pizán, Andrea Viviana González-Ruano, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is a developmental enamel defect characterized by opacities from white to brownish color. A suspected multifactorial etiology has been suggested, whereas psychological factors during pregnancy have only been limitedly analyzed. AIM: We assessed the association between stress, depression, and anxiety in pregnancy and the presence of MIH in children at a later age. DESIGN: Using a cross-sectional Web-based questionnaire, we included 384 mothers who had children aged 6 and 12 years from Pasto, Colombia...
November 27, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Jorge Pontual Waked, Camilla Siqueira de Aguiar, João Marcílio Coelho Neto Lins Aroucha, Gustavo Pina Godoy, Ricardo Eugenio Varela Ayres de Melo, Arnaldo Caldas
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) do not only occur in adults but also in adolescents, with negative impacts on their development. AIM: To propose a predictive model for TMD in adolescents using a decision tree (DT) analysis and to identify groups at high and low risk of developing TMD in the city of Recife, PE, Brazil. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Recife on 1342 schoolchildren of both sexes aged 10-17 years...
November 27, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Piranit Kantaputra, Weena Panichkul, Parisri Sillapasorn, Ploy Adisornkanj, Panita Kitsadayurach, Massupa Kaewgaya, Worrachet Intachai, Bjorn Olsen, Chumpol Ngamphiw, Chidchanok Leethanakul, Peeranat Jatooratthawichot, James R Ketudat Cairns, Sissades Tongsima
BACKGROUND: In order to generate a normal set of teeth, fine-tuning of Wnt/β-catenin signaling is required, in which WNT ligands bind to their inhibitors or WNT inhibitors bind to their co-receptors. Lrp4 regulates the number of teeth and their morphology by modulating Wnt/β-catenin signaling as a Wnt/β-catenin activator or inhibitor, depending on its interactions with the partner proteins, such as Sostdc1 and Dkk1. AIM: To investigate genetic etiologies of dental anomalies involving LRP4 in a Thai cohort of 250 children and adults with dental anomalies...
November 27, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Emily Feitosa Rêgo, Renata Perez Vianna Silva, Aline Saddock de Sá Silva, Marília Fagury Videira Marceliano-Alves, Ricardo Tadeu Lopes, Laura Guimarães Primo, Aline de Almeida Neves
BACKGROUND: Eccentric instruments have been proposed as more effective and less time-consuming for endodontic instrumentation. AIM: To compare biomechanical outcomes of different instrumentation systems and time undertaken for instrumentation in resin prototypes. DESIGN: Sixty standardized prototypes of mandibular second primary molars were instrumented according to the following systems: K-files, ProTaper Next (PTN), XP-endo Shaper (XPS), XP-endo Finisher (XPF), XP-Clean (XPC), and Sequence Baby File (SBF; n = 10/each)...
November 23, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Arwa Soni, J Jasmin Winnier, Zaineb Haradwala, Sanjana Kodical, Amil Joshi, Ashveeta Shetty
BACKGROUND: Prior literature highlights the importance of local anesthesia (LA) for stainless steel crown (SSC) preparation and placement. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of a eutectic mixture of local anesthesia (EMLA), a topical anesthesia, for this purpose remains unexplored. AIM: The study evaluated the effectiveness of two EMLA application methods during SSC preparation and placement. DESIGN: Eighty-four children between 4 and 8 years of age were randomly allocated to three intervention groups...
November 21, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
K Julia Hurry, Honieh Bolooki, Janet Davies, Cherry Chang, Preeti Jauhar
BACKGROUND: Maxillary central incisors (MCI) are the third most impacted teeth. Timely multidisciplinary management is indicated as unerupted incisors can cause functional- and appearance-related distress. AIM: To assess the patient journey for children with unerupted MCI, including referral, clinical assessment, surgical management and follow-up treatment, and highlight areas for improvement, as well as identify factors impacting orthodontic treatment burden (OTB)...
November 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Nor Malina Manan, Sabri Musa, Mariani M D Nor, Che Zarrina Saari, Abeer Al-Namankany
BACKGROUND: The Abeer Children Dental Anxiety Scale (ACDAS) source language was developed and validated in an English-speaking country in the UK to measure dental anxiety among children. The ACDAS also included the child's cognitive assessment, as well as feedback from the parent or the legal guardian and a dental health professional (DHP). This is the first study to validate the application of the ACDAS in Malay or Bahasa Melayu for children aged 6-16 years. AIM: To assess the Malay-translated version of the ACDAS, postadaptation into the local context and validation by the content and construct experts...
November 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Rokaia Ahmed Elagami, Caroline Mariano Laux, Claudia López Gallegos, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Thais Gimenez Cóvos, Mariana Minatel Braga, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, Daniela Prócida Raggio
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) enhance health care and aid clinicians' decisions. AIM: To evaluate the quality of clinical guidelines in paediatric dentistry using the AGREE II tool. DESIGN: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, LIVIVO, Lilacs, international guidelines websites, scientific societies, and gray literature were searched until September 2021. We included paediatric dental clinical guidelines and excluded drafts or guidelines for patients with special needs...
November 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
R Osborne, M Silva, G D Taylor
BACKGROUND: Molar-incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) is a prevalent condition, and how it is managed varies greatly between professional groups. AIM: To explore, and compare, the UK and Australian general dental practitioners' management of MIH in children. DESIGN: Face-to-face (remote) semistructured interviews were undertaken, using country-specific topic guides. Participants were purposively sampled and recruited through national conferences and research networks (eviDent Foundation and Northern Dental Practice Based Research Network)...
November 15, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Sergio Chrisopoulos, Asmaa Othman AlKhtib, Mohamed Sultan Al Darwish, Hasaan Gassim Saad Mohamed, Tintu Mathew, Ghanim Ali Al Mannai, Mariam Abdulmalik, Mohammed Al Thani, Johann de Vries, Loc Giang Do, Andrew John Spencer
BACKGROUND: The prevalance of dental caries in children in Qatar is high, which necessitates preventive efforts. AIM: To identify the sociodemographic and behavioural correlates of dental caries in the primary dentition of children 4- to 8-year-olds in Qatar. DESIGN: Weighted data from the Qatar Child Oral Health Survey 2017 were analysed for caries prevalence (dmft>0) and experience (dmft). Sociodemographic and behavioural variables were also drawn from the survey...
October 31, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Renata Travassos da Rosa Moreira Bastos, Cibelle Cristina Oliveira Dos Santos, Silvio Augusto Bellini-Pereira, David Normando
BACKGROUND: Ectopic eruption of the maxillary first permanent molar is a local disturbance that affects the development of the occlusion. AIM: To evaluate the occurrence of self-correction of maxillary first permanent molar's ectopic eruption and its predictive factors. DESIGN: Five electronic databases and part of the gray literature were investigated. The risk of bias was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale and the certainty of evidence using the GRADE tool...
October 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Thamires Pereira de Souza Teixeira, Patricia Soares Araújo Pereira, Felipe de Assis Ribeiro Carvalho, Vera Mendes Soviero
BACKGROUND: Molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is prevalent worldwide and is a challenge for clinicians who provide oral care to children. Molar incisor hypomineralization has been considered a multifactorial disturbance that results from a combination of environmental and genetic factors. AIM: This scoping review followed the Joanna Briggs Institute protocol and aimed to identify the available evidence of the genetic influence on the etiology of MIH. DESIGN: The search strategy was conducted in multiple databases, including PubMed, BVS, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus...
October 23, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Esti Davidovich, Renzo A Ccahuana-Vasquez, Julie Grender, Hans Timm, Hila Gonen, Avi Zini
BACKGROUND: Few extended studies have explored oscillating-rotating (O-R) toothbrush efficacy in young children. AIM: To compare the efficacy between O-R and manual toothbrushes in reducing plaque and gingivitis after 4 weeks in children. DESIGN: This was a randomized, parallel-group, examiner-blind, clinical trial. In two 50-subject cohorts (3-6 years, primary dentition, parental brushing; 7-10 years, mixed dentition, self-brushing), subjects used Oral-B Kids O-R toothbrush per manufacturer's instructions or Paro Junior manual toothbrush in a customary manner...
October 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Fernanda Lyrio Mendonça, Fabiana Giuseppina Di Campli Regnault, Isabella Claro Grizzo, Daiana da Silva Martins, Camila Fragelli, Soraya Coelho Leal, Heitor Marques Honório, Daniela Rios
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on which molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH) indices are more suitable for epidemiological surveys. AIM: To compare the operational aspects and diagnostic ability of the MIH index (simplified/MIH_s and extended/MIH_e) with the MIH-Severity Scoring System (MIH-SSS) in classifying and diagnosing MIH. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study assessed the indices in a homogeneous group of 680 6- to 10-year-old schoolchildren in Bauru, Brazil, who had at least one first permanent molar, ensuring consistent conditions...
October 19, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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