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International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry

Larissa de Oliveira Reis, Rosangela Almeida Ribeiro, Carolina de Castro Martins, Karina Lopes Devito
BACKGROUND: Bruxism in children and its relation to the development of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) has not been clearly determined yet. AIM: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the possible association between bruxism and TMD in children. DESIGN: Seven databases were searched and 497 articles were assessed. Methodological quality was assessed through Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. The meta-analysis was performed with the articles in which extraction of data was possible and the summary effect measure through odds ratio (OR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
R Midani, C H Splieth, M Mustafa Ali, J Schmoeckel, M S Mourad, R M Santamaria
BACKGROUND: The Hall Technique is a less invasive caries management technique for treating carious primary molars. It has become a routine treatment at specialists' practices. AIM: To retrospectively evaluate the clinical success and survival rates of preformed metal crowns placed on primary molars using the Hall Technique in a Paediatric Dentistry Setting. DESIGN: Patient records of children receiving Hall crowns (with or without proximal slicing) between 2011 and 2017 were reviewed...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Sowmya Sridhar, Baranya Shrikrishna Suprabha, Ramya Shenoy, Kunnumal Thekkeveetil Shwetha, Arathi Rao
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural techniques can decrease procedural pain and anxiety in children. Bubble breath exercise, a play therapy technique may be used as a relaxation strategy to manage anxiety and pain. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of bubble breath exercise on dental anxiety, dental behaviour, and pain intensity during buccal infiltration of local anaesthetic in children. STUDY DESIGN: This randomized controlled trial involved 66 children aged 7-11 years, randomly allocated to two groups: Group 1(control) and Group 2(intervention group)...
March 19, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Violaine Smaïl-Faugeron, Michèle Muller-Bolla, Jean-Louis Sixou, Frédéric Courson
BACKGROUND: Conventional infiltration anaesthesia (CIA) is the most frequently used in paediatric oral healthcare. However, other techniques are available, such as intraosseous anaesthesia (IOA), that can beneficiate from newly developed technologies. AIM: To compare the pain caused by CIA and IOA delivered by the computerized system (QuickSleeper™ ) in children. DESIGN: We used an innovative design consisting in simultaneously conducting a multicenter split-mouth and parallel-arm randomized controlled trial (RCT) to allow for increased power...
March 18, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Stanley Gelbier, Ari Kupietzky, Tzong-Ping Anthony Tsai
This paper demonstrates how the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry (IAPD) arose from small beginnings in 1967. What started as an International Forum on Child Dental Health in London grew to become first the International Association of Dentistry for Children and then the outstanding IAPD with biennial congresses, regional meetings, cooperation with other children's organisations, Teach the Teachers programmes, a wonderful website and this International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. There are now 70 national member societies world-wide representing over 16,000 members with a single interest: to further the oral health care of children...
March 12, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Natália Marchioretto de Ávila, Paola Arosi Bottezini, Gabriel Ferreira Nicoloso, Fernando Borba de Araujo, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Tathiane Larissa Lenzi, Luciano Casagrande
AIM: This retrospective study investigated the prevalence of defective restorations in a public dental service and factors associated with re-intervention in primary teeth. DESIGN: The sample consisted of all clinical records (census) of children presenting restorations in primary teeth, who had undergone dental treatment in a public set during 1-year period. For analysis, only restorations presenting defects related to esthetic, functional or biological reasons at first clinical examination were included...
March 12, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Paulo Victor Teixeira Doriguêtto, Camila Faria Carrada, Flávia Almeida Ribeiro Scalioni, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Karina Lopes Devito, Saul Martins Paiva, Rosangela Almeida Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown a high prevalence of malocclusion in people with Down syndrome (DS) compared to individuals without DS, but no systematic review to summarise the evidence on this topic has been performed thus far. AIM: To evaluate whether children/adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) are more affected by malocclusion than those without DS. DESIGN: A search was performed in seven electronic databases. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
March 4, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ana Cristina Fernandes Maria Ferreira, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Dione Kawamoto, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Santos
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) individuals present with epilepsy, which requires the use of antiepileptic drug (AED). HYPOTHESIS: Since an inflammatory response may contribute to epileptogenesis, the hypothesis tested was that constipation would be associated with gingivitis and the use of AED in children and adolescents (CA) with CP. DESIGN: A comparative study was conducted with 101 CA aged 5 to 17 years (10.8±4.9), classified as constipated (G1; n=57) or not constipated (G2; n=44)...
February 28, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Álex Moreira Herval, Fernanda Piana Santos Lima de Oliveira, Kecyanne Malheiros Machado, Mara Vasconcelos, Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, João Henrique Lara do Amaral, Andréa Maria Duarte Vargas, Viviane Elisângela Gomes
BACKGROUND: Health education actions are strategic actions aimed at health promotion. Moreover, better health education practices have been linked to comprehensive care developed by primary health services. AIM: To understand the perception of mothers about the health education developed by the Primary Health Care (PHC) services. DESIGN: We adopted a qualitative research approach, conducted using semi-structured interviews and assuming, as the theoretical reference, the attributes derived from PHC...
February 28, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Gabriela Rezende, Nathália Maria Lopes Dos Santos, Caroline Stein, Juliana Balbinot Hilgert, Daniel Demétrio Faustino-Silva
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic disease that involves several health care services that need attention in relation to its treatment and prevention. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate caries, erosion and enamel defects in children with and without asthma. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, with a sample of 228 children ages 6 to 12 years, stratified as asthmatic (n=112) and non-asthmatic (n=116), at two Primary Health Units of the Community Health Service, Brazil...
February 26, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Nicole Stormon, Pauline J Ford, Ratilal Lalloo
BACKGROUND: Oral health policy and funding must be informed by well-designed studies which monitor oral health and the factors which influence it. AIM: This study aimed to analyse the oral health of the Longitudinal Study of Australia Children (LSAC). DESIGN: The LSAC is a dual-cohort cross-sequential study run biennially since 2004. Carer-report measures for oral health, were measured across six biennial waves and included frequency of tooth brushing, dental service use and dental problems since the previous wave...
February 25, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Ivana Meyer Prado, Saul Martins Paiva, Andrea Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia, Claudia Tavares-Silva, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Fernanda Morais Ferreira, Joyce Duarte, Ana Flavia Granville-Garcia, Edja Maria Melo Brito Costa, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Meire Coelho Ferreira, Daniela Malagoni Fagundes, Chirlene Lemos Alves, André Luiz Tannus Dutra, Naelka Sarmento, Mauricio Bacarin Silva, Carlos Rodolfo Mohn Neto, Nancy Tomoko Sacono, Renata Pereira Estrêla, Junia Maria Serra-Negra
BACKGROUND: Sleep bruxism (SB) is a masticatory muscle activity that affects children. Parents' knowledge is important for its identification and report to dentists. AIM: To investigate parents' knowledge about SB among their children. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study included 1325 parents of children from dental clinics of seven institutions from all regions of Brazil. Parents answered questions about child's sleep, knowledge about SB and its occurrence among children and parents...
February 25, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Soraya Coelho Leal, Brenda Barros Viana, Renata Nunes Cabral, Júnia Carolina Linhares Ferrari, Danielle Matos De Menezes Abreu, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Dental caries diagnosis and management have changed over time. AIM: To identify the treatment decision-making process performed by pediatric dentists, after caries detection using CAST instrument (Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment), for enamel (CAST 3) and non-cavitated dentin caries lesions (CAST 4) before and after analyzing radiographic images. DESIGN: Seventy-four pediatric dentists were invited to participate.Twelve clinical cases were presented online, and treatment decisions before and after the analysis of bitewing radiographs were evaluated...
February 25, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Paula Dresch Portella, Bruna Leticia Vessoni Menoncin, Juliana Feltrin De Souza, José Vitor Nogara Borges De Menezes, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Luciana Reichert Da Silva Assunção
BACKGROUND: Molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) is associated with unfavorable dental conditions such as dental caries and may consequently impact Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of MIH on OHRQoL in children with early mixed dentition. METHOD: A population-based cross-sectional study of 728 8-year-old children from the public school system in Curitiba, Brazil, was conducted. The Child Perception Questionnaire for 8 to 10-year-olds (CPQ8-10 ) was used to evaluate OHRQoL...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Bruno Emmanuelli, Chaiana Piovesan, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
BACKGROUND: Besides the growth in Brazilian public oral health investments, no preschool children preventive policies were done, and surveys demonstrated lower prevalences of use of dental service. AIM: To verify trends in the use, type and reason for seeking dental services among preschool children considering time-variations. METHODS: This study used data of clinical examinations and structured interviews of three cross-sectional surveys of southern preschool children in Brazil, from 2008, 2010 and 2013...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
M Lambert, L De Visschere, L Martens, E Deschepper, J Vanobbergen
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases and socio-economic inequalities in children are a persisting problem. AIM: to investigate the 4-year longitudinal impact of an oral health promotion program on oral health, knowledge and socio-economic inequalities in primary schoolchildren. DESIGN: The intervention was carried out between 2010 and 2014 within a random sample of Flemish primary schoolchildren (born in 2002). It consisted of an annual oral health education session...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Eleftheria Birpou, Andreas Agouropoulos, Svante Twetman, Katerina Kavvadia
BACKROUND: Caries risk assessment in preschool children has been limited validated. AIM: To validate caries predictive ability of Cariogram using different combinations of factors and settings in preschool children from areas with high caries risk. DESIGN: 2-5yo children (N=175) were examined for caries (cavitated and non cavitated lesions), at baseline and after 1 & 2 years. Mutans streptococci counts (MS) and saliva buffer capacity (SBC) were measured with chair side tests...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marcela Baraúna Magno, Sylvia Karla de Paiva Cabral Tristão, Lucas Alves Jural, Stefanni Olga Aguiar Sales Lima, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, Lucianne Cople Maia, Matheus Melo Pithon
BACKGROUND: One's smile clearly plays a significant role in the perception and judgment that others have of one's appearance and personality. AIM: We sought to develop and validate a questionnaire related to the social judgment of children and adolescents and to evaluate, through its application, the perceptions and judgment of children and adolescents regarding their view of different traumatic dental injuries and their consequences (TDI-C) as well as the motivation to seek dental treatment...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Samiya Subka, Helen Rodd, Zoann Nugent, Chris Deery
BACKGROUND: Detection and diagnosis of proximal caries in primary molars is challenging. AIM: The aim of this in-vivo study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of four methods of proximal caries detection in primary molar teeth. DESIGN: Eighty-two children (5-10 yrs) were recruited. Initially 1030 proximal surfaces were examined using meticulous visual examination (ICDAS) (VE1), bitewing radiographs (RE), and a laser fluorescence pen device (LF1)...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Yuanita Lely Rachmawati, Diah Ayu Maharani, Takahiko Oho
BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy can be interpreted as a self-belief that one has successfully committed to a specific situation or maintained a specific behaviour. AIM: We aimed to test the reliability and validity of a cross-cultural adaptation of the self-efficacy oral health (SEOH) questionnaire in the Indonesian language among adolescents, and to understand the diverse perspectives of oral health self-efficacy related to gender. DESIGN: A cross-cultural adaptation of the SEOH self-administered questionnaire was completed followed by a dental caries examination...
February 2, 2019: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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