Journals International Journal of Paedi...

International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Leonardo da Silva Godois, Jessica Klöckner Knorst, Thaís Gioda Noronha, Bruno Emmanuelli, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Fernanda Tomazoni
AIM: Dental fear affects children's oral health; however, there is no evidence regarding the pathways linking possible predictors for its occurrence. Thus, this study aimed to explore the direct and indirect effects of sociodemographic, clinical, behavioural and psychosocial factors on the development of dental fear in schoolchildren over time. DESIGN: This is a prospective cohort study, with 10 years of follow-up. The first assessment started in 2010 (T1) with a sample of 639 children aged 1 to 5 years from Southern Brazil...
March 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Dorothy H Boyd, Lyndie A Foster Page, Susan M Moffat, W Murray Thomson
BACKGROUND: Children's pain in dentistry has undesirable short- and long-term consequences; therefore, less invasive treatments merit consideration. AIM: To investigate procedural pain scores for two treatments for carious primary molars in New Zealand primary care. DESIGN: Split-mouth randomised control trial, secondary outcome analysis. Children (4-8-years) with proximal carious lesions on matched primary molars had one tooth treated with the Hall technique (HT), and one treated with a conventional stainless-steel crown (CT); treatment type and order of treatment were randomly allocated (allocation concealment)...
February 26, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Trícia Murielly Andrade de Souza Mayer, Giovanna Burgos Souto Maior, Nataly Pereira da Costa, Michele Gomes do Nascimento, Viviane Colares
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a common issue among adolescents. Despite the use of smartphones being an important part of their daily lives, only a few digital-based interventions for dental anxiety have been tested in randomized controlled trials (RCT). AIM: To evaluate a new smartphone application (App) named FALE, which was designed to demonstrate interest from the dentist to adolescent and to reduce dental anxiety. DESIGN: This is a RCT in which 184 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years were randomly allocated into the intervention (IG) or control (CG) groups...
February 25, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Christina Zachariadou, Amelia Anh Tran, Fuad Christopher Farah, Stormi Okerman Winter, Kimberly Jan Hammersmith, Brian Lee Foster
BACKGROUND: Infant oral mutilation (IOM), widely practiced in East Africa, involves gouging of unerupted teeth to allegedly cure childhood diseases. Non-sterile instruments are often used during IOM, causing immediate and long-term complications, including dental defects, infection, and death. CASE REPORT: This is a case report describing how IOM affected tooth development and oral health in a four-year-old Somali girl who, three years prior, underwent IOM of her primary mandibular canines...
February 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Essi Karikoski, Taisto Sarkola, My Blomqvist
BACKGROUND: Good oral health in children with congenital heart defect (CHD) is important. AIM: To assess oral health behavior during early childhood in children with CHD in comparison with children with no known systemic conditions and explore parental oral health behavior´s association with children's behavior. DESIGN: 70 out of all 89 children born in Finland between 1 April 2017 and 31 March 2020 with a) major CHD potentially included in the criteria of endocarditis prophylaxis or b) any CHD with surgical repair combined with a chromosomal syndrome, and a comparison group of 87 children with no known systemic conditions were recruited...
February 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Emilija D Jensen, Gabrielle Smart, Nara Lee, Jenny Tan, Kelly Oliver, William N Ha, Sarbin Ranjitkar
BACKGROUND: Molar-root incisor malformation (MRIM) is a rare dental anomaly featuring constricted cervical margins and tapered, narrow root and pulp morphology, often associated with severe toothache and infection. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of MRIM in children seen in a specialist pediatric dental unit of a tertiary referral hospital and to describe the characteristics of affected individuals. DESIGN: An audit of children attending from November 2020 to November 2021...
February 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Mir Faeq Ali Quadri, Basaruddin Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the influence of oral health on academic performance is still unclear. AIM: To assess the influence of oral health conditions on poor academic performance in school children by including a range of clinical and self-reported OH measures in a modified cross-sectional study. DESIGN: This study was carried out on schoolchildren aged 12 to 14 years in Jazan, Saudi Arabia using a stratified and randomized cluster sampling method...
February 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Jennifer Clow, Kate Northstone, Constance Hardwick, Mark Dermont, Tom Dudding
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is associated with untreated dental caries. Understanding which childhood behaviours or experiences have the strongest association with later dental anxiety may help focus preventative strategies, subsequently limiting the burden of dental caries and anxiety. DESIGN: Data was obtained from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore associations between adolescent dental anxiety and childhood behaviours and experiences...
February 9, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Kaique Leite de Lima, Lorena Rosa Silva, Eneida Franco Vêncio, Fernanda Paula Yamamoto-Silva, Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva
Mucocele is a lesion frequently found in the oral cavity, occurring particularly on the lower lip, then followed by the floor of the mouth, ventral portion of the tongue, buccal mucosa, and, rarely, on the dorsum of the tongue. This report presents an unusual case of mucocele on the dorsum of the tongue of a 7-year-old child. The lesion was nodular, asymptomatic, self-limited, and naturally slow growing. Due to these characteristics, only benign lesions were considered in the differential. The lesion was surgically excised without any local or general complications...
January 31, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Marcus Castro, Marina Lima, Cacilda Lima, Marcoeli Moura, Joyce Moura, Lúcia Moura
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of the LSTR technique (lesion sterilization and tissue repair) with CTZ paste (chloramphenicol, tetracycline, zinc oxide and eugenol) and pulpectomy with ZOE paste (zinc oxide and eugenol) in the treatment of primary molars with pulp necrosis. DESIGN: Eighty-eight primary molars with pulp necrosis from 70 children between the ages of three and eight years were included. The teeth were randomized to the LSTR with CTZ paste group or pulpectomy with ZOE paste group...
January 31, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Shuyang He, Elaine Kar Man Choong, Duangporn Duangthip, Chun Hung Chu, Edward Chin Man Lo
OBJECTIVE: To summarize and rank the effectiveness of clinical interventions using different agents for primary prevention of early childhood caries (ECC). METHOD: Two reviewers independently searched PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with at least 12-month follow-up. The network meta-analysis (NMA) on the different agents was based on a random-effects model and frequentist approach. Standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) of the caries increment, either in term of dmft or dmfs, were calculated and used in the NMA...
January 30, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Somayyeh Azimi, Mohamed Estai, Jilen Patel, Desiree Silva
BACKGROUND: Tele-dentistry can be useful to facilitate screening of children, especially those living in rural and remote communities, and during the COVID-19 pandemic. AIM: This study evaluated the feasibility of tele-dental screening for the identification of early childhood caries (ECC) in preschoolers using an app operated by their parents with remote review by oral-health therapists. DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was a sub-project nested in ORIGINS Project, a longitudinal birth cohort study in Western Australia...
January 30, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Laura Jordana Santos Lima, Maria Eliza da Consolação Soares, Luana Viviam Moreira, Joana Ramos-Jorge, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Leandro Silva Marques, Izabella Barbosa Fernandes
AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether family income modifies associations between dental caries and sex, age, mother's education, type of preschool, sugar intake, and toothbrushing. BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a multifactorial dyanamic disease primarily mediated by biofilm and sugar. DESIGN: A randomly selected sample of 308 Brazilian preschool children aged 1-3 years underwent a clinical oral examination for the assessment of moderate/extensive dental caries using codes 3-6 of the International Caries Detection and Assessment System...
January 26, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Bianca Del Negro, Juliana Sayuri Kimura, Andressa Nery Menezes, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Marcia Turolla Wanderley
BACKGROUND: Primary lower incisors can also suffer traumatic dental injury (TDI), which may lead to consequences for both primary and permanent dentitions. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in the primary lower incisors and the factors associated with their occurrence and with the incidence of sequelae in the successor permanent teeth. DESIGN: 2926 dental files from patients who attended a reference center for dental trauma in the primary teeth, from 1998 to 2020, were screened...
January 25, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Izabel Monteiro Dhyppolito, Paulo Nadanovsky, Laís Rueda Cruz, Branca Heloisa de Oliveira, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to assess economic evaluations reporting applications of fluoride varnish to reduce caries incidence in preschoolers. METHODS: We included full economic evaluations with preschool participants, in which the intervention was fluoride varnish and the outcome was related to dentin caries. We searched in CENTRAL, MEDLINE via PubMed; WEB OF SCIENCE; EMBASE; SCOPUS; LILACS; BBO; BVS Economia em saúde, OpenGrey, and EconoLit...
January 25, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Nicole Stormon, Christopher Sexton
BACKGROUND: Parents are frequently used to recall events of exposure and disease as a proxy for their children in observational health research. AIM: To assess the validity of parental recall of children's utilisation of dental services. DESIGN: Parents in the Longitudinal Stud of Australian Children (LSAC) were asked to recall their child's overall dental service use in the previous year and if the study child had received fillings or extractions due to decay in the previous two years...
January 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Francesco Saverio Ludovichetti, Giorgia Costa, Anna Giulia Signoriello, Edoardo Stellini, Nicoletta Zerman, Alessandra Biffi, Sergio Mazzoleni
BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis (OM) is one of the most debilitating side effects of chemotherapy. Among the current methods used in OM management there is high power laser therapy (HPLT), the efficacy of which has been recently tested. AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of HPLT applied to the treatment of OM in paediatric patients. DESIGN: Fourteen onco-hematological paediatric patients treated with chemotherapy and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and affected by OM at different grades were enrolled in this study...
January 24, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
M V Angelopoulou, K Seremidi, W Papaioannou, S Gizani
BACKGROUND: Limited evidence regarding the post-COVID dental status of paediatric patients is available, with most studies assessing only children's oral health habits. AIM: To evaluate the effect of COVID-19 lockdown on the oral health of paediatric dental patients in Greece. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study that included a questionnaire reporting on children's oral health behavior and a clinical examination assessing dental caries and dental treatment needs using the ICDAS criteria, dmft/DMFT, and Treatment Need Index...
January 20, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Tuğba Yiğit, Halil Tolga Yüksel, Şehrazat Evirgen, Işıl Kaçmaz, Ayşegül Türkmenoğlu
BACKGROUND: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is widely used in pediatric dentistry. Appropriate use of CBCT is important because children are more vulnerable to ionising radiation than adults. AIM: To investigate the use of CBCT in children by describing reasons for the request and its distribution according to age, oral region, and department. DESIGN: CBCT scans of patients (age <19 years) who presented to our dental clinic were investigated retrospectively according to sex, age (6-12 [group 1] and 13-18 [group 2] years based on dentition), referring department, imaging area (anterior/posterior, mandible/maxilla), and indication...
January 19, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Jennifer L Cully, Anupama R Tate, Tegwyn H Brickhouse, Yin Zhang, Carolyn Ann Kerins
PURPOSE: To determine if safety protocols utilized in the administration of the 2021 ABPD Oral Clinical Examination (OCE) were reassuring to candidates and examiners, and effective at addressing prevention of COVID-19 infection. METHODS: An electronic survey was emailed to candidates and examiners following completion of the board examination process. The candidate survey had 784 and the examiner survey had 108 eligible participants. Eight questions overlapped between the two surveys...
January 18, 2023: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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