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Journal of Addictive Diseases

Khary K Rigg, Katherine McLean, Shannon M Monnat, Glenn E Sterner, Ashton M Verdery
The nonmedical use of opioids (e.g., prescription painkillers and heroin) has drastically increased over the past two decades. Despite the popular media narrative suggesting initiation often begins with misused personal prescriptions, there has been surprisingly little investigation into how persons initiate their misuse of opioids. Inattention to initiation patterns is an important limitation because understandings of onset directly inform prevention and treatment interventions. The primary goals of this study, therefore, were to: (1) describe the age patterns of opioid misuse initiation, (2) identify the opioid most commonly used at initiation and the source of the initial opioids, and (3) explore the narrative accounts of the circumstances surrounding opioid misuse onset...
May 14, 2019: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Brent Lang, Harold Rosenberg
We assessed nonprofessionals' perceptions of etiological explanations of behavioral and substance addictions in a nationwide sample. A total of 612 adults (51% male) residing in the United States were recruited using Mechanical Turk. Participants rated the perceived likelihood of seven psychosocial and biological etiologies for one of five randomly assigned types of "addiction" (i.e., alcohol, marijuana, heroin, gambling, or pornography). Significantly fewer participants rated social pressure a likely cause of addiction to pornography (31%) than to marijuana (53%), alcohol (55%), and heroin (64%); significantly fewer rated traumatic childhood events a likely cause of addiction to gambling (33%) and marijuana (36%) than to pornography (56%), heroin (57%), and alcohol (64%); significantly fewer rated the way a person was raised a likely cause of addiction to marijuana (37%) than to heroin (55%) and alcohol (65%); and significantly more rated genetics a likely cause of an addiction to alcohol (65%) than to pornography (26%), marijuana (33%), gambling (41%), and heroin (45%)...
February 23, 2019: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Fiorenzo Laghi, Francesca Liga, Sara Pompili
This cross-sectional study examined binge eating and binge drinking behaviors exploring their association with the strategies of Emotion Regulation, such as Cognitive Reappraisal (CR) and Expression Suppression (ES). The sample consisted of 1004 Italian students (395 males and 609 females) attending high school. The average age of the students was 17.9 years (SD =0.8; range: 16-21). They completed self-report measures assessing binge behaviors and Emotion Regulation strategies. No differences resulted between adolescents assuming binge behaviors and no bingers as regards CR; conversely, adolescents engaging in binge eating and in both binge behaviors reported the highest levels of ES...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Timothy J Grigsby, Myriam Forster, Steve Sussman
BACKGROUND: Stigma and discrimination are often experienced by individuals going through substance use treatment, and can influence treatment seeking, retention, and outcomes including long-term recovery. AIMS: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Micro-Condescension Scale (MCS), a newly developed tool to measure individuals' perceptions of microlevel stigma and discrimination for seeking substance use treatment or being in recovery...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Sean D Young, Maryann Koussa, Sung-Jae Lee, Hendry Perez, Navkiran Gill, Lillian Gelberg, Keith Heinzerling
AIMS: Assess whether the Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) social media-based support group can engage patients on opioids at risk for misuse/overdose to discuss risk reduction strategies. METHODS: Fifty-one patients on chronic opioid therapy and risk factors for aberrant medication-taking behaviors were randomized to a HOPE intervention or control (Facebook) group. RESULTS: Compared to control group participants, intervention participants had almost 10 times higher posting engagement (n = 411 posts versus 45; 73% versus 52% of participants)...
January 5, 2019: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Qianwei Zhao, B K Elizabeth Kim, Wen Li, Hsin-Yi Hsiao, Eric Rice
BACKGROUND: Homeless youth in the United States have high rates of substance use. Existing research has identified social network composition and street-associated stressors as contributing factors. Incarceration is a highly prevalent stressor for homeless youth. Its effect on youth's social network composition and substance use, however, has been neglected. AIMS: This study investigated the direct and indirect associations between incarceration history and substance use (through social networks) among homeless youth in Los Angeles, California...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Joanna Burtner, Michael Behling, Theresa Cassidy, Stephen F Butler
The aim was to examine prevalence of past 30-day prescription stimulant nonmedical use (NMU) by adults assessed for substance use problems and to better understand patterns of route of administration (ROA) and drug problem severity. Data were collected from a computer administered assessment of substance use problems completed by adults (age ≥ 18) using the Addiction Severity Index-Multimedia Version (ASI-MV® ) as part of the clinical intake process between January 2013 and March 2016. A cross-sectional observational study examined prevalence and prescription-adjusted prevalence of past 30-day NMU of prescription stimulants and compound-specific use by ROA (oral, snort, smoke, inject, other oral, and alternate ROA)...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Andrea Svicher, Michael J Zvolensky, Fiammetta Cosci
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is the fear of anxiety symptoms related to physical, cognitive, and social concerns. AS has been implicated in amplifying negative emotional states and maintaining smoking behavior. AIMS: The current cross-sectional study evaluated the lower-order facets of AS (Physical, Cognitive, Social concerns) in relation to current nicotine withdrawal symptoms, short-term consequences of abstaining from smoking, and cigarette dependence...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Hilary L Surratt, Michele Staton, Carl G Leukefeld, Carrie B Oser, J Matthew Webster
AIMS: Opioid use is common among correctional populations, yet few inmates receive treatment during incarceration or post-release, particularly in rural areas. This article examines associations of buprenorphine use, licit and illicit, health services use, and risk for re-arrest within 3 months of jail release among rural opioid-involved women. METHODS: Women were randomly selected from three rural Appalachian jails. Those with moderate to severe opioid-involvement on the NM-ASSIST, and data on patterns of buprenorphine use (N = 188), were included in this analysis...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Jessica A Kulak, Susan LaValley
BACKGROUND: Between 2005 and 2015, the prevalence of smoking among US adults has decreased for all age subgroups, except those aged 65 and older. AIM: In order to identify potential correlates of smoking behaviors in older adults, this research examined associations between age, smoking beliefs, and quitline utilization. METHODS: Self-reported, nationally representative data from the Health Information National Trends Survey 2015 cycle (HINTS-FDA) were used (n = 3738)...
December 21, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Eric L Garland, Adam W Hanley, Carter E Bedford, Jon-Kar Zubieta, Matthew O Howard, Yoshio Nakamura, Gary W Donaldson, Brett Froeliger
BACKGROUND: A subset of chronic pain patients misuse prescription opioids as a means of regulating negative emotions. However, opioid misuse may result in deficits in emotion regulation strategies like reappraisal by virtue of the deleterious effects of chronic opioid exposure. AIMS: The aim of this study was to characterize differences in reappraisal use among chronic pain patients at risk for opioid misuse and those who report taking opioids as prescribed. METHODS: A sample of 127 pain patients receiving chronic opioid analgesic pharmacotherapy were classified as at risk for opioid misuse (n = 62) or taking opioids as prescribed (n = 65) using the Current Opioid Misuse Measure (COMM)...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Erin E Bonar, Alexis K Matusiewicz, Amy S B Bohnert, Mark A Ilgen, Michelle L Sanborn, Stephen T Chermack
BACKGROUND: Individuals in substance use disorder treatment report high rates of violence against partners and non-partners. There is growing interest in integrated coping-oriented treatment approaches for violence and substance use concerns, yet little is known about the relationship between specific coping responses and perpetration of partner and non-partner violence. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study evaluated relationships between coping responses and partner and non-partner physical assault perpetration in a substance use disorder treatment sample...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Wen Li, Eric L Garland, Matthew O Howard
BACKGROUND: Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is characterized by signs and symptoms similar to substance use and gambling disorders, and associated with psychosocial impairments. Research suggests that maladaptive gaming-related cognitions and coping may be implicated in IGD; therefore, interventions for IGD need to target these underlying mechanisms. Mindfulness-based treatment is effective in changing maladaptive cognitive processes and increasing adaptive coping among people with addictions...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Addictive Diseases
William Bograkos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Traci H Abraham, Patricia Wright, Penny White, Brenda M Booth, Michael A Cucciare
BACKGROUND: Although rates of unhealthy drinking are high among women Veterans with mental health comorbidities, most women Veterans with mental comorbidities who present to primary care with unhealthy drinking do not receive alcohol-related care. Barriers to alcohol-related treatment could be reduced through patient-centered approaches to care, such as shared decision-making. AIMS: We assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a telephone-delivered shared decision-making intervention for promoting alcohol behavior change in women Veterans with unhealthy drinking and co-morbid depression and/or probable post-traumatic stress disorder...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Rachel A Hoopsick, Jennifer Fillo, Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
Maladjustment after leaving the military may contribute to poor health outcomes, including increased risk for substance use and dependence. The authors examined differences in substance use and dependence on the basis of military involvement in a large nationally representative sample. Data are from a subset of the 2010-2014 waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (n = 5,608). The sample included men (81.9%) and women (18.1%) aged 20-49 years who had either separated/retired from the military (n = 4,862) or were a current reserve service member (n = 746)...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ella Pattison-Sharp, Robin Dawson Estrada, Alice Elio, Melissa Prendergast, Delesha M Carpenter
Few studies have examined the use of prescription opioids in schools. The current study aimed to: (1) describe the context within which school nurses encounter student opioid prescriptions; (2) assess school nurses' preferences for training and student education; and (3) explore urban-rural differences in school nurses' experiences and training preferences. A convenience sample of school nurses (n = 633) from North Carolina and South Carolina participated in a brief, anonymous, online survey. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically and statistical tests (t-tests and Chi-square tests) were performed to investigate urban-rural differences...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ali Albonaim, Hedyeh Fazel, Alireza Sharafshah, Vahid Omarmeli, Sajjad Rezaei, Farzam Ajamian, Parvaneh Keshavarz
Previous studies have shown significant associations between OPRK1 and susceptibility to opioid dependence and the relationships between libido dysfunction and insomnia among opium addicts who underwent methadone maintenance treatment. The authors investigated the single locus and haplotype association of rs997917, rs6985606, and rs6473797 with susceptibility to opioid addiction. Samples were selected among 202 healthy individuals and 202 opium addicts undergoing methadone maintenance treatment. Genomic DNA was extracted from the whole blood samples of all subjects through a salting out procedure...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
Ashley N Linden-Carmichael, Stephanie T Lanza, John J Dziak, Bethany C Bray
The aim of the current article is to identify subgroups of adult drinkers characterized by typical drinking patterns. Data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III were used to classify drinkers based on several indicators of drinking. Past-year drinkers aged 18-64 were included (n = 22,776). Latent class analysis revealed a 5-class model: Occasional, Light Drinkers (28%), Frequent Drinkers (25%), Infrequent Drinkers with Occasional Binging (5%), Frequent Drinkers with Occasional Binging (22%), and High-Intensity Drinkers (20%)...
October 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
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