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Plant Molecular Biology

Yaohui Gao, Yike Gao, Zhiping Wu, Xianglong Bu, Min Fan, Qixiang Zhang
The CmTFL1c gene of Chrysanthemum morifolium inhibits flowering, regulates inflorescence architecture and floral development. The timing of flowering is an important ornamental trait of chrysanthemum. The gene TERMINAL FLOWER1 (TFL1) has been shown to be involved in the regulation of meristem fate and flowering time regulation. Here, a TFL1 gene named as CmTFL1c, was cloned from Chrysanthemum morifolium and further characterized. The open reading frame of CmTFL1c comprises 522 bp, which encodes a polypeptide of 173 amino acids...
February 14, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Jianzhao Li, Xinhui Yan, Qinsong Yang, Yunjing Ma, Bo Yang, Juan Tian, Yuanwen Teng, Songling Bai
PpCBF2 directly binds to the promoters of PpCBF3 and PpCBF4 to activate their expressions and selectively regulates PpDAMs during the leaf bud endodormancy process of 'Wonhwang' pear (Pyrus pyrifolia). Endodormancy is critical for temperate plant survival under freezing winter conditions, and low temperature is a vital environmental factor in endodormancy regulation. A C-repeat binding factor (CBF) has been found to regulate important DAM transcription factors during endodormancy in pear (Pyrus pyrifolia). In this study, we analyzed the regulation of pear DAM genes by CBFs in further detail...
February 12, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Désiré N Pokou, Andrew S Fister, Noah Winters, Mathias Tahi, Coulibaly Klotioloma, Aswathy Sebastian, James H Marden, Siela N Maximova, Mark J Guiltinan
Key genes potentially involved in cacao disease resistance were identified by transcriptomic analysis of important cacao cultivars. Defense gene polymorphisms were identified which could contribute to pathogen recognition capacity. Cacao suffers significant annual losses to the water mold Phytophthora spp. (Oomycetes). In West Africa, P. megakarya poses a major threat to farmer livelihood and the stability of cocoa production. As part of a long-term goal to define key disease resistance genes in cacao, here we use a transcriptomic analysis of the disease-resistant cacao clone SCA6 and the susceptible clone NA32 to characterize basal differences in gene expression, early responses to infection, and polymorphisms in defense genes...
February 9, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Zengyu Gan, Yi Feng, Ting Wu, Yi Wang, Xuefeng Xu, Xinzhong Zhang, Zhenhai Han
SlPIN8 is expressed specifically within tomato pollen, and that it is involved in tomato pollen development and intracellular auxin homeostasis. The auxin (IAA) transport protein PIN-FORMED (PIN) plays key roles in various aspects of plant development. The biological role of the auxin transporter SlPIN8 in tomato development remains unclear. Here, we examined the expression pattern of the SlPIN8 gene in vegetative and reproductive organs of tomato. RNA interference (RNAi) transgenic lines specifically silenced for the SlPIN8 gene were generated to identify the role of SlPIN8 in pollen development...
February 8, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Ju Hee Kim, Sung Don Lim, Cheol Seong Jang
OsHIRP1 is an E3 ligase that acts as a positive regulator in the plant response to heat stress, thus providing important information relating to adaptation and regulation under heat stress in plant. Extreme temperature adversely affects plant growth, development, and productivity. Here, we report the molecular functions of Oryza sativa heat-induced RING finger protein 1 (OsHIRP1), which might play an important role in the response to heat. Transcription of the OsHIRP1 was upregulated in response to heat and drought treatment...
February 7, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Alberto Casartelli, Vanessa J Melino, Ute Baumann, Matteo Riboni, Radoslaw Suchecki, Nirupama S Jayasinghe, Himasha Mendis, Mutsumi Watanabe, Alexander Erban, Ellen Zuther, Rainer Hoefgen, Ute Roessner, Mamoru Okamoto, Sigrid Heuer
Degradation of nitrogen-rich purines is tightly and oppositely regulated under drought and low nitrogen supply in bread wheat. Allantoin is a key target metabolite for improving nitrogen homeostasis under stress. The metabolite allantoin is an intermediate of the catabolism of purines (components of nucleotides) and is known for its housekeeping role in nitrogen (N) recycling and also for its function in N transport and storage in nodulated legumes. Allantoin was also shown to differentially accumulate upon abiotic stress in a range of plant species but little is known about its role in cereals...
February 5, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Xin Liu, Rong Li, Yaqing Dai, Li Yuan, Qinghua Sun, Shizhong Zhang, Xiaoyun Wang
The expression of MdBBX10 was significantly induced by different stresses and ABA treatments. Overexpression of MdBBX10 in Arabidopsis significantly enhanced abiotic stresses tolerance by ABA signalling. The roles of B-box domain(s) containing proteins (BBXs) in regulation of flowering and light morphogenesis of plants were intensively studied. However, the roles of plant BBXs in abiotic stresses are poorly understood. A B-box protein encoding gene from apple (MdBBX10) was found to be up-regulated from gene expression profile under salt stress...
February 2, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Elisa Fasani, Giovanni DalCorso, Alex Costa, Sara Zenoni, Antonella Furini
Transcription factor MYB59 is involved in plant growth and stress responses by acting as negative regulator of Ca signalling and homeostasis. The Arabidopsis thaliana transcription factor MYB59 is induced by cadmium (Cd) and plays a key role in the regulation of cell cycle progression and root elongation, but its mechanism of action is poorly understood. We investigated the expression of MYB59 and differences between wild-type plants, the myb59 mutant and MYB59-overexpressing lines (obtained by transformation in the mutant genotype) during plant growth and in response to various forms of stress...
February 1, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Mingming Wang, Haibin Qu, Huidi Zhang, Shuai Liu, Yan Li, Chunqing Zhang
ABA/GA4 ratio, stress resistance, carbon and nitrogen metabolism, and chromatin structure play important roles in vigour differences of seeds located at different maize ear positions. Seed vigour, which ensures rapid and uniform field emergence across diverse environments, differs at different maize ear positions. However, little is known regarding the associated mechanisms. In this study, we determined that seed vigour, stress resistance, and carbon and nitrogen metabolism were higher in seeds from middle and bottom section of the ear, while the ABA/GA4 ratio in the embryos was significantly lower...
February 1, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Meng Wang, Zongchang Xu, Rana Imtiaz Ahmed, Yiping Wang, Ruibo Hu, Gongke Zhou, Yingzhen Kong
A possible transcription factor TLP2 was identified to be involved in the regulation of HG biosynthesis in Arabidopsis seed mucilage. TLP2 can translocate into nucleus from plasma membrane by interacting with NF-YC3. The discovery of TLP2 gene function can further fulfill the regulatory network of pectin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana. Arabidopsis seed coat mucilage is an excellent model system to study the biosynthesis, function and regulation of pectin. Rhamnogalacturonan I (RG-I) and homogalacturonan (HG) are the major polysaccharides constituent of the Arabidopsis seed coat mucilage...
February 1, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Zhiqiang Liu, Yawen Li, Chunyu Cao, Shan Liang, Yongshuo Ma, Xin Liu, Yanxi Pei
In this study, we first linked the signal molecule H2 S with cucurbitacin C, which can cause the bitter taste of cucumber leaves and fruit, and specifically discuss its molecular mechanism. Cucurbitacin C (CuC), a triterpenoid secondary metabolite, enhances the resistance of cucumber plants to pathogenic bacteria and insect herbivores, but results in bitter-tasting fruits. CuC can be induced in some varieties of cucumber on exposure to plant stressors. The gasotransmitter hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) participates in multiple physiological processes relating to plant stress resistance...
February 1, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Enzo Neu, Helena Sophia Domes, Ina Menz, Helgard Kaufmann, Marcus Linde, Thomas Debener
Transcriptomic analysis resulted in the upregulation of the genes related to common defense mechanisms for black spot and the downregulation of the genes related to photosynthesis and cell wall modification for powdery mildew. Plant pathogenic fungi successfully colonize their hosts by manipulating the host defense mechanisms, which is accompanied by major transcriptome changes in the host. To characterize compatible plant pathogen interactions at early stages of infection by the obligate biotrophic fungus Podosphaera pannosa, which causes powdery mildew, and the hemibiotrophic fungus Diplocarpon rosae, which causes black spot, we analyzed changes in the leaf transcriptome after the inoculation of detached rose leaves with each pathogen...
January 31, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Xinran Chong, Jiangshuo Su, Fan Wang, Haibin Wang, Aiping Song, Zhiyong Guan, Weimin Fang, Jiafu Jiang, Sumei Chen, Fadi Chen, Fei Zhang
81 SNPs were identified for three inflorescence-related traits, in which 15 were highly favorable. Two dCAPS markers were developed for future MAS breeding, and six candidate genes were predicted. Chrysanthemum is a leading ornamental species worldwide and demonstrates a wealth of morphological variation. Knowledge about the genetic basis of its phenotypic variation for key horticultural traits can contribute to its effective management and genetic improvement. In this study, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) based on two years of phenotype data and a set of 92,617 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using a panel of 107 diverse cut chrysanthemums to dissect the genetic control of three inflorescence-related traits...
January 30, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Yang Xu, Zipeng Yu, Shizhong Zhang, Changai Wu, Guodong Yang, Kang Yan, Chengchao Zheng, Jinguang Huang
CYSTM3, a small mitochondrial protein, acts as a negative regulator in salt stress response by preventing Na+  efflux and disturbing reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis in Arabidopsis. Cysteine-rich transmembrane module (CYSTM) is a not well characterized small peptide family in plants. In this study, we identified a novel mitochondrion-localized CYSTM member CYSTM3 from Arabidopsis, which was ubiquitously expressed in different tissues and dramatically induced by salt stress. Transgenic plants overexpressing CYSTM3 (OE) displayed hypersensitivity to salt stress compared with wild type (WT) plants, whereas a knockout mutant cystm3 was more tolerant to high salinity than WT...
January 30, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Lijing Chang, Gaofu Mei, Yan Hu, Jieqiong Deng, Tianzhen Zhang
This report reveals that the LMI1-like and KNOX1 genes coordinately control the leaf development and different combinations of those genes which produce diverse leaf shapes including broad, lobed and compound leaves. Class I KNOTTED1-like homeobox (KNOX1) genes are involved in compound leaf development and are repressed by the ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1 (AS1)-AS2 complex. Cotton plants have a variety of leaf shapes, including broad leaves and lobed leaves. GhOKRA, a LATE MERISTEM IDENTITY 1 (LMI1)-like gene, controls the development of an okra leaf shape...
January 28, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Tao Qin, Shiming Liu, Zhennan Zhang, Longqing Sun, Xin He, Keith Lindsey, Longfu Zhu, Xianlong Zhang
A U-box E3 ubiquitin ligase GhPUB17 is inhibited by GhCyP3 with antifungal activity and acts as a negative regulator involved in cotton resistance to Verticillium dahliae. E3 ubiquitin ligases, the key component enzymes of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, which contains the most diverse structural and functional members involved in the determination of target specificity and the regulation of metabolism, have been well documented in previous studies. Here, we identify GhPUB17, a U-box E3 ligase in cotton that has ubiquitination activity and is involved in the cotton immune response to Verticillium dahliae...
January 22, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Peng Chai, Sujuan Dong, Lijuan Chai, Shangwu Chen, Moshe Flaishman, Huiqin Ma
CPPU-induced San Pedro type fig main crop parthenocarpy exhibited constantly increasing IAA content and more significantly enriched KEGG pathways in the receptacle than in female flowers. N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N-phenylurea (CPPU) was applied to San Pedro fig (Ficus carica L.) main crop to induce parthenocarpy; the optimal effect was obtained with 25 mg L-1 application to syconia when female flowers were at anthesis. To elucidate the key expression changes in parthenocarpy conversion, significant changes in phytohormone level and transcriptome of fig female flowers and receptacles were monitored...
January 17, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Peng-Fei Liao, Jie-Xiu Ouyang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Lan Yang, Xin Wang, Xiao-Jue Peng, Dong Wang, You-Lin Zhu, Shao-Bo Li
We reported that knockdown of OsDCL3b decreased grain yield but increased grain quality in rice, which is helpful for molecular breeding in crops. Multiple DICER-LIKE (DCL) genes usually exist and show diverse biochemical and phenotypic functions in land plants. In rice, the biochemical function of OsDCL3b is known to process 24-nucleotide panicle phased small RNAs, however, its phenotypic functions are unclear. Here we reported that knockdown of OsDCL3b led to reduced pollen fertility, seed setting rate, and decreased grain yield but increased grain quality in rice...
January 16, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Keunsub Lee, Alan L Eggenberger, Raviraj Banakar, Morgan E McCaw, Huilan Zhu, Marcy Main, Minjeong Kang, Stanton B Gelvin, Kan Wang
Combining with a CRISPR/Cas9 system, Agrobacterium-mediated transformation can lead to precise targeted T-DNA integration in the rice genome. Agrobacterium-mediated T-DNA integration into the plant genomes is random, which often causes variable transgene expression and insertional mutagenesis. Because T-DNA preferentially integrates into double-strand DNA breaks, we adapted a CRISPR/Cas9 system to demonstrate that targeted T-DNA integration can be achieved in the rice genome. Using a standard Agrobacterium binary vector, we constructed a T-DNA that contains a CRISPR/Cas9 system using SpCas9 and a gRNA targeting the exon of the rice AP2 domain-containing protein gene Os01g04020...
January 15, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
Yan Hu, Lingling Xu, Shengke Tian, Lingli Lu, Xianyong Lin
We compared the transcriptomes of parenchymal and vascular cells of Sedum alfredii stem under Cd stress to reveal gene regulatory networks underlying Cd hyperaccumulation. Cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulation in plants is a complex biological process controlled by gene regulatory networks. Efficient transport through vascular systems and storage by parenchymal cells are vital for Cd hyperaccumulation in the Cd hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii, but the genes involved are poorly understood. We investigated the spatial gene expression profiles of transport and storage sites in S...
January 14, 2019: Plant Molecular Biology
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