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Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal | Page 2

Amjed Abu-Ghname, Renata S Maricevich
In the United States, plastic surgery continues to be one of the most competitive fields to match into for medical graduates. However, the process is even more difficult for international medical graduates (IMGs) mostly due to their unknown academic backgrounds and unfamiliarity with US health-care system. While many IMGs pursue of research to publish articles in peer-reviewed journals and obtain letters of recommendations as a means to prove one's potential, networking with well-known plastic surgeons in US plastic surgery programs via national meetings is of utmost importance...
July 17, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Laura Bruneel, Kim Bettens, Marc De Bodt, Evelien D'haeseleer, Zoë Thijs, Nathalie Roche, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a Belgian Dutch outcome tool for the perceptual evaluation of speech in patients with cleft palate. SETTING: Cleft palate team in a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: The tool was based on the Cleft Audit Protocol for Speech-Augmented (John et al., 2006; Sell et al., 2009), with adaptations to some of the speech variables and the structured listening protocol. Following a preliminary listening experiment in phase 1, the tool was optimized...
July 16, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Nicola Marie Stock, Ella Guest, Kate Stoneman, Matthew Ridley, Claire Evans, Cherry LeRoy, Hamza Anwar, Gillian McCarthy, Claire Cunniffe, Nichola Rumsey
BACKGROUND: From diagnosis through to adulthood, a cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) poses a number of challenges for those affected. Alongside the care provided by clinical teams, complementary information and support is offered by charitable organizations. In 2011, the Cleft Lip and Palate Association received funding to implement a new regional service across England and Scotland, with the aim of increasing support at a local level. The Centre for Appearance Research at the University of the West of England were commissioned to conduct an independent evaluation of the service over 7 years...
July 15, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Maria Costanza Meazzini, Chiara Tortora, Fabio Mazzoleni, Luca Autelitano
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this prospective study was to compare the difference in pain perception between treatment with aligners (AL) and fixed appliances (FA) in patients affected by cleft and craniofacial anomalies (CFA). METHODS: The sample consisted of 100 syndromic caucasian patients affected by various CFA from 2 different hospitals. Fifty patients treated with AL were matched for sex, age, and CFA with a control sample of 50 patients treated with FA...
July 15, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Yuan Zhang, Yuhua Wang, Yaoyuan Zhang, Sheng Li, Lin Wang, Yajing Qian
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relationships between skeletal deformities and the pharyngeal airway of patients with nonsyndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Orthodontics and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Departments in the Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University, China. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: The sample comprised 30 nonsyndromic UCLP patients and 30 healthy controls...
July 11, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Salomón Yezioro-Rubinsky, Javier H Eslava-Schmalbach, Liliana Otero, Sara A Rodríguez-Aguirre, Ángela M Duque, Flora M Campos, Juan P Gómez, Sara Gómez-Arango, Sandra L Posso-Moreno, Nancy E Rojas, Nathaly Garzón-Orjuela
OBJECTIVES: To assess the risk of dental anomaly presentation in permanent teeth in a group of Colombian children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCLP) and to determine the frequency of the anomalies according to the cleft type. METHODS: An analytical matched case-control study was conducted with 210 controls and 210 patients with NSCLP. The patients were classified into 3 groups: complete right unilateral cleft lip and palate (RCLP), complete left unilateral cleft lip and palate (LCLP), and complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP)...
July 8, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Liran Oren, Ann Kummer, Suzanne Boyce
There are several different types of nasal emission that can occur during speech due to either velopharyngeal dysfunction or abnormal articulation in the pharynx. Nasal emission can be inaudible or very loud and distracting, depending on the size of the velopharyngeal opening and the physics of the flow. Nasal emission can be obligatory and/or compensatory (due to abnormal structure) or it can be caused by a misarticulation that results in a substitution of a pharyngeal sound for an oral sound, despite normal velopharyngeal structure...
July 1, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jeremie D Oliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Arthur S Yang, Bruce M Richard, Andrew K Wills, Osama Mahmoud, Jonathan R Sandy, Andy R Ness
OBJECTIVES: To (1) determine the prevalence of nonperialveolar palatal fistula up to age 5 following repair of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) in the United Kingdom, (2) examine the association of palatoplasty techniques with fistula occurrence, and (3) describe the frequency of fistula repairs and their success. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: All 11 centralized regional cleft centers in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred sixty-eight children born between 2005 and 2007 recruited by Cleft Care UK, a nationwide cross-sectional study of all 5-year-old children born with nonsyndromic UCLP...
June 27, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jaemin Ko, Jason H Pomerantz, Hazel Perry, Joseph T Shieh, Anne M Slavotinek, Snehlata Oberoi, Ophir D Klein
Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is a rare genetic disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the Snf2-related CREBBP activator protein ( SRCAP ) gene. The syndrome is characterized by proportional short stature, delayed bone maturation, delayed speech development, and facial dysmorphism. Submucous cleft palate and cleft lip have been reported in FHS, but to our knowledge orofacial clefting in this condition has not been assessed in detail. Here, we report on a case of bilateral cleft lip in a patient with FHS confirmed by exome sequencing...
June 27, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Mary Hardin-Jones, David L Jones, Riley C Dolezal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine practice patterns and opinions that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have about speech-language intervention for children with cleft lip and palate. METHODS: One hundred seven speech-language pathology members of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association Special Interest Group 5: Craniofacial and Velopharyngeal Disorders Special Interest Group completed a 37-item online survey that examined common practices in early intervention as well as opinions about speech characteristics, assessment, and management strategies for children with cleft lip and palate...
June 20, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Nick Esmonde, Breanna Jedrzejewski, Beth Fitzpatrick, Jeffrey Koh, Dianna Bardo, Leo Urbinelli, Lisa Crupi, Maureen Oliverio, Nathan R Selden, Anna Kuang
OBJECTIVE: The gold standard for diagnosis of craniosynostosis is a clinical examination and motionless head computed tomography (CT). Computed tomography sedation is associated with increased cost, resource utilization, medical, and possible developmental risks. This study investigates whether a "feed and swaddle" protocol can be used to achieve diagnostic quality craniofacial imaging without the use of infant sedation. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
June 20, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Gisele da Silva Dalben, Daniela Gamba Garib, Rayane de Oliveira Pinto, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Luís Antônio de Assis Taveira
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cephalometric characteristics of patients with and without Opitz G/BBB syndrome type I. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary cleft center in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen individuals with Opitz G/BBB syndrome with complete bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), compared to 18 individuals with nonsyndromic complete cleft lip and palate and 18 individuals without malformations, matched for gender and age...
June 19, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Ana Tache, Maurice Y Mommaerts
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to assess the postoperative oronasal fistula rate after 1-stage and 2-stage cleft palate repair and identify risk factors associated with its development. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING: Various primary cleft and craniofacial centers in the world. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Syndromic and nonsyndromic cleft lip, alveolus, and palate patients who had undergone primary cleft palate surgery...
June 18, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Tania Jhamb, Hayat Masood, Jeffrey Arigo, P Emile Rossouw
Kniest dysplasia is a rare autosomal dominant chondrodysplasia that is characterized by distinct musculoskeletal and craniofacial irregularities. These craniofacial abnormalities include cleft palate, midface anomalies, tracheomalacia, and hearing loss. This article illustrates a case of Kniest dysplasia that presented for orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this literature review is to describe clinical manifestations, radiographic features, histopathological features, genetic mutation, and management of Kniest dysplasia...
June 18, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Maria Natália Leite de Medeiros-Santana, Jamie L Perry, Renato Yassutaka Faria Yaedú, Ivy Kiemle Trindade-Suedam, Renata Paciello Yamashita
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether morphofunctional velopharyngeal aspects may be considered predictors of appearance or worsening of hypernasality in patients with cleft palate after surgical maxillary advancement (MA). DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: National referral center for cleft lip and palate rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two patients with repaired cleft palate, skeletal class III malocclusion, and normal speech resonance completed speech audio recordings and cone-beam computed tomography examination before (T1) and, on average, 14 months after (T2) MA...
June 18, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Danielle C Cooper, Erin C Peterson, Cheryl G Grellner, Sybill D Naidoo, Gary B Skolnick, Kristin D Pfeifauf, Matthew D Smyth, Alison K Snyder-Warwick, Kamlesh B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate attrition rates prior to expected completion of team care for children with complete cleft lip and palate (cleft) or nonsyndromic single-suture craniosynostosis (synostosis). DESIGN: A single-institution retrospective review of attendance data from 2002 to 2016. SETTING: Single cleft and craniofacial center in the United States. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 983 patients with either cleft or synostosis...
June 13, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Elisabeth Willadsen, Anette Lohmander, Christina Persson, Maria Boers, Mia Kisling-Møller, Christina Havstam, Anna Elander, Mikael Andersen
OBJECTIVE: To compare in-depth speech results in Scandcleft Trial 1 as well as reference data from peers without cleft palate (CP). DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: A Danish and a Swedish CP center. PARTICIPANTS: 143 of 148 randomized 5-year-olds with unilateral cleft lip and palate. All received lip and velum closure at 4 months, and hard palate closure at 12 months (arm A) or 36 months (arm B)...
June 12, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Fatemeh Khanchezar, Negin Moradi, Neda Tahmasebi Fard, Seyyed Mahmoud Latifi, Soodabeh Bassak Nejad, Masoume Hosseini Beidokhti
OBJECTIVE: Maintaining and improving patients' quality of life (QOL) are regarded as the most important aims in health-care systems. These are directly associated with intervention of health-care providers across the world. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of teamwork on frequency of care provided to children with cleft lip and palate and their mothers' QOL. METHODS: This analytical epidemiology study was conducted on 101 children with cleft lip and palate and their mothers who were divided into 2 groups: a multidisciplinary team and a group of individual providers...
June 11, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Hyun Gi Kim, Shin-Young Yim
OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate ipsilateral hypertrophy of the mastoid process in the patients with congenital muscular torticollis (CMT). DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. PATIENTS: Children with CMT. METHODS: A total of 212 surgical cases of patients with CMT (age: 50.9 ± 44.3 months) and 212 age- and gender-matched controls (age: 50.4 ± 44.2 months) were included. The mastoid process volume was calculated and compared for both groups on the computed tomography axial images...
June 9, 2019: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
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